April 2009
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Month April 2009

Muwanga looted the Uganda embassy to finance the struggle

Dear Ugandans,

Muwanga, did not loot the Embassy for self interests. The proceeds of the property selling went toward the then liberation struggle. Kind of Museveni, looting guns from Police stations, invading Banks and looting millions of cash, looting the Kaaya, farms in Luwero, in order to feed his thugs, looting local dispensaries in ruler areas and looting army uniforms, ammunition, trucks etc.

In 1971, when Idi Amin overthrew the first Obote government, the Kenyan’s and Tanzanian’s took advantage of the East African properties such as planes and other items. In return, one Ugandan sea Captain, crossed the Kenyan waters with one of the biggest EAC   cargo and passenger ships into Uganda and that is all Uganda benefitted from the break up.

In 1972, what did Idi Amin do to the departed Asian properties? I need not to remind you that it took Obote, during his second return to start the compansation process of the confiscated Asian properties by Idi Amin.
During the last Iraqi war which deposed Sadam Hussein, millions of US Dollars were found piled up in different hideouts, by the US army, the money was allegedly confscicated and returned to the Iraqi government.

During the 1978/79 liberation war, the TPDF left Uganda with millions worth of property, from government and private vehicles, to watches, radio cassets and TV’s, including our beutiful women!!

Such things happen during political instabilities, war and during regime change.

Joseph Kamugisha

How powerful was Obote’s Paulo Muwanga

Paulo muwanga was a powerful minister because he had earned it and he had created his own independent political portfolio unlike some people who just become MPs and then think of becoming ministers or vice presidents at the mercy of president museveni. Unlike Nsibambi(Museveni’s prime minister) and Bukenya( his VP), Muwanga had built a strong political career for himself and there is no wise president in Africa who would have kept him as his VP for such a long time:

At the time when the Ugandan in exile and Tanzanian were fighting Amin, muwanga was the administrator for Masaka and a clandestine agent for UPC and obote. Powerful obote ministers like Muwanga and Rwakasisi played a big part in the removal of Amin from power. Muwanga knew Obote inside/ out.

During moshi, muwanga was elected chairman of the military commission and this was not an accident. Museveni wanted this position himself but he was sidelined by UPC elements at Moshi conference.

Muwanga was even powerful under binaisa that when he was sent to Geneva as ambassador, he managed to challenge this in the NCC. Binaisa had to back down. Can you see prof Kiwanuka or Kinobe challenging Museveni for sending them to Dubai and DRC as ambassadors respectively? Kinobe and Kiwanuka became ministers at the mercy of president Museveni. He can do anything he wants with them whether they like it or not.

Muwanga was very influential in removing Binaisa to prepare for Obote’s return. He and oyite ojok planned this coup.

museveni met muwanga in Germany at the Koblenz military hospital where he had gone for treatment on tax payers’ money. I guess this is how Museveni came to start admiring the Germany hospitals and their facilities because the greedy UPC guys exposed it to him. I understand one of his daughters called Natasha also had her baby from Germany. Anyway, to go back to the point, Muwanga had turned against obote and was willing to work with the museveni group to get rid of Obote 2(the one who had imposed himself on Ugandans after the 1980 elections). Muwanga was at this time working with the Acholis in the army to dislodge the obote/ ogole group and it worked.

In an interview with Israel Mayengo, now Minister, Genera Duties, Office of Katikkiro, Tanzanians had refused to cross river Katonga until Muwanga was flown to Dar Es Salaam spent three days in the guest wing of State House and on the fourth day, Nyerere told him that “Ok go and sort it out with Msuguri.” Had it not Muwanga, Tanzanians would not have advanced to Kampala. Nyerere had a personal admiration on Muwanga after he resigned his parliamentary seat in favour of John Kakonge, whom Obote had almost chased out of UPC. He later became Minister of Agriculture and Muwanga became Ambassador to Egypt before Amin sent him to France where he is said to have sold “Uganda House.”

Paula Muwanga was the only Uganda’s Vice President who had a wide range of powers other than appointing and sacking ministers. He at one time said that he had powers of live and death. He released a detainee and ordered the killing of another to demonstrate those powers. Muwanga was very powerful. In Masaka there was a UPC Haji, Kateregga, who had been convicted of an offence by the Magistrate’s court. He jetted in , summoned the Chief Magistrate and the District Commissioner and ordered the release of Kateregga with immediate effect. In Masaka, he also detained his brother Kafuuma, who was a DP and Manager of Masaka Co-operative Union, and died in Masaka barracks. Muwanga was powerful, very powerful, as Vice President and Defence Minister. It is due to Obote’s weakness that Muwanga, with the Okellos, undermined Obote and caused the 1985 Saturday July 27th coup having met Ssemogerere and Museveni in Germany early that byear.

After selling the embassy contents, the fellow ‘trousered’ the proceeds and, to this day, not a commission of inquiry into that undiplomatic activity has seen the light of day. That embassy raid was in the 1970s. By 1980, Chairman of Embassy Disposals Board-cum-Vice President had graduated to pocketing votes, with precision and flying colours.

Oyite Ojok Looted more than Muwanga. The only difference is that Muwanga’s family enjoyed his loot while that of Oyite Ojok was looted by an aide, who has almost turned Mbarara municipality into a city. Thanks to Museveni who gave a tractor to one of Oyite Ojok’s widows in 1991 at Kololo Air Strip, to mark 5th anniversary of NRM/NRA victory.

Muwanga Paulo was a powerful minister under Obote(1 & 2), Moshi conference, Lule, Binaisa,… because he had built his own independent political career. There is no way Museveni would make such a person of Muwanga’s calibre his vice president or prime minister unless if he is thinking of retiring. The moment you start showing signs that you are so powerful politically; Museveni will drop you without even thinking twice. Why do you think VP bukenya is always forced to come out and make statements that show that ‘he is nothing’?

As for prof Nsibambi, he used to be a pro-federo activist and a lecturer at Makerere university, and that is where president Museveni picked him up and made him whatever he did make him. Since then, Nsibambi has been keeping a low profile and just doing his job. How can such a man be a threat to any president in anything?

The truth remains that the few Baganda ministers in Obote government who were powerful were because they had earned it. It is the same under Museveni: the powerful ones have been with Museveni since the FRONASA or bush days.

UAH forumists

Was Dr.Obote tribalist or nationalist

Dear Ugandans at Heart,

The following were Obote’s words in the Uganda Herald of 24th April 1952 that might help you to show his true credentials.  He, the ‘ nationalist’, was reacting to formation of the UNC.  Here went AM Obote the your nationalist:
“I shall be highly obliged if you would allow me space….to express the feelings of young enlightened Semi-Hamites and Nilotes about some of the aims of the congress.  Not long ago, Mr Fenner Brockway, MP came to Uganda and concentrated his activities in and around Kampala.  He returned to England and gave his version of the “Unification of all tribes in Uganda”….his version is a direct negation of the established traditions of the Semi-Hamites and the Norsemen (Nilotes) and…we are worried about it.  It will, therefore, be of great interest to us if the Uganda National Congress will point out exactly what they mean by the “Unification of all tribes in Uganda”….Co-operation with the government is also recommended but we Semi-Hamites and Norsemen of Uganda feel that the congress is aiming at “Self-Government in Uganda,” is hastening and thereby leaving us behind.  Because of our present inability to aim so high….it must be pointed out to the congress here and now that with us [Semi-Hamites and Norsemen], the question of  questions lies in education and rapid development of African Local Governments…..the height of folly [on Musaazi’s part] is the apparent omission ….of a definite aim to the slogan of “immediate Local Sel-Government in Uganda”
Those are the words of AM Obote, UPC supporters claim to be the great nationalist, the father of the nation.  As you can see, national self government was none of AM Obote’s business.  His was African Local governments!  To the Doctor, independence was IK Musaazi’s folly. 
So, ……..Musazi was saying, “immediate national independence now!”, Obote was saying, “immediate tribal independence now!”….no wonder he struck a cord with “independence for Buganda now”….with all the disastrous consequences.  That will do for the bit on “…discrediting genuine efforts and sacrifices of others.”

You will recall that on 3rd February 1960 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan made the declaration that, “The wind of change is blowing through this continent. Whether we like it or not, this growth of national consciousness is a political fact.”

By that time, colonial powers had settled for the fact that they had to let go of the colonies.  With or without people like AM Obote, the decision had already been reached.  But listen to the UPC claiming that Uganda may never have become independent without Mr Obote’s sacrifices! 
UPC’s is like the opportunism of a house girl whose tenure as the yaya coincides with the growth phase of the baby when it starts standing.  Such a clueless house girl then hollers on and on that if she had not sang the song, “Butengenene, omwana ayimilidde” the baby would never ever have stood!….es[ecially when the baby eventually turns out to be Obama.
Typical housegirlish opportunism is what makes them think that they had a part to play in Uganda’s reversion to the current pseudoliberalism. 
Lakini UPC!  They will rig anything!

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick

Uganda Parliament has no guts,teeth and spine

1/7 The Uganda parliament is made to appear useless because there is simply no socio-political basis for it in countries like ours. This takes me to my tired metaphor: when out of impatience with the slow metamorphosis of the caterpillar you glue wings on it, the fact is that, the caterpillar will not fly. Instead it will chew those wings mistaking them for the leaves that it feeds on. Sadly, West Minster parliamentarism is one of those wings that have been glued on the caterpillar inappropriately named ‘Uganda’.  Those wings must be chewed.  They are historically superflous, unless the country undergoes a root, stem and branch transformation from the current mediaevalism. What do I mean?

2/7 Let us trace the practical and historical origins of parliaments where they first came into existence, using the example of England. In that country monarchs originally survived on revenue from traditional sources: royal lands, taxes on clergy, proceeds of justice and feudal aids (prerogative taxes). Time came when the monarchs could no longer rely on those sources of revenue particularly to finance warfare in foreign lands.

3/7 For example, King Edward I found himself in a fix ahead of the war to conquer Wales. Traditional sources could not finance that war, so he resorted to raising money from wealth producers: merchants, financiers, shippers, grain growers, stock keepers, and other propertied classes. This was tax on trade and movables. The trouble with that tax was that, it could be avoided. If a wealthy person was not happy with the monarch, he could relocate his stock from Sussex in the south and hide it in Sheffield in the midlands. Grain stocks could be hidden similarly and financiers and merchants could move their capital from London to Amsterdam and invest there.

4/7 Therefore taxation of moveable property required the monarchs to bargain, to discuss, to confer and negotiate with the wealthy property owners to get consent on how much they could tax them and the use to which their money was to be put, and agreement on what the wealthy classes would gain materially from the monarchs’ foreign adventures. The other option for the monarch was to starve. The process of negotiation, talking, bargain, (kulamuza as they say in Luganda) is also called PARLEY or in French, ‘parler’.

5/7 Because it was difficult for the King to negotiate with individual wealth owners, the latter nominated from amongst themselves the toughest negotiators to form the body of their representatives. The place where the representatives of the King and representatives of the wealth producers met to parley then became the ‘parlement’ in France. In broken French, also called English that is what they call parliament: the place for negotiation (between property owners and governors).

6/7 In those countries, there is a fiscal contract between the political elite and the population. The population pays taxes, and they take the political elite to task on the use of the tax. In the England of 1865, 52% of the MPs were merchants, industrialists and men of finance. They went to parliament to ensure that their money was not misused and to ask the Monarch, “nfunamu ki”: what do we gain from your projects? They were not desperados looking for a bribe of U Shs 5 million. The monarch had not helped to campaign for them to be in the parley place. They were representing their own interests. The historical mission of our ‘parliamentarians’ is just to share the spoils. Their game is survival: do not annoy the monarch, apologise when you can, be a rubber stamp because you must.

7/7 In countries like Uganda, when the monarch becomes desperate for revenue, donors throw money at him. If there were no donations, our monarchs would negotiate with the wealth producers, if any, or starve. For Uganda, 53% of the budget is from non-domestic sources. Burkina Faso, 103.9%: the donors give them everything plus some bonus. If I am a president of Burkina Fasso, what parley do I need with my population? Therefore, how relevant in parliament to me? Why will I not tell them to apologise if they annoy me? But in England, the wealthy appointed their own IGG, and the King accepted hands down, because the wealthy bankrolled the Monarch. Who pays the piper calls the tune. The question is, who pays the Uganda piper?

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick

Explaining Uganda Police Crisis

Dear Ugandans at Heart,

1/7  The current strength of the UPF is 18,000.  According to the United Nations, the optimum ratio of police personnel to the population for effective policing is 1:450.  With a population of 31 million, our current ratio is 1 police officer to 1,722 members of the population.  What this means is that, Uganda is underpoliced to the tune of 272%. 
2/7  Long before we talk ourselves hoarse over the deprivations of the police in Kampala metropolitan area, what we need to be worrying about is the fact that all that the country has in terms of police is a scarecrow: walinga. 
3/7  In fact, the 1:1,722 ratio is a national average.  It conceals the gross regional imbalances in policing as the table below for northern region shows:
Sub-region                                                                       Police

                                                                                       to population ratio

(Arua, Adjumani, Moyo, Nebbi,Yumbe)             1:5129
2.Central Northern:

(Pader, Kitgum, Gulu, Lira, Apac)                           1:4803

(Amuria, Katakwi, Kaberamaido, Soroti, Kumi, Pallisa, Sironko, Kapchorwa)


(Moroto, Nakapiripirit, Kotido)                                  1:7202
Regional average                                                          1:5004
National average                                                          1:1,722

4/7  If you go and talk to the logistics officer of UPF right now, he will tell you that the force needs an additional 576 vehicles.  Even the distribution of the existing vehicle fleet is so skewed that, sometime in 2003, it was reported that, 16 districts in 2 regions had no police vehicles at all.  Of all the vehicles, 76% were in Central Region, 10% in Eastern Region, 9% in Western Region and a mere 5% in the troubled Northern Region. 

5/7  Even when we talk about Central Region, we may easily miss the imbalances therein.  In 2003, the UPF had a strength of 15,401 and 7,143 of those were in Kampala…i.e., 65%.  The reason why they are in dilapidated structures of Kampala may also have something to do with the fact that the majority of them are in Kampala. 
6/7  As we reflect on this problem, we also need to disabuse ourselves of partisanism, as I am seeing with forumists that are allied to UPC.  Underpolicing in Uganda is a historical malaise that requires suprapartisan solutions.  For example, the population of Uganda in 1985 was 15, 491,000.  The police force was a mere 8,000 personnel, the same strength as in 1969 when the population was 9 million.  For the 1985 population, Uganda required 34,450 police officers.  In other words, in 1985, Uganda was underpoliced to the tune of 330% compared to 272% today.  The ratio of police officers to the population in 1985 was 1: 1927, less favourable than today’s which as we have seen above is 1:1,722.  So forumists like Mr Mulindwa, the time for you to really explode unreservedly may have been 1985 when we maintained the strength of the police force equivalent to when we were almost half of the population of the day.
7/7  The point is that, the policing crisis in Uganda goes beyond the state of dilapidated billeting in the pampered Kampala.  Partisan cynicism should be taken out of our thinking because the policing crisis is a historical one and it is testimony of the failings of the elite class across the board, irrespective of what faction has been in power.    Diasporan feel-good hot air voluntarism of donating $500 is self-foolery, just as it is grievous self-deception.  I say, it should be culled and it must be called off forthwith. 

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick

‘UAH’ forumist

The faith of Justice Mwodha

Fellow Ugandans,

All professional folks like Justice Mwondha, devote their professionalism to a company or a country with the faith and knowledge that the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) appreciates their contribution to the advancement of the country or corporation.In fact, the quarterly or yearly evaluations are designed to narrow the gap between the envisioned direction of the CEO and that of the employee or professional person at hand. The chief interest of the CEO is to establish a process, and institutional workflow to produce results that meet employees or societal needs effectively.

The moment all professional folks dread is the existence of a fundamental chasm in the philosophy between them and the CEO who hired them. If there is a major discrepancy as to where corporation or country is heading, they tender their resignation immediately, so as not to compromise their professional integrity. It is a fundamental vision of the professional, not to impede the progressive flow of the corporation, having summoned all their good will.

At such a cross road, finds our own professional justice Mwondha, whose good name and intentions are being mired in the politics of incompetence, jealous and malice,we are told by the likes of those whom in her eyes deserve to be prosecuted and thrown out of office for the good of the nation.
The president has lost far too many honest women from the justice circles, at the counsel of such greedy, malicious men. I’m reminded of Christine Nabakooza k,’s story a once vibrant director of youth, who had championed the youth agenda in the country with intentions that were purely devotional to her country and professional career.

The president picked her as the Director of Youth, from the ministry of Justice where she was bruising and netting top corrupt officials. She recalls working in a culture of men, who were malicious and against her advancement, filled with reproach and against many great ideas that she forwarded at the secretariat. She accused them of being bent towards her destruction and demise, by fabricating purely unfounded innuendos of corruption. In doing so they denied the Country and society, the sagacity and fresh perspective of a good international lawyer, highly regarded by both the Nigerian and Ugandan Bar Association.

If you took a poll a decade later, of those who falsely accused her of corruption and caused her termination, you find that they have amassed land, houses and bank accounts that couldn’t be properly reconciled, with the meager wages they earn. Incidentally the Auditor General’s report exonerated her completely. Today like yesterday the cloud of the corrupt still oppresses her by denying her a rightfully earned pension and remuneration.

It is absolutelywithin the power of the president to lead this professional woman through this perilous tuff, for letting her down would decry foul and hopeless devotion in the circles of women who have devoted their professional careers to advance his causes.
The president should provide her with the necessary legal framework of protection, to maneuver through the parliamentary committee. If there is perceived fear of the largeness of her mandate, then tough, one cannot teach a dog how to hunt and scold it when it comes home with the road kill.

Surely,when the president and parliament picked an IGG, they went for the kernel from the other branch of government, an incorruptible justice, who by all accounts showed a willingness to assist the executive along with parliamentarians. She was acquired in the wisdom of a proverb well known to us, “when you find one of your own on a rough journey, your spirit is rejuvenated”
She was given the mandate to fight graft in the country and it was a salvational moment for the country, to have a champion of her stature from the judiciary leading the cause.

Now is the time for our CEO, to reconcile the two branches of government, and to quiclkly remove any rancor that has brought paralysis in governance and disaffection to the populace.These charges that emanate from supposedly tainted hands, that she is against development, are baseless and meant to derail and malice a good justice. If there is such a thing as a project that has no corruption from the bidding process to its finality in Uganda, then I believe that Justice Faith Mwondha, would have had no hesitation to put her “NOT corrupt” stamp on it.
However, if she sniffed any semblance of graft, her instinct as a justice would have been to stop it in it’s tracks immediately much to the chagrin of those who were in the frenzy of the eat.
Once you hired a justice, you had to know that she needed a definitive measure of autonomy to carry out her work. If her petition had fallen on deaf ears as Nabakooza’s, it would have appeared as though the President and parliament wanted to use the gravity of a justice to stop corruption, but were unwilling to protect a person of her judicial calling from those who had been seething at the mouth for obvious reasons to tear her apart.

Efficiency in the governance of a country or company is hinged upon the harmonious environment that is fostered by the Chief executive officer.
We were all pleased to see that the President reciprocated salvation to the judiciary, a branch that wasted no time, when he made the call to fight corruption. As to our Parliamentarians, a good dictum to follow next time, on such matters pertaining to the judiciary is to use: appeals, judicial reviews and special inquiries, as appropriate mechanism to bring checks and balances to such high ranking members of the judiciary, providing legal services.

Also the media and parliamentary committees are wrong types of mechanism to bring pressure upon the judiciary, much as they have an impact on the actions of the judiciary
Since the inspectorate is charged with the responsibility of eliminating corruption and abuse of office, and because she has to reports to parliament, with a higher calling function of promoting and ensuring strict adherence to the rule of law, natural justice, equity and good conscience. The Attorney General and Parliemant will have to reconcile and adopt to her style for now. We also need to think of a serious arbiter,trusted by the President and Parliament to resolve such issues of governance in future.

Tendo Kaluma

Ugandan in Boston

Investigate harassment of Muslims in Uganda further

Human Rights

Omar Kalinge-Nnyago

Investigate harassment of Muslims in Uganda further

The recently released Human Rights Watch report on the torture and murder of Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) suspects entitled “Open Secret: Illegal Detention and Torture by the Joint Anti-terrorism Task Force, JATT, in Uganda” was a chilling reminder that all was not well in Uganda, especially if you are a Muslim. The anti-terror unit we are told, was formed specially to crackdown on ADF a rebel group based in Congo. This is a very dangerous approach to national security, where a section of society is specially targeted.

The vicious cycle of torture goes like this. To be seen to be working, the unit must arrest some Muslim suspects. They torture them to extract confessions. Some die in the process. Others escape death with serious injuries. Others lose limbs, other body parts and left to rot after their unceremonious release. Because they were innocent in the first place, even those who are forced to confess to escape torture cannot be charged in a court of law as there would be no evidence to sustain a prosecution. To be able leave jail, suspects are coaxed into applying for amnesty. This is in effect an admission to guilt. This becomes good statistics for JATT. The Americans and British who fund the unit pour more funds into the operation. Arresting Muslims is therefore big business. Uganda’s position as a partner in the war on terror is enhanced for every confession obtained. Consequently, the regime in Kampala extends its lease of life, despite its unprecedented corruption record, habitual electoral mal-practices and the alarming levels of nepotism in government.

These allegations must be fully investigated by an independent commission. This is not the first time that Muslims in Uganda have been targeted. Hundreds were massacred in Western Uganda and many more in West Nile in the aftermath of the fall of Idi Amin. No human rights organisation in Uganda has cared to investigate these massacres. A commission of inquiry headed by John Nagenda after the fall of Amin to investigate human rights abuses since the sixties did not find it appropriate to handle the Western Uganda and West Nile Muslim Massacres. To date, the victims of the ugly incidents which included murder, confiscation of property and displacement are still crying out for help. Something ought to be done by Uganda Human Rights Commission, other human rights organizations and the government.

Unless practical steps to address the situation are taken, the perceptions of marginalisation and harassment of Muslims in Uganda will persist. Unfortunately, the Army, through its spokesperson, and the executive, through the security minister have only invested in a disastrous public relations exercise that assumes that the population is not intelligent enough to understand that what they are doing is “smart denial of documented fact”. They must instead confront the facts, compensate torture victims, families of the those who died in the hands of JATT and thoroughly investigate the culprits who have succeeded in turning JATT in Kololo into another Naguru based Public Safety Unit or the Nakasero Headquarters of the State Research Bureau of the Idi Amin era.

The recent harassment of Muslims comes at a time when public display of religiosity has assumed alarming proportions. When the first lady wanted to stand for parliament, she evoked God. When she became a Minister of State, she evoked God. When the IGG was desperately trying to save her job, she evoked Jesus and even sang a long praise song at a press conference. The secular foundations of the country have been shaken to the core. Religion in Uganda is no longer personal. It is official business.

The danger here is that Muslims, facing constant harassment will also find it appropriate to force their belief into the public arena, get radicalized, mobilise their people using religion, basing on the undeniable evidence of torture. This would encourage more young Muslims to join rebel activity. In fact, by their own opportunistic actions, government security agencies are helping ADF and perhaps other rebel groups to recruit more easily. It is what happened when Obote II security forces miscalculated and thought they would harass suspected young men to intimidate them from rebellion. They instead found the shortest route to join Museveni’s NRA. The rest is now history.



omar d. kalinge-nnyago

UAH forumist
e-Learning Specialist
demtac consulting-codlearn
922, Old Kira Road, Bukoto
P.O. Box 1635
Cell: 0752 656 352

Illegal detention in Uganda

Human Rights

Omar Kalinge-Nnyago

Illegal detention, killings and torture of suspects in Uganda

Last Wednesday April 8, 2009, Human Rights Watch, the international human rights watchdog released a damning report on the torture of suspects by Uganda’s security agencies. The report entitled : “Public Secret: Illegal Detention and Torture by the Joint Anti-Terrorism Task Force in Uganda”. The task force, JATT in short, is a joint unit, formed in 1999, that draws its personnel from the armed forces (the Uganda People’s Defense Force, UPDF), the police, and the internal and external intelligence organizations.

The intelligence branch of the armed forces, the Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence, CMI, has operational command. JATT has no codified mandate, though the head of CMI told Human Rights Watch that JATT was established to deal with the threat posed by the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), a Ugandan rebel group based in the DRC. But individuals allegedly linked to other groups, such as Al-Qaeda, have also suffered at the hands of JATT. Former detainees told Human Rights Watch of non-Ugandans held in Kololo for long periods of time, although it is unclear why most of those suspects were detained. Almost all those illegally detained were Muslims. All were suspects. Some were killed. Few were charged in a court of law. A few are languishing in jail, without trial. The lucky were released without charge, while others were forced to apply for amnesty, a confession that the suspect is guilty of terrorism charges whereas not, to escape torture.

Although the report recommends to the Unites States and the United Kingdom, two of Uganda’s major sponsors of Uganda’s counter terrorism operations, to withhold counter terrorism funding, it is not likely to be taken seriously by the two proponents of the global War on Terror, which, others say, is euphemism for Global War on Islam. It is likely that the Ugandan government is simply doing the bidding of the two powers. The ugly incidents of human rights abuses in Abu-Ghuraib prison in Iraq, Guantanamo Bay in Cuba and now the Baghran airforce base detention centre in Afghanistan are not different from JATT atrocities in Uganda. The role of the British intelligence in unfair detention of so called terror suspects in third countries has been widely reported.

Away from the consuming discussion about the victims of JATT torture, I was drawn, in retrospect, to the perpetrators – the men and women who exacted the crime. How could someone become so cruel, so insensitive.

Most of the human rights abuses by governments are carried out as acts of obedience to some sort of authority. Obedience is a basic element in the structure of social life. Many studies of Nazi behaviour concluded that monstrous acts, despite their horrors, were often a matter of faithful bureaucrats slavishly following orders. Obedience is the psychological mechanism that links individual action to political purpose. Obedience is such a deeply ingrained behavioural tendency, so deep it often overrides training in ethics, sympathy and moral conduct.

Governments torture people. To do so they train the torturers. Recruits are carefully screened for physical, intellectual and sometimes political attributes. They are taken through rites to isolate the recruits from society and introduce them to a new social order, with different rules and values.

They are then helped to reduce the strain of obedience often by blaming and dehumanizing the victims, so it is less disturbing to hurt them. They are socially modelled by watching other group members commit violent acts and then receive rewards.

Recruits are also systematically de-sensitised to repugnant acts by gradual exposure to them, so they start appearing routine and normal despite conflicts with previous moral standards. Most state security and militia training worldwide is designed to make recruits comfortable with violence. The ‘enemy’ is given derogatory names and portrayed as less than human. This makes it easier to have them killed. A government, designates some derogatory label like “Islamic Militant”, “Islamist”, “Muslim Terrorist”, “Islamic Fundamentalist”, “Muslim radical”, on a section of world citizens. This is an indicator that their security agencies are being shown the target to torture and exterminate the suspected ‘bad guys’ if need be, without guilt. In the name of obedience, even your fellow high school buddy can turn against you without remorse. And she is not mad. Just obeying orders. Scary thought.

omarkalinge@gmail.com 0752 656 352

omar d. kalinge-nnyago
e-Learning Specialist/UAH forumist
demtac consulting-codlearn
922, Old Kira Road, Bukoto
P.O. Box 1635
Cell: 0752 656 352

Ugandans have no staple food as they eat what they ‘see’ not ‘sea food’

Dear Ugandans,
The other day, a gentleman asked what Uganda’s stepple food was and I told him: “see food”.  To him, it was like I had said “Sea food”.  He drifted into a lengthy rant about how I was lying, that Uganda was land locked so we cannot have sea food, and that probably I was not a Ugandan etc……on and on…until I told him we eat what we see, see food.
If it does not kill you, what is the problem?  One UAH forumist called Gook has been circulating a video on face book of people for whom rats are a delicacy.  In South Korea, dog chilli is afforded only by the posh individuals.  It is in fact called “Posh Tang”.  Many Euro-American cookery books have recipes for preparing squirrel meat, right from skinning the beast to serving it.
Besides, rats are rodents.  In that group of animals, you have the cane rat..omusu.  Baganda eat it.  The leporidae, i.e., rabbit and hare.  That one also, Baganda eat.  Porcupine..’namunungu’ Baganda eat it too.  There are many, many other relatives of the rat all over the world and they are eaten wherever they exist….guinea pig, pika, chinchilla, squirrels, capybara of Amazonia (which weighs up to 50 Kg), beavers and all other animals with this dentition:

If you eat one of the animals with that dental formula, do not make fun of another person who eats a smaller member of the group.. You are all rodent eaters.

Ridicule a fellow rodent eater, when you ambush innocent termites flying out of mounds of soil in the evening, and late at night…enswa, ennaka….heard about “Omulyannaka”?  Read “Omuganda n’enswa”?  After that, you will laugh at the Zambians that enjoy “kadoima”: caterpillars.

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick

UAH forumist

MPs are legally right on the IGG issue

“This case is not about the powers of parliament to legislate.  Actually the case is about constitutional  interpretation which is why the IGG’s instance on going to the CC is the best solution.  Let the Court determine.”

Mr. WBK,
It is only parliament and partly gov’t where subdelegated (statutory instruments)by the parliament to both make and unmake national(not talking about other subdelegated local laws)laws. The role of the courts is only  to interpret those laws pursuant to the ‘spirit and intendment’ of the legislators, so this means that parliament is supreme over other public institutions.

If you read well about Ch 13, Arts 223-232(1995) Constitution, nothing it suggests that IGG doesn’t have to go through similar procedures of (re)appointment upon expiration of her first tenure. Moreover ‘reappointment’ itself means that your previous term has expired and ‘if’ reappointed to start a ‘ a fresh one’. The word ‘fresh’ probably means something new, which implies that if you are starting something new you have to start from the basics, the basics which in this question would imply IGG going through similar procedures as before.  However, if the framers of the constitution perhaps expressly used ‘ the phrase ‘automatic extension’ upon good achievements,then legislators would probably be wrong to go back on their words  to call IGG, as they are doing now, to be re-vetted.

Mr. WBK courts are always inferior before the lawmakers because their role is only to give meaning to the words of the lawmakers and that is well known by Mwondha herself. This brings us to the conclusion that the CC is likely to rule in favor of the legislators. On the one hand if it were to rule in favor of the claimant, that is IGG, the lawmakers still have the constitional right to amend the part of the law which is ambigeous, the right which the courts don’t have.

In UK for example if any citizen brings to court a claim that a law made by the parliament infringes his right in regard to the now Human Rights Act (1998), an Act which was correponds to the European Convention of Human Rights(1951), the only role of the Court is to declare, if it finds the piece of legislation to contradict the aforementioned Act or convention, incompatible. However, incompatibility in itself means nothing at all because the law is still in application untill parliament decides otherwise.

So my learned friend, I aware that you are fond of the lady cos of her profound achievements(positive) speficially in such an extremely horrible environment……but but but…. why is it hard for her to go through a simple thing? Mr. WBK ,how about M7 advancing similar argument that he doesn’t have to go back to the electoral commission for vetting and nomination because the constitution is also silent about sitting leaders? would that set a good precedent?

Unless the parliament is undermined by the judges, IGG is unlikely to win this case at all judicial levels. As I have noted earlier, should, on the other hand, the ruling be in favor of IGG the parliament still has a right to remedy the situation. Let us just have eyes widely opened and see what the courts will have to say.

As regards passing of the bills and the president being the only legitimate person to assent them,  Mr. WBK, a bill can still become a law with or without his assent. Article 91 on the Exercise of Legislative powers state the following:

“(5) Where the President returns the same bill twice under paragraph (b) of clause (3) of this article and the bill is passed for the third time, with the support of at least two-thirds of all members of Parliament, the Speaker shall cause a copy of the bill to be laid before Parliament and the bill shall become law without the assent of the President.
(6) Where the President-
(a) refuses to assent to a bill under paragraph (c) of clause (3) of this article, Parliament may  reconsider the bill and if passed, the bill shall be presented to the President for assent;
(b) refuses to assent to a bill which has been reconsidered and passed under paragraph (a) of this clause or under clause (4) of this article, the Speaker shall, upon the refusal, if the bill was so passed with the support of at least two-thirds of all members of Parliament, cause a copy of the bill to be laid before Parliament and the bill shall become law without the assent of the President.
(7) Where the President fails to do any of the acts specified in clause (3) of this article within the period prescribed in that clause, the President shall be taken to have assented to the bill and at the expiration of that period, the Speaker shall cause a copy of the bill to be laid before Parliament and the bill shall become law without the assent of the President.
(8) A bill passed by Parliament and assented to by the President or which has otherwise become law under this article hall be an Act of Parliament and shall be published in the Gazette”

The thing is Uganda is a struggling democracy where the rule of law is  no strictly adhered to.  For instance the constitution puts the age limit of  any aspiring president to something  between 35 and 73. General m7 is now, was it 60?, however don’t be surprised that he may rule beyond the constitutional limit if Allah were still on his side.

Robert Ssenkindu

Ugandan residing in Sweden

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