Dear Ugandans at Heart,
1/6: I am seeing UPC supporters telling you that, “…the constituency demarcations that were used in 1980 were the ones which had been designed for use in the 1971 elections..” . I wonder where they derive that perception from. What we know is, that apart from obstructing and terrosizing prospective candidates, UPC rigged the electoral process by gerrymandering: fiddling with constituency boundaries to shortchange other parties.
2/6: A meeting between representatives of all parties agreed on 126 constituencies each with a population quota of 100,000 (+/- 10,000). This would have allowed the EC a margin of 20,000 people between the maximum and minimum to manoeuvre in demarcating boundaries, i.e., between 90,000 and 110,000.
3/6 : UPC/Paulo Muwanga/KMS Kikira instead opted for an arbitrary figure of 95,000 (+/- 25,000), thus instead giving the Kikira chaired EC a margin for massive gerrymandering. UPC then got themselves the range of 70,000 to 120,000 for what runed out to be selective demarcation of constituency boundaries. Selective in that, in areas where UPC was strong, the lower range of 70,000 applied in order to give a maximum number of constituencies while in DP strongholds, the maximum range of 120,000 applied, to deny DP representation. For example, if an area with 700,000 people was a UPC stronghold, Mr Kikira demarcated it into 10 constituencies where as a DP stronghold with the same population would be demarcated into 6 constituencies, thus crippling DP right from the start.
4/6 : To illustrate this point, Kampala then with a population of 458,000 should have been demarcated into 5 constituencies with an average of 100,000. Mr Kikira instead gave Kampala 4 constituencies with 114,606 people. Likewise, Mpigi with a population of 659,225 should have been demarcated into 7 constituencies. Mr Kikira gave them 6 with 109,871 people. Those two were DP strongholds so a constituency had to be shaved off each one of them. On the contrary, Kitgum with a population fo 307,594 should have had 3 constituencies of 100,000 people. Since it was supposedly a UPC stronghold, it was given 4, each with 76,899 people. UPC carried out similar manipulation in Bushenyi, and Mbale.
5/6: May be UPC supporters from Bushenyi can help us here. The constituency of Bushenyi North is based on Bunyaruguru county which at the time had a population of 52,161. To give it the a population quota that was close to the 100,000 otpimum, the logical arrangement was to add to it nearby Kyamuhunga, and Nyabubare (a direct neighbour of Kyamuhunga). Those two were to come from Igara to give Bushenyi North a population of 103,756 which fell within the stipulated range. What UPC did was to get far-off Bitereko subcounty with no communication with Bunyaruguru because of an impenetrable forest. This reduced the population to 101,381 in UPC’c favour. Bitereko should have been in Bushenyi West with Bumbaire, Mitooma and Kabira with a total of 117,444 people but instead, UPC concoted another arrangement that retained Mitooma and Kabira, but smuggled in Shuuku and Kitagata to reduce the population by over 6,000 to 111,221 etc etc.
6/6: That fiddling was another level of rigging that UPCs want to distract us from. So, UPC supporters should not be telling us about anything to do with constituency integrity because UPC compromised it severely in order to buttress its fraud. Of course, by such brazen uyaye, they were spoiling for a fight.
Come 12 December 1980 after AM Obote and P Muwanga had sequestered themselves with the results in some house in Kololo, Abaas Balinda was declared the winner.