Buganda kingdom at 600 years
Towards the end of 1890s, Kabaka muteesa 1 invited missionaries through a letter, to bring what they called “Civilization” reading and writing. He did not request gold, guns and or money as it’s the case with many African current leaders. His dream came true and Anglican missionaries followed by catholic missionaries started floating into what is referred to as the pearl of Africa. The people of his kingdom, scholars and many Europeans say, he brought light to his kingdom which I absolutely agree with. Where were the other kingdoms?
After his reign, Kabaka mwanga resisted the rule of missionaries which resulted to the burning of several martyrs at Namugongo.A point to note, when explorers, missionaries and colonialist came to Buganda, they were surprised to see what they didn’t expect for example, good road networks which were leading to the headquarter where the king sat.(Mmengo),the kingdom had a parliament(Lukiiko),it had a prime minister(Katikkiro),the people had a fast communication network(Ggwanga mujje) ,the people were typical agriculturalists growing bananas(matooke) as its typical food crop ,the list is endless.
Today best schools in Uganda are a result of missionaries invited by Kabaka muteesa 1.Schools include Makerere College which later turned into Makerere University, King’s college Buddo,St marys college Kisubi,Gayaza high school extra. Many leaders in Africa have studied in these Buganda schools like Nyerere of Tanzania extra. Besides that, it was the katikkiro (prime minister of Buganda Kawalya kaggwa who introduced electricity in Buganda his statue can be seen at former UEB headquarters outside, along Kampala road.
In 1942, a young cheerful prince sir Edward Fredrick Muteesa II received the 500 year old throne of his ancestors as a birthday present. Crowned the 37th Kabaka of Buganda. Freddie to his many friends is one of Africa’s aristocratic, cheerful, intelligent, with wide interests and restless spirit .His small body can be ounce alert and dignified. He was destined to be king from his birth, and everything was done to fit him for his great task. (Drum news paper 1955) .At the age of 5 he was sent to Buddo king’s college and then Makerere College the great University of E.A and then Cambridge University England. He used to own a fleet of cars including Rolls Royce.
Despite the lack of a nationalist movement, the main stumbling block to independence of Uganda was the status of Buganda within in a united Uganda.(Buganda did not want to join the union). During the colonial period, Buganda had developed as a state within in a state, and when, in 1953 governor Cohen began preparing Uganda for independence as a united country, the entire process was thrown into crisis. The Kabaka of Buganda sir Edward muteesa II rejected any attempt to integrate Buganda into Uganda and demanded independence of his kingdom.(such a brilliant idea) Drum oct,1957. I prophecy today 6th of October 2012 that any time , the kingdom of Buganda will gain its full independence no matter when, how, and who will lead the struggle but, Buganda is a state within a state and it has all what it takes to posses a federal status. roads,lakes,fertile soils, forests ,good schools, big and good hospitals, it has a parliament, a prime minister, local administrative structures eg gombolola,masaza,miluka,kyalo,etc.
Governor Cohen had him deported and for the two years that the kabaka was in exile in Britain, very little constitutional progress or no progress was made. (This clearly shows each and every person who undermines Buganda to know that Uganda without Buganda cannot do so much economic and political wise. This is because economics is embedded in politics and vice vercer you can never separate the two. (Prof. Philip K.Kottack. Exploration of human diversity)
In 1955 the kabaka was allowed to return to Uganda in terms of a compromise agreement .However, the Buganda government continued to obstruct political changes which treated Buganda as an integral part of Uganda, much to the annoyance of non baganda Ugandans.
In 1961 at the London constitutional conference, the British put forward, and had accepted a constitution which granted Buganda federal status within Uganda, while the three western kingdoms ie Tooro, Bunyoro and Ankole were to have semi-federal status (Drum Oct 1957)
Now, I pity president Museveni who says Buganda did not get its independence. Let his advisers especially on Buganda issues take for him these facts.
Buganda character wise are described as receptive people who do not have a lot of resistance and this has paid a price for their kingdom that’s why today all people from western, northern and eastern are flowing to Buganda to access social amenities which are the fruits of our ancestors.
Lubega.N.C Dar es salaam