Museveni blocked me for an international job as he did with Otunu


FDC hails gov’t for supporting Byanyima’s UNAids appointment

By George Okello In London via the UAH forum
You see here the FDC’s achilles’s heel gets exposed once again with the appointment of Winnie Byanyima as Executive Director of UNAIDS. You must be supported by your own government in order to be appointed to such a position. Conversely, your government can block your appointment if it does not want you as it constantly blocked Olara Otunu’s apointment to Deputy Secretary General to the extent of forcing him to take the citizenship of the Ivory Coast.

Obviously Kayibanda has no problem with his former girlfriend being appointed to this position, but what about the FDC?It is the same problem the FDC had with the appointment of Anne Mugisha to the UN regional office in Somalia. To get the support of the Ugandan government, she had to kneel down before Kayibanda and promise to withdraw completely from politics, a promise she has kept up to today.

So what promise has the FDC got from kayibanda for supporting the appointment of Byanyima to this top position? Winnie was on her way out of Oxfam anyway following the horrible sex abuse carried out under her watch by Oxfam staff on very vulnerable girls in poor countries, so this post has come at the right time for her.

With apointments like this, many people do not see any difference between NRA and FDC. The difference is very cosmetic as the two feed on each other and need each other to survive.

Uganda needs a completely new start.How is backing Byanyima decent when Kayibanda has blocked every single person from the north who has been appointed to an international job requiring home country endorsement?

Olara Otunnu comes to mind. Kayibanda blocked Otunnu time and again from when he wanted to stand as UN Secretary general and when he was appointed Deputy Secretary general. Poor Otunnu was forced to look for a friendly African country to sponsor him, and that’s how he ended up with the Ivory Coast citizenship.

And what about me? I was appointed to a legal post in the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, then based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. I had then returned from the Philippines, and at a meeting of Amnesty International, I met the then Director of the Commission who came to talk to us about the Commission, which was still new. Later on at dinner, he said he was very impressed by my overall grasp of African human rights issues, and my energy and enthusiasm, so he asked me to go and work for him in Addis Ababa, a request I accepted.
I was then asked to make a formal application for the role and was invited for an interview in Addis Ababa. This was a lengthy selection process that involved a written exam, presentations, face to face interview and then a final interview with the Directors. They selected two of us, out of 9 candidates who had competed for the roles.

But to my surprise, I was then told the job required home country approval. I knew at that point, all my effort was wasted. I went to the Ugandan Addis embassy and spoke to some officials there, who assured me they would deal with the matter there at the embassy level, and not pass it on to the Foreign Affairs ministry. I then left and returned to London, and expected the whole process to be completed in about 2 weeks.

After 3 weeks, I got a telephone call from the Addis embassy, telling me that my request for country endorsement had to be passed to the Foreign Affairs Ministry as the embassy had no authority to deal with it, and that somebody would be in contact with me.
In the meantime, the commission was pressing me, wanting to know when I would sort out the endorsement process so that I could start.
After 6 weeks, I finally got a message, from the Uganda embassy in London, telling me I would not be endorsed by the government of Uganda because of the work I had done for international human rights organisations, which was very critical of the Ugandan government, and of Kayibanda Museveni in particular.

Eventually I withdrew my application, even though the Director still wanted me to join them, but at a lower level as an Assistant Legal Officer, which did not require any country endorsement. But I turned it down.

The issue is not about qualifications. Every candidate considered for such a job is highly qualified. Olara Otunnu was for eg highly qualified and met all the required job specifications to be appointed Secretary General or Deputy Secretary General of the UN.

The issue is that for some international jobs such as at the UN, AU, International Court of Justice, World Bank etc, you cannot be appointed to some positions, unless you are endorsed by your own government. Qualifications and experience are required, but home country endorsement is essential and is a road block that disqualifies many competent candidates.

In my case, it wasn’t even a question of being qualified, because I had already done and passed a written test, a video presentation and two oral interviews in a selection process lasting one week.

Looking back, I was not really surprised that I was blocked by kayibanda Rubatisirwa. The African Commission for Human Rights was new and one of its key tasks was to investigate human rights abuses committed by African governments. It was created by the OAU as it was known at the time, but was not universally welcomed by many African governments, including Uganda.

The Commission had problems from the the very beginning with many governments refusing to cooperate with its investigations. Kayibanda Rubatisirwa knew I was going to push for an investigation of Uganda, and especially as the Genocide in Acholi was raging at the time. The last thing kayibanda Rubatisirwa wanted was an investigation by a Commission of the OAU, and so he blocked my appointment.

Actually, the Commission became ineffective as the years went by, it was starved of funds, and moved its HQ from Addis Ababa to Banjul, Gambia to save costs. The Director who appointed me left in frustration after a while.

Later on much of the work of the Commission was taken over by the International Criminal Court, or ICC, which had a higher profile, stronger mandate, and stronger investigatory powers. This time to protect the integrity of the court, governments have no role in the appointment of judges of the court.

But even with these added power and authority, you can see the ICC still faces a huge problem, most of which stemming from reluctance of African governments to cooperate with its work and opposition and hostility from the USA. .

So in the case of Byanyima, she would not have got the UN AIDS job without the nod of kayibanda Rubatisirwa. Only Byanyima and the Fdc know the pound of flesh kayibanda Rubatisirwa demanded for his goodwill. Anybody who has known the modus operandi of the pot bellied Rwandan knows he does not give free meals.

UAH’s Abbey Semuwemba, this is the tribalistic Rwandan thug you have the temerity to call “decent”. Give me a break.

I think FDC is making a huge blunder by making these sorts of backroom deals with kayibanda. It will come to haunt them one day, and they will live to regret it. Winnie Byanyima is scum, and I see no reason why FDC should sacrifice its credibility for her. She is a millstone around Besigye’s neck, and he can never be elected president with Winnie Byanyima holding his waist. Take it or leave, but that’s the fact.What I am saying here is that this UNAIDS appointment has the hallmarks of a case of ‘scratch my back and I will scratch yours’.

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NRM is going to leave Uganda in real trouble


By Daniel Bwanika via the UAH forum

UTL story is not about to end until Uganda parliament re-nationalises the telecom sector . This too requires to have a vibrant innovative telecommunication engineering sector. The market is already there and is growing.I now understand that in the USA there regions that have no access to the internet, for example, since they lack a telephone network!

UTL can undercut prices and provide: Data, Information, Education,Entertainment, Internet, Voice, Image , Health networks at far higherspeeds than relay satellite network.It is therefore players in the above sectors on whose behalf Anite can be eliminated.

Who has the ability to eavesdrop or tap wire conversations in Uganda if not Uganda security agencies?

This article was written in the 90s just before Uganda Posts and Telecommunication was disbanded. I remember we discussed the issue of the telecommunication on ugnet then J. Nkuuhe, Muntu and others.

This article was picked by a certain Nigerian professor and published in the New African Magazine.

=======
National Telecoms – as Societal Organised System Networks

If we asked today how many outpatients and inpatients were registered
in one health care centre AND HOSPITALS in the country where can such
that data be got?

If we were to ask how many children were admitted to primary education
and how many have since fallen out of the system where can that data
archived?

For matter of planning, if we asked how many people are located in
every district town centre and thus pays tax where is the information
and how can it be got?

If the state were to provide the provisions of electricity, water,
telephony how can we get the information about housing facilities in
every district town or municipal centre?

If we wanted to plan for meat export for example- where could we be
able to get an approximate cattle population and what we can consume
at a sustainable replacement rate?

Today we have more than 10 university campus how possible can one
easily communicates on research and academic issues – let us say solve
a complexes mathematical question where a knowledgeable person in
these matters is located at Kumi university campus?

Local district administrative points have a communication networks how
then is the information sent to the centre for planning or how does
the centre monitor what is taking place at local centres?

National telecommunication infrastructures are absolute necessities
for developmental purposes. If one was to reference any one world
organisations statistical data about Uganda one will be surprised by
the way erroneous figures are printed and then said to be
representative of national data banks.

I have written before that the problems, which Africa faces, are not
economic, as economic prophets’ claims but they are rather
FUNDAMENTALLY ORGANISATIONAL socially.

There is total lack of communications infrastructures, which will link
up all rural areas, mediating multiethnic societies and cultures,
networking for a common social action and hence generating harmonious
economic and business activities metamorphosing into national
socio-economic structures.

Claims that mobile phone and the privatisation of the
telecommunication sector, will lead to HARMONISING THE SHORT FALLS in
socio-economic organisation, does not hold, will be proved wrong and
will fail big time since the state organising structure have got no
control over their activities. Private sectors are there to maximise
profits but not build social networks therefore private networks are
confined geographically.

The problem with African telecoms is EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT or listed on
to the stock exchange, in order to attain productivity and efficiency
but not fragmentation and competition. If nation states want
competition in the sector, then National telecommunication companies
should be decentralised to regional, district or provincial level with
very clear objective and expert management for long term increases in
region productivity and efficiency with the centre. (see below)

There is no African Country today, which does not have a university/
ies, tertiary or vocational institutes and primary or secondary
schools network. On top of that, there is an extensive healthy network
system, public administration networks and trade on regional, district
or provincial levels, national to national level though not thoroughly
FUNCTIONAL AND OPERATIONAL in the most efficient and socially
productive manner. This is what are called economic problems rather
than COMMUNICATIONAL, TIME AND ORGANISATIONAL problems.

These are the structures,- social structures, which can generate and
support the National Telecoms economically in Africa, hence creating
the economy, which befits and can sustain a modern telecom
infrastructure. Advanced nations have reached the optimal level of
efficiency and productivity levels within these sectors, a reason why
they are looking for high-speed technologies to capture distance and
time outside their boundaries.

I can argue that as several national state societies are struggling to
form nations, these social structures are still rudimentary
structurally and required to stimulate internal growth. Present Africa
social structures are only generating traditional localised views-
hindering liberation of local knowledge exchange. In a sense, I can
argue that Africa has no society to society, group to group,
administrative to administrative COMMUNICATION AND ORGANISATION on a
national level. Where there is lack of such infrastructure,
communication is blocked or slow hence the problems socially becomes
even more complex, generating three other major problems Africans are
struggling with which are as follows; –

1. Lack of efficient management of multiethnic society or cultural
business /economies,
2. Timing
3. Monitoring and Control of both the private and public
socio-economic actions.

These are the main social problems, which manifests or simply
interpreted as economic problems- they are simply social
organisational problems, which must be solved first through systematic
structural social organisation. They can’t be solved through
privatisation since privatisation is hinged on individual desire to
maximise individual efforts but not national or society goal. In fact
such structure generates business and bureaucratic nepotism which is
so rampant in Africa because of kin and ethnic affiliations- thus
socially and economically retrogressive. Therefore, social structures
on a national level in Africa can be characterised as inferior
structures, which do not cause a nation state functionally
operational.

The solution is to use information communications infrastructure and
national telecoms as an organisational infrastructure to decentralise
administrative organs and hence competent on regional revels.

Besides the negative heterogeneous African social structures, those
structures are equally positive in the present state of socio-economic
state, with rapid mobility of labour and high communications
technological and proliferation into society- therefore Africa must
utilise these social structures optimally to create MODERN
telecommunications infrastructure.

By virtual of there existence, these social system networks, I can
actually ascertain that Africa is blessed – therefore let the
activities of the national state be decentralised to meet local
demands and views which later will evolve onto national level
economically and technologically. Usually, the economy is basically
founded on three principal demands namely: FOOD, SHELTER AND HEALTHY
which are factor components of the primary ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE on
which the TELECOM INDUSTRY in African should be FOUNDED.

Food is the agricultural sector and the predominant activity on the
African continent. Microwave climatic monitoring and dissemination of
information, for agricultural production does generate it is own
economy, which can sustain its own telecom networking industry. Since
agriculture is a necessity, it does also cause quick adaptability to
the information technological structures.

Shelter does compose housing, general construction sector and hygienic
sectors, which in social terms, calls for national organisational
structures hence an economy. The telecom industry in African can play
a huge role in harmonising healthy care, schools, and pre-urban
structural organisation and communication from the CENTRE to the
PERIPHERY -decentralisation of telecommunications infrastructure.

Healthy care in African could be so cheap if the National telecoms
where a bit more involved in determining the geographical distribution
of disease something which can be done through collecting data using
CARTOGRAPHIC methods to map out DRUG DISTRIBUTION, resource allocation
(man power and capital input), disease distribution. The
telecommunication industry is a harbinger in this regard with high
economic returns. How much does it cost to make a geographical
information map? You need data, which can quickly be transferred
through telecommunication infrastructures.

The last point if can be attained on regional levels then can generate
a self-sustaining financing national medical /agricultural /school
research network, administrative network etc. All, which for efficient
management and productive running can only be done through grounding
national telecoms network to pursue such socially productive sectors
in that particular location or regions on the African continent.

Compensatory networks, which are short term and self-financing, are
the TAXING SYSTEM networks. Every regional centre and trading nodes
must be connected into a network loop. Such a network calls for low
level law enforcing network to join like Traffic monitoring, customs,
and boarder to board crossing trade networks.

Then comes the media network, PUBLIC UTILITIES like water and sewerage
utilities, electricity distribution, postal activities, banking and
insurance networks etc. Such entities are self-sustaining which must
be linked to social system networks provided for by National telecoms
to generate national revenues for further social -technological
development. The problem with all the above-mentioned entities is not
PROFIT MAXIMISATION but MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENTAL strategies which
are lacking to cause profit maximisation.

I do not understand therefore, what is meant with non-performing
African telecommunication facilities or what privatisation is really
going to provide African societies with such service without the
political weal, social structures, within the nation state concerned.

Solution

Every country in Africa should start regional, district or provincial
data gathering centre, which will be connected, to the national
archiving centres.

The region or provincial centres must be financed partly by district,
regional or provisional budgets but mandate by the law. This is the
only way ICT and the telecom industry will percolate the traditional
organisation social structures, whence the African telecom markets can
be then derived. I mentioned the following which the African states
can organise to facilitate for the telecom growth which must be done
and provided for by the region budget for telecom offices against a
socially viable pay; –

1. Population gathering and census
2. School enrolment and output
3. Region market labour activities
4. Agricultural and food production outs and input
5. Fertility and Mortality rates from region healthy centres
6. River and stream hydrological data
7. Flora and fauna /taxonomy data
8. Disease maps and drug distribution /information
9. Tax revenue (region/provincial) collection and report
10. Industrial production data
11. Household data on family socio-economic status
12. Traffic and motor vehicle data
13. Chemical or environmental data
14. Climatology data
15. Land and survey data
16. Pre-urban housing data

All the above should be done on regional, provincial and district
level (strictly not on national level) hence creating the functional
awareness locally while triggering operational structures for
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY and national TELECOM ADAPTABILITY. This is what
I called a social superior structure and liberating social doing.
Claims that African states do not have the means do not hold. With
this structure in place, all states will divest from above duties and
delegate them near to the people concerned hence causing local,
participatory, popularistic appeal and solving the problem I mentioned
above organisation communication, monitoring, time perspective and
control. It will therefore call for seeking local solution to capital
input like popularising data collection methods and capital input both
human and fixed. That is the role the national telecommunication
should purse vigorously- pass on the article to you respective
government for action.

Management of African telecommunications sector does not mean ownership.

Bwanika .
Dbbwanika@netscape.com

WHAT DO U KNOW ABOUT EGYPT?


Ancient Egyptians were closer to Armenians than to Africans

By Rahimu Jabendo via the UAH forum
Egypt is an intensively sophisticated society right from the times of Joseph till now, but aside the little details like the fact that they bury their Pharaohs who then become mummies, what else do you know about this country that is believed to be the richest country ever? Let us run through a few.
1) Egypt presently occupies a land mass of 1million square kilometers making it one of the largest countries in the world. And with a population of over 88million, it is a very dense country. The primary language is Arabic. And their cultural rulers are called Pharaohs.
2) In ancient times, the Egyptians built elaborate structures called pyramids just to serve as tombs for their Pharaohs! And it wasn’t the Israelites that built all of them, the Egyptians used to hire labourers to build the pyramids.
3) It is believed that each pyramid in Egypt houses one Pharaoh and his entire family members and concubines. Therefore when you are in an Egyptian pyramid, watch out for a few ghosts.
4) The Egyptians were the first to believe in the afterlife. Long before Jesus Christ brought the message of redemption, the Egyptians always believed that preserving a dead person’s body through the process of mummification, their soul would live in peace in the world to come. It is still not clear if the mummies used to come back to life though.
5) The ancient Egyptians believed in more than 2000 gods! In fact some Egyptian priests used to spend two years attempting to pray to all the gods and still it was too much. The study of the Egyptian gods too is even more fascinating than that of Greece and Rome.
6) Cats are actually considered sacred animals in Egypt. Every house has a pet cat which brings goodluck and chases away evil spirit, just like the cat from The Mummy.
7) Tue ancient Egyptians invented paper, pens, locks and keys and most important of all, they invented toothpaste!! So when next you brush your teeth in the morning thank the Egyptians for discovering a tool that fights mouth odour. The pens invented were used to write down the ancient Egyptian alphabets which had over 700 characters.
8) The Egyptians also invented the 365 days a year calendar divided into 12 months. This was invented to predict the annual flooding of the Nile. The Egyptians also wrote the first ever book about mathematics in 1650 BC.
9) Equality began in Egypt. In ancient Egypt, women had as much rights as male with some females having even more rights than the males. Women could assume several offices such as the office of Pharaoh!!! So if you are a feminist, Egypt is for you.
10) In ancient Egypt, beer was used to pay labourers,if you go to Egypt and want a job make sure you inform the owner that you wouldn’t want to be paid with beer.

Today, we explore some special facts about the cutest bird in the entire planet



By Rahimu Jabendo via the UAH forum
Penguins are some of the most recognizable beloved birds in the world. They are amazing because of their physical adaptations to survive unusual climates and live mostly at sea. Today, we explore some special facts about the cutest bird in the entire planet.

1. The number of existing penguin species is debated but estimates fall in the range of 17 and 20. 17 of these species are found exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere.

2. Penguins can drink salt water because they have a supraorbital gland located above their eyes which helps them filter the salt from the water.

3. Emperor Penguins are the tallest species, standing nearly 4 feet tall.

4. Though penguins are birds, they lost the ability to fly millions of years ago, but their powerful flippers and streamlined body make them very accomplished swimmers. The fastest specie is Gentoo Penguins, which can reach swimming speeds of 22 mph.

5. A penguin’s wing act the same way while it is swimming as a bird do while it is flying. So penguins essentially fly through water. 😀

6. Penguins are one of the most publicized species of animals that form lasting homosexual couples. Male penguins have severally been observed having sex with other male penguins.

7. Penguins black and white plumage serves as camouflage while swimming. The black plumage on their back is hard to see from above, while the white plumage on their front looks like the sun reflecting off the surface of the water when seen from below.

8. Unlike most birds which lose and replace a few feathers at a time, penguins molt all at once, spending two or three weeks land-bound as they undergo what is called ‘catastrophic molt.’

9. Parents and chicks use their good sense of hearing to locate one another in crowded colonies. When mothers lose their chick, they sometimes attempt to ‘kidnap’ another mother’s chick.

10. Unlike other birds, male penguins incubate the female’s eggs. Emperor Penguin males incubate the female’s eggs for 2 months in the winter without eating while females are at sea. During that time males live off their fat reserves and may lose half of their body weight. When the females return shortly after the eggs hatch, they switch parental duties, and the females fast while the males go to sea to replenish their fat stores.

The Secret Service was established on the day Abraham Lincoln was assassinated



By Rahimu Jabendo via the UAH forum
Most of us are aware of the existence of the Secret Service, the government agency best known for providing security details for the presidents of the United States of America. In movies, they wear sunglasses with dark lenses and have earpieces. In reality, there are decade’s worth of secrets hidden amongst its history.

The Secret Service was established on the day Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Lincoln approved the idea of establishing the Secret Service on April 14, 1865. Later that night, the president went to the theatre where he was shot in the head.

On today’s history files, we will try to lift the veil of secrecy and learn a bit more about the mysterious organization.

1. The current president isn’t only protected by the Secret Service. Protection covers the family of the president, former presidents and their families and foreign presidents visiting the United States of America.

2. The Secret Service agents protecting the president travel with bags of the president’s blood. They are always ready to use their medical skills to perform a blood transfusion on the president if needed.

3. They make sure the president is never alone, even in the bathroom. The president can’t stay alone with a doctor without an agent as an escort no matter what the president’s problem is. And if they suspect any kind of foul play, they shoot the doctor immediately!

4. They participate in the president’s hobby. Because the president is never alone, agents have to participate in everything in his life so they are often forced to learn new hobbies. Bill Clinton was a well-conditioned jogger which forced his agents to be in great shape in order to be able to keep up. 😀

5. Secret Service uses code names for presidents, it’s not a Hollywood fantasy. For example, Obama was “Renegade,” George Bush was “Tumbler,” Bill Clinton was “Eagle” and Richard Nixon was “Searchlight”

6. The quickest way to annoy a Secret Service agent is asking him to carry your luggage. They won’t agree to carry bags even at the command of the president because their hands are always on their waist. That enables them to be ready to react quickly and raise their weapons.

7. It might interest you to know that there’s an underground bunker that is used by the Secret Service to hide one government representative during an event where all other state officials gather. So if terrorists decide to slaughter the top tier of the government, they will probably fail.

8. The Secret Service headquarters is located in Washington in a building without any identification sign. There is not even a trash can nearby so there’s no place to install bomb.

9. The food of the president is under constant surveillance. Every bite of food presented to the president is prepared under the watchful eyes of the Secret Service, who stare down White House chefs to make sure no one is flavouring with arsenic or rat poison.

10. Surprisingly, Secret Service agents don’t swear to die for their president. It’s understood that something like that could happen but they take every possible step to avoid it. If an agent sacrifices their life for the president, they do it voluntarily. Only one Secret Service agent has died protecting his president since the organization was formed.

Obote never wanted to hurt Prince Mutebi in 1980s


By George Okello in London via UAH forum,
Prince Mutebi was freely let out of Uganda during Obote 2. I remember clearly that he was surrounded by Col John Ogole who was over-ruled by his boss President Milton Obote at the 11th hour before he launched an encirclement and suppression assault. He told Obote that he was not going to take any prisoners. Obote did not want Mutebi’s blood on hands and so allowed him to escape.

Buganda should celebrate the 14 August!


Prince Mutebi and his brother,omulangira Walugembe, charting to Idi Amin in 1974


By Tony Owana via the UAH forum
33 years ago, senior NRM/NRA operatives slipped Prince Ronald Muwenda Mutebi into Uganda via Busia, ending 20 years of exile and paving for the return of Buganda’s EBYAFFE.Strangely, the 14th of August is not an important day in Buganda and Iam sure most Nkoba za Mbogo and Bazzukulu do not know about it being the date of their renaissance.

I am in possession of NGABO newspaper of 15 August 1986 with the headline ‘MUTEBI YESOZZE KAMPALA MU KASIRISE’ written by Charles
Sinnabulya Mwanje and edited by Grace Simwogerere Ssekkeba and both
men plus Kabaka Mutebi are still alive. ‘New Vision’ reproduced this
old NGABO newspaper during coronation anniversary last year, a copy of which I also have. This reproduction was with permission from NGABO Publisher, Omutaka Ndugwa, Grace Semakula Musoke who is also still alive.

Among those who knew of Prince Mutebi’s secret entry is, Gen Elly
Tumwine, retired NRA/UPDF Brigadier Andrew Lugobe Lutaaya (Omutake w’e Ssese), ex-Director General of Internal Security Maj Gen Jim Muhwezi to name a few.

By the time Mutebi toured the NRA-liberated zones in 1985, Dr. Obote was exiled in Zambia and Col. Ogole exiled in Tanzania. There was no war at Katonga in January 1985 because Obote was still in power and NRA in Fort Portal. Did you mean January 1986? Mutebi visited Masaka in September (I think) 1985 and one of his escorts was
Gen Kasirye Ggwanga. Haji Kigongo was there, Col Amanya Mushega was there, Hon Gerald Sendawula was there and I think Brig Matiya Sewankambo was there too. Those who entertained Prince Mutebi (who arrived in a pickup) included Kalifan Muwonge, father of our late Erias Mulindwa Muwonge.I have video evidence of Prince Mutebi’s public meeting in Masaka soon after the Nairobi Peace Talks started and his visit was facilitated by NRA which was controlling this area.

THE POWER OF GOD DURING THE EXECUTION OF JOSEPH SAMUEL


By Rahimu Jabendo via the UAH forum
In 1801, Joseph Samuel, a British citizen was sent to a penal colony of Australia for engaging in robbery. In Australia, Samuel succeeded in escaping and with a gang, he robbed the home of a wealthy woman and in the process, a policeman named Joseph Luker, who was guarding her home, was murdered. In 1803 the authorities captured Samuel. During the trial, the woman identified Joseph Samuel as on of the culprits. Joseph admitted to the robbery but claimed he had not participated in the murder. The other members of the gang, including the leader of the gang, were released due to lack of evidence but because the woman identified Samuel, he was convicted and sentenced to death by hanging. On 26th of September 1803, Samuel and another criminal sentenced to death for another crime, were taken to Parramatta, where many people had gathered to watch the execution.
The common method of hanging then which caused death by slow strangulation was to fasten nooses around the neck of criminals, then drive the cart away after they had been allowed to pray with a priest. The ropes used were made of five cords of hemp, which enabled one to hold 1,000 lb (450 kg), for up to five minutes without breaking, more than sufficient for human executions.

When the rope was placed around their neck and the cart taken away, the other criminal ultimately died by strangulation but Samuel’s rope broke and he dropped to his feet, sustaining an injury in his ankle. The executioner hastily readied a new rope, also five-hemp, and placed it around Samuel’s neck, forced him onto the same cart, and drove the cart away again but this time the rope became loose and Samuel’s leg was able to touch the ground. The other criminal was still kicking weakly at this point. The executioner was sure to have fastened the noose securely around his neck, and as he stood Samuel up to try again, the crowd had become boisterous, calling for Samuel to be freed.

For the third time, the executioner very quickly readied another five-hemp rope, ordered the cart driven back, forced Samuel onto it, fastened the noose around his neck, secured it very carefully and tightly, and then ordered the cart driven away. The rope broke again, and Samuel dropped to the ground and stumbled over, trying to avoid landing on his sprained ankle.

Now the crowd watching the execution stood around in an uproar, and another policeman, watching on horseback, ordered the execution delayed momentarily, while he rode away to find the governor. The governor was summoned to the scene and upon inspection of the ropes, which showed no evidence of having been cut, and the other criminal, who was successfully executed with an identical rope, the governor and the entire crowd agreed that it was a sign from God that Joseph Samuel had not committed any crime deserving of execution and his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment instead. Parramatta’s town doctor tended to his sprained ankle.

Global warming is the result of human practices like emission of Greenhouse gases



By ‘rahimu jabendo’ via Ugandans at Heart (UAH) Community

This is one of the most publicized environmental problem faced in recent times, due to the grave consequences attached to it. Global warming is the result of human practices like emission of Greenhouse gases. A greenhouse gas (GHG) is a gas that absorbs and emits radant energy within the thermal infrared range. Greenhouse gases cause the greenhouse effect.The atmospheres of Venus, Mars and Titan also contain greenhouse gases. The primary GHG’s in the earth’s atmosphere are water vapor, carbondioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone, and it results in rising temperatures of the oceans and the earth’s surface causing melting of polar ice caps, rise in sea levels and also unnatural patterns of precipitation such as flash floods, excessive snow or desertification.

Scientists have predicted that If the emission of greenhouse gas continue at their rate in 2019, global warming could cause Earth’s surface temperature to exceed historical values as early as 2047, which will result to harmful effects on ecosystems, biodiversity and human livelihoods.

Greece is considered the first democracy in the world



By Rahimu Jabendo via the UAH forum
You probably know a lot about Greek gods and the likes, but what else do you know about Greece in general? Let’s put through a few.

1) Greece is considered the first democracy in the world. Long before people even figured out that voting makes sense, the Greeks used to vote for who would lead them, although it was restricted to just men, adult males, it was still pretty cool.

2) With an area of 50,949 square miles (131,958 square kilometers), Greece is a decently large country with a population of over 10million people.

3) During Summer, tourists who visit Greece outnumber the local indigenes, and the total population more than doubles. That is why Greece has the largest number of airports.

4) The saying ‘taking the bull by the horns’ actually originated from Greece, when Hercules saved Crete from a raging bill by dragging it’s horns. We don’t know if it truly happened, but it is still an awesome saying.

5) An Island in Greece, called Ikaria is one of the blue zones in the world, that is people live longer in those places. So if you want a longer life, you may want to go to Greece.

6) in Greece, waving at someone with an open palm is a great insult, so don’t wave, just shake.

7) The ancient Greek alphabets is actually the oldest ever form of writing even before the Romans invented their Roman numerals. So when next you encounter an alpha or beta sign, show it some respect.

8) The Greece believe that man was created by Prometheus while animals were created by his brother. They also believe that all the punishments sent to man came through Pandora in a box.

9) Greece is the world’s third largest producer of Olive as well as marbles.

10) The Greeks invented the Olympic games to honor Zeus. A cook actually won the first sprint race in the Olympics long before history knew about it.

WHY IS THE MEDIA SO BIASED AGAINST BESIGYE?


By Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba via UAH forum
Friends,
I don’t know if our political system and our mass media has always been this corrupt, or if it has become considerably worse in recent times. What I do know is that as a general election approaches, they really are going to pull out all the stops. There are a lot of headlines about Museveni, especially his wealth creation tours. Then there are a lot of stories about Bobi Wine(Oh, I sound like a ‘nuggu’ person there but I’m just pissed off a little bit). The international media has been the most surprising- whenever Bobi sneezes, they create a headline for him, they don’t even verify what he has posted on his facebook page- something they have never done for any other opposition leader in Uganda. Hopefully, they don’t end up with eggs on their faces!

I’m surprised nobody in the FDC is making noise about this.Besigye is Mr. Clean(incorruptible and weedless) and Mr.Principled- he just keeps carrying on with his human activism against the regime whether the media reports it or not, but his grassroot ‘sensitisation’ tours rarely make headlines in and out of the country. Yes, he is not a corrupt guy- with all their money and power, Museveni’s govt could find nothing that is disreputable or dishonest in his life. He is against Chinese loans that are burdening Uganda and other African countries.

Donors have never been pro-Besigye and that is sad.They are scared of a man like him being president because he can’t be bought. He will have access to things they don’t want him to have. He will expose the corruption that has gone on between them and Museven’s govt, and are petrified of that. That’s why there has been such a persistent campaign against him to make him look a four times failure in elections.Imagine having a man like that in Statehouse. The rich have every reason to keep decency and honesty out of Statehouse, so as not to prove how unequal society really is, and exactly how everyone else has been mugged off. Don’t be demoralised by the lies and smears and fake polls. Don’t give up hope. Another Uganda is possible with or without elections.

Who is Evelyn Anite, the minister ready to die ‘with’ mafias?


Evelyn Anite Kajik, is a journalist by profession. She is the State Minister of Finance for Investment and Privatization in the Ugandan Cabinet. She was appointed to that position on 6 June 2016.

President Yoweri Museveni is so fond of Anite and he usually refers to her as his daughter. Previously, she served as State Minister for Youth and Children. She was appointed to that position on 1 March 2015, replacing Ronald Kibuule, who was appointed State Minister for Water Resources.

She also serves as the elected Member of Parliament representing the Youth from Northern Uganda, a position she has occupied since 2011.

Anite was born on 11 November 1984, in Adakado Village, Koboko District, to Steven Dravu, a civil servant, and Sarah Wokoru Dravu, a businesswoman.

She attended Arua Hill Primary School for her elementary school education before joining Saint Mary’s Ediofe Secondary School for her O-Level studies. She transferred to Muni Girls’ Secondary School, for her A-Level education. She holds the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Mass Communication, awarded by Uganda Christian University in 2008.

Right out of high school in 2005, Anite started working as a radio presenter on a radio station in Arua, continuing in that capacity intermittently until 2007. Beginning in 2006 and continuing until 2010, she worked as a radio presenter at Uganda Broadcasting Corporation in Kampala, Uganda’s capital and largest city.

From 2008 until 2010, she worked at the Uganda Media Centre as the Public Affairs Assistant for International Relations. In 2011, she contested for the parliamentary seat of Youth Representative for Northern Uganda. She beat nine other candidates to win the seat.

Anite is married to Allan Kajik and together, they have one daughter.

UTL must not go into business &Uganda should embrace data transmission!


By Edward Mulindwa via UAH forum,

Friends

Communication is built for two things: voice transmission and data transmission. Voice transmission is very easy to install anywhere and in any country, for God’s sake if you put two cans apart and run a thread between them, two people can talk to each other. Data transmission is complicated, you need to wire the entire country. You need to install fiber optics and dig those pipes underground to every room in the house in the whole country. Some exchanges are so delicate that need to be underground to prevent dust from going in. We are talking about millions of dollars literary, and this needs to be a government investment, for it is the government that can find such amounts of money.

There is a reason I ignore Uganda discussion, for I spent about five years pushing Ugandans to embrace Data Communication, degree holders laughed at me for I was far behind on the developments Museveni is bringing to Uganda. Cells are coming and I will be in United States and talk to my mother in Lwengo. So they screamed. Educating them that cell communication was not going to transmit data was so complicated to put through the very thick heads.

Cell phones must never be relied on, for banks will never talk to each other through a cell tower but through Data transmission which Uganda does not have. I wrote several pieces in Uganda papers arguing our governors to start investing into a national cablization to no success, for every thick head was jumping up and down for the cell phones. They went ahead and torn poles out of the ground, and cables out of the underground for now Uganda communication is going to use cell towers.

Fast forward to 2019 I use a cell tower to communicate but inside my dwell I have what we call a loop line, which feeds directly into my dwell. Every city that has data communication is wired and will remain wired until when we get a new technology that transmits without a cable. And in 2019 Uganda does not have a single agency transmitting data. Not a Government agency nor a private agency. Without transmitting Data in 2019 you are a dead meat. Now for me I am interested into voice communication, and I have worked in the largest communication company in this country, but I look at the data that is transmitted as it controls, security parameters, as it controls traffic lights, as it controls all the details Bwanika a researcher needs, and Ugandans are simply not that ahead thinking.

It is very sad that in 2019 I have again repeated to post about Data transmission, when I literary torched years of my very valuable time to raise it in Ugandanet and the Barigye’ s simply failed to grasp what I was talking about.

The infrastructure its self and the service provided

Since the infrastructure is very crucial to national development and security, I will rather leave the whole of it in the government hand. Let that be left under the UTL, which must remain a full government agency. I am one of those people that believe into privatization, but national security must always be left in government hands.

Thus I will never privatize power supply, water supply, sewage treatment, communication infrastructure and a couple more I will not mention here. Because communication must be nationwide, the government is the only agency that will supply the infrastructure nationwide than private people that will care only on hot markets.If UTL could work and connect all the 19 million house hold in this country – Uganda could be earning in the region of US 50 -70 million dollar (under estimate) if not more in a year.” End quote.

We must never discourage Uganda companies or foreign companies from making money, becoming rich is never a sin. We are not Democrats and that is how capitalism works. UTL must not go into business, it must only remain in acquiring and maintaining the infrastructure that runs data. The companies above must be allowed to feed on UTL’s infrastructure and pay for it. If you are worried about the money they make in Uganda tax it.

The moment you combine ownership of infrastructure and using it to make money, you are forgetting that UTL is ran and owned by the government, I do not want the government to decide what it streams to my television, I need that to be decided by the market. Thus if I find out that Acholi love to watch porn, and they are willing to pay for it, I should be allowed to make my own down streaming system, pay UTL for its infrastructure, and I stream the porn to the Acholi. I am not for allowing one government agency that has already got a monopoly of owning and distributing the infrastructure to have a second monopoly of down streaming.

Lastly as this system becomes accessible to the country, Ugandans must start to fight the problem of buying power in Uganda. Yes the Semalulu’s can send the systems out there, but how many Ugandans can actually pay for the service? For argument sake let us put the service at 200 shillings a month, how many people outside the urban centers can afford that price every month? If I walk into a village 5 miles past Kikyuusa, how many people do I have in that village that can manage a line to their home at a monthly price of 200 shillings? There is a reason power flew from Soroti directly to Lira, were there no people in between? Yes they were but they were un able to tap on the line because they have no buying power.

Life in those regions has been left on kibbo and two minwes of Gonja too long that it needs to be addressed, for these services are too expensive, and the Semalulu’s that install and maintain them have to be paid fairly. Uganda’s programs have been ran on urban centers basis far too long when the majority of population is in rural areas. Fight the Data transmission war but fight it with a secondary war of buying power to the population. That buying power is going to stall every development you need in the country.

Personally I would address the buying power sector before I fight for the transmission of data. But again that is me.

Kenyans don’t pretend about Ethinicity like Rwanda does!


Justice Philomena Mwilu

By W.B. KYIJOMANYI Via the UAH forum,
Folks:

The next big fish to watch is the DCJ Justice Philomena Mwilu. If Mr. Rotich and Dr Kamau Thugge can be arrested, she too will be arrested because DCI and DPP have enough evidence against her. She must be thinking about what next.

In Kenya where ethnicity is currency, UK opted for Minister Yattani, a Rendile from Marsabit to be acting CS. He then named a substantive treasury sectary, Dr Monzi Muia from Meru.

Ethnicity is dominant , make no mistake about that . We cannot pretend like Kagame that there are no Hutus and Tutsis but only Rwandese. Nonsense. why. Nothing even a genocide wipes away people’s identities.

And in Africa ethnicity is central.

I am not sure about Uganda but in Kenya there is home coming for Mps and Cabinet secretaries and other senior officials. Homecoming parting is intended to celebrate the achievements of their sons or daughter. Thus, such positions are owned by their respective communities so that if in trouble and facing the law, the community comes out to defend their own.

I think it is there in Uganda too. Is it not what the father of the murdered bar owner was alluding too with his sensational claims that his on was murdered because of his tribe?

Do not worry about me, I am urbane.

DP’s Ben Kiwanuka and Amin were Coffee leaders!


Coffee farmer


By Georges Colot in France, via UAH forum

Uganda coffee has been available in France and all over Europe and America since time immemorial!The Great Benedicto Kiwanuka, when premier, did a lot of effort to continue promoting it overseas and to get subsidies that enabled affordable price given to our farmers; same thing to coffee, tobacco, simsim, cotton, ETC… That was the time when coffee shot from 28 cts a pound to 65 cts, and cotton from 18 cts a pound to 40 cts, ETC..

At the time of Idi Amin our Ugandan Embassy in Paris was a centre for promoting coffee and for seeking market all over Europe. And I remember it was Minister-Counsellor Nathan Odoi (RIP), who eventually became PS in Uganda, who was then in-charge of the coffee body in his capacity as Chief Commercial Attaché at the Embassy. And very many business personalities used to frequent his office!

And remember this was the time when Uganda collected a colossal 1 billion dollars in coffee and cotton sales, a thing which gave some boost to Amin’s dictatorial regime. And stories were rampant as to why Amin was succeeding inside the country because he was strict on encouraging agriculture, and therefore the country had a lot of food and cash crops to boast about!

There is no need to read that bill when tradition, culture, etc.. as part and parcel of Uganda’s farming ambition have already done wonders in the field whose action has produced myriads of very positive assets in all sectors of the nation’s life. Biils and bills under the NRM regime have been read and no democratic debate before the populace has been initiated! Only to hear them voted and passed in Parliament and always to the detriment of the humble population!

The many opposed to the bill are products of the effort of coffee farmers whose taxes etc.. have supported school
and university activity and have helped run all essential services such as health, etc…Coffee, cotton, and the rest are
part and parcel of a working civilization in the country and therefore any question regarding them must be handled
very carefully whether by the govt or by any other institution. Katikkiro Mayiga and others attacking the bill have a good
reason to do so and their point should be carefully looked into. Many have read the bill and they have a deep mistrust
of its intentions!

The Coffee bill and all its unpatriotic attachments are a thing which any Ugandan must find shallow, illogical, and out of mode and out of place ! To begin with, what’s its essence and importance to a potential coffee grower and to any Ugandan who wants to engage in the produce of the commercial product?

Outright it can be seen as something that deprives Ugandans of any initiative to financially cater for their existence through a traditional occupation like agriculture. People proudly enjoy growing cash crops on their bibanjas and this is how they have always tried to succeed in being financially self-reliant and in taking to that pride of developing their local areas and regions!

The government poking their nose everywhere is an act of low class contribution to the welfare of the nation! And all this is politics with unknown plans behind!

Ugandans should push up for coffee and cotton which are among the great products that will, in a not far long run, be in short supply on the world market given the very high consumption levels they now enjoy and will continue to enjoy until their supply will be running to complete exhaustion!

Fellow Ugandans, please grow coffee as you like! And don’t listen to any of those sub-elementary threats which are just intended to marginalize your very great minds!

M7 LIED ABOUT THE COFFEE BILL & ITS DISGUSTING!


By Saasi Marvin

I watched a video of Gen. Museveni calling Katikkiro Charles Peter Mayiga a liar because Mayiga criticised Government’s move to require #Coffee farmers to have licenses. M7 claims that coffee farmers will just be “registered” but not “licenced”. I have had the opportunity of studying the National Coffee Bill 2018, and I can confidently say that M7 is the LIAR in this national conversation. Here’s why:

Clause 26 (1) of the Bill provides that the National Coffee Authority ‘SHALL register all coffee farmers’ in Uganda. This literally means that unregistered farmers will be growing coffee ILLEGALLY. Clause 1 defines a coffee farmer as ‘a person who grows coffee for commercial purposes.’ How many people have really been growing it for domestic purposes?

Clause 26(2) says that a person can only be registered as a coffee farmer IF, among others, the Coffee Authority has evaluated the land on which the coffee is to be grown and found that land suitable for that purpose. In other words, no person will be allowed to grow coffee unless they have a licence to grow coffee on a particular piece of land.

Clauses 35(1)&(3) say that the Authority shall issue a ‘coffee buyers’ licence, and that no body shall buy coffee without that licence. This means that even if you may grow your coffee illegally without Government’s approval, no body will be allowed to buy it from you without that person having a licence. Having that licence, by extension, also means that a coffee buyer will be breaking the terms of the licence if they purchase coffee from you the ‘unregistered’ farmer.

Clause 54 (1)(j) makes it an offence for any person to deal in coffee “for internal marketing” [whatever that means] without a licence. If caught, he/she is liable to a fine of up to UGX 960,000/=, or 2 years in prison, or both. In short, dare grow coffee without Government’s approval and you’ll see fire .

The mistake Gen. M7 keeps making while addressing the nation is that he imagines he is addressing the docile, unthinking and unquestioning lot that his cabinet is. The earlier he realises we’re not in 1986 anymore, the better for him. Liar. Gambler. Thief!

“Annoying the president” goes beyond the individual’s tolerance to anger


The habit of saying or posting things that are offensive or demeaning to the president, what is it intended to achieve and what is the law regarding that offence intended to achieve?
The most basic meaning of “to annoy” is to“make (someone) a little angry; irritate” according to the online dictionary. Synonyms include “vex, anger, exasperate, irk, gall, pique”.

Different individuals are annoyed or angered differently depending on a litany of factors including context and the existing relationship but, in general, irritating statements are characteristically unkind, demeaning, provocative, accusatory, vindictive, threatening and rude. The fact of an assertion being true does not take away that it can annoy. It matters how the concerned person is addressed; the message matters equally as the forum.

If, for example, I wished to blame or accuse someone of failing to meet their part of a bargain or an accord or to respond to something they did or said about me, if I write a private email or use my phone or inbox to address such a person, the addressee, will likely understand and respond constructively while admitting the problem. He or she would have an opportunity to pour their heart out without fearing that what they will be misconstrued or that their dignity will be brought into question around prying eyes.

On the other hand, if I addressed the person in public, amongst friends, family and even strangers, the same person would be so disappointed owing to the great embarrassment among relations that they would have suffered. Remember that some of the details may be sordid or graphic!

Most severe fallouts and those that have led to acts of vengeance are those where parties involved have washed their dirty linen or said unkind things to or about others in public without an amicable settlement in sight. Reputation is sacred and brittle; once damaged it can never be restored. Untruths or scandalous material about people run faster than truths and modest statements and when dealing with crowds, whose very judgment and rationality is difficult to quantity, it is more complex. Some are gullible while others are adamant and will want to rub in the scandalous thing or rumour or representation they have heard about others and they will take action in reaction to the same.

In the case of a president, their position as a “fountain-of-honour” would have been eroded; their standing, generally, would have been lowered; it could affect how they execute their job as relations with juniors would be compromised. It doesn’t matter the individual holder’s tolerance for abuse. It is the office under attack, its image and efficacy left in tatters. It depends on the influence of the individual alleging things about them and their own reputation or the remedies that the “offended” has.

Usually, the best test of the annoyance inducing levels of a statement is to subject the one hurling such invectives to the same treatment. They will not like it because their intention was to cause pain to the person they hate. Nobody says unkind and demeaning things to or about a person they like or care for. To insult is to subject someone to psychological and emotional pain, with a possibility of getting physical given chance.

By Atuhairwe Robert via Ugandans at Heart (UAH) Community

How users harness language reveals their intentions towards those they ridicule or hold in scorn. That is why one way the secret service goes about organising a visit of the US president anywhere is to look out for persons in the particular area set to host the president and what they have recently said or posted about the president. As much information about them and their connections and networks is gathered; they are monitored closely. In case something sinister happens to the President during the visit, investigators must, as a rule, interview such people to determine if they had a connection to the incident.

What we say about others counts a lot more than the effect it has on them because we give away our ill intentions about them and place ourselves in the weighing scale-how we were brought up, schooled, our peers and so on. There is also an element of incitement to others.

Language is a weapon and the law acts as guide and guarantor of remedies to the offended, but the most important is moral law. Insult is not synonymous with criticism! When a president is demeaned and called names, the inference is that the whole country which he or she leads is what the president has been described as being. Feel sorry for the ordinary citizen who can only be regarded as much lower and undeserving of any dignity and esteem!

Kenya’s Ruto’s biggest weakness are his advisers


Deputy President William Ruto


By WBK Via UAH forum
Ruto’s biggest weakness are his advisers. They shoot from the hip without reflecting. Three in particular stand out, the semi illiterate Oscar Sudi-they say he forged his academic papers and is yet to make his maiden speech in parliament. Then senator Murkomen the majority leader, who called the DPP charges a charade, and then showed up in court the following day to represented some of the suspects.

Btw, Mr. Henry Rotich could not instruct him as did the other top kalenjin suspects. They opted for Kioko Kilukumi sited by Katwa Kigen, tested and capable lawyers. I recognize you would prefer I leave out the ethnic identities but believe me most Kalenjin big wigs opt to instruct one of their own, Mr. Katwa Kigen. He has too much work at the moment.

The third is senator Cheruyiot who speaks too much. WSR needs some mature politicians to guide him. To chill out most times.

And finally, MPs and senators from marginalized Northern communities under the leadership of Hon Duale the house majority leader came out today to thank UK for naming one of their own and urging him to confirm him as the substantive finance minister.

But there is word that Dr Kituyi could return to kenya for the same.

I dont think Bob Wine knows the concept of people power


Bobi Wine and his wife at their Beach in Uganda


By Bobby Alcantara via the UAH forum,

I dont think Bob Wine knows the concept of people power. It is the same as wearing the red beret of Che Guevara without understanding its meaning. Che Guevara’s red beret, which he himself borrowed from Chairman Mao, represented a complete rejection of society as it is currently organised, and its violent overthrow using armed struggle. Che never believed in elections, something Bob Wine is focused on. Equally, the People Power Concept rejects elections. It looks at elections as essentially an exercise in legitimising the status quo. People power focuses on extra legal and illegal methods to bring about change that cannot be brought about using legal or constitutional means, but without resort to violence. People Power aims to overthrow an exiting government or status quo using mass protests, demonstrations, strikes, and civil disobedience but without resorting to armed struggle. Elections as Bob Wine is focused on does not feature in any people power struggle. Sadly, Ugandans have a habit of copying things they dont understand or have have no clue about.

Don’t be surprised that musicians, comedians and even select members of the riff raff have now come into serious contention to be elected as leaders, including president. The fact that an empty-headed fraud like Bob Wine is also aiming to be elected president of Uganda should not surprise you. I did write a piece on this possibility,which I posted here on UAH, but it did not attract any interest although it was exported to other non-Ugandan fora, and generated a lot of debate.

One significant explanation for the rise of the non-politician and non-intellectual into politics is the deep disenchantment, distrust and even hatred that many people in most parts of the world have towards the political class. Whether of the left or of the right, throughout the world, people are rejecting established or establishment political parties and choosing virtual unknowns to become their leaders. Nearly everywhere in Europe, establishment parties are losing out to nationalist far right parties because they feel abandoned by the establishment parties. Donald Trump also benefited from this dissillussionment of the American voter with the political class represented by both the Democratic and the Republican parties.

Armenia has recently also had a non-politician elected as president. Nikol Pashinyan came to power in May 2018 after weeks of mass protests against corruption and cronyism. The former newspaper editor, who was jailed for fomenting unrest in 2008, marked a dramatic break from the cadre of rulers who have run Armenia since the late 1990s after the collapse of the Soviet Union. And so has a lawyer with almost no political experience been elected president in Slovakia. Anti-corruption candidate Zuzana Caputova won Slovakia’s presidential election, making her the country’s first female head of state. Ms Caputova, who has almost no political experience, defeated high-profile diplomat Maros Sefcovic, nominated by the governing party, in a second round run-off vote. She framed the election as a struggle between good and evil, but otherwise did not have any other policies or programmes.

But most captivating is the predicted victory of Volodymyr Zelensky, a comedian and actor who stars as the Ukrainian president in the comic play Servant of the People in the on-going Ukraine elections. Zelensky has effectively run an “anti-campaign”.

The danger ofcourse with electing protest or single issue candidates is what they are going to do with the power that they will inherit. Without a political party or organisation to back them up, how will they deliver even the very few policies they have promised? It is one thing being anti-corruption, but what policies do you have for fighting corruption, and who are your enforcers?

So Abbey Semuwemba is right about Bob Wine, being afflicted by vanity, but I think his experience follows what is happening elsewhere in the world where the population has been exposed to so much suffering, they can’t think properly and just want change. I can say it perfectly and with humility that no ordinary Ugandan who has his thinking cap on would elect an uneducated person like Bob Wine, to even the MP position he currently occupies, leave alone president of the country.

Museveni can fight you even in your death!


Paddy Bitama died in Nov, 2014

By Christopher Muwanga via UAH forum,
nakasero,
kampala

When ‘funny’ comedian Bitama died, a man turned up from nowhere and claimed paternity. This was after his mother and ‘father’ had died yet he continued to live in the place he was born and brought up. What was eye-catching was that the state [using the political police] sided with the intruder and even captured the body to ostensibly carry out DNA tests at state expense. They gave the new-found dad state security, setting up a ‘barracks’ at his home. The body had been tampered with and the government chemist could not provide results for a whole week, the GoU admitting it was an impossible;e task

By a clever ambush and turn-around,, police called a press conference at the weekend and announced the new ‘turn-up’ as the true father of comedian “Mr. Big Chicks”

Why all the state involvement?
1. Bitama was not just a comedian, he was an opposition political activist.
2. he joined besigye in the trenches.
3. AT THE VIGIL AT BITAMA’S CHILDHOOD HOME, THE COLONEL DISCLOSED THAT BITAMA HAD DIED BECAUSE OF POLICE MISTREATMENT AND TEAR GAS—THE DIE WAS CAST,THE BODY HAD TO GO TO THE PARENT THAT DIS NOT AGREE WITH THE TEAR GAS THEORY AND THERE FORE HAD TO BE ABDUCTED..
4. This was confirmed indirectly a few days later, when the emperor was meeting his bureaucrats and issued a new 10-point programme: among the top points (number 2) was FIGHTING THE LIKES OF BESIGYE.

Conclusion: The circus around Bitama’a paternity was driven by the political witch hunt against the opposition. They are fought with full force not only when alive but in death too.

Gakyali mabaga..” It’s still early days [sorry Budonians for borrowing your motto]

{UAH} UTL PLUNDER AND MUSEVENI’S “ENDOBO” ICT POLICY


By Hussein Lumumba Amin via UAH forum
Fellow citizens,

Some of you might remember last month when I questioned how the Auditor general, the Attorney General, his deputy and the appointed company Administrator could all agree not to conduct an audit of Uganda Telecom Limited yet also claim to be looking for an investor for the company.
The simple fact I stated against this advisory was that any international businessman investing in any company would first want to know it’s true present state, and therefore establish it’s true current value before buying into the business venture with their hard earned cash. How will a purchasing price be established and negotiated without a full audit of the company and a full physical verification of that audit by the interested investor?

This is Africa! A continent where due diligence is the most precious commodity in business.
Finally now State House seems to be coming to their senses on this matter by also demanding that the state company be audited.
However it is shocking that anti-investment advisories and practices were what an entire government was ignorantly and/or deliberately pursuing in broad daylight, possibly for ulterior corrupt purposes until someone raised the alarm publicly. Yet these are officials appointed and mandated to see the success of the service delivery for which state companies were established and maintained decades ago by previous governments to serve the people of Uganda.

Had private telecoms companies not been around today to provide telecommunications, internet and ICT services, clearly a corrupt regime can not be depended on for the delivery of the service to the people of this country. It is therefore also quite foreseeable what will happen to the new UTL plan to build a smartphone assembly plant. First of all which customers trust their brand anymore in Uganda today compared with all the global competition that exists in the smartphone market as we speak, most of which are readily available with the countless retailers across the country at affordable prices.

Which makes me wonder if government first conducted a market research and business plan before taking the decision to probably waste billions of taxpayers money by starting to assemble UTL smartphone’s for the local and regional market. Or was it just for the temporary political colloquial prestige that “Museveni assembles smartphone’s”. If that is the thinking behind the so-called “Uganda’s new ICT Revolution”, I hope market realities sink in before it’s too late.

A revolution is a paradigm shift where we think big and ahead so as to make the giant strides required towards a new competitive level in not only the product but also it’s market.
I am not an empty head who is just politicking for cheap popularity by always attacking any and all government actions.
Many so-called activists and politicians out there are unable to table simple, credible workable solutions that move the country forward.
For that matter, and bearing in mind that Uganda is already partnering with Chinese giant Huawei to establish it’s ICT infrastructure, and Huawei being one of the global leaders in developing 5g networks, call me and I would introduce concerned officials to a new company that has just produced the first 5g smartphone in the western hemisphere. Together, the 5g ICT infrastructure and the 5g smartphone are meant for each other.

The new smartphone product comes equipped with record-breaking storage capacity of 1TB, meaning users will never run out of storage, and a 4K ultra high-definition screen.
It has a sleek design, and will also come with magnetic resonance capability, allowing users to charge multiple smart appliances from a Super Base Charger. It is also built to work on every mobile operator in the world, comes with waterproof capability, strong data security features and is said to be the most technically advanced device today for the most affordable price.
These are features of interest to todays customers in Uganda, in the region, the continent and even around the world.
And may make them purposely choose this particular product over another leading competitor’s product. Why can’t we think of competing at that level?
Being a new little-known company, the maker of this product is surely keen on making market inroads internationally so as to take a share of the global smartphone market from today’s market leaders.

For the record, this new company is black-owned. Which is a fact that might help God willing since we are all from the same mother continent and there are many good people out there who want to do something meaningful and productive with the industrious, entrepreneurial and hardworking people in Africa.
In any case we would be better off discussing assembly plant partnerships and technology/skills transfer with such advanced companies and their products.
What I am saying is that we not only have to style up in our thinking, Uganda’s national ICT vision and policy has to be big, bold, and innovatively market- driven, rather than just dash to assemble some endobo smartphone for political reasons when even Ugandans themselves might choose to forego our current cride endobo smartphone assembly project from the onset simply because there are so many other similar, better, more reliable and/or more affordable products on the maket already. Basically an already saturated niche.
Meanwhile, the reported looting of UTL assets (and land) by the corrupt regime might not allow for any visionary futuristic thinking. In fact they seem to be busy collapsing the company for personal gain rather than building it to greater sustainable heights. The corruption rot, though known to the public, might not get a chance to be expunged and people held accountable unless the Auditor General now conducts a proper, much needed full audit of the state company. In fact having compromised himself in his controversial advisory against an audit, it might be prudent to ensure that a new external neutral party conduct an independent audit on his behalf for purposes of transparency and credibility of the process.

Signed: Hussein Lumumba Amin

PAUL KAGAME IS URGING AFRICA LEADERS TO IGNORE IMF WARNING AND GO AHEAD TO IMPLEMENT AFRICA FREE TRADE AGREEMENT


Kagame Paul

In May this year (2019), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) warned that African countries could face revenue shortfalls if the continent starts the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) as planned.

The IMF maintained that, although the agreement will boost trade on the continent, it will negatively affect earnings and employment opportunities in some sectors of the member countries’ economy.

In a quick rebuttal, President Paul Kagame has urged his colleague African leaders to stay focus in the implementation of the policy since that will be in the positive interest of the African continent and the African people.

“It is important that Africa gives the necessary considerations to the views and opinions by external entities and ‘development partners’, it is also more important at the same time that Africa become aware of what we want for ourselves, pursue what is good for the continent, and defend what is necessary for our collective development.” He noted that a lot of considerations went into the African Continental Free Trade Agreement before it was agreed upon by member state.

Mr Kagame made these expressions on Friday at a tri-partite meeting attended by himself, President João Lourenço of Angola, and their DR Congo counterpart and host Felix-Antoine Tshisekedi on the side-lines of his father’s national mourning ceremony in DR Congo capital Kinshasa.

Amin’s son defends his late father again!


By Hussein Lumumba Amin
Kampala, Uganda

I read a story about a purported murder of the late Sheikh Shaban Nkutu (RIP) who passed away a long time ago back in 1973. Not only have they suddenly started claiming his death as a murder (they only started making this claim in 2004 after my own late father President Idi Amin passed away in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia), they are also now claiming that it was my late father the President who killed the late Hajji Shaban Nkutu. This is an issue I have previously confronted his own son about three years ago, and I asked him why he was trying to tarnish my late father’s name by now claiming that his father was murdered by Amin?
For the record, it is President Idi Amin who released Sheikh Shaban Nkutu from Obote’s prisons after the military take-over in January 1971. The release was public and involved the famous 51 political opponents that dictator Milton Obote had jailed in 1966 and 1969.


After the release, it is Amin who offered the late Sheikh Nkutu a job in government (he was actually an experienced senior public servant since the days of independence until his imprisonment n 1969) but Mzee Nkutu refused because of his poor health following untold torture and the rough dungeon conditions during imprisonment by dictator Milton Obote.
It is also Amin who then sent the late Nkutu to Nairobi, Kenya for specialized treatment to cure him in vain (the records exist to this day). When the doctors told him that there was nothing more they could do, it is now Shaban Nkutu himself who decided to leave the hospital saying “since I am going to die, let me at least die in my own country and not in a foreign hospital”.
He was then returned home but very incapacitated. He could barely even sit up, let alone walk. It is also President Amin who then offered Mzee Shaban Nkutu security at his home. At the time the Obote’s rebels had started abducting prominent Ugandan’s in the Amin government starting with Ben Kiwanuka just three months before Mzee Nkutu died. Being a previous Obote’s political prisoner just like Ben Kiwanuka, the Amin government had strong reasons to believe that Obote’s would target all those released in 1971 by President Amin. They were all given security after the Ben Kiwanuka disappearance. I have even discussed with one of the very soldiers who guarded the late Mzee Nkutu’s home in Jinja until his death. Indeed he confirmed to me that the late elder died peacefully in his own home and in his own country as he had wished. It is also the Amin government which helped the family in organizing and conducting the funeral. The Amin government also then paid school fees for his children. I know them because we were all put together in the same school called Kabale Preparatory School in Kigezi until the 1979 warbwhen we separated.
I read the news article and noticed that they say his family conducted a pre-burial prayer before he even died.
Why conduct such a thing for a living person?
The only reason is that they knew from the Kenyan doctors that he was soon going to die, and it was clearly visible even to an ordinary person.
The late Hajji Shaban Nkutu then died peacefully at his home surrounded by his family.
It is the Amin government that organized his burial together with his family. He was laid to rest in their family grounds as is the tradition, and all the elder members of his family, plus government officials and their entire village attended. It is only because former Amin government officials are quiet that this scam is going unchallenged. Even the late Allen Kagina’s father, who was District Commissioner for Jinja at the time, participated in the burial.
The media claims that the late Shaban Nkutu was buried twice. In reality he rests in peace in his only real resting place. What happened later is that in 2004, one of his sons called Conrad Nkutu, started writing articles claiming that the late Mzee Nkutu was murdered by Amin and buried in a secret mass grave?
Before 2004 nobody had ever heard about anything criminal around the death of someone called Shaban Nkutu (RIP). Not even the UNLA investigations in 1980 nor the Commission of inquiry of 1974, not even the NRM Commission of Inquiry of 1986 which purported to cover all the human rights violations since independence, tackled anything about a person with that name.
Yet suddenly in 2004, an issue pops out of thin air. All single-handedly engineered by his son who quickly wrote teary-eyed articles in the Daily Monitor where he was Managing Director, and then started frantically showing his own articles to a highly gullible populace, and claiming his own writings to be evidence of some heinous crime. That is how he dragged almost the entire country into a fictitious murder he invented just through crocodile tears and his own newspaper opinion articles full of bogus investigations and bogus claims.
With his connections in government, mostly his uncle Mzee Kirunda Kivejinja who is Museveni’s Deputy Prime Minister, they then put the state apparatus to support their claims. Including bogus tests and even purported clothes that in reality could not have remained intact under the ground 40 years.
It is just scientifically impossible.
They also tried to link it to the fleeing to exile of Amin foreign minister Wanume Kibedi, when in reality Kibedi fled after learning that he was being investigated for the disappearance of the late Ben Kiwanuka.
However, in 2005 Hajji Nkutu’s son led a group of people to Jinja cemetary, picked an unknown corpse from its peace in a public grave, claimed it was Mzee Nkutu, and buried it again in a bogus ceremony organized together with the entire Museveni regime fooled for purpose simply because they failed to ask one professional question. What was the motive of this murder?
The truth is, why would Amin murder someone he had himself released from prison about a year earlier, someone Amin had himself then sent for specialized medical treatment, and a person Amin had himself offered a job in government? If it is a political death, why would Amin murder someone who had even refused to go back to politics and public life because of his failing health following Obote’s torture chambers? Why would Amin murder a fellow Muslim who had previously been instrumental in uniting Muslims before being imprisoned by Obote’s?
If we agree that your enemy’s enemy is your friend, then are we now saying that Amin killed his own friend Shaban Nkutu just for nothing like that?
Only the few people who put critical investigative thinking into the matter have already seen that there is not even a single motive for President Idi Amin to murder Mzee Shaban. On the contrary Amin is the only person in the world who did everything for the late Shaban Nkutu and what we are seeing is just a completely ungrateful family who benefited humongously from the Amin government until he left, including in properties redistributed to Ugandans, but they are either just too greedy to even let their own father rest in peace, and/or are actually just cowards who feared people discovering that they were actually “Amin people” as was commonly said once the UNLA government came with the Tanzanians in 1979 and started slaughtering whoever was said to be even remotely connected to the Amin government.
This whole reburial saga is all just “Kiwaani” concocted single-handedly by one of the late Shaban Nkutu’s own sons called Conrad Nkutu backed by a few colluding family members to get political sympathy, government perks and a big job (Tullow Oil Corporate Manager) from the Museveni junta.
I therefore call on the Uganda Muslim Supreme Council to hold special prayers for the late Hajji Shaban Nkutu, but also for his son. This so that sanity can ultimately prevail and the late Hajji, one of the people who struggled for the unity of Muslims in Uganda prior to his imprisonment by Obote, that his soul can finally rest in eternal peace.
As for his son, despite being quite evil, and cunning enough to
single-handedly organize such serious damaging accusations against my late father, and only starting his vicious campaign just after the late Amin’s 2003 death in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, I already forgave Mr. Conrad Nkutu and even though I have previously made my thoughts known to him, for several years I have labored to refrain from any public confrontation until this statement now.
I however discussed in detail how the late former Chief Justice of Uganda, Benedicto Kiwanuka was abducted by four unknown men from his chambers at the High Court in the capital Kampala. The abduction took place on 24th September 1972. His captors vehicle speeding off from the court premises was the last that Ugandans would see of him despite a rigorous police manhunt from the moment he was abducted.
At the time of his abduction, Ben Kiwanuka had barely been appointed Chief Justice by President Idi Amin. His appointment to the senior position was on 27th June 1971, and his abduction happened the following year. Little is known about the fact that his disappearance also happened a few weeks after he had been designated by President Idi Amin as the person who would be the next president of Uganda. Back stage discussions were in high gear for the military to return the country to civilian rule as had been promised by Idi Amin right after the 1971 military take-over. It now only awaited the formal announcement. Benedicto Kiwanuka had also been one of the 51 political prisoners jailed by the previous president dictator Milton Obote and he had been freed by the new incoming Amin government just 5 months before appointing him Chief Justice of Uganda. Suddenly, in the year after their releaase and right after the 1972 invasion of Uganda by Obote’s sympathizers, several of these freed politicians started disappearing mysteriously.
The question is why were they disappearing?
The only person who had known ill motives against Ben Kiwanuka and the 51 political prisoners was a possibly disgruntled former President Milton Obote, their captor. He had arrested his political opponents following the 1966 debacle where Obote ordered the army to attack the sitting president Edward Muteesa who fled to exile and Obote then appointed himself president. Obote also forced a new constitution cancelling all traditional leaders and banning all political parties except his own Uganda Peoples Congress party (UPC). This would be known as “The Pigeon hole constitution” following the incident where Obote ordered the military to surround the parliament and forced the Members of Parliament to pass his new constitution, telling them “you will find it in your pigeon holes”. The new constitution was enacted by parliament without the Members even having had the time to read the draft or debate its contents. They were all literally held at gun point.
Prior to the 1966 Obote coup d’etat, the same Obote had engineered the cancellation of Ben Kiwanuka’s premiership at Uganda’s independence in 1962, and got himself chosen as the independence executive Prime Minister of Uganda.
This Obote-engineered cancellation of Ben Kiwanuka’s prime ministership in 1962 was the actual beginning of their political enemity and bitter rivalry.
But in 1971, Obote was now seeing Ben Kiwanuka rising again in a high position in the new Amin government while he (Obote) was the one now kicked out of the presidency by the same army that he had used to kick out the previous and legitimate independence president of Uganda Sir Edward Muteesa.
These were the major political grudges known to all Ugandans, and by 1972, only one person, exiled dictator Apollo Milton Obote, could want Ben Kiwanuka and all Amin government officials dead.
After the disappearance of Ben Kiwanuka, Amin mentioned Obote’s rebels as the main suspects. Indeed the abduction happened just five days after the Obote rebels had infiltrated Uganda from Tanzania on September 17th during the infamous 1972 invasion.
It turns out that as they planned this invasion, God also planned it’s outcome.
They had divided themselves in three groups to attack different parts of the country simultaneously and had with them an assassination list of prominent Amin government officials and Ugandan elites that supported him.
The main military offensive by the rebels was on a military barracks in Mbarara town called Simba batallion. There too around 350 ill-prepared rebels were killed or captured mostly by the local civilian population when the poorly-trained rebels fired away their guns unprofessionally and quickly found themselves out of ammunition, then attempted to hide amongst the population. This episode is known as the 1972 invasion. It is also said to be the reason why Mbarara people were massacred when the rebels returned seven years later, this time accompanied by the Tanzanian forces. An event known as the Mbarara massacre.
The second line of attack in the 1972 invasion was by ship. They crossed from Tanzania to Uganda on Lake Victoria, and were to arrive at Entebbe, attack the airport and State House Entebbe simultaneously, after which another battalion of rebels would fly in by plane and land at the airport.
They had hijacked an East African Airways plane and had it waiting to transport the rebels upto Entebbe International Airport but it had bust its tires upon landing at the rebels base in Tanzania, and they were now looking frantically for repairs. Due to unknown causes, the ship that was heading to Entebbe would also sink mysteriously by itself in the middle of Lake Victoria with all its 400 dictator Obote rebels onboard. All died, and their weapons and munitions lost before even setting foot on Ugandan soil.
The third line of attack was by road to Kampala via Masaka. While the other two groups were completely out of action, this third group is the one that succeeded in making some headway. As they were confronted primarily by aerial bombing by Amin’s MIG 21 jet fighters, they scattered and continued their way upto Kampala, infiltrating the country in the process. It is this third group that was now engaging in subversive activities including all the abductions and murders of innocent Ugandans, particularly the prominent officials in the Amin government and the elites who supported Amin.
Ben Kiwanuka was the rebels first abduction operation in Kampala barely 4 days after they crossed from Tanzania into Uganda on September 19th. In the three months that followed, nine more senior government officials and politicians would be abducted and/or disappeared in the exact same fashion as Ben Kiwanuka. These include Joseph Mubiru who was Governor of Bank of Uganda and was abducted the week after Ben Kiwanuka. There was also Frank Kalimuzo; Vice Chancellor of Makerere University; John Kalema, a former Minister of Commerce and Industry, Basil Bataringaya; a former Minister of Internal Affairs, Jolly Joe Kiwanuka (murdered in Nairobi), John Kakonge, Ambassador Michael Ondoga, who was abducted as he dropped his children at Kitante Primary School, plus several other public figures including Hajji Balunywa, Henry Kasigwa and several other people close to the Amin government. Though a few names are remembered by the public today, these deadly operations planned by Obote himself in Daresalaam and implemented by his henchmen in Uganda would take countless other civilian officials and businessmen who were either in the Amin government or now fully supported Amin after the 1971 fall of the fascist Obote I regime/dictatorship that had come to power in a 1966 military coup where Obote had toppled Sir Edward Muteesa and declared himself the new executive president. This was in contrast to the largely ceremonial presidency that existed until then.
as was established at Uganda’s independence.
Meanwhile, the abductions during the early years of the Amin presidency would continue intermittently for almost three years, with one of the last being my own mother the late First Lady Kay Amin (RIP) who was abducted from her private apartment across Kisekka market in downtown Kampala on August 14th 1974. She had noticed some unusual activity in front of her house and called her brother John Adroa who drove immediately to her house.
Upon arriving he found plenty of commotion, and the people on site told him that some unknown gunmen in civilian clothes had just taken Kay Amin by force into a vehicle and driven off barely seconds before he (John) arrived at the scene. He attempted a pursuit but then seeing that he couldn’t get them on his own, he called in the police and security agencies and a manhunt was immediately initiated. That evening while at the president’s office at parliament building, President Idi Amin received the dreaded call that Kay Amin was found murdered after a police search found her remains in the boot of a vehicle as the criminals were in the process of trying to secretly dispose of her remains.
It is most probable that all those who had been abducted before her, had suffered the exact same fate as my late mother. She had been dismembered by the criminals probably to make the disposal of the body easier.
They were most likely trying to get to a remote location, possibly the Namanve bushes or the Mabira forest reserve, both on the Kampala-Jinja highway, area’s where human remains were known to be disposed of in the subsequent regimes after Amin. The very people who in 1972 were rebels abducting Amin government officials. And some of them today conducting highly emotional and eloquent key-note speeches in memorials for the very people that they themselves viciously abducted and heartlessly slaughtered.
What the Amin government found as a clue to the abductions is the list of officials targeted for assassination by exiled dictator Milton Obote. In a book titled the Guardian Angel, the author Arnold Bosaase who was privy to the assassination plans, confesses about how Obote drafted this list at his exile residence in Daresalaam, Tanzania, and then operationalized the murders.The Amin government also found it suspicious that Milton Obote and the international press would immediately claim that the abducted government officials had been murdered, even when no dead body was found. This raised the question how did they know that these disappeared people were already dead? Because only the abducter would know for sure such information at a time when the police was still searching for the lost persons. This confirmed to security agencies that Obote had a deadly hand in the disappearances.
Personally I once asked about all the weapons that were smuggled into the country by exiled dictator Milton Obote to his henchmen for their so-called “covert operations against the Amin regime”. Were these weapons shooting butterflies for eight years or were they rather killing Ugandans, terrorism targeted particularly against officials in the Amin government, some of whom even started fleeing to exile for rear of being murdered, not by the Amin government but by the Obote/FRONASA killers known to Ugandan as “bakondo”?
What exactly were these armed “covert operations”?
It turns out that British journalist David Martin was meeting personally with Milton Obote in Daresalaam and getting this information directly from the actual mastermind of the abductions then writing dispatching the story to the international press.
While the Amin government and Uganda police were still conducting investigations, manhunts for the criminals, and searching for the abducted persons, how else could Obote know that they were already dead except if he had received immediate first-hand information from the actual assassin’s?
Another pattern that was clear is that all the abductees had either been Obote prisoners released by Amin after the military coup in 1971, or had embraced and/or taken up senior positions in the new Amin government and therefore only Obote had a clear motive for their elimination. And it turns out they were all on Obote’s list for assassination when his rebels invaded Uganda. Their disappearances started exactly with that invasion. A mission that was part of a bigger military and covert operation intended to make the Amin government fall.
They did later start economic sabotage of the thriving Ugandan economy. One such operation was to deliberately deprive Ugandans of sugar (they called it “essentials”) and make them disgruntled against the Amin government.
They infiltrated Kakira sugar factory and got drivers to take the trucks of sugar and offload them directly into Lake Victoria. That is how the sugar crisis came about.
However Amin resolved the crisis by not only ensuring the delivery of sugar to retailers but he also built a new sugar factory from scratch. Kinyara Sugar Works, which at the time was only a minor gunnery supplying ingredients for a local alcohol known as waragi, suddenly was transformed into a major industrial sugar production development project. This was done in its entirety by Idi Amin in a space of just six months.
The Ben Kiwanuka disappearance shocked a country that was still in the euphoria of the expulsion of British Asians. A deportation that had happened just weeks earlier in August 1972, and in response to which the entire country was still celebrating.
In the police investigation of the Ben Kiwanuka abduction, one of the secondary leads indicated Foreign Minister Wanume Kibedi as a possible suspect. This is a little known fact about the case. Wanume Kibedi, Foreign Minister in the Amin government, was also an inlaw to Amin who was married to Kibedi’s sister First Lady Mama Maryam Amin.
It was reported to the 1974 Commission of Inquiry that Foreign Minister Kibedi had wanted himself to be the president when the army returned power to civilian rule. After news of Kibedi’s intentions started reaching President Amin, he summoned both Kibedi and Ben Kiwanuka for a meeting and indicated clearly to both of them that the Chief Justice being the most senior civilian government official after the military president and his military Vice President, Ben Kiwanuka would be the civilian official to take charge as interim president and be responsible for organizing general elections within four years. This development is what is said to have angered Kibedi who wanted to be the one to become the president after the military government returned to the barracks. He was counting on his family ties with Amin to outdo Ben Kiwanuka. However Amin was intent on following known government protocol and seniority standards.
A year after Ben Kiwanuka’s disappearance, a soldier named Sgt. Simon Kintu would reveal to the 1974 Commission of Inquiry that he had been secretly contacted by Foreign Minister Kibedi whom he knew personally, and had been asked to eliminate Ben Kiwanuka so that Kibedi would automatically be the next senior civilian official in line for the interim presidency when the army returned the country to civilian rule.
The officer told the commission that after his initial meeting with Kibedi, he went back to work and dodged all subsequent attempts by the Foreign Minister to meet him on the subject. He had simply decided to not get involved in the request to assassinate the Chief Justice. The officer then told the commission that when he later heard the news that Ben Kiwanuka had been abducted and disappeared, “By God I knew it could only be Kibedi.” he said.
Four months after the abduction and disappearance of Ben Kiwanuka, Foreign Minister Kibedi learned of the police investigation determining him as a suspect, he quickly fled to London and requested asylum. That was 11th January 1973.
Thirteen years later, during the1986 NRM Commission of Inquiry, Wanume Kibedi, who had returned to Uganda under the 1980’s Obote II/UNLA regime, was summoned to answer the same accusations about his possible involvement in the disappearance of Chief Justice Ben Kiwanuka. While he vehemently refuted the allegations, he immediately fled back again to exile until his death two years ago in London on 13th June 2016. The Buganda establishment was still considering him a suspect in the disappearance of their hero who had also previously been the first Prime Minister of Uganda at independence in 1962, and whom Amin had actually liberated from Obote’s prisons in 1971, appointed him Chief Justice of Uganda, and treated him well in the one year that he served before he was brutally abducted, never to be seen again.
As mentioned earlier, it was during this 1972 invasion that Ben Kiwanuka was abducted. It was also during the same attack that former Obote minister Alex Ojera was caught red-handed with his fellow rebels fleeing battle. He was sent to a military tribunal and charged with treason for his actions against the country.
Previously, I have found some individuals commiserating about an armed criminal called Captain Tom Masaba who was given the capital punishment (firing squad) by a military tribunal.
Firstly, this Mr. Masaba has today been officially recognized by his colleagues as a FRONASA rebel. Thereby confirming that Masaba wasn’t some innocent person being unfairly witch-hunted. He was what President Amin said he was.
At the time Masaba was being sent by his criminal bosses to murder Ugandan civilians inconsiderately in an effort to terrorize Ugandans. Back then they were infamously known by Ugandans as the “wakondo”. The Ugandan terrorists of those days.
I was shocked to find that a murderous villain of that caliber was now being considered as some gallant martyr. I remember thinking that some people’s brains must have turned upside down to mourn a dangerous criminal who was not even fighting government soldiers. He was actually murdering innocent Ugandans.
The reality is that he was a hard core criminal who engaged in bloody murders and terror. And while most people today have no clue what Masaba did to innocent Ugandan civilians, a few of his colleagues do. Court records still exist about his case. He was put on trial, there was prosecution, defense, and a court ruling. It wasn’t just summary execution for any criminal even though they deserved it. In fact at the time of his execution by firing squad, the relatives of his victims actually wanted him burnt alive instead.
Masaba’s last words to the chaplain was to beg Ugandans for forgiveness for all the murders he had been committing against innocent citizens mostly in the dead of night. Indeed seeing how some Ugandans speak of him today, God must have granted him his last prayer despite my surprise and current protestations.

Last year the case of another FRONASA rebel was ignited in the public domain after construction workers, while building a new house on the property of the late James Karambuzi, suddenly unearthed guns he had hidden back in the 70’s. They quickly called the police to retrieve the whole stash of now rusted weapons, and pictures were published in the media of police posing with the find. Mr. Karambuzi who was given the death sentence in 1973 by the military court martial, is a person whom it was claimed that he was an innocent person killed by Amin. It turns out that the Amin government intelligence and CID had actually caught only part of the incriminating evidence back then and justice had actually been served against a dangerous criminal as per the law.
As for Israeli citizen Dora Bloch. Her death was unclear even to President Idi Amin. She had been taken ill to Mulago hospital while the president was in Mauritius handing over the African Union chairmanship and had not even known about her sickness. The Israeli’s raided Entebbe airport barely 15 minutes after he had returned and left the airport for home.
Basically he had not even been briefed that one of the hostages had been taken to hospital in his absence. He was also only told the next day that she had died and was buried at Jinja military Cemetary. It is there that the Israeli’s later recovered a body when Amin was now in exile. They claimed it was the late Dora Bloch and buried those remains in Tel-Aviv.
But to say that Amin had anything to do with her predicament is quite a stretch of the human imagination given the timeline of events and what he himself was told by government security services after returning home and being attacked by an Israeli commando raid. For the record this was exactly his own explanation during a press conference in Khartoum, Susanna’s he attended the 1977 African Union summit. A British journalist had asked him specifically about Dora Bloch.

However, it is the attacks by the rebels, the assassinations they were conducting, the tense security situation, and the fear of Obote’s return that made the elders of Rukungiri write a petition calling for President Amin to remain in office, and they called for him to be designated Life President.

But it is especially the abduction of Ben Kiwanuka that saw all Amin’s plans for return to civilian rule crushed by the abductors.
As the people of Uganda remember Chief Justice Benedicto Kiwanuka, it is highly probable (and incredible) that Obote and his UPC party supporters who fanatically hated Ben Kiwanuka politically as they had imprisoned him and countless other political opponents in 1969, yet he rose to serve highly in government after Obote was deposed, those UPC fans and the real abductors who snatched him on 22 September 1972 during the Obote invasion from Tanzania, are among the people who have been mourning him loudest for the last four decades.
Personally it is an interesting experience to watch them forever condemned to pretend to mourn the very political opponents they hated, the very ones they then jailed following Milton Obote’s 1966 coup. The very people they then murdered covertly once these political opponents were in power under the new Amin government.
To this day, the final words in the official police investigation report on the late Chief Justice Ben Kiwanuka and all other elites disappeared during the Amin regime is: “Whereabouts still unknown”.

It is probably for this reason that Museveni, while talking indirectly about Amin, boisterously stated to a security meeting in 1986 that “I cannot be the president of a country who doesn’t know where people have disappeared”.
Such a statement would only be very meaningful to a person involved in the abductions against the Amin government he was fighting.
Everywhere around the world, investigators struggle with what are known as “Cold cases”. This is where a crime has been committed but no criminal has been arrested because of lack of leads to the criminal or lack of evidence pinning a suspect.
Law enforcement should never be just presenting any innocent Muslim youths, claim that these are the culprits, put them on trial on trumped up charges as is seen to be the case these days in Uganda, and then give them life sentences yet they are probably innocent.
Especially when in reality the real criminals are walking scot-free, enjoying impunity for their heinous crimes just like Yoweri Museveni and his mentor genocide dictator Milton Obote, the two together being the known butchers of Luweero on top of being behind all the above mentioned disappearances, mass murders, national insecurity, crime and terror.

A Buganda Queen that bore two sons that ruled Zanzibar and Buganda


Did you know that Khalid Bin Barghash, the 6th Sultan of Zanzibar, was a young brother of Kabaka Mutesa I, of Buganda? Yes, it is true. The two shared the same mother!

Her name was Namasole Nakazzi Muganzirwazza. It is said that Nakazzi was the dearest of Suuna’s over 150 wives. But on an unfortunate day when the Arabs had visited the palace at Wamala (modern day Nansana), she was heard commenting about their handsomeness. Culturally, a King’s wife was not allowed to admire any man. She was thus meant to die. However, because she was a dear one to the King, she was pardoned and offered to the Arab traders to take back to Zanzibar. On arrival, the traders handed her over to Sultan Sayid Barghash Bin Said Al-Busaid as a “bride” from the King of Buganda. Of course, he accepted the gift. The point is she married two different powerful kings; wasn’t she lucky?

Later in 1874, she gave the Sultan a handsome son, Khalid who was later to become sultan in 1896. But he ruled for only 12 hours, allegedly because he was not the choice of the British. But while he didn’t get a chance, his brother, Mutesa I made a remarkable contribution to the development of Buganda and made initiatives that transformed the whole of Uganda.

Khalid’s father is believed to be the greatest Sultan of Zanzibar. For instance, he developed piped water systems, and the pipes he installed are still being used today. He constructed public baths, a police force, roads, parks, hospitals and large administrative buildings such as the (Bait el-Ajaib) House of Wonders. This house of wonders is still there to date and was the tallest building in East Africa from 1883 when he completed it. This building had an elevator, and it was the second to have such in Africa. It was the first building to have tap water and electricity. He constructed a railway track from 1875s and this train traversed from Stone Town to other parts of Zanzibar. He introduced plantation of differences spices, sugar canes, and further developed cloves (introduced by his father), and various fruits. He is regarded by many as the most intelligent sultan – he designed the plan of Stone City, which is a tourism heritage site today.

The young sultan (Khalid), believed to be a favourite among the people, was not given chance to rule his people. The British feared that he was going to continue with the legacy of his father, and thus opted for someone else. Upon his capture, he was exiled to Seychelles, the same place where his nephew Kabaka Mwanga was later exiled in 1899.

ALL THESE WERE DONE BY AMIN IN JUST 8 YEARS


1.Amin promoted and lifted the sports image in Uganda. He provided moral and financial support to sports: In 1972, John Akii Bua won a 400m hurdles gold medal in the Munich Olympics held in Germany the only Gold Uganda has won at the games history. Uganda reached the Africa cup of Nations 1978 and ever since then, has never qualified for the finals

2. He completed the construction of the OAU conference Centre and Nile Hotel. now serena conference center.A Yugoslav company Energy-Project was contracted and worked twenty four hours a day in three shifts and the project was completed in June just ready for the meet.

3. The exchange rate of the shilling to the dollar remained steady between 7shs and 7.50shs between 1971 and 1979 and on the black market it was 16shs.

4. Amin is remembered for the constructing, purchasing and maintaining national assets in foreign lands: Prominent among these was Uganda House in New York, Uganda House in United Kingdom on Trafalgar square and Diplomatic properties in Geneva, Brussels, Nairobi, and Mogadishu. All these properties are in Prime location. Also coffee marketing board property and storage facilities in Mombasa.

5. Credit goes to President Idi Amin Dada for the Creation of Uganda’s first and only national flag carrier, the Uganda Airlines Corporation. He rescued ‘The Flying Crane’ out of the wreckage of the East African Airways, and the Crane proudly traversed the international skies and landed at the world’s airports to the admiration and envy of many. All this was for the purpose of ensuring availability of air transport for Ugandans, visitors and air cargo at affordable charges. Amin saw to it that Uganda Airlines started to the Middle East and Nairobi. Uganda Airlines flew to Nairobi, Rome, Frankfurt, London, Dubai (in Obote II), Bombay, Internally, it had flights to Gulu, Arua, and Kasese. Today, Uganda Airlines is no more, having plummeted from the skies in May 2001 and leaving Uganda shamefully unpresented in the air transport sector and granting the government –owned Kenya Airways (KA), Rwanda Airways, Air Tanzania virtual ownership of our skies to say nothing about regional dominance. KA runs five flights to Uganda per day on a route reckoned to be one of the most expensive but profitable in the world. A known fact is, of the 150 airlines worldwide 70 have majority government ownership, 20 have minority government share holdings. In the European Union, Five major EU carriers presently have government holdings ranging from 90-100 per cent. It’s not true that governments cannot properly run ventures like Airlines. Kenya has Thailand, Singapore, Rwanda and South Africa.

6. Under Amin, Uganda had 65 air force planes. These included L-29 trainers, Twin Otters, MIG-17 and MiG-21( My Late Brother In Law was one of the pilots, a brillliant Guy. Whenever he arrived in Gulu in his MIG 21, he would announce this by flying over our house at a very low altitude, and that was ear drum busting LOUD!!!, Then arrive to our house in a CHOPPER and give us a RIDE of our llives in the Chopper!!!. My first expirience in a Helicopter! ) fighter bombers. Uganda Air Cargo (the cargo unit of Uganda Airlines) 2 Hercules C-130 transport aircraft. Police Air Wing, a full squadron (12) of helicopters. Uganda Airlines, six Fokker Friendship F-27 propeller planes for domestic flights to Nairobi. Two Boeing 707 jetliners. Presidential jet, a G-2 Gulfstream.

7. Early 1970, according to National Housing Statistics, NHCC built flats, marionettes and bungalows in top class residential areas of Bugolobi (872). Bukoto White (130), Bukoto Brown (180), Kololo (80), Nakasero (44), Wandegeya inter alia (136). Middle to low housing estates were built in Luwafu (51) and Mulago. Idi Amin had plans of having apartment blocks like those in Bugolobi in places like; Kawempe, Mutundwe & Kansanga.

8. Amin expanded the Uganda Railways Corporation: The railway transported heavy equipment for inland with relative ease, for until that time the main form of transport into the interior was ox-drawn wagons. It also expedited the export of coffee and tea and encouraged other types of commerce.

9. The Textile Sector: The textile sector was another area which Amin Dada took special care to nurture and expand his intention was to make Uganda the biggest manufacturer of cloth and other related items in Eastern Africa.

10. Satellite links: Amin is also remembered for linking Uganda to the rest of the world by putting up earth satellite at Mpoma in Mukono and at Ombaci in his home region of West Nile. By the time it was set up in the 70s, the satellite station was one of the very few of its kind on the African continent, another being in Nigeria. According to one of his widow, Mama Madina Amin, the Mpoma Earth Satellite Station was Amin’s gift to the Baganda.

11. Amin returned the body of Sir Edward Muteesa II for a state funeral with full honors: Muteesa who was Uganda’s first President had died in London on 19th November 1969. His death was attributed to poison administered by his political enemies and his body had reposed in Kensal Green Cemetery for close two years. Amin haters attribute the attack on Lubiri palace on him forgetting that Amin being the army commander then, he acted on the orders of the commander in chief then Dr. Milton Obote it’s like today blaming General Kale Kaihura for blocking Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi from visiting Kayunga, general Kaihura acted on the orders from the commander in Chief Yoweri Kaguta Museveni.

12. On 4th August 1972, Amin was touring Tororo in eastern Uganda when he announced a dream he had had and whose implementation would have far reaching effects on the lives of all Ugandans, altering their attitudes forever. In the dream, a higher power had directed him to rid Ugandans of foreigners who were “milking” the economy at the expense of native Ugandans. The President directed Uganda’s 70,000 Asians (mostly Indians) 90 days to denounce their British citizenship or leave the country.

13. The expulsion of the non-citizen Asians in 1972 destabilized the economy for a year but the event laid the ground work for the emergence of a Black Ugandan business class.Idi Amin Empowered Us BLACK Ugandans to manage our economy. Kenyan and Tanzanian businesses are mostly fully foriegn owned! We Ugandans, albeit corruption, manage our own destiny. Thanks to Amin.

14. People have never asked why Asians who arrived without bags in Britain and Canada suddenly became rich in no time and thought it was their hard work. No, they arrived in Europe and Canada with good “entandikwa” from Amin!

15. Genesis of URC: President Idi Amin created the Uganda Railways Corporation (URC) after the 1977 dissolution of East African Railways & harbors Corporation, which had begun after world war.

16. President Amin provided Uganda manufactures with additional support through the Uganda Development Bank, which supplemented UCB. The Uganda Development Bank and the Credit Guarantee Fund were established under the Uganda Development Bank Act, 1972, during Amin Dada’s regime and commenced business on 10th November 1972. UDB was a state-owned development finance institution, which channeled loans from international sources into Ugandan enterprises and administered most of the development loans made to Uganda. By 1986 and up to its closure, UCB was the biggest Commercial Bank in Uganda with nearly 300 branches. Today, the UCB story is a very sad story. The bank was sold in 2000 to NRM/O thieves!!.

All these achievements, for a government run by semi-literates like Amin, Mustapha Adrisi, and Yusuf Gowan. Today, with PhDs and MBAs in power and in the private sector, we can’t maintain 20 percent of what Amin left behind

Those of us who experienced Idd Amin’s rule first hand cannot forget the horror



By Richard Mulumba,
I was 9 years old in 1971 when Idd Amin came to power and 18 years when he was deposed in 1979. At first people were elated and welcomed him when he overthrew Dr. Obote in a military coup. Dr . Obote had ruled the country under a state of emergency , had abolished the 1962 independence constitution abolished kingdoms that were dear to some people and set up his own constitution of 1967 without the consent of the people. At the time of the coup many opposition politicians were in jail without trial.

By the time Amin left however close to half a million people had been killed extra judicially and the economy was in shambles. Basic commodities like sugar and soap were scarce and life was nasty short and brutish like in the historical natural state. People opposed to the regime were shot by firing squad in public (and so were some criminals I must add). Just before he was removed from power he had killed the Archbishop of the Anglican Church, the Inspector General of Police and a prominent minister in one fake car accident. You can imagine the horror and the shock we must have felt.

I must point out though that a few individuals and groups benefitted from Amin’s rule. These include the native business community to whom he allotted the business of the Indians after he expelled them (most of them ran the businesses to bankruptcy). Members of Amin’s ethnicity and some moslems had also been favoured and so were most of the soldiers. These hardly knew the scarcity of commodities and the insecurity the rest of the country experienced.

While unleashing the terror onto the Ugandans and those foreigners unfortunate to cross his path, Amin identified with the pan African and pro Palestinian causes. This made him a hero to some people especially in Africa and the Arab world. Indeed some of his greatest buddies were the late Gaddhaffi and Yasser Arafat.
In short those of us who experienced Idd Amin’s rule first hand cannot forget the horror and the economic deprivation we underwent while those that benefited from his rule and those who came after his rule are fascinated by his anti-western outlook and pro pan African speeches.

My grandfather died during Amin’s regime


By Tweheyo Twhy Brian Besigye,

I was born 8 years after the rule of idi Amin, my grandfather died during Amin’s regime, and it said he was killed by Amin’s military men. So when am asked what I feel about Amin, i have mixed emotions and views… I loathe the man for robbing me a chance to know my grandfather but at the same time as I read history, I respect some of his leadership methods. Yes the man killed a lot of people, but which president of Uganda hasn’t?, Obote? Museveni?…No, they all kill innocent people; the only difference is Amin wasn’t smart enough to do it discreetly.
Yes chasing Indians the way he did might have not been the smartest move, but here we are told to believe Indians are creating jobs, although in the last years, Indian companies in Uganda have been profiled as paying workers less than 2000ugsh a day ($0.5) that’s for a 10hour work day… How do you expect a human being: moreover a man with a family to survive on that, ….they are selling contaminated packed water from dirty factories, selling expired goods, and all kinds of atrocious things…..maybe the man was right to try and develop his indigenous citizens before allowing another colonisation and exploitation from india.

They say he was tribalistic, but in museveni’s regime all big offices in the country are occupied by his tribesmen, same as during Obote’s regime. And one can say the same for more than 80% of African nations and most parts of the world. A lot of views I have about the man, but let me stop here, because most people who want to sacrife the man would not do much different if put in the same position. I rest my case, Amin RIP.

Amin without bias, had a patriotic presence for his country



By Muzzukulu wa Ndugwa,

Idi Amin was a self-styled, ambitious Ugandan leader (1971-79). He never believed in advisers and never trusted anyone. He believed in his own conscience. That means he was unpredictable. Because he was raised from a poor family of the Kakwa ethnic group of the Nilotic origin in Northwestern Uganda, he grew with empathy. He had a feeling of “what man has done man can do”, which helped him to enforce rapid development of his country.

Amin without bias, had a patriotic presence for his country. This is reflected in the deportation of Indians on grounds that they were exploiting Ugandans. In other words, he was the law in Uganda. And during his reign (according to Historical currencies) five hundred and ten Uganda Shillings (510/=) were equal to 1$US Dollar as opposed to three thousand six hundred fifty shillings (3,650/=) of today. Which means in terms of growth, Uganda has fallen back thirteen times; yet on face value, would have grown more that thirteen times since that time. In that, by now the 1$US Dollar would be at 39/=(UgSh) on face value. In anticipation, since he loved rapid development, e.g (Mpoma Satellite Station) , the latest technology in Africa, which some European countries could not afford having at that time, and his vigilance on corruption, Uganda would have been a fastest growing nation in the world.

IT IS NOT THE NRM REGIME BUT STUPIDITY OF UGANDANS AS A POPULATION


Abdullah Kitatta (holding microphones) addressing Boda Boda cyclists during an NRM rally.

By Edward Mulindwa via the UAH forum,

Some of You are blaming the National Resistance Movement(NRM)- an organisation that has absolutely nothing to do with Uganda’s failure, NRA/NRM simply found a failed state and it helped to keep it together, until when the organization stops to lead Uganda, and then we will go right back into the Lule/UNLA/UNLF days, which will run for a few days and then Uganda will stop being a state. Mark those words.

And do you know why? Because from get go the people that took power from the British, mainly Langi and Acholi plus a few Baganda in Mengo, built an education system that has one single failure, educate Ugandans to become job seekers than job makers.

Every crap that got educated right from 1962 onwards, continued with the education the British forced in Uganda, to educate a few so that they can work for the British colonial masters than Uganda the state. Every Ugandan that become a police officer must be separated from the people and thrown into a barracks for he arrests the criminal Ugandans and bring them to the colonial masters. In United Kingdom, the population is educated to work for themselves, Police officers live in homes within the community they police.

The 1962 independence only replaced the colonial masters with the sitting government, Uganda still educates its population to work for the government than for themselves and the country, and police officers to today in 2019, 57 years down the independence alley way, Uganda police officers are still living segregated, from the population for they are an oppressive arm of the government, against the population. If it was not for Iddi Amin, may the president rest in peace, women would never have served into Uganda Police, for the UPC cabal, incorporated the British nonsense that all police officers must be men of this height and width.

As the colonial education system was created to protect the colonial masters, today’s Uganda education system continues to protect the sitting government. Look closely at the people that hate Iddi Amin the most, for he tried to reverse the colonial master system in Uganda, they are degree holders like Gook, Edward Pojim, Abbey Semuwemba, Allan Barigye and every crap that owns a degree today. Illiterate Ugandans never walked to Tanzania to train how to murder Ugandans, 99% were a product of that education system.

Who are/were the members of Boda Boda 2010, M23, Kihura Kifesi gangs, Kitata group, Sobi group, Nakivubo group? They are not foreigners in Uganda but Ugandans born in Uganda and ran through that very same education system. They are all degree holders. And even those that have managed to leave Uganda and live abroad, many are actually struggling in diaspora for they try to work for the government and the system throws them out, that is why you see them coming back again in Uganda as Bob Mushikori did, as Grace Galabuzi today so called professor returns to Uganda. Can you tell me what were their jobs in Canada !!!!!!

99% of Ugandans living on welfare in western countries are actually degree holders, they came here with Makerere, Buddo or what have you degrees, continued to be educated into the universities here to get more degrees, then failed to get employed for they could not be employed by governments here, then either return to Uganda way back as Harold Achema did or as late as Galabuzi has just done. By the way they all leave their families here for the kids get a different education system. The ones that remain out here are moving from city to city, from municipality to municipality feeding on various welfare checks. Every single name I have mentioned here that has decided to return to Uganda has actually worked or tried to work for the government here, either in Federal Municipal or provincial and ran back to Uganda after failing to do the firkin job, that list actually includes “Professor” Abdul Kasozi as well.

And all I am pulling in here is that those Ugandans never failed here due to the NRM regime, they failed in diaspora due to the kind of education the UPC government incorporated in Uganda, which we are still feeding on to today. That education system is going to remain intact when NRM expires.

But that system has created two major problems for Uganda.

i} It has created a whole bunch of idiots that you will have a problem to reason with, few days ago UAH’s George Okello stood in a public forum and stated that president Trump rejected the Iranian deal for he hated president Obama. He was repeating a statement of a stupid diplomat that failed to clip his mouth thus lost the job, but there are so many factors out there why the Iranian deal was thrown out, than Obama. Iran is a bad country and they have proved themselves today by taking several ships. I decided to post a piece with reasons why the Iranian deal is bad. George Okello’ never responded, he dropped the noise out and kept quiet. How much did he know about the deal to start with? Or he read the ambassador’s statement and started wanking himself in a public forum? -> Just asking !!!!

Doesn’t it bother you that all Uganda degree holders support the Democrats? Yup when you post anything to state the facts about the Trump administration, Abbey Semuwemba walks in naked to nip it off his forum for that is anti-Democrats. So in his brain Abbey actually believes that all Americans are entitled to free Medicare, free education, not pay any taxes, all immigration agents are members of Nazis group, every American must get a free 1,000 dollars a month from the government. And how shall we get all that paid? By taxing the rich. Really !!!!!

How long will you run that scheme to collapse? No that does not bother Abbey Semuwemba for his educational basics, do not prepare him to think thus far. So let us shut EM up for when he shuts up in the forum, Trump will fail to be re-elected.

Think back, just how many Ugandans do you know that are Republicans? Doesn’t that bother you a little !!!!! ->?

ii} That education system has not only created job seekers but it has created some of the very worst elements, we have some very terrible murderers of the Uganda origin in these countries that make your head spin, we have rapists that I have never seen before, now we have doctors in South Africa stealing firkin body parts, we have a Mukiga kid that split a head of a girl in the States with a firkin Axe. These are not things forced on Ugandans by NRM, these are Ugandans with screwed up heads for the education they got from get go failed them. They were born and brought up without Ubuntu.

I have stated all along that Acholi Lango region has the most fertile land on the entire African continent, they have a river of fresh water running through it, and they have produced the most degrees than any region in Africa. But in 2019 Langi and Acholi remain the most primitive people, they die of hunger than any other region, and to today, Langi and Acholi still shit on the jungle. That is not a crisis created by NRM it is an Acholi Langi sheer stupidity.

In the long run that stupidity is going to catch up with the entire population, you see when coffee plantation was brought to Uganda, Ugandans never grew it to earn foreign exchange, they grew it to buy Gomesi for their wives, and pay Omusolo omugereke, The UPC government used that plantation to earn foreign exchange, but it refused to grow it to a commercial basis. They sold it to the world market at high prices and used the money to pay for the education of the idiots we are suffering under today. Baganda destroyed the plantation and the degree holders lost the dollars thus today there is not a single Edward Pojim twerp getting free education out of Uganda.

When we advised them that free education is a trap that cannot survive, they killed us for we were wrong then. Today there is no coffee out of Bugisu growers and Gook’s relatives have no free education.

Look closely at the Matoke plant today, there are those of us cringing to understand why it has become a major export out of Uganda. Matoke is grown for home consumption than commercial feed. So why am I able to pick and choose in Toronto, a store where to buy it from? I can buy a box with biwagu or a box with straight minwe. As Baganda were growing coffee for Gomesi and Musolo, they are growing Matooke for Gomesi and Musolo. With time they are going to change from Matooke to growing Millet and making malwa out of it to get Gomesi and Musolo. That is going to make Matoke market out here collapse but it is going to create hunger in Uganda.

In all degrees we have in that shit-hole, including Sabassajja sitting in Mengo, there is not a single brain that has bothered about the exportation of Matoke that are not commercially produced. There is another problem, when you peel Uganda Matoke you have started to see black marks on them. Now today I can cut that piece out and throw it away, but I as well understand that this is not a black mark on Uganda Matooke only, it is a disease starting to eat the Uganda plant. As all degree holders are eating it, as the entire Mengo is laughing its head off for money is coming in, there is a disease eating the plant and with only times it is going to disappear, for no one is investigating it let alone stopping the disease. We are going to village after village and cutting it to trucks into Entebbe airport, to Ethiopian Air Lines into Toronto. It flies into here twice a week thus I demand to eat fresh ones only. I reject the premise that Uganda’s problem is NRM criminality it is the stupidity of Ugandans that is immortal.

Marrying the right person is sheer luck,and I consider myself lucky!


By Peter Gwokto via the UAH Forum,

Gwokto La’Kitgum


Attending schools in Montreal and Halifax, I came thru experience with our Ugandan/African sisters the recall of which still floods my skin with goosebumps. For better and/or for worse, I think God was right in denying me what I rightly believed I deserved – I still don’t know why I thought so. I dated quite a number hoping they held the same principle of Africans for Africans or that ours is ours but mine is mine for to me, nothing of the female species would replace my Ugandan sisters. Fortunately for me (but unfortunate at those moments) , none of my Solomon lyrics or Herculean muscle displays converted into any sexual scores however close I got to these high-value targets. Today, while the memory exists, its grown dark moulds that I cannot dare delve into recalling for fear of sickening my guts.

If I may say, these sisters of ours come expecting more greener pastures than we – the men – hope to graze. Few men believe they will achieve what they came for with such speed and geometric precision as the women think. The sad thing is that it seems to work just that way since men lean towards longterm/long-lasting strategies for the future (sacrificing the present to gain the future) while the women (competitive among themselves as they are), strive for very short-term and easy-to-achieve plans using the best springboard available – the male victims. Now, I ask the diaspora women in the forum for forgiveness as this is not a generalization but a trend for most. In fact, across nationality lines in the diasporas there are more children between Ugandan women and nonUgandan men than between non-Ugandan women and Ugandan men (fellow country folks who understand their cultures and way of life). Many have thrown out their Ugandan men for non-Motherlanders. In most cases, these non-Motherlanders are not sought for love, family or long-term marital plans but to quickly replenish the purse. And I have seen situations where after the joyride is over, our sisters have come back to haunt brothers for a ‘second chance’ – probably with a side-bag of extra mouths to feed. That is not fair.

Now having said all this, here is the twist: I have been married almost nine years to a Jamaican woman you would pass, not just for an Acholi, woman but for the girl-next-door – where parents know each other and both saw you grow up. The much demanded and much adored Acholi women have all become just like the rest. Sorry folks but truth better be told. In the case of the girl-next-door, there is no room for error because the resulting hurt from a sour relationship will sink deeper into the parents’ bones than the couple’s. However, it is also the reason marrying the boy or girl next-door is resilient to the challenges of troubled marriages. When I see other Jamaican women, I still ask myself if my wife is really Jamaican yet at the end of the day’s head-scratching dilemma I settle down to reminisce and thank God for blocking my desperately unsuccessful adventures with my African sisters at graduate schools, Some were not even attending school yet they raised their standards so high and tagged my tel. number among the ‘most-unwanted’ male calls on call-display.

In later years, as I acquired my first “real” job, a sure bi-weekly cheque (this time not from Tim Hortons or Dunkin Donuts, my previous employers), a car, a crib, etc, I began to receive more frequent phone calls than ever before. The irony of the calls was that they were not from new UFOs (Unidentified Female Objects) but from the same old bitches who are now keen to greet “Hi. Long time no see”. In the past, I would have missed a heartbeat if they ever decided to call me – which never happened except when I made the call to them.

To be honest, my observation log, created to peer-review my wife has been empty because she just beat all the odds out of me. Believe me, I am not sucking up to her but I am beginning to think marrying the right person is beyond culture/tradition, personality, ethnicity, race, nationality, finance, etc. It is sheer LUCK and I consider myself lucky. Since marrying her, I have also stopped asking why I never win any draws or lottery because I found out that I already have the biggest jackpot I would ever dream of winning – my Jamaican wife. And for 9 years we have been going to the same church, shared the same friends, and buried my father, her father and her mother. We participate in a regional marriage retreat every year at which we are always the youngest couple yet we have made friends from Montreal to Vancouver and from Ottawa to Atlanta – mostly for the fun of it. She even sends money to my mother in Kitgum without asking me – something she adamantly believes is a matter of responsibility, not a bribe.

There is something else that can sustain, not control, a relationship: religion. My wife and I do not wear our religion up our sleeves but being a part of the religious community pre-occupies our spare time with friends, volunteering with the elderly and youth, etc but most of all learning from the mistakes of a well-intentioned group of normal families who face the same daily rigmarole of life, seeing and discussing as a couple how they deal with challenges, and striving to avoid them in our marriage. Believe me, we are not the radical born-again type but we have the common fear of God and the common belief in a Supernatural Being. By all means, I enjoy a drink at home and out with friends who themselves know I can dump them at a wink for a church or community related agenda. I am also one of those who are more inclined to the Jewish faith than to Christianity because I simply don’t believe the only way to heaven is through Jesus as the Bible says (meaning no good Moslem or Buddhist qualifies), or that God will not heed to your prayers unless it is wired through and delivered by Jesus. But I pray and thank God everyday for strength, direction and blessings. Hardly are my prayers re-routed through Jesus. I talk directly to Him. Can you imagine your elder brother telling you that Bid Daddy (your father) will not pay your school fees unless the message is delivered by your brother? If I could tald to my earthly late father directly, why would the Almighty God request the service of a middleman called Jesus. It is good to have God in your family life. Whether you want to relate to him seriously or not, I beg you recognize that there is a God to help, strengthen and guide you in dealing with people – especially your spouse.

Probably the one thing I like to learn when I visit other couples in their homes is nothing. That is because a relationship should be ‘normal’ – not overpowered by wealth or overwhelmed by poverty. In between, everyone should strive to be Happy with existing possessions, family and friends. When I leave a married friends’ house without learning anything (good or bad) it probably means their’s was a ‘normal’ relationship where everything is just as they were meant to be: normal and happy, leaving me with nothing to criticize. Most of our sisters prefer leaping to the jet engine without learning to fly the propeller. I grew up in a family where I failed to understand whether we were poor or rich. But one thing I know is that I have more ‘things’ around me now than in my father’s house. But the question is ‘do they make me any poorer or richer?’. Not really, but they make me happier. My wife and I believe in appreciating what we have, what we do, and what people do for us. The one thing I also remember growing up is that my father never ever did any disciplining. That was left to that heavy-handed woman I call Mother. Life with my father was always practical – gardening, hunting, guntotting, walkabouts, and full of like-father-like son learning activities. Dude didn’t have time to discipline kids. We never feared our father but we would hesitate to assess the reason Mama is calling before hurrying to see her with a lump in the throat.

Can we, men, be a problem in a relationship? Of course, yes. In fact, husbands are more prone to creating marital problems than wives. I think the most common and over-looked mistake by men is making themselves feared by the rest of the family instead of striving to be respected. I do not want my wife and child to suck up to me because they fear me. I would rather they respected than feared me. Respect is earned, but fear is instilled – thru. various methods. Yet many men relish in telling their buddies how their wives and children fear them. Up here where I live, there are Ugandan sisters who rasied their bars so high for years they ran out of ‘eggs’ – menopaused, worthless. Some have fathered kids by diplomats who were recalled while others just cherish manufacturing children with ‘renowned’ jailbirds – those with frequent air miles for ‘doing time’.

I do not believe in breaking families – especially where children are involved. Money, surely is the root of all evil. But if I may ask, does everyone rank money above the family?. That is a ridiculous Yes answer. I hope it is not the man who thinks so. What happened to the idea of a shared bank account for mortgage, utility bills, children’s needs, etc which are the responsibility of both spouses irrespective of who earns more? What happened to a personal account for the man – to freely access and share evenings drink with friends at a joint? I never want my wife to ask me evey month if the mortgage went through because it will start to irritate me. So the best thing if for her to see it herself from the mortgage account that both of us have access to than bother me. That is one potential irritant down – especially being asked when you should be mentally unwinding after a long days work.

The 1977 Beauty Contests were the best so far In Uganda


Abenakyo broke all records when she made it to the top five of the Miss World Beauty Pageant. The 22-year-old beauty also managed to bring home the first-ever Miss World Africa crown.


By Peter Gwokto via UAH forum,

The most pathetic excuse any one can use to distinguish enthicity in Uganda is skin tone or complexion. There are millions of Southerners who are darker than midnight – even darker than Besigye (who himself is past midnight). And there are millions of Northerners with light skin tone – whatever you Southerners rank as darker. It is better being referred to as dark skinned. This silly reference to skin-tone (something many of you have the audacity to term color difference) between northerners and southerners is the reason not a single Ugandan woman survives the first screening at the beauty peagent outside Uganda. Out there, reality strikes real hard when our national winner finds her chubby elephantine legs, shaggy door-lugging hips and her Cosby-wide nose will do her in on the first attempt faster than dessertfication of the Sahel. She just gives up on seeing the tall, red-skinned and white-teethed Himba girl from the most primitive part of Namibia, and the tall, dark and barely baldheaded Dinka or Shilluk from Sudan (just like Wek), the wirery Somalian girl with the skin-tone of an anthill, and the thin, healthy and voluptous-looking Wollof Senegalese. The common denominator for these God’s bits of wood is that they are as naturally beautiful as any species wants to be – this is God trying to outdo his own creation with another. Then, bring in the daughters of Labongo to deliver uncomprisingly thunderous results.

For obvious reasons, every Miss Uganda from the south or central is judged winner because she appears lighter than the northerner. The problem is that these southeners are selected by default (predetermined) instead of allowing Darwins theory of natural selection where the fittest is used to mean one endowed with phenotypic characteristics) .
To-date all the southern winners have been blowing it and ashaming the country for being booted on first attempt on a regular basis that Ugandan girls now fear winning the peageant show locally.

Folks, those swimsuits are not made for those famed Ugandan emfuta booties. Only Gadhafi used like them that way – and frozen, from Mountains of the Moon. There is a lot unmentionables to be discovered in these worrior female forms who once ruled Egypt. Now, I see all these todlers in the forum raisng eyebrows – of course, Nubians ruled Egypt for thousands of years until Alexandre brought pokopoko.

I remember as a young man (well, 14 is not really a young man in Uganda unless you are an alterboy) in primary watching a Miss Uganda peagent on tv at the Seargents Mess in Mbuya in 1977 (that’s one good thing with Amin’s regime; children were never killed or ‘safehoused’. Were it Kaguta’s time, this Acholi twit would be the youngest safehouse boarder for trespassing the barracks – at night). Guess who the winner was – Miss Karamoja, folks. Rosemary Nachuge, a student-teacher of Moroto TTC beat the crap out of the Namayanjas and Asimwes. That was the best peageant show I ever saw. The question periods were the most interesting – bwoyyy oh bwoyy ..! you should hear the Nalubegas, Nandutus and Karohoros murder English while Nachuge ranted it like it was her first languange. And she knew her geography, her history, her civics, her tourism, her Ugandan societies (unlike some MPs who graduate thinking Anyanya is a tribe in Uganda)… Please, ask UTV to rebroadcast this peagent and I swear you will believe what I mean. It was hosted at Silver Springs hotel. I remember it like it was yesterday. Above all, this K’jong UFO was da’bomb…! beeeeeeeeeeautiful, walahi…! For the cultural attire she wore K’jong soft goat-skin skirt embroidered with beads and cowrie shells and a beautifully beaded apron for the ‘front’ with red and yellow copper bangles – men were squinting so hard to see through the apron but were grievingly disappointed. The following day, my elder brother (kind’of father figure) actually took me to see and meet this K’jong – God’s last clay at a ‘muchomo firewoks’ at the home of then Min. of Info and Broadcasting, William Naburi. I was young with a bell-bottom wider than a winowing basket and got away with fluking many high-class parties.

Rosemary was – I still can’t describe her – was a goddess who surely fell from the skies – founder Kintu was just a fluker from Ssese island. The amazing thing is that not a single looser or tribe challenged her win because the proof was in the pudding folks – out in the open. I could have even been a judge and chosen the right one. She won high and dry.

Nachuge went back to finish school and teach but the next thing I heard – holie cow..! was that Maj. Abdallah Nassur was breathing down her neck as then Governor of Karamoja Province – I believe, at gun point. Well, he could have gotten away with it anyways because that time the Karachuna warriors didn’t have AKs and G3s yet. But I was the most-very disappointed studd.

Ugandans aren’t really divided!


By Peter Gwokto via UAH forum,

Ugandans have always been a united people. We are just not able to organize before some rotten mind comes from nowhere to add the tribal chemical formula to the unity periodic table. If you think Ugandans aren’t united, try inside the various tribes themselves. At least tribes fear each other but inside every tribe is a volcano of different issues imploding within with unimaginable intensity – clan squabbles, land issues, rebels, marriage, etc. We tend to overlook these Achilles heels yet, in fact, they are the reasons we become who and what we are in the broader incremental levels of society. If we can’t bring ourselves to resolve the most immediate how can we face up to the broader distant issues?.
Our precolonial elders, kings and chiefs tolerated one another and, above all, went to the point of helping and hiding one another. But they had a common enemy- distinctly foreign, distinctly white and distinctly un-African (as un-African as he could be) because anything African was condemned while the reverse was held civilized and holy. These days, the enemies don’t just look like us; they are us and are among us. Nowadays, my enemy’s enemy is my friend, literally – with Museveni being both the enemy and the friend to everyone and everybody, turning us against one another irrespective of a common language, culture, or shared region. Each time I think of this point, I am reminded of my Prof. Apollo Nsibambi(R.I.P); how he used to defend Buganda and wiggle his tail in the face of Obote’s government and specifically to Northern students in his class.

Former Prime Minister Apolo Nsibambi

Most of all,I am equally impressed by how Museveni silenced Nsibambi over the same issues by bottling his mojo in an Ankole milk gouard to the extent the professor started barking in a different language and from a different bush in Uganda. He was nakedly tail-less in the presence of his own people. I could be wrong – maybe he just saw the light and was trying to undo the Obote-time rhetoric.

I too, like many others in UAH, were ‘coerced’ by Abbey into joining the forum. I have received a few bruises myself and effectively delivered a number to edgy forumists. For some of us who have been browsing since Al Gore invented the internet, we have learnt resilience but above all, learnt to accept the views of others however lethal. Yet, above all else, we have learnt to open up. That’s why there are idiots in this forum who glean raw discussions and submit them as news to Uganda newspapers – papers who are just as stupid to publish them without verifying source and fact because there is an empty column to fill. There are over a million Ugandans registered in this forum including MPs and ministers. Probably they laugh at Ekkissodde and I doing the sibling rivalry thingi, sometimes talking serious issues and occasionally lynching each other with such ferocious verbal assaults only a spear or a gun could bring it to end. Yet I am reminded of many teachers telling students that the only dumb question is that which has not been asked. Well, that means the person harbouring the question is also dumb – so are the thousand silent ones on this forum. Afterall, we are known for electing MPs who do not know the country’s peoples and when, after nearly 20yrs in parliament and in their 40s, still refer to citizens derogatively and get away with ignorance as an excuse is a pathetic characteristic of illinformed electorates. Perhaps parliamentary candidates should be given written tests in social studies, history/civics, and geography to screen their understanding of Uganda before they invoke ‘ignorance’ as defence. I thought I once heard that ‘ignorance’ of the law (society) is no excuse for a crime/offence?.
In the West, it would be game-over.

“The north needs a leader that can unite all those groups to work together”. Not just the north, although I understand the emphasis. The unity must first accept our social, cultural, and economic diversity as well as the interdependencies and symbiosis. For the most part, politics in African traditional societies were a subdued affair and intertwined, loosely, with the cultural and economics fabrics of a society. African societies never entertained politics as it is today because of its divisive nature. Above all, when all is over and done, contemporary African politics often immunizes itself against reconciliation thereby breeding anger, contempt, hatred, etec. We watch as Clinton and Obama rip themselves with obviuos ‘hatred’ and contempt. But Western politics, unlike African politics, harmonizes itself immediately a leader in chosen.
With us, a loser countinues to be pounded even when he is flat on the ground, insults fly forever, and even at the helm of power the winner still wants the looser deader than dead because he challenged during campaigns. Finally, those of you in Kyeyoland should visit Ottawa and see how Ugandans live and interact with one another. You would want to ‘enforce’ this relationship in Uganda.

We should blame the individuals committing crimes, not the president!


Kasese Clashes Commander Maj. Gen Peter Elwelu


By Peter Gwokto via UAH forum,

I am beginning to think Amin is walloping in Allah’s heavenly glory because the number of unproven murder charges verbalized against him far outweigh the real incidents – if any can be directly linked to him such as Oboth, Oryema, Lowum and Kiwanuka. We can’t ignore the fact that more have been brutally murdered in this regime than Amin’s. However, death is death and every dead body on the streets and safehouses is somebody’s father, son, husband, brother, and sister – a loss to someone. Period.

The commission of sin is not transferrable. Let no ‘bad element’ convince himself that killing an innocent man or woman is the responsibility of the leader he serves. This may be the case here on earth but before God we are responsible for the sins we knowingly committed. There is no communual responsibility for or ownership of a sin even though we are quick to assert that the Acholi or Banyankole or Kakwa were killers. So is forgiveness: there are two levels of forgiveness – by the victim and by God. The two are very separate. There are also two levels of confession: thru repentence to God and apology to the victim. On bended knees, repenting to God in tears isn’t enough absolution until you receive forgiveness from the victim.
My family lost a couple, too but my late grandfather (a devoted Catholic to the bones) warned the clan against blaming others because we knew specifically who some of the killers were. I was too young but I caught wind of most of these challenges. Just because a political situation offers a great opportunity to murder and get away with it, does not mean you will escape in the heavenly court. I went to Comboni College in Lira for sec. sch. in the early 80s. 1km between the school and Ngetta experimental farm were two huge homes being eaten away by weeds. The occupant families could not maintain them beacause the true owners were murdered doctors – who had the money.

Any mention of the atrocious past triggers two things: sadness to the bereaved and eagerness by the bad-intentioned to repeat these atrocities out of spite or for fun.Yes, there are people who kill for fun. Is it possible 300,000 Ugandans died during Amin’s regime? Yes, could be more. Did Amin kill all of them? No. As HoS, did he kill all of them by association? Yes. Before God, is he responsible for the death of all 300,000? Absolutely not. If he killed only Lowum out of the 300,000 God will not do him in for the 299,999. God will deal with the killers individually. That is why it is important to repent for your sins as you know them than be devastated by the additions of men for sins you did not commit.

When Kony’s rapists force a son to copulate with his mother or sister at gun-point it is sin by the son in the eyes of God. Why? it is because, to remain pure the son or brother should have chosen to die – however brutally – than knowingly commit the sin just to save a life that will still end some day, anyway. And, just because a mother or sister choses to forgive his son or brother does not mean God has forgiven him.

Talking about sin and forgiveness, here is my last experience: One of the greatest SRB operators in Lira was a well-known local son who was HP of Comboni in the 70s. I got to meet him personally in the 80s. Listen to this twist: after the 1979 invasion he disappeared and many thought he was either killed or entered Sudan. Two years later, he appeared in town. The problem was that although people talked bitterly about his activities in Lira, when he reappeared, he was even more untouchable than when he was SRB. He reappeared as Oyitte’s ADC. By the time the newspaper published his picture from recovered documents salvaged from Nakasero, he was too close to Oyitte and too powerful to be arrested. Folks forgave him and he moved on but his deal with God was far from over. He played the same game again in 1986 and served for 3 years+ in Kaguta’s government before he and Namitti were gathered for their final trip to the lakeside university.

I have known Uganda’s political murders long enough to know who to blame. Folks just take advantage of the security vacuum. But the truth is, many culprits have not been convicted – and will never be – because the public is always quick to lay it all on the then president and turn attention away from the known culprit. Political crimes and bluntant murders in Uganda have been influenced extensively by the time factor. It takes the shortest time to neglect the most absurd crimes. Bad things happen too quickly in Uganda that the only way to get away from responsibility is to expect or create a new one as soon as possible to wipe away the most recent. If we continue to blame regime leaders instead of convicting the actual perpetuators, murders will continue to be a part of our regime change forever and murderers will continue to ram the country at large and openly.

Does Uganda need an army?



By Peter-Rhaina Gwokto, a Ugandan in Canada

The primary question over the years has been whether Uganda needs an army at all. The army we’ve had since independence continues to cost Uganda dearly in both financial loses and human lives. It’s created more problems than solved. It’s drained the national wallet off its meagre resources with nothing to show in return but a bunch of rich gamblers turned ruthless millionaires in every regime. If history and current events have any constructive meaning to overall development, Uganda’s army has been the greatest tormentor/aggressor than the tormented in the great lakes region. Uganda’s army since WW2 has fought more needless wars than any army in the region and every war in the region has caught Uganda’s army with hands deep in the cookie jars – it historically exacerbated insecurity than established security. There is not a single war in the region that Uganda’s army wasn’t or isn’t a participant – often, it has, itself, created these wars. It’s quick to turn a small dispute into a regional war of attrition to line up the pockets of generals and the president. The majority of wars were wedged by the national army against its own people and each time using the maximum weapons in its arsenal. The blood-letting wars are not meant to contain or neutralize offending opponents – if any – but to kill, destroy and annihilate them by leaving permanent emotional and physical scars that continue to traumatize the local populations for decades upon generations. Have any foreign armies invaded Uganda without Uganda’s army having started the war or intimidated them in the first place? Historically and contemporarily, Uganda’s army role is such that either it starts a war against her citizens or it invades another country. Here is the list:

KAR soldiers who fought at Japanese in the Burmese jungle know that they owe their return to Africa to Mau Mau. Had Mau Mau not begun, many of these veterans had started a settled life in India with new families. The British in Kenya returned these veterans to fight against their own people. So in fact, this was the first war in modern times where African neighbors started killing each other.

Obote 1 is remembered for two wars created by the national army. The first helped to bring Mmengo to order and resulted in the Kabaka’s forced exile to UK. It is the first postindependence war in which Ugandans shot at each other thereby igniting the chain of bloody internal tribal strife and military coups.
The second war was the first war that started pillaging of other country’s wealth. With or without invitation, Obote sent Uganda’s military to prop Lumumba in Congo. Having looted the country of its gold, Uganda’s army returned quietly without any claims of victory or defeat but the Congo Gold scandal followed Obote right to his grave. That was just the tip of the major loot to follow nearly 30 years later. Here, we find Uganda’s army fighting its first war outside Uganda – Uganda then, invaded Congo most probably with Lumumba’s blessing. So shameful was Uganda’s participation in this war that years later, Mobutu literally slapped Obote with his strong support and admiration of Amin.
Amin being a professional soldier that he was, drew a very thin line between the army and civilians such that he was able to cross-over to do the needful and return quickly into his military cocoon for safety. Overall, Uganda’s army under Amin did not start any war frontlines within Uganda, against Ugandans. But most noticeably was that his regime saw the
first invasion of another country by Uganda’s army for no apparent reasons than to
intimidate.

Under Amin, Uganda’s army made to major invasions into Tanzania with one resulting into a short-lived annexation of Tz’s administrative district – Kagera. Never at any moment of Amin’s regime did Tanzania chose to invade Uganda yet Amin’s believed an invasion by Uganda’s army was a pre-emptive strategy to disorganize and disorient Tanzania’s military. But when Tz decided to defend herself following the second major invasion, Amin found himself on the receiving end as his regime disintegrated. Although Uganda’s army didn’t create a local battlefront against its nationals, it nevertheless, had the brutal instrument for oppressing and systematically eliminating political opponents. This was the SRB, a variant of Obote GSU. Besides, religiously tormenting Tz’s president and his army, Uganda’s army only experienced a few minor “invitations to invade” in Egypt-Israeli war and backing Mobutu in a separatist war funded by Angola.

It would be easily said Israeli commandos invaded Uganda yet the truth is that, again, it was
Uganda’s army that started it all by thumbing its chest at the hijacked airliner full of Jews. It
was yet another war started by Uganda’s army and paid for in blood and cash by the citizens.
I cannot think of a foreign-related war in which Uganda’s army played a role but did not start
the war itself. It was Gadhaffi’s army that learnt its unpreparedness for a major war by
joining Uganda’s army in its war dances. In the 70s, Gadhaffi sent his foot soldiers and
fighter pilots to Uganda not really to support Amin but to train in jungle warfare. He realized
that Libyan soldiers didn’t know the whole wide world was more of a jungle than the
desserts they know. So it was a chance to practice with live weapons on live target – the
Tanzanians. On this effort, Libya failed miserably as Tanzanians captured Libyan soldiers
preferring to camouflage on the dry roads than hide in the grasses.

Obote 2:

Ohh bwoy…! This dude never learnt from his past mistakes. He basically continued from
where he left on a 8 year vacation like nothing happened. He simply did what he knew best:
creating frontlines within the country against fellow Ugandans as he did in the 60s. Obote’s war strategy (against his own country folks) is to stay put – lie low at the frontlines. Patience
was his middle name. Uganda’s army under Obote rendered the whole West Nile region
north of Arua a battle field – for a very very long time until the insecurity died by itself.
That’s what is meant by “patience pays”. But he also maintained one key instrument of his
oppressive regime in the 60s, which he, like a keen accountant, decided to carry forward: the
retooled GSU now called NaSA. I know one 4.5 hrs drive from me in Toronto. Then by
some weird turn of events, his one time minister Xeroxed the same strategy of setting
Ugandans to fight one another until the last man standing – which happened to be himself
(Museveni). Museveni also turned to Uganda’s army to intimidate and killed Ugandans into
submission. It worked very well in Luwero and the evidence is there for all to see.

Enter Museveni:
Uganda’s army under Museveni has been total disaster in one package. It’s played the role of
terrorist, pillaging aggressor, ruthless oppressor and a rampaging occupier. It’s the sum of all
army characteristics in past regimes since independence and it has the longest list of
aggression against its citizens and foreign countries. While Obote’s army used a strategy of
“lying low and wait”, Museveni’s was “infiltrate and lie low”. Once he had recruited
thousands of Rwandan refugees into Uganda’s army, Museveni’s problem was putting them
into use before they quit or get killed before his major offensive. While Obote’s minister of
defense, Museveni had created two parallel armies within Uganda’s army with one idolling
Oyite and the other (Rwandese) following himself. While he was away laying the foundations
for war, he kept his army on Uganda (Oyite) army’s payroll thus ensuring they lived. Once he
rung the doorbell, the Rwandese fled the mainstream army for Luwero bushes like ncenene
to the light of Clock Tower on Ebb road. They just evaporated… pufffffff, surprising Oyite
and Obote himself.

Museveni and a Ugandan army turned terrorist: That was it folks – Luwero says it all. NRA
soldiers were in the national army before the turned terrorists. They blew up buses and
civilian transportation on Kampala-Gulu road. They beheaded folks in Luwero to instill in
them fear. They exposed Luwero residents to the national army’s wrath such that civilians
were left with no choice but join them. They blew up river bridges. They even hijacked a
passenger plane enroute from Ebb to Arua for Kasese. They robbed banks and looted the
locals. Oh bwoy…! the only feature of the modern terrorist Museveni’s army didn’t have were
suicide bombers designed to spew shit and shrapnel on Ugandans by blowing up themselves.
they were essential cowards to that extent. Or, probably because Museveni did not guarantee
them 40 virgins as earned by their counterparts in the Middle East.
When all was done to his victory, Museveni expanded the frontlines within Uganda using his
national army-turned terrorists-turned national army to create four new frontlines to kill
Ugandans within its borders. In Teso, the Mukura incident defined the army’s role This was
reminiscent of the Nazi trains to Buchenvald and Auswitz except Mukura victims were
bbq’d alive in the wagons because there were no concentration camps to gas them in.
The Karamojong have outlived many a dictator’s army and Museveni’s Uganda army will not
create any better peace that the peace that exists now. The one thing Ugandans need to
know about life in Karamoja is that ‘insecurity’ and ‘security’ are a coincidental phenom – like
anywhere else, not everyday is Monday. There is nothing like living on luck in Karamoja
because everything is a normal way of life. Without Uganda’s army presence in Karamoja,
life is normal. The old West in America was peaceful because everyone owned a gun and
when everyone owns a gun or guns, a natural semblance of respects and fear cuts in to
maintain the status quo – peace – although violence could erupt anytime. But violence always
has a shorter span than peace yet the former is required to checkmate and keep an eye on
the latter.

Uganda’s army also perpetuated a front in the West for the sole purpose of looting DRC
under the cover of pursuing rebels, then followed it by pitching camps. The PRA is a rebel
group without a cause. Its founders were essentially two army colonels-turned bank robbers
named Samson Mande and Anthony Kyakabale. The two are thieves who deserve no place
in Uganda politics or government. Any government that forgives either of them on entering
Uganda would be a national embarrassment
Then there is the mother-of -all wars between the army and the people its meant to protect –
the Northerners, principally, the Acholi. For 20 years and still counting, the army has fought
Acholi-dominated LRA rebels with each side equally meting the same atrocities on the local
civilians. In the name of security in northern Uganda, the army used the war for several
intrinsic personal and national reasons:1- As long has international propaganda was in its
favor, the army was at liberty to intimidate and contain Acholi LRA rebels and hopeless
civilians in IDP camps to destroy their self-esteem and render them emotional wrecks. 2-
For the army chiefs, there is a lot of money to be made from shoddy supplier contracts, to
salaries for ghost soldiers, to even selling arms to the rebels who shoot them. 3- the army
created IDPs to isolate the Acholi and corrupt their culture but this project seems to have
failed for a people whose suffering has instead hardened their resolves and inflated their
pride in being Acholi. Above all, the camps were expected to transform into mini cities
whose lifestyles would discourage the Acholi from returning to their villages, with the intent
for Uganda’s army elites to grab Acholi’s unoccupied lands. This strategy has failed
miserably. Folks, again, this is Uganda’s army at work on Uganda’s civilians.

And folks, I never lived with nor acquainted myself with Museveni but the twist is that
Museveni – matter of fact – would prefer a closer political and social relationship with the
Acholi than with any other Ugandan ethic group. You have to see thru this truth with all
your heart and mind in order to agree with me. I have ruminated over controvery for years
and I believe it is a wish Museveni would love to practicalize. In fact, being a Muhima even
distances Museveni further from a Muhiru because the two are adversaries who will never
mato oput (drink) from the same calabash for socio-cultural and political reasons (caste).
Every social proximity between the Bahima and Bahiru is conditioned by accidental
geographical proximity but behind it all is a volcano whose sulfur fuels hatred and spite.
Besides, the Acholi people are homogenous with numerous clans and clan heads unlike the
distinctly separate Hiru and Hima who make up the Banyankole. A Muganda or Musoga is
the last Museveni would align with given a chance to make strategic choices. The Acholi is
Museveni’s trust because they share a lot more than anyone can imagine. Acholi’s stale
relationship with Uganda’s army under Museveni is not because of a North-West rivalry as
many Ugandans would love to believe. It is simply because the Acholi ignorantly provided
the military backbone to Obote regime – the backbone he longed to snap. Due to language
and geographical locale/proximity, he just didn’t know how to penetrate the kinfolks and
insure trust between the Hima and the Acholi instead choosing force because Kony refused
to give in to Ganda murderers who were terrorizing the Acholi. You will recall Kony stating
recently that he knows “Museveni is a good man”. Folks, don’t think Kony sounded
ridiculous by asserting so. He believe Museveni understood what he meant. There is
definitely a major change coming to Uganda – not peace in the North or an FDC win. It is
an unexpected and surprising natural alliance between Acholi and the Bahima. Little does the
rest of Uganda know that there has been a subdued – but known – relationship between
Acholi and Bahima/Balaalo. Growing up in Acholi, my grandfather’s herdsmen were 2
families of Balaalo and two rushed ahead during the NRA takeover to protect and assure the
old man as were many other families with Balaalo cattle keepers.

Oh! I ran away from the army and its aggressions. Of course there is the undisputed secret
service. Under Museveni, army’s oppressive tool increased from 1 GSU in Obote 1, 1 SRB
under Amin and 1 NaSA in Obote 2 to ISO, ESO, CMI, KAP, and KB with the first three
design to contain the elites while the latter two contains disgruntled grassroots and jobless
street hooligans-for-hire (a favorite for FDC). Incase you are wondering KB stands for
Kiboko Brigades, not Uganda’s Tsivangirai.

Folks, that was just the tip of the tamarind tree (for lack of icebergs in Uganda) regarding the
army’s place inside Uganda – UPDF, that is. Then, are the foreign invasions and occupations
by the army. To payback Rwandese refugees, Uganda’s army quickly released the 2nd master
plan from up its sleeves to topple Habyalimana. With Hutus outnumbering Tutsis and
fearing international condemnation, Uganda’s army aimed to cut off the snake’s head in a
swift run over Rwanda. It worked. Habyalimana was blown to dust in the skies over Kigali –
with presidential collateral from Burundi.

The PRA pursuit was the most effective springboard for Uganda’s army to enter DRC and
loot the country of its mineral and forest resources for years until the UN intervened. Before
that Uganda’s army had invaded and overrun Rwanda. That was enough payback for Tutsi
help in bringing down Obote. Finding no wealth to reap in Rwanda, Uganda’s army as well
as Rwanda’s aimed deep west and hit a jackpot in DRC. After instating Kabila Sr. the rest, as
we know, was mayhem, loot of mineral and forest wealth and, folks, for the first time
Uganda’s marauding army even looted and brought back women – a lot of women as though
they were commodities. In fact they were commodities because the soldiers dumped them as
soon as they came back to Uganda thus creating Congolese neighborhoods in towns like
Gulu, Arua and Fort Portal.

After Rwanda and DRC, Sudan was only spared by its deficiency in resources, Uganda’s
army can make do with an invasion anywhere there are resources to loot. A few months ago,
there was the credible story of Uganda’s army spotted in Kenya. That was a given truth if
anyone understood the hidden workings of this secretive and ruthless army.
In my opinion, Uganda’s army should be scrapped for being unproductive and contributing
to no known national gains except enriching the generals, straining the national purse,
facilitation poverty, and creating misery. In its place should be a highly trained, highly
educated, highly mobile and highly effective small regional paramilitary drawn along the
army barracks of the 70s and rotating service outposts.
To be continued…………..
___________________________
Peter-Rhaina Gwokto
Remember: “Even a small dog can piss on a tall building”. Jim Hightower

Well Done, Abbey-UAH has a place in the hearts of Ugandans & history of Uganda!



Good job, Abbey Semuwemba,

It is easy to shake up the system with organized, logical and critical assaults. UAH – I mean the forum, not the mysterious party – has been more effective at shaking up the establishment and the structures that support it than FDC, or at the very least, UPC and DP. So often, issues raised in this forum are treated with utmost expediency by the government than the screaming rhetoric of FDC’s nonsensical publishers in The Monitor or Observer.

SMACKS is getting it’s fair share of dealing with the fear of UAH (the forum). Little did any of you notice that when I criticized the Uganda Police website for its carbon-dated contents and a couple responded that the website gets updated with regime change, NRM nogooders in this forum actually confronted the police and they tore down the website the following day. Now the knows it is on UAH hitlist of the people’s Most Wanted for deliberate systemic failures. Someone, somewhere was getting his monthly pay for managing a website that didn’t live with the time, so was the webhost. The police also learnt that, such mundane crimes like theft of a laptop and embezzlement from a gas station do not deserve a webpage in the Most Wanted by any police establishment in the world as if to hide the fact that there are defilers, abusive spouses, rapist and Murderers lurking the streets of Uganda’s towns and villages.

In fact, the NRM government is now relying on UAH to ascertain its people weaknesses and failures. And to say the least, it believes what appears on UAH and reacts with incredible speed compared to the lifeless swipes by FDC. The irony of it all is that issues raised here are those the system should have been able to identify before hand – that’s what public service admins are supposed to do. UAH is giving free general consulting service to the government. My suggestion is that, UAH starts zeroing on those in authority for failures in the organs entrusted to their leadership instead of criticizing the organ at large. Its time they are forced to resign and met stiffer penalties – the consequences of a people’s frustration and determination. FDC’s complains are simply a bee-sting on an NRM that is not allegic to beestings. But UAH exposures are a thunderous elephantine crush whose immediate impact and reverbarations always paralyze the NRM.

I believe there are more NRM info gatherers gleaning policy strategies from UAH than the number of ISO agents tracking FDC panel-beaters. You should not be surprise that NRM agenda for 2011 will be based of visions compiled from policy expressions in UAH. Museveni, the only Ugandan visionary, has run out of Vision.

So, thanks Abbey.

___________________________
By Peter-Rhaina Gwokto, a Ugandan resident in Canada
Remember: “Even a small dog can piss on a tall building”. Jim Hightower

Baganda’s Kwanjula is a more elaborate and engaging ceremony



The traditional marriage or give away ceremony in Buganda is one function you will get to like because it keeps you on your toes.. The preparations for any traditional introduction or marriage ceremony are tiring and trying financially, physically and mentally as you wonder why you have to fulfill a lot of traditional must do requirements and spend so unreasonably because ‘tradition’ requires it so. But from the day the ceremony is held, you will like it for the rest of your life because of the cultural and organized displays as well as the value that many people continue to attach to this ceremony called Kwanjula.

Kwanjula basically means to introduce. It is a day when the bride to be introduces her future husband (and his people who escort him) to her parents and relatives.

I have attended many introduction ceremonies but the Baganda’s Kwanjula is a more elaborate and engaging ceremony that what you have to do right keeps you on your toes until the last minute of the ceremony, or you may miss being given the lady of your life.At the beginning, you have to go and see one of the lady’s aunties(Ssenga), the one she has chosen to act as Ssenga – the official aunt. The Ssenga is very central to the Kiganda marriage ceremony and is a respected role that many ageing Baganda women yearn to perform. You are required to write a letter to the lady’s family, the bazeyi or elders. The letter has to be in flawless Luganda and has to be written through the Ssenga or aunt who thenceforth becomes the official go between the two parties. The letter is then taken to the Ssenga (with a little money for transport of course) to take it to the Bakulu Bano (fellow respected elders). In the letter, the man is asking to be allowed to get born in his in-laws family by going there to ask for their daughter’s hand in marriage.The Bakulu then accept in writing that you can go on a specified date and ‘get born into their family’. They also gave you the maximum number of people you should take which is most times not more than 50 people. The father in-law will also ask for his Mutwalo, what could be taken as bride price.

“People think a soul mate is your perfect fit, and that’s what everyone wants. But a true soul mate is a mirror, the person who shows you everything that is holding you back, the person who brings you to your own attention so you can change your life.
A true soul mate is probably the most important person you’ll ever meet, because they tear down your walls and smack you awake.
A soul mates purpose is to shake you up, tear apart your ego a little bit, show you your obstacles and addictions, break your heart open so new light can get in, make you so desperate and out of control that you have to transform your life, then introduce you to your spiritual master…”
― Elizabeth Gilbert


The mutwalo is accompanied with some items that you will need to take along for example: fruits and vegetables except egg plants (Ntula and Biringanya) and a few others, which if taken would be considered as cultural taboo that may lead to the man being fined or denied the bride altogether. There has to be bread, sugar, salt, soap, paraffin, cooking oil, curry powder, and a host of related items. You are required to buy certificates from Buganda kingdom to show that you respect and support the cultural monarchy, one of the four certificates being the marriage certificate. The Kanzus for the Father in-laws and brother in-laws, Gomesis for mother in-laws and Ssengas (Kanzu and Gomesi are cultural dresses for males and females respectively). These are a must. You have to prepare money for the envelopes- for the father in-law, mother in-law, Ssengas, brother in-laws (with a special one and a cock for the official brother in-law).

The traditional marriage ceremony in Buganda may have changed over the years, but it still remains a battle of wits and cultural tongue-twisting between representatives of the two sides who engage each other in a question and answer challenge or in knowing, mentioning and following century old norms and traditions. Both families are required to have a spokesman to speak for them. The spokesman takes the role of the final emissary on the day of introduction and he has to pull a lot of antics learned from tradition and experience to engage or answer challenges from the other side’s spokesman. It is the battle (friendly and of words) between the two that makes the Kwanjula and the whole ceremony memorable and unique from any other ceremony.The spokesman takes the role of the final emissary on the day of introduction and he has to pull a lot of antics learned from tradition and experience to engage or answer challenges from the other side’s spokesman. It is the battle (friendly and of words) between the two that makes the Kwanjula and the whole ceremony memorable and unique from any other ceremony. The spokesman will range between 250,000- 300,000 but the price is negotiable.

The dressing is also another crucial aspect on this day. The men are supposed to wear coats and kanzus while the women will need to put on gomesi preferably but this also depends on what culture the intended son-in-law comes from. The greetings then begin starting with the girls of the house who also welcome the visitors followed by the boys and then the sengas. Since the senga is the most important person on this day next to the bride to be, she actually runs the whole function from introducing the guests to choosing the bridegroom. When the bridegroom is chosen, the mugole can then come out of the house and greet her visitors most especially the bridegroom. This is the beginning of a new family to the bridegroom since he has been inaugurated or allowed into his mugole’s family.

The rest of the ceremony is as interesting as the gifts (which are left outside) are brought and allocated to the different beneficiaries and the hosts lay their demands and wishes on the new family. Once the gifts are brought, the host’s spokesman asks the bride and Ssenga “Ebintu Tubirye?” -whether they should accept the gifts. When they accept, the part of the rings follows were the bridegroom puts a ring on the brides finger this in kwanjula denotes marriage, and then the cutting of the cake follows and that brings us to the end of a memorable day.

Why the Acholi saying “Idoko bwoc calo Kakungulu”


Semei Kakungulu is thought to have been used by the British to help impose colonial rule in east and north eastern Uganda

By Peter Gwokto La’Kitgum in Canada via the UAH forum

Did the Baganda know that Kakungulu was an Hitler in the making and a mega threat to the Kabaka? Had Kakungulu succeeded in forcefully having the Acholi accept him as leader in the footsteps of Basoga, Adhola, Bagisu, Iteso, and Langi, the Kabaka would have been completely surrounded by enemies including the Banyoro.

In case you didnt know, it was the Acholi that put the “full stop” at the end of this sentence to Kakungulu’s big dreams. How the saying came to was again recited to me by an Acholi elder last evening when I called the village who asked whjy this time I had taken too long to visit the natives. He said sarcastically that if I took too long I will be castrated like Kakungulu.

Yes, again in case you didnt know, it was the Acholi who gave Kakungulu his biggest nightmare of manning him physically by the balls and rendering the pair of manhood obsolete and out of action until he died and never to ever retrace his eastern and north-eastern conquest.

Remember the picture below of the Congo queen, Nzinga, who met Euro colonialist sitting on the back of one of hes Kanyamas for hours?

Kakungulu had done the same in Busoga, Bukedi, Bugisu, Teso and Lango. When the time came to do the same in Acholi, the strongest muscular renown hunter was selected to be his seat. No sooner had Kakungulu sat on his back than the man flipped up to grab, squeeze and squish Kakungulu’s balls – yikessss….! I can feel the man’s pain and the high-pitched screams for help.

Kakungulu conquest ended as he limped back to his final rest in his native Buganda.

Thus the saying, “I doko bwoc calo Kakungulu” (You have become a eunuch like Kakungulu).

Uniformed armed forces should be kept away from the presence and protection of All Cultural leaders of Uganda.


2014:Uncomfortable: UPDF soldiers trying to keep guard of the Kabaka

By Joseph Kamugisha via UAH forum

Not only does the presence of the army deprive the Cultural leaders of their Cultural status but the mere fact that the representation of the Institution of the Army represents a political atmosphere and a reflection of the 1966 Lubiri crisis.

The idea of keeping the army away from Cultural leaders is not to suggest that the leaders should have lesser trained guards. Far from it. The idea though, is to exemplify how other Royal Institutions are protected. Much as Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip, Charles and the rest of the family members in the British Royal family all have military training, they rely on un uniformed but highly trained and skilled officers in all aspects of “[VIP] Protocol Protection Services” The same protection agents could be recruits from the Marines, Ex-Police officers, ex-Military officers, current spy agents or Terrorist Tactical Agents. It does not matter, where they are recruited from but the key issue is that they should always be dressed in civilian arround the Kabaka and other Cultural leaders in order to separate the political from cultural institutions.

A uniformed army advance protection unit could be summoned to a particular location where the cultural leader[s] are expected, but again that should only be for guarding the location, site, buildings, but not any where close to the Cultural leaders.

Foreigners can be helpful in removing a dictatorship!


By George Okello via UAH forum

che guevarra


There are so many foreigners participating in just struggles not in their own countries,and I think history is replete with many examples.It was Field Marshall John Okello, from Dokolo, who liberated Zanzibar from Arab occupation or colonial slavery. general Lagu was a leader of the Anyanya movement in South Sudan, I believe he is still alive. I met him once in London. Sajab (Sajjabbi) a Pakistan, too helped Uganda Federal Movement to improve on their technical military capabilities

Think about the Spanish Civil War for eg where hundreds of European internationalists, and even Africans, took up arms to fight against the fascists. The more recent example is that of Che Guevarra, an Argentinian, who, together with Fidel Castro, became the leader of the Cuban revolution.

We must however distinguish between internationalists and mercenaries and their involvement in foreign conflicts. Internationalists, especially Marxists and socialists, have always fought in support of foreign national liberation forces because all socialists believe in international solidarity. They however do not substitute their own contribution to the overall effort of the people because the responsibility to overthrow an oppressive political and social order rests in the hands of its victims and not foreigners. Mercenaries on the other hand do not believe in any cause- they are just in it for material benefit- they are guns for hire. A national liberation movement will therefore have nothing to do with mercenaries.

Uganda has a bad history of merceneries actively participating in our political conflicts. We first saw this in 1971 when Iddi Amin recruited the remnants of the Anyanya forces from South Sudan to effect a military coup in Uganda and he later on relied heavily on these Anyanya forces to keep himself in power for 9 years. Later on, merceneries grouped inside the NRA and led by Yopweri Museveni invaded the villages of Luwero in Uganda, emabrking on a brtutakl campaign of murder and terror. They eventually managed to subdue the national army of Uganda, conquered the country and then militarily occuppied it. Most of the NRA mereceneries were recruited from Rwanda and in their mudreroius activities and continuing blood-letting they have been supported by a few quislings and hired thugs from Buganda and other tribes.

Are Comedians Psychotic?


Taata Sam


BY PABLO KIMULI,

Comedians are able to make people laugh because they often display characteristics usually found in people with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, a research published in the British Journal of Psychiatry claims.
Their talent to amuse people lies in having unusual personalities and displaying what researchers say are high levels of psychotic characteristics, which are a link between madness and creativity.

“The creative elements needed to produce humour are strikingly similar to those characterising the cognitive style of people with psychosis – both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder,” said Professor Gordon Claridge from Oxford University’s department of experimental psychology. He is also one of the three co-authors of the findings.

The results are based on a study of how 523 comedians from the UK, USA and Australia described their own personalities and beliefs when they filled in a questionnaire measuring psychotic traits in people who are not troubled by mental illness. I’m almost sure that their findings would have been different if they had tested Africans.

They would conclusively confirm their fears. An average Ugandan has an understandable degree of humour and if they were to hand out the Oxford questionnaire to measure psychotic traits on us, they would authoritatively conclude that we are psychotic. Watch a standard news bulletin on any local TV and you will understand what I’m saying.

Better, walk on the streets and keenly observe what people are doing. You will notice some people shouting on top of their voices on phone, street preachers ministering to fast-moving cars; street children exchanging bitter words with drivers; taxi conductors calling passengers all sorts of good things to entice them into their vans; hawkers engaged in a marathon with city council authorities and boda boda cyclists undecided on which route to take. Such is the organised chaos that provides comic relief.

Comedians are just a mirror of society. They look at the serious side of what they are doing and tell it in a lighter way. The irony is that the audience laugh at themselves and attribute the madness to the comedian who took the trouble to observe what is happening in their lives.

Although the terms “psychosis” and “psychotic” often conjure ideas of frothy-mouthed killers and deranged lunatics, this report uses these terms to describe much less violent behaviours. The researchers said the belief that creativity is associated with madness has increasingly been researched by psychologists and psychiatrists, but “comedy and humour have been largely neglected”.

Claridge added: “Obviously not all comedians are like this, but the trend does seem these personality traits are more common. It is that idea of the sad clown.”

The research found stand-up comedians were different from other stage performers such as actors, because they were more introverted. I agree with this to some extent because most of the celebrated comedians I have interacted with are unbelievably introverts. Maybe that is why they are suspected to have high levels of psychotic personality traits.

To me, this research is just a manifestation that the funniest, most entertaining, people have different thought patterns from average people, and comedy is a form of medication. It handles depressing issues which, in a way, bring healing to the society.

Comedians have been granted the dramatic licence to lie. Of course, the cleverest comedians make sure their absurdly fictitious stories have the ring of truth. And indeed, many stories start as a true event, but just as a pearl starts as a grain of sand, a comedian will continually prod and polish an anecdote into something precious and far removed from the original fact. It may end up being hysterically funny, and even sounding true.

The illusion of truth is further fortified by interspersing fictitious stories with observations on events, which the audience know are true so they assume the stories in between are true as well. If this research is true, by any chance, then it is puzzling to know that comedians are successful because they have psychotic traits.

Youths Unemployment won’t go away if Ugandans continue to have so many kids!



Youth unemployment in Uganda, as is the case elsewhere, is a structural problem. So how does Ugandan address those structural issues? Well, it simply cannot do so? Why? Think about it for a moment. Youth unemployment is also a problem in many Western countries. For example, the unemployment rate for Africa-American and Latino youth is very high relative to their white peers. This is fact.I am sure, even in the UK, a similar trend can be discerned from the data. And we are talking about countries that have tried to put into place targeted measures to address the youth unemployment problem. To see the difficulty Uganda faces, look at the way unemployment or employment is calculated. The odds are not good for the Ugandan youths.

Let me be blunt: there is no government in the world that creates enough jobs for those youths willing to take them with such a high population rate like the one in Uganda. I am sorry to say but Ugandans are the authors of their misery.The day Ugandans will consider quality over quantity is the day progress will be made in improving the welfare. I know many in UAH believe that the high population growth rate is actually a good thing for Uganda. To those I say, wrong. The facts are there for those with eyes to see in Uganda and other African countries. The youths live wretched lives. I mean wretched in all senses.But since the government must be seen to be serious, I suggested before, let it try to hire 20 youths, 10 women and men in each sub county to do PWD related work. FYI, in Western countries this is how they create summer employment for youth. Repair or maintenance of public infrastructure is very productive.

Something tells me that Ugandan youths will not take up the job even when offered. Why? When we talk about unemployment or employment, it is about white collar jobs? Blame the colonial mentality if you will but Ugandans youths who have gone to school, never mind how far, despise PWD work. They would rather stay in their wretched conditions than be seen working on such projects. There lies the problem. Remind the Ugandan musician who sang about combining poverty with stubbornness? He or she was spot on.

So where are the jobs? Mark you manufacturing is dead thanks to globalization. In the past youth used to rush to urban centres shopping to win the lottery of being hired in Chillington, NYTIL, UCI, TICAF, MULCO, ATM, BAT, KILEMBE name it. Not anymore.

Let the government dare the youth with just 20 spots in every sub county as a trial run.I am sure Uganda would do well with more help in the teaching sectors especially for UPE and USE.So the problem of youth unemployment is complicated.The situation is depressing but again, Ugandans not the state are to blame. There is family planning folks, so use it or else.The real question is this? Given the population growth rate in Uganda, is there something YKM can do to improve the welfare of the youth without impact on the real cause which is huge population growth? Put differently, what is the proposal to address the root cause of the problem? Remember both are real and not nominal problems.

Do you think if YKM ok, NRM were to offer unemployed youths jobs to work in what sued to be the PWD-Public Works Department to maintain rural roads in their respective sub counties, the youth would take them? Suppose every sub county was to employ 20 youths-10 women and 10 men-to repair or patch up road, what would be the impact? How many sub counties are there in Uganda? What would be the multiplier effect of such a gesture? And how much should those hired be paid anyways? May be 20 is high given the small size of sub counties today, but those hired would be working for at least 3 days a week.

I bring this up because it was one of the ideas the DP manifesto team grappled with.

Now what would be the immediate benefits? Well 20 youths from each sub county would have jobs. They would support their families and local business. But above all, roads that are impassable today would be passable. Passable roads would have a real impact on local economies. A friend told me that oranges from Busoga are rotting because the roads are terrible. Another one said mangoes from Teso too cannot find their way to local markets due to bad roads. And yes bananas from deep in Kiboga would be easily delivered. Fresh fish from goes to waste because it cannot be delivered in time to markets. So let us hope the government is serious.

WBK

The Baganda Destroys Kabaka’s Lake in Ndeeba!


BY DAN BWANIKA VIA UAH FORUM
Once, the wetland filtering storm water from Mengo, Rubaga and the surrounding areas to Kabaka’s lake in Ndeeba is gone- then the lake itself will be no more. It is already heavily sedimented with silt and urban waste and polluted with all types of affluent including faecal matter. Writing about what is happening at this treasure has not clicked to make Mengo think or Buganda Land Board to act despite singing about Buganda monumental treasures!

The wetland is now reduced almost to a mere 1/6 of its original size, after being fenced off by Kayanja’s Miracle centre church In November 2013. This come on the heels of similar huge chunk being fenced, in front of the church itself which floods whenever it rains.

Streams feed the Kabaka’s lake under Kayanja’s Church, the subterranean river systems have also been covered with soil.The rest of the wetland was recently fenced off and Kayanjas’ Miracle Church poured murmur into it. This soil is ending up into the lake through the water drainage channels that had been ignorantly dug into the wetland to drain it. This a futile attempt since the wetland has subterranean river systems. St. Lawrence University too has fenced of a huge chuck that has springs under it.

Just yesterday men were busy fencing off the land adjacent to the police station – and it is this piece of land that will finally spell doom to the lake. The only solution to rescue the lake is to reclaim the entire wetland right from Rubaga Road to Rubaga church and close off the road along the lake from the palace.

{UAH} THE LETTER: UGANDAN PRESIDENT MAY HAVE BLOCKED THE ANTI-GAY BILL


MAFIA EMPIRE AND THE TRANSITION


By Joseph Kabuleta

MAFIA EMPIRE AND THE TRANSITION
(Joseph Kabuleta’s Weekly Rant RETURNS)

Kato is the most daring person I had the misfortune of knowing several years ago; a sneaky and adventurous lad who lived on the edge. He was also a good storyteller and that’s what kept me around him even if I detested several things about his lifestyle. But what shocked me is how many audacious things he got away with.
His day job was at a big workshop somewhere in the outskirts of the city but that didn’t last long. Every evening after his shift, Kato would gather up useless sawdust, put it in old sacks, and push it out on a wheelbarrow. Naturally, the guard at the gate was suspicious.
“What’s that you are taking out?”
“It’s only sawdust.”
The guard wasn’t convinced. He pulled the sacks off the wheelbarrow, pressed hard on them to make sure there was nothing hidden within, before reluctantly allowing him to proceed.
And so it was every evening. Kato left work with a wheelbarrow of useless sawdust.
After some weeks, the guard called him aside and said: “I have a feeling that you are stealing something from this company, but I just cannot put a finger on it. If you tell me, I promise not to apprehend you.”
I don’t think Kato believed the guard, but still he told him.
“Wheelbarrows! It’s wheelbarrows I am stealing.”
Of course the guard snitched on him and Kato was fired.
Ok, I don’t know any Kato who worked in a workshop, but I told that story to show how the biggest mysteries are often hidden in plain sight.

It started with sporadic appearances at events, a few dreary speeches, and plenty of social media activity but now it’s clear to every discerning eye that The First Son (official title) is crawling out of his hole like a squirrel.
Even his bevy of paid promoters are becoming bolder in their proclamations; calling him “our next president” in their tweets. Knowing who these people are, and how close they are to the junta, that is more than idle talk.

Clearly, whatever has been cooking under the scenes is about to be unleashed. And it has been several years in the making, starting in the mid-90s with a recruitment of young, graduate soldiers who were in effect Muhoozi’s boys. As that crop grew through the ranks, although not as meteorically as the man they were enrolled to serve, the recruitment net was cast wider.
About twelve years ago, a close colleague raised the subject in a cavalier but serious way, if you know what I mean. He knows me to be a bit of a firebrand, a mover, so to speak, and thought those qualities were being wasted in sports. I could be an asset in their push for the presidency of “our age mate”.
I was at crossroads in my life at the time but I could not involve myself in any venture for which I had no conviction. I would have to lock my conscience in a maximum security prison to be part of an operation that turns our country into a monarchy. Even then, I suspect my conscience would stage a prison break to rival Michael Scofield and find its way back into my heart.
The gentleman who was inviting me is now a cabinet minister and was one of the organizers of the recent 45th birthday party thrown for the First Son at Munyonyo. It was more than just a hyped revelry that made the front pages of the New Vision. It bore the markings of an initiation, or a rite of passage. It was a coming of age, so to speak. It’s no wonder that the main protagonist noted how it was his first public birthday celebration in 33 years. The last time was in 1986 (!!!)

Uganda has often been referred to as a Mafia State by many of its disillusioned citizens so permit me to juxtapose the affairs of this state with the Godfather trilogy of movies taken from Mario Puzo’s fabled novel that bears the same title.
The head of the family Vito Corleone is frail and goes into semi-retirement. His son Michael, who was once determined to live a normal life away from his family’s criminal empire, is the new boss even if his ageing father lurks in the background. The Capos of the family and the Consiglieri, the executioner in chief, doubt if the young and reticent Michael can take after his father.
But how wrong they are. Michael earns his stripes by arranging for the simultaneous execution of the heads of the five rival families, followed by an internal cleansing in which all family traitors are also killed. Almost overnight, the once demure army veteran and family man became even more ruthless than his father.
In one of the most iconic scenes from the movie, all the Capos come and kiss Michael’s hand, acknowledging him as the new Don. Muhoozi’s birthday party had a similar feel; an opportunity for his “age-mates” who have served the old man to pledge their allegiance to him.

In the eyes of the Uganda mafia family, the support structure to uphold the new Don is already in place.
The regular army has been systematically disengaged and replaced with Muhoozi’s SFC. Many of the old guard have found solace in business, farming and NAADS. The rest are quietly disillusioned. It was General David Sejjusa who first stood up to resist what he called “The Muhoozi Project” and he got his comeuppance in the form of a stint in exile followed by total oblivion. It was said that even the Late General Aronda Nyakairima was opposed to it and that’s why he was sent out to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, but what do I know?
The project also needs a ‘friendly’ police and the appointment of Major General Sabiiti Muzeyi as Deputy Inspector General of Police was the first step in that direction. It has since been followed by other appointments of army officers into police in what Army Spokesperson Brig Richard Karemire described as “cross pollination between sister security agencies”.
It would be cross pollination if police officers were also being appointed in the army, but they aren’t. So it is in actuality a military invasion of police and it is all a part of preparing for the new Don.
The net has also been cast in the media. Cedric Babu, a close friend of Muhoozi’s, now heads Uganda Broadcasting Corporation (UBC) and by kowtowing to the new Don, Robert Kabushenga has ensured that there will be no need to appoint a younger person to head the New Vision empire.

Then there is the war chest. The billions that have been set part for the purpose. NRM MPs approved the $379m for the fake Lubowa Hospital investor because they were told it’s the money they will be given for campaigns, and that’s not about all. More money will be minted and printed for that purpose, because the Godfather, having gathered illicit wealth for 35 years, will be looking to keep it within the family. After all, they say there is no success without a successor.

Key sectors in government and finance are being held by old and near-senile people with no ambition while in the interim Muhoozi kids are entrenching themselves below. It is a discreet but systematic takeover.
SFC is in charge of natural resources and national parks while the First Family have their fingers in every major cash-generating venture. It’s not just greed. It’s control. It’s as much about getting the money as it is about keeping it from rivals. So that by 2021, only one camp is liquid. Those who bow and kiss the hand of the new Don are rewarded with the means to live. The rest merely survive or worse.

But the biggest hindrance to the Muhoozi project is the man himself.
Unfortunately for Museveni, qualities like political sagaciousness and charisma are not necessarily transmitted through genes. Muhoozi has no allure beyond the privilege of being his father’s son. He has no personality, no aura, no charm. He carries the tormented look of someone struggling to match people’s expectations of him. Even at the aforementioned birthday party, he looked stoic and disinterested, like he would rather be somewhere else. Somewhere he doesn’t have to be the centre of attention and doesn’t have to give a speech.
Then there was his much-hyped interview on UBC with veteran journalist Tony Owana. As much as I tried to keep an open mind, I couldn’t last the duration of the discourse. For a moment I was tempted to blame the interviewer, who was overly excited and animated like an intern meeting his childhood idol. But I spared a thought for him because I suppose Muhoozi is not an easy person to interview. The dialogue never got out of first gear. Dressed in full combat with his beret hanging under the ranks on his shoulder, he spoke about key moments in his life as if they had been lived for him, and gave one-line answers to open-ended questions like: “Tell us about Sandhurst?” He sounded more like a suspect being interrogated by police, trying not to give anything away, than like a potential politician, much less a president. He has lived too long in his father’s shadow and his only exposure is to the wealth and privilege that surrounds him. He cannot relate with the poverty that his father has inflicted on Ugandans. I would be hard-pressed to mention anyone more ill-suited to be a leader.

The big question for Ugandans is: How and when are they planning to make this transition?
The First Son is already being sent on foreign missions on behalf of his father and is meeting ambassadors and dignitaries, and tweeting about it.
Maybe the Godfather is planning to go into semi-retirement after rigging the 2021 elections and take on an advisory role as his son runs the Family Business called Uganda Limited.
Or maybe, just maybe, the transition happens within NRM and the country adopts a Parliamentary System in which the party with the most elected legislators takes the presidency.
Whatever their plans, I know for sure that the reality will be different. The Mafia empire is crumbling and Uganda will return to Ugandans.

SOURCE: UAH FACEBOOK GROUP
https://www.facebook.com/groups/899442860088396/permalink/2602363139796351/

Police is now the centre of Criminality!



Gang leader,Sobi, says he asked MUSEVEN to arrest KITATA and KAYIHURA because Ugandans want Peace country


By Daniel Bwanika via UAH forum
Chickens are Coming home to Roast!If I remember well Kondoism was master minded and supported by the helplessness Obote had imposed on society.People were simply hopelessly in total despair.Uganda has a high level of unemployment which offers a huge reserve of recruits into crime.

Sobi says he was also behind DPC Kirumira’s Arrest


Secondary, over the years the police has been known to be a recruitment reserve for criminals. Put it plainly the entire policing(NRM) ideology of using criminal elements to do police work was from the beginning a wrong strategy.

Thirdly militiarising society has been going on since the beginning of the 80s. I have not looked at data of criminal elements. However,
there appears to be a huge number of people that were either recruited into the army or well trained but not in the army. Remarkably of recent, a number of people coming from the North and
East (security guards) are increasingly getting involved into hard
core criminality.

That brings the fourth element of introduction of security firms as a
very wrong business. In the coming years more of these lowly paid
people will increasingly be involved into serious crime.Areas where criminality has excelled are:

1.Land that has proved to be a lucrative area of earning huge amounts of money. (NRM land monetalisation ideology and unforeseen consequences)
2.The above has introduced land grabbing players into the extortion business that is also defined in Uganda as Okubatisa (duplicitous representation) underlying bufeere run by bafeere (fraudsters) supported also by the people in law enforcement.
3.Motor cycle trade, licensing and ownership is almost informal generating the second largest crime area ever after land wrangles! Every week on average 5 people are murdered in this business around the country! NRM has been using these boda in political mob actions to date.
4.Motor vehicle trade by Ugandans that has solely depended on stealing (UK, South Africa) has somewhat scaled down. This was run by people with attachment to the state to beat URA, Migration and Customs! Surprisingly very few people (connected) involved in this business are behind bars. But spare part trade holds a third area in the crime league where people scavenge and sell.
5.Mobile money in the law enforcement circles takes the first place since it is highly reported. Anyhow through okubatisa and bufeere mobile money transactions has recruited both street (petty thieves) and white collar (coder, computer programmers) criminals.
6.Then there are petty criminals – goats, pig, matooke, chicken thieves, cows. This is becoming a major headache in villages around the country. Given the level of want and need correlated with rapid social transformation this makes yet a very big group that is a step ahead of the police and LCI – village people do not easily reveal such crime due to cultural and family ties as the case is with part 4 and
7.Why Pentecost Church leaders are not labeled as criminals beats me. But each one of them that gets money by falsely claiming super natural powers are criminal by all definition
8.The above group is hand in grove with state civil servants who are involved in stealing hence generating horrible criminality. You simply have to work with them or lose your life.

Despite law enforcement organs squarely involved into crime their case could be resolved through military order. Uganda has had such episodes of criminality.

However, NRM is not going to eradicate people’s needs and want by use
of any of the above.There’s need for local police besides to allow DP, UPC, FDC to mobilise their youth wings into direct political participation to divert the youth from being idle.NRM should stop running the country out of stated national policies.

Museveni started politics at Ntale with his friend Kategaya, Mwesigye
and others. He was in DP, then UPC – if you close off young people
from organised politics you’re inadvertently undermining yourself,
state stability and development.Ideas do not come out of the air.

Wealthy Creation (randomised acts) is not an ideology (An orientation
that characterizes the thinking of a group [Communists, Liberals,
Socilist, Federalist] or nation) and has practically nothing to do
with being part of the political process formation.Museveni first tested OWC with NAADS , then youth in Kampala and so forth.

Late Mugisha’s dad is arrogant too!


Aine Arnold Mugisha


By Allan Barigye via UAH forum
My nephew,Aine Arnold Mugisha, has been shot dead by a security guard at Quality Supermarket, Naalya, after he reportedly hit another car and refused to stop. I last saw this young man as a student at King’s College, Budo, when I went to check on my daughter-He was a calm boy.His father ,an engineer, is an extremely arrogant UPC man. He worked in ministry of works. When NRM took over,almost all civil servants had to undertake an ‘Owaimaanism’ at the political school. He refused and even abused them. He then unceremoniously resigned- as he expected to be fired.I will not be surprised if he too followed the “like father like son adage”

This underlies what is brewing beneath.The poor askari was doing his job, toiling for peanuts barely enough. That lad grew in emense wealth. The source of his wealth does not matter at this point. He is a westerner. The sentiments against westerner are very scary and very justifiably so.

Like I said ,when shit hits the fan, 3rd Axis commander will be speaking lingala from Rutshuru in Congo. His name will probably be Mokassa ya Mbongo!Who kulogad Uganda really? The inevitable end of Musevenism is coming with HELL!We better be prepared.
——————-
Born to Mr and Ms Plan Mugisha in 1993, and after studying Economics, History, Geography and Christian Religious Education, Mugisha Ayinebyona then went to Oxford Brookes University in the United Kingdom to pursue a Bachelor of Science in Real Estate Management between 2012 and 2015, and would enrol for Master of Science (Real Estate Finance) from 2015 to 2016.

Govt should allow sugarcane export


By Allan Mwase

Recently, farmers petitioned the Speaker of Parliament seeking to be allowed to export the surplus sugarcane to the Kenya. As a farmer in Busoga who has sugarcane that is due for harvest, but has no local favourable market, I second the proposal as a short-term measure to protect the farmer.

I hope Parliament fast-tracks this matter. Allowing export to Kenya will expand the cane market in the true spirit of the East African Community common market. This will enable farmers to earn meaningfully from their hard work, hence increasing household incomes, especially in Busoga Sub-region. It will also show that Parliament stands with hard working Ugandans and will not sit and watch them lose income after 18 months of hard work.

Currently, many farmers in Busoga risk registering losses after they invested heavily in sugarcane growing. While the transport cost has been increased due to high demand for sugarcane, the cost is made higher by the delay at the factory before a truck is offloaded.

It takes about seven days before sugarcane is offloaded at the factory. On Monday, one of the factory owners in the region sent an SMS to farmers about a drop-in price from Shs128,000 per tonne to Shs120,000 per tonne.

Besides, the cost to farmers is compounded by the fact that the factory owner can adjust prices at their own pleasure. Therefore, it would be good to allow farmers to export surplus canes to Kenya.

Allan Mwase,
Sugarcane farmer

Murder is getting out of control in Uganda


By Daniel Bwanika via UAH forum

Every person who has killed another person where there is proof, including diehard NRM supporters and tribal men and women (you know cases in court or that have been thrown out) should face death
by firing squad where they committed the crime.That will assure the country of another 13–20 years of peace depending on other issues that are making people so terribly worried being resolved .

Modern criminal law, can’t solve what we are experiencing in Uganda.In fact the raising prisoner population is another future concern. And if we insist, I can assure what we have seen so far where he justice system is part of these sort things will overwhelm every body. That is one.

Uganda police petitioned over rampant kidnaps and murder of women


Second, although some of these crimes appear to be random as the one
in Mutukula Lyantonde over the weekend where a police and UPDF officer were involved, crime is taking on a dangerous momentum – people are thinking of big money. In this case a rich man hired the police and updf officer , see?!

Where there is big money, the entire criminal and justice system is
dead.This is our country no one should be ashamed of firing squad for killers of women and children.

I have lived long enough on this earth to understand the nature of
certain things. Crime develops like cancer and if you do not act
faster, we are moving to Italy. The police are also human beings.

Third – Uganda is in a phase where people earn little but needs are
exploding beyond their means (car, mansions, smart phone, grocery
store, startime , flat screens).

The economy can’t move faster- unless the state instill a sense of
purpose among the citizen – many of us are dead. Those young people
you represent are coming for us to get the money, the car, the flat
screen, you name.From Friday 28 June to Saturday 29 June (24 hours) more than 15 people just in a radius of 150 kilometers have been murdered!What else can the police and Ochola do? For the past one year all murderers have been caught but the situation is not getting better!

Two weeks ago, a person a women killed 7 family members.
https://www.monitor.co.ug/News/National/Horrific-scenes–Mbarara-murder-of-seven-family-members/688334-5150502-5qiy5gz/index.html

Had Idi Amin not shocked Ugandans with executions – the seventies
would have been hell.There are three levels that should be considered now

1. National Security is at stake – The Army must come in to rescue the situation. That implies they go in and open a war against state
aggressors. That means implies do whatever is possible to terminating
these kinds before they do more damage.

2. Local Security is at stake- The police can no longer help the
situation since they are infiltrated by criminals operating with
military skills. The police can’t operate outside the its mandate of
provide law and order in local national frame work. We are left with
option one

3. Local defense security is at stake – the local defense working with the community have no ability whatsoever to fight people with military weapons that has failed in point two.

To note; if the state fails to apply military order by publicly
executing armed criminals, what has been going on from the past two
years has boomeranged into full scale national war that is far worse
than all wars we have had in this country.

This people kill anybody; children, old, women

On the World Bank’s Wrong Advice to Uganda to Scrap the PLE


by

Mukwanason A. Hyuha
Professor of Economics
Centre for Critical Thinking and Alternative Analysis
hyuhama@gmail.com
June 12, 2019.

Introduction

According to the 13th Uganda Economic Update, released on June 7, 2019, the World Bank has advised Uganda, inter alia, to:

1.Scrap Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) and rely heavily on continuous assessment.

2.Eliminate class repetition so as to reduce on wastes and encourage the learners to complete.

3.Stop constructing teachers’ houses, libraries and laboratories in secondary schools.

4.Expand pre-primary education so as to improve the reading and numeracy of its citizens.

5.Privatise poorly performing schools.

Recommendation 2 (automatic promotion) is effectively being implemented in the primary section of Uganda’s education system. In my opinion, there are more cons than pros on this policy; hence, one hopes that it will not be extended to post-primary sections.

The World Bank gives two reasons to justify the first recommendation. First, because $82million is lost in ‘unproductive education’ as many children leave in the middle of primary education when they are still illiterate. Second, one “way to improve the issue of low transition to lower secondary could be abolishing examinations in the final grade of primary. The rationale for this policy is that most countries now consider primary and secondary education as part of the same foundational education, which they are making compulsory. …”.

The ‘advice’ to stop building teachers’ houses, libraries and laboratories in secondary schools is justified because this activity is, allegedly, not only costly but also unsustainable. In addition, the last two recommendations are justified because they are supposed to improve the country’s reading and numeracy levels and result in cost reductions and efficiency.

Besigye offered to pay fees for Deogloria Virtue Ejang, best PLE girl in northern Uganda who had failed to join secondary.


In this short paper, I critically evaluate some of these ‘advices’—with great emphasis on the first three. I believe that the ‘advices’ are not only misplaced and inappropriate but also imprudent and likely to result in a further deterioration in academic standards, and, eventually, lead to unintended results. Implementation of the advices is bound to increase ignorance—lowering of academic standards across the board—and yet ‘ignorance is more expensive than education’. Besides, in a corruption-ridden country like Uganda, is a continuous assessment system likely to operate optimally? Given the society-embedded corruption, with the profit motive being the basic guiding light for private schools, are many schools not likely to distort or inflate continuous assessment grades for their students so as to outcompete others?

High Dropout (Attrition) Rates in Uganda

It is true that attrition rates are very high, thereby contributing to the lower transition from primary to lower secondary education sections. As the following table shows, in 2009, pupil enrollment in P.1 was 1,943,552, and in 2013, the enrollment was 1,883,803, while the enrollment in the same years in P.7 were 544,531 and 579,431, respectively. Assuming that these are typical years, this gives attrition (drop-out) rates of 72.0% and 69.2% for the two years, respectively.

What explains the high attrition rates in the primary section? As I stated in an earlier (published) article (see the New Vision, April 3, 2019), since there is automatic promotion of pupils at the primary school level, the attrition cannot be due to examination bottlenecks. Instead, research has shown that factors that lead to this significant attrition include, inter alia, the following:

1. High poverty levels that lead to poor provision to students by parents and guardians of the required tuition fees, reading materials, school meal charges, uniforms, and other scholastic materials. This is more pronounced in rural than urban areas. A parent under abject poverty is in great pain and stress to provide his family with a decent meal; hence, he/she should not be expected to afford scholastic materials or cater for his/her child’s feeding at school.

2. In view of the extreme poverty, there exist several other families that ‘force’ their children to get employed in sugarcane estates, tea plantations or rudimentary mines—even if the families have a high value for education. The fact is that the harsh socio-economic conditions under which they live compel them to put their personal economies ahead of education.

3. Bad parenting, whereby children are left on their own. In such a situation, children may abandon their homes and become ‘street kids’.

4. Excessive alcoholism in a family, a situation that leaves very little income for spending on education and other necessities. This may also result in children becoming ‘street kids’.

5. Violence and/or severe misunderstandings among parents in a home. This situation may also lead to children running away from their homes to become ‘street kids’.

6. Negative societal attitudes towards the girl-child in the face of biting poverty, that often lead to parents and guardians marrying off their daughters early so as to get bride price.

7. Lack of necessities, such as sanitary pads, as far as girls in the upper sections of the primary school level are concerned.

8. A poor teaching and learning environment, mostly in rural schools. This includes poor physical and academic infrastructures, poor teaching and high teacher absenteeism rates, poor motivation for both teachers and students (e.g., poor teacher remuneration and lack of career guidance for pupils), etc. For instance, various studies have shown that pupils’ learning environment and conditions are quite harsh and unconducive; hence, most primary school graduates can neither read nor write, nor do basic mathematics. This has led to the low quality of education, yet the strength of a structure or system depends on its foundation or pillars.

9. Availability of factors that attract pupils away from school—such as local ‘cinema halls’, gambling and other distractions. Besides, many parents in rice-growing areas, like Doho in Butaleja District, often engage their children in tending rice gardens during school time—leading to high pupil absenteeism. In fact, even teachers in such areas pay more attention to their rice gardens than to teaching; some report to school as late as 11.00a.m. daily.

10. Other explanatory factors include the exorbitant fees charged by private and other schools, in addition to poverty and the high cost of living. A parent will often erroneously appear not to prioritise education, yet deep down he/she would have loved to see his/her child in school.

Note that, as evident from the above table, attrition rates at the secondary school levels (Senior 1 to Senior 4) are also high, although far lower than those at the primary school level.

Extremely Low Academic Standards at All Education Levels

I and various other researchers and writers on the education system in Uganda have argued and shown that academic standards in the country are very low, across the board. This is due, among other things, to poor physical infrastructure at all levels, poor academic facilities, a poor teaching and learning environment, poor supervision or oversight, poor staffing, poor or insufficient consumables in institutions (chemicals for laboratories, computers, other laboratory equipment/requirements, etc.), inadequate teaching, poor remuneration of instructors across the board, adverse effects of the corruption scourge, and issues of inappropriate governance.

In fact, the World Bank itself is in agreement with this issue of low standards—yet it makes the above bizarre recommendations. A report of a study, commissioned in 2018 by the World Bank and other partners, showed that children in Sub-Saharan Africa learn very little in education systems with millions of them lacking basic literacy and numeracy skills even after spending many years in school. The report explains that schooling is not the same as learning, and that in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, when Primary 3 pupils were asked during the study to read a sentence such as “The name of the dog is Puppy”, three-quarters did not understand what it said.

Further, according to the report, at least 80% of pupils in Primary 2 in Uganda cannot perform a two-digit subtraction, whereas 61% cannot read a single word of a short sentence. For example, in rural areas, the report says, nearly 75% of pupils in Primary 3 could not solve a two-digit subtraction, such as “46 – 17”, and by Primary 5, half still could not do so.

Analysis and Conclusion

It is obvious that the World Bank bases its recommendations mainly on the need to reduce attrition (dropout) rates, need to boost transition from primary to lower secondary school levels, and need to cut costs. That is why even mind-boggling recommendations like stopping “constructing teachers’ houses, libraries and laboratories in secondary schools as this is costly and not sustainable” and “privatising poorly performing schools” are made—without taking into account their likely impacts on academic standards.

Garbage in, garbage out; in the face of very low academic standards, automatic promotion and abolition of the PLE would lead to forcefully pushing children with extremely low numeracy and literacy levels from Primary 1 to Senior 4; and these are the majority of learners during the 12 formative years of education. Isn’t this more costly than if automatic promotion is abolished and PLE is retained? Should emphasis be placed on avoiding high attrition rates and improving transition to lower secondary, rather than on measures aimed at bettering working conditions for teachers, revamping physical infrastructure at all school levels, improving academic facilities and teaching and learning environment, fighting the corruption scourge, and so on?

The problem with the Uganda education system is not the high attrition rates and the existence of (the PLE, UCE and UACE) examination ‘bottlenecks’ per se, but existence of factors that militate against lowering dropout rates and improving academic standards across the board.

Thus, to improve education across the board, I strongly believe, the factors that lead to high attrition rates and low standards—some of which have been enumerated above—should be tackled head-on. Automatic promotion, abolishing PLE or UCE or UACE, stopping constructing houses for teachers and other measures recommended by the World Bank are, to say the least, misplaced and inappropriate priorities. If one does a comparative analysis of the situation now and the situation that obtained in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, one is bound to draw the same conclusion as I have done. Otherwise, how could a child, like me, from a poor family and a rural school (Busolwe Primary School), along with many others, have joined a good school like Ntare School? What went wrong? This is the question that needs focus, rather than prioritising the ‘advices’.

Poor people still can’t afford electricity in Uganda


Uganda Electricity Transmission Company Limited awarded multiple power projects, worth sh126b, to a ghost firm.


By Dan Bwanika via UAH forum

Electricity is still very expensive for low income earners in Uganda!If you use a fridge, deep freezer, cooker, TV, fan, security lights or has family you will spend between UGX 250000 and UGX 400000 shillings a month.Very few people in Uganda in income UGX 700000 shs income black per month can afford that above electricity cost. Even five star hotels in Kampala switch off power at night.

Electricity in Uganda in the 21st century.


My observation from different homes shows people no longer leave on fridges, deep freezers and do not use cookers, electric kettles etc,Such smart meters are extremely useful.

——————–
By George Okello in London
I got my quarterly electricity bill ( 3 months) and it was for only £41 pounds. This is a huge saving because just one year ago, I was paying nearly £80 for the same consumption. The very big change I have made is in my consumption of electricity. I only use what I need. My policy now is switch on and switch off, whenever I enter and leave any room in my house. The beauty of the smart metre is that it gives you red, yellow, orange and green signals. Red means you must check all your equipment and decide whether you need them all on. It may be heating in an empty bedroom, a cooker is left on, a radio left playing in another room etc. It prompts you to take action- once you have set what your consumption level should be, then smart metre will keep you alert- it becomes your big brother.. The other big difference is that the smart metre gives you the consumption in both kilowatts as well as its cost in money terms. So you can tell exactly how much you have spent every single minute of the day, every hour, every day, every week, you know how much you are spending. This wakes people up and makes them alert- for eg why should you sit in your house for an hour leaving your lights and heater on in rooms you are not using at a cost of $1 when you could have switched them off?.

But the one drawback of the smart metre is the huge loss in jobs it has caused. The Energy Companies used to employ at least 50,000 metre readers allover the country- they were a familiar sight moving from house to house reading metres. Most of them have lost their jobs,now replaced by smart metres. That is the downside of new technology, and especially of Artificial Intelligence which is destroying most industries that used to depend on manual labour., replacing human beings with robots.

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