Adoko Nekyon left his cousin’s UPC Gov’t in 1967. Maybe this was a sign of what was to come, in 1971(?). In 1980, Adoko Nekyon, as a DP, was the first to carry the news to Uganda and to the World [over the BBC and so on] that the DP had worn. After Paulo Muwanga imposed an embargo and announced the UPC ‘victory’, it was Nekyon who gave first-hand information on how cheating/rigging had occurred in the North. He detailed the rigging process. He later went into exile from his “cousin-brother’s” thieving government.
Under M7 after 1986, Nekyon was at home. He served m7 very well. In the late 1990’a/early 2000’s, Adoko Nekyon starts a war against Sister ‘Chechilia’ and Dr. Rwanyarara, the then interim leader of UPC. He completes the coup by journeying to Zambia and presenting a make-up of the “New UPC leadership” that exclude Dr. Rwanyarara/Checilia group. The ailing leader asked one question: “have you discussed this at Uganda House??” (With Rwanyarara and Co, that is}. The ‘fox’ in Nekyon said, “YES” [which was a lie and for which the “Dr.” later went to Court in Kampala].Obote approved the new leadership structure and the rest is history.
The cause of action and consequences are there for all to see. Why do you think, of late, up to and even during the burial of Obote, Nekyon was able to get away with such “political malayaism”, even to the extent of using his ‘clan-headship’ to close out the historical UPC’s and Miria’s family-friends from the burial rituals? The reasons are many but the following are indicative.
Nekyon, may be, being remorseful for abandoning his brother in 1967 for egoistic reasons, may have been trying to make amends before the old man’s demise.
May be Nekyon, having moved from UPC to UNLF then to DP and finally to the NRM, which may have disappointed him, may have wished to play a ‘prodigal son’ returning home, which home only be UPC could provide.
May be Nekyon is /was just being opportunistic and envious of Dr. Rwanyarara? “Why should this “munyarwanda lead our party”?
For political scientists, the most plausible reason has remained one: being an experienced politician, of the ‘meandering type’ though he may be, Nekyon and his group perceived wrongly or otherwise, the NRM as a “Westerner” party that has/had eaten into the UPC strongholds in Ankole, etc. Similarly, they may have wrongly/rightly seen DP as a “Ganda Party”. The strategy, therefore was to create a party for the “EAST and NORTH, so that UPC, presumably known to the people already, would still have a presence in Parliament and therefore give Nekyon and his buddies [‘Wangoola and Co’] a lasting and retirement voice in the final days, in parliament. Numbers thus attained would also give them a ‘block’ from which to bargain with the powers that be [NRM, etc].
They forgot one or two things though: The parliamentary elections of the mid-90’s left the UPC divided and discredited in the North. The UPC witch-hunted people like Checilia and Dr. Okullo Epak because they campaigned for and entered parliament against the party’s advice. They had/have followers too.
The KONY accentuated the Acholi_Langi divide. There is no way they were ever going to belong to the same party again, at least not the UPC.
They under-estimated the NRM machinations and propaganda abilities. After herding people into concentration camps, only NRM-sifted propaganda could reach them. Only NRM food could reach them. They therefore had a semblance of security under the new ‘regime’. The NRM presented national efforts as NRM-party efforts and this happens up to today.
Nekyon and his group disillusioned the UPC supporters all over Uganda by becoming too regional/tribal while the UPC in power had, at least, pretended to appear ‘national’. No wonder, Miria could not register even a single vote at many stations outside Lango/Bugisu. It is almost certain that, had the Nekyon group not fragmented the UPC leadership, UPC’s national credentials would have been retained in many places, minimal as these could have been.
MONTHER OF ALL QUESTIONS THEREFORE: “Is UPC perishable?” The answer is simple. When the likes of Dr. Oyet cross from London to the NRMO, things are not simple. He is not a stupid “everybody”. Imagine then, what could have happened on the ground.
The UPC that ruled Uganda with KY’s help from 1962-1966, with KY/DP crossovers from 1967-1971, with Tanzania’s help from 1980-1985 CAN NEVER BE RESURRECTED. In other words, it is a waste of time to even ask about the ‘perish-ability’ or not of UPC. The question is just academic. The National UPC was on the death-bed when Obote was ailing on his death-bed in Zambia, and Adoko Nekyon, who saw the national UPC as a dead “Co” tried to replace it with a regional UPC, with catastrophic consequences. The national UPC therefore perished long ago when Nekyon, Wangola, Walubiri, etc decided to hammier the final nail in its head.
It may remain as a Lira-party centred on Hon. Akena. New parties, including a possible ‘Acholi one” [not the Liberal party of Tiberio Okeny and Leander Komakech of 1980 but may one centred on Mao] after the DP rejects him], etc. “National UPC is History”. If this prediction is to be proved wrong, then today is certainly not the time. The ‘bwino” – hard evidence we have is that the UPC is no more, at least as a national party, thanks, among other things, to M7_Adoko joint Nekyon action.