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Month December 2012

The death of Hon Nebanda (RIP) has exposed YKM in a way many Ugandans had not seen before


kalungiFolks:

The death of Hon Nebanda (RIP) has exposed YKM in a way many Ugandans had not seen before. By ordering the IGP to go and interview the Hon Speaker-consider it an order to the IGP-Ugandan may be headed over apolitical and legitimacy cliff. Actually Ugandan may be headed the Kenyan way when the then deputy Speaker the late Jean Marie Seroney told MPs that the late Hon Shikuku did not have to substantiate the obvious.

Hon Shikuku and Deputy Speaker Seroney were detained. I mean detention without trial by Mzee Jomo Kenyatta.

I do not see a way out of the trap NRM (read YKM) has set for himself. Once again the IGP a lawyer by training is at the thick of things.

I anticipate the IGP leading a contingent of police officers to ambush the Hon Madame Speaker and interview her perhaps outside parliament. Think about the spectacle of afande IGP and his sidekick Judith Nabakooba going along to witness the interrogation so they can issue their usual crap press statements.

Obviously, Hon Speaker is fed up and she seems to be prepared for whatever consequence YKM and IGP subject her too.

So think about it. How did the govt of Ugandan blow the death of Hon Nebanda. Having identified the weakest link and done their part, everything that could possibly go wrong went through largely in part due to the stupidity of the Ugandan police.

Funny, they continue digging instead of stopping. No one seems to notice that with each threat and presidential involvement, they are digging themselves even deeper.

I think this is the first it has happened or about to happen in Uganda, a mulokole president ordering the IGP to go and interview the Hon Speaker. Talk of hypocrites.

How come no one saw that coming? And who told YKM to micro manage the MP’s death? Why did he assume that Ugandans will go along with his damn lies? 2013 may not a good year for Uganda.

I had let this issue go so that Hon Nebanda (RIP) can rest in peace. But this video made me reconsider and say something.

VIDEO:
The Death of Hon Cerinah Nebanda

For the record and for all Govt reps and agents in UAH and for the sake of the president’s argument-he say we are fit to be his children-that Hon Nebanda knowingly or unknowingly hang out with drug dealers. Interpretation: one Kalungi was a drug dealer.

Even if we accept all YKM’s claims and honestly smear campaign of the late Hon Nebanda (RIP) it does NOT absolve the state. Listen to me very carefully. Let us suppose that the post mortem report read out by Dr Ruth Aceng, the Director General if Medical services can be believable-it is not, ok-it DOES NOT MEAN that the state could not have murdered Hon Nebanda. It is still perfectly possible that Hon Nebanda died in the company of one Kalungi, BUT Kalungi could have been-me thinks he is -a state agent. So Kalungi administered the drugs to the late Nebanda. OK.

Again let us assume that Hon Nebanda was dating or going out with one Kalungi and if others people knew, certainly state agents knew it so they set out to look for the WEAKEST link in Nebanda’s life. And that link was one Kalungi. So they recruit Kalungi and give him the money and yes drugs to administer to the late Nebanda (RIP).

Why? So that the state could argue that she died from drugs.

Folks, the plan to kill Hon Nebanda (RIP) was deliberate. And I ASSERT not lightly that all along the IGP and the police knew what was going on. They were hoping to use post mortem result to SMEAR the late minister in the hoped that because drugs killed her, the state was INOCENT. WRONG.
We can accept YKM’s explanation and STILL conclude that the state played the definitive role in her death. So, and this is important, the allegations that the late Nebanda (RIP) died from drugs injected-drugs supplied by the state to Kalungi-does not ABSOLVE the state.
Again let me be clear. We can accept al YKM’s explanation -because the state knew what it had done-and still condemn the NRM govt and its state agencies for killing Hon Nebanda.
Therefore Ugandans must reject with all the contempt-to borrow YKM’s words-the president’s explanation that the state is innocent just because Hon Nebanda is alleged to have died from drugs.
As noted above, it is perfectly and logically possible that the state supplied Kalungi with the said drugs and he knew-and the state knew-exactly what was going on.
And this is what I am thinking. The police and state agents must have given Kalungi safe passage outside of Uganda.
I repeat the govt of Uganda could have worked to ensure the safety of one Kalungi and his accomplices out of the country.
So this is what I beg you. We need to have a picture of Kalungi posted and widely circulated. Once that is done, for those of us outside Uganda we have to be alert and sharp. If you see Kalungi in your country go to the police and report him immediately to police authorities. I suspect Kalungi may talk to try to win himself asylum but act and act now. For too long we have slept like maziwa laala and allowed murders to live amongst us. This time say no.

So we need to have Kalungi’s picture right now and circulate it widely. My gut feelings tell me that he could be in the region or in Uganda in one of the safe houses protected from the public.Either way, act and act now. Ugandans are sick and tired. Either he talks or he talks. Nothing else. Do not protect Kalungi.
Now given that the state all along knew that Hon Nebanda had died from -state supplied drugs yes-why did not it sit and let the autopsy go ahead without the stupidity displayed by the IGP? Why did the IGP expose the govt’s plan?
Folks, the autopsy report were rigged in advance in the sense that state agents knew that their man Kalungi would administer the lethal drugs. What is mind bungling is why after that the IGP screwed things up? The smart thing would have to let the arrested doctor go to South Africa because the rig was in. In economics speak it was some sort of path dependence.

Okay, be on the lookout for one Kalungi, but we need his pictures and those of his accomplices.

W.B .Kyijomanyi

MERRY XMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR


TAHonorables,
I wish everyone a very Merry Christmas!. Am glad to have you all as my mates and members of Ugandans at heart. I know we have had fights with some of you along the way including the likes of: Hon.Otto Patrick, Mr.Robert Nviri, Mr. Oryema Johnson, Mr. Peter Gwoktwo, Mr. Matek, Mr. Guma David, Mr. Lwetute, Mr. David Babisoboke, Mr. Ekissodde, and several others who eventually decided to leave the forum, but you remain my mates in my heart and outside UAH. I sometimes wish i could have all of you back here on the forum but i guess that is up to you.

This forum has been successful year after year and i believe all Ugandans wherever they are, opposition and government, Muslims and catholics, Baganda, Bakiiga, Banyoro, e.t.c are all proud of it. I’m happy to say that UAH has got at least a member in every county in Uganda and in every country in the world. The media in Uganda remain our partners in everything we do and we are happy to see some newspapers categorically referencing UAH as their source of information though some others pretend not to do do so.

I want to end with a request to the governments of Rwanda, Uganda and DRC to find a long lasting solution to the problems in DRC. It is really sad to see Africans suffering in and outside the continent yet we have got natural resources that are enough to make all of us kick it like David Beckham. Yes, we have got enough mineral wealth to make every African rich wherever they are but this is not the case.

I understand some people have been assassinated today in DRC: General Bikweto, Congolese Kinyarwanda-speaking, second in command of the base Kitona, was assassinated on Tuesday 25 December in Kinshasa, 50 meters from his residence . Captain Vianney Bampole was also assassinated in Goma.

Otherwise, I wish you all a prosperous new year. I’m looking forward to seeing the likes of Mr.Guma David on UAH because he is one person i still consider a gent with or without UAH. I only wish he understood why i had to do what i did at the time.

Thank you every one

Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba

Stalk my blog at: http://semuwemba.com/

Follow me on Twitter: http://twitter.com/#!/semuwemba

Join me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/abbey.k.semuwemba

WE ARE ALL HONOURABLES ON UAH, PLEASE!


HONOURABLESFolks, I suggest that we start addressing each other as ‘honourables’. This is our parliament and we need to start respecting each other in whatever we say to each other. I think we can all agree that this forum is an honourable thing to Ugandans in and outside the country.We have got no reason to destroy it with abusive and disrespectful arguments.

We can also agree that honourable people sometimes do dishonorable things but they attempt to correct their mistakes by owning up to them and taking the heat. Mistakes are NOT corrected by covering your tracks!

We should also accept that some of us make polemic arguments only where one uses anecdotes as evidence and does not discuss more than one side of an issue. It is usually one sided especially for most NRM supporters. It is intended to be controversial.

It is no part of the polemicist’s vocation to consider both sides of the question. It is up to you to try and counter or refute the attack – if you can.

Yes, we are serious about this, and it is meant to get members to start addressing each other in a respectable way. Ahmed Katerega suggested some other tittles that i thought were also good if properly used such as ;comrades, compatriots, brothers and sisters, ndugu or sseruganda/nang’anda.

But i don’t mind anybody calling me ‘Abbey’ because it means that I’m kind of closer to that person. So, call me by my first name if you think i deserve to be called that way. It will be an honor to be addressed that way too.

*Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba*

HEAD MODERATOR

Stalk my blog at: http://semuwemba.com/

Follow me on Twitter: http://twitter.com/#!/semuwemba

When people can’t take it anymore they revolt


BIGIThere are examples from time immemorial which demonstrate that when people can’t take it any more they draw a line beyond which they revolt regardless of consequences. The peasants in feudal Europe had been taught by priests that they should tolerate suffering on earth because their rewards were in heaven. But when the burden of food insecurity and taxation among others became unbearable, they revolted. Since Uganda is basically a rural country of peasants, let us look at some examples of peasant revolts in Europe and one example in Kenya. The examples in Europe are drawn from Historical Facts by Robert Stewart (2002).

The Britons revolted against the Roman rule. The most serious revolt came in A.D. 61. One of the British tribes in East Anglia revolted because it was angered by loss of land to Roman soldiers and heavy tribute imposed on them. Thirteen years earlier, they had revolted because they were deprived of their right to bear arms.

In A.D. 220 there were revolts against China’s Han dynasty. The oppression of peasants by landlords and bureaucracy led to a series of revolts that ended the dynasty and left China with no central government for 350 years.

In A.D. 1358 French peasants revolted against payment of feudal dues and tithes to the clergy which had been rising. Many nobles and peasants were murdered and property destroyed in six weeks of bloody confrontation.

In A.D. 1381 came the English peasant revolt in Essex, Kent and East Anglia of southern England. The plague had reduced population but the surviving peasants did not benefit economically in terms of higher wage as a result of demand exceeding labor supply while the rents they paid to landlords remained high.

Discontent peaked in 1380 by imposing a series of taxes including the harsh poll tax of one shilling a head. The peasants evaded payment and attempts to force them resulted in the revolt of 1381. Led by peasant Wat Tyler and priest John Ball, the revolt in towns including London and counties was very destructive of lives and property. Rural insurrection was not subdued until the end of the year. The authorities were forced to withdraw the unpopular poll tax.

A combination of factors such as bad harvests and rising prices in the early 16th century caused landlords to squeeze peasants in Europe by raising rents and feudal dues as well as cutting them off from common lands. In A.D. 1525 German peasants inspired by Lutheran’s idea of social justice and encouraged by priest Thomas Munzer revolted against their oppressors.

Closer to home, until December 2007, Kenya was considered the most politically stable country in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region. Consequently, the brewing anger in the Rift Valley and Coast provinces regarding land grabbing was not factored into Kenya’s political economy. When the revolt erupted, it took everyone by surprise. It was destructive of lives and property and healing isn’t complete yet.

The above lessons should serve as a warning to NRM government and its foreign backers that the situation in Uganda represents calm before the storm. Metaphorically, Ugandans should not be seen as an extinct but a dormant volcano that will erupt when triggered by tectonic movements.

Ugandans are beginning to see and understand why they are in a mess all around. Now they know they are not cursed by God. They are being deliberately dragged down by the NRM regime that is grabbing everything for the enrichment of Tutsi families as described by Sam Njuba during an interview with Observer (Uganda) reporter. It is important to note that Tutsi came into Uganda as refugees starting in 1959 but have now taken over the country and are oppressing indigenous people who are being killed, jailed and pushed into exile where they are being hunted down by NRM spies.

Grabbing land and property, ignoring youth unemployment and school dropout and sprawling urban slums as well as starving Ugandans to export food and earn foreign exchange to cater for the rich etc are being noticed. Foreign experts that praised Uganda as an economic success story have vanished following abandonment of structural adjustment program in 2009 as a socially and environmentally costly experiment that failed.

Museveni’s totalitarian dictatorship including its associated intolerance of any form of dissent including by Members of Parliament is pushing Ugandans against the wall. Museveni needs to remember that dictators end up in a mess: Hitler committed suicide. Mussolini was arrested as he tried to flee the country and was summarily executed. It is reported that Stalin was poisoned. And Diaz of Mexico was thrown out and died in exile.

As Museveni’s Ntare School Old Boy, I have tried to advise him that his method of governing Uganda is setting a stage for confrontation. I have in many ways indicated that no situation is permanent. And when the current situation in Uganda changes and the security forces and religious leaders and development partners and the youth say enough is enough, Museveni may end up like the dictators before him. President Museveni you need to reflect on where you are driving Uganda before it is too late. Two thousand and thirteen should be a watershed year for you and for other Ugandans.

Eric Kashambuzi
Secretary General & Chief Administrator, UDU

MY LETER TO THE PRESIDENT OF UGANDA OVER NEBANDA- MBIDDE MUKASA


MBIDDERef: HE/oo1/mm
Date:28thDecember 2012

His Excellency
The President of,
The Republic of Uganda
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni,
Chair of the –
East African Community
Heads of State Summit


RE:Violation of Articles 6 (d) and 7 (2) of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community Treaty

I have the honour, your Excellence to address you on the above captioned. My major reference is of particulars regarding your address to the press at Nakasero State Lodge onMonday 24th /December /2012 on matters pertaining to the death of the Butaleja Woman MP Cerinar Nebanda, and the subsequent police and other security agencies’ actions against members of the Parliament of the Republic of Uganda in the same regard.

The Contents of your address, Mr President and the said actions constitute a violation of Art 6(d) of the Treaty for the establishment of the East African Community that states.

The fundamental principles that shall govern the achievement of the objectives of the community by the partner states shall include,


d)Good governance Including adherence of the Principles of democracy, the rule of law, accountability, transparency, social justice, equal opportunities, gender equality as well as the recognition, promotion and protection of human and people’s rights in accordance with the provision of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights.

The parliament of the Republic of Uganda is the legislative arm of government, and a substantive pillar of democracy that by law should be harnessed and accorded its separate power from the executive for it to function properly in a free and democratic society contemplated under the instant provision.

The address, the subject of this letter, put parliament in a position of disrepute and scorn and presented to the Ugandan Public and the world at large, members of Parliament as dishonourable in contravention of the provision sighted above.

Art 7 (2) of the Treaty enjoins all partners states to the East African community to abide by the principles of good governance, democracy and the rule of law and it states as hereunder:-

“The Partner states undertake to abide by the Principles of good governance, including adherence to the Principles of democracy, the rule of law, Social Justice, and the Maintenance of Universally accepted standards of human Rights”.

Writing good laws and signing treaties does not constitute the rule of law, but just a promissory note.It is acting in accordance with provisions thereof that amounts to the rule of law, Mr President, youAND THE GOVERNMENT AT LARGE have defaulted on this promissory note.

Today, Members of Parliament Hon CHRIS BARYOMUNSI and HON NSEREKO MOHAMMED are being detained at Jinja Road Police Station and Special Investigation Unit Kireka respectively without charges beyond the constitutional 48 hours.

Your comments as against parliament and the Right Honourable Speaker of Parliament Rebecca Kadaga were improper. Parliament does not derive its powers from you or the executive in its entirety and accordingly its functions are not prescribed by your office.
Chapter six of the Constitution deals with the establishment, composition and functions of Parliament all of which are prescribed by the provisions of the same Constitution. Thus, Article 77(1) provides that “there shall be a Parliament of Uganda

(2) The Composition and functions of Parliament shall be as prescribed by this Constitution”.

The contents of your address Mr President should be regretted as occasioning a dire abuse of the authority of the Parliament of the Republic of Uganda as the Supreme Legislative Arm of Government; this position was further fortified by the Supreme Court Decision in the case of Brigadier Henry Tumukunde V Attorney General Const Appeal No 2of 2006.

‘The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995, placed Parliament, the supreme representative body of the people, first, and ordained that henceforth the acts and decisions of the Executive including those of the President and Cabinet shall be subjected to the scrutiny and approval of Parliament.’

The contents of the subject address may be construed further, asintended to cause panic and construed as your intended attempts to unlawfully intermeddle in the direction of the investigations especially where you stated :-

“People like MPs Theodore Ssekikubo, Chris Baryomunsi, and WilfredNiwagaba –who have now been joined by MPs Lyomoki and Emmanuel Dombo – who said in Parliament………….”,

Mr President these utterances have tended to unlawfully direct the course of investigations. It should be noted Mr President, that all the MPs mentioned herein and others still at large are destined for detention. It is equally noteworthy that the acts of the state have not exhibited innocence as to the cause of death of Hon Cerinar Nebanda and to this end, investigations as on-going will continue to suffer for want of legitimacy.

Parliament is by law mandated to pay tribute to fallen comrades and those proceedings are privileged occasions under the Parliamentary Powers and Privileges Act Cap 258 Section 2 thereof provides that

‘No civil or criminal proceedings may be instituted against any member for words spoken before or written in any report during those proceedings’
The whole process until burial was parliamentary proceedings which are covered by that Act.

The circumstances surrounding the death of Hon Cerinar Nebanda have still remained enigmatic, debates and discoveries over the cause of her death are still important to us.

Your address, MrPresident, the above not withstanding appears to condone Wanton Killings. This is contained in the statement where you said on account of Hon. Moses Ali’sfailed addressat Butaleja that;

‘…..Unfortunately our intelligence is poor- they were told, but they did not counter the hooligans. We were lucky that nobody was shot, but they can’t continue giving our country a bad name.’

Mr President, the law does not create any justification for wanton killings and this statement appears to have created a blanket permit for the same and is to this extent unlawful.

Finally Mr President, the Constitution of The Republic of Uganda, Art 8A and objective XXVIII is couched in Mandatory terms that the Foreign Policy of Uganda shall be based on the Principles of respect for International Law and treaty obligations.

The East African Community treaty and particularly the provisions sited herein have grossly been violated by the actions i have complained of.

The Treaty and all laws enacted thereunder are supranational thus above all national laws of Partner states whose continued violation makes it a logical impossibility for our continued membership to the community.

As the Chairman of the Summit of the Heads of State of the East African Community, it is within your interest to uphold the treaty establishing the community that you chair.

It is noteworthy that the recent East African Legislative Assembly report of the on-spot assessment of good governance in Partner states as at 1st-5th October 2012 placed Uganda at very low levels of accountability, the fight against corruption and democracy compared to Rwanda ,Tanzania and Kenya whose sub-committee i personally chaired.

Kenya, a country that has had challenges on corruption prevalence has excelled on the establishment of a robust legal base for the establishment of anti corruption institutions.

The above standard is only achievable for Uganda through Parliament as the only surviving institution championing an amendment of the constitution to establish a full chapter on the required standards of integrity for public officials, providing for further legislations on commissions and public reviews for all appointments and a restructuring and re-vetting of all public service jobs and other appointments.

Parliament, under Art 79 of the constitution of Uganda is the body mandated among others, to protect this constitution and promote democratic governance for Uganda and accordingly it should be accorded its due space for the achievement of the same.
Mr President, the world has now become a global village and as the President of the Republic of Uganda, your hands are tied and are not at liberty to take back this country towards un-constitutional rule.

I am mandated by the same treaty particularly Article 61 of the Treaty Establishing the East African Community, to put you to notice of the anomalies cited and as a Ugandan, by the Constitution to do so.
In the event of continuity of aforesaid illegal acts either by you or those on your behalf, we shall have no other remedy Mr President than to invoke all the necessary national and regional legal machinery for the enforcement of the same at the cost and constant embarrassment to our country.

Please, Mr President, accept the assurances of my highest regard to your good office.

Mukasa Fred Mbidde-MP
East African Legislative Assembly.

C.C The Speaker Parliament of Uganda.

To unite Uganda we must know what divides us


Masindi is the largest town by population in the Bunyoro sub-region

Masindi is the largest town by population in the Bunyoro sub-region

Introduction

This article has been written by popular demand as part of end-of-year reports. All Ugandans want a united, peaceful and secure country that guarantees civil rights (equal protection and opportunity under the law) and civil liberties (freedom of speech, press, religion and due process of the law). Yet the majority doesn’t want to know what divides us. Those who have attempted to explain have suffered abuse and intimidation. And those seeking political support prefer to remain silent. One compatriot advised that we should let sleeping dogs lie but when they wake up they may get mad when they see the condition they are in.

NRM took a dramatic step and outlawed talking about our religious and ethnic differences that have divided Uganda since before colonial rule. Accordingly, the anti-sectarian law was promulgated by parliament. This restriction has become counterproductive in the face of increasing sectarianism under the NRM government that is disproportionately favoring Tutsi and “tutsified” Ugandans (non-Tutsi men who have married Tutsi women).

Tutsi are dominating every aspect of Uganda society particularly the political, economic and security forces. With extensive intelligence networks, Tutsi or their agents and surrogates have penetrated every aspect of Uganda society at home and abroad to silence dissent against NRM wrongdoing. Ugandans need to understand that we have inalienable (God given) right to dissent and responsibility to hold public officers accountable that no government can take away. Rights are not privileges.

A country of religious diversity

Uganda since its creation as a colonial state in 1894 has been a divided country religiously. Before it became a state, Uganda suffered serious religious wars involving Catholics, Muslims and Protestants. The victorious Protestants were favored under the colonial and independence regimes until 1986 when NRM introduced some changes that have promoted the interests of Muslims and Catholics, putting the Protestants, according to them, in a disadvantaged position. While merit should continue to govern public appointments and promotions, every effort should be made to strike a religious balance. Creating equal opportunity for all Ugandans regardless of religion is the best way of leveling the playing field which NRM has ignored.

Economic, social and military divisions

Economically, Uganda was divided into economic and labor reserve areas with Buganda and Busoga serving as economic growth areas while the northern and western areas were set aside as labor reserves to provide cheap labor to growth centers. Social services and infrastructure such as education and health care services as well as energy and transport networks favored the growth areas. Labor migration of males from labor reserves undermined gender division of labor putting too much pressure on women who had to do men work besides their own. By setting minimum height requirements for entry into the security forces the colonial government favored the northern region especially Acholi and Lango districts.

Ethnic Divisions

Ethnically, Uganda is made up of two major groups. Bantu people are the majority with a concentration in Buganda and western region. They originated from the Cameroon/Nigeria border. The second major group is the Nilotic people who are sub-divided into Lake and River area of South Sudan or the Nilotic Luo-speaking people such as Acholi and their cousins the Tutsi; and Highland and Plain Nilotic people such as the Karamajong and Itesot. There are no Hamitic people and therefore no Nilo-Hamitic people (a mixture of Hamitic and Nilotic people). All Ugandans are black people although Tutsi have insisted they are white people, more intelligent and born to rule. Bachwezi were a Bantu aristocracy and not ancestors of Tutsi people. Bantu people had chiefs, states and adequate systems of administration contrary to popular belief that they were stateless before Tutsi arrived in the area bringing civilization with them. But we know that the nomadic nature of pastoralists like Tutsi doesn’t create settled conditions in which civilizations develop. Because Tutsi had no civilization of their own they adopted Bantu civilizations they found in the Great Lakes region. The Mwami (king) title of Tutsi kings was the title of Hutu kings before Tutsi arrived in the area.

Linguistic and ethnic differences

The Nilotic people who moved into southwest Uganda adopted local Bantu languages and local Bantu names but remained Nilotic in identity because they refused to intermarry with Bantu people in part to keep secrets to themselves. Therefore while linguistically all the people in southwest Uganda speak Bantu language, they are ethnically different. Tutsi are Nilotic and the rest are Bantu. So when we talk of Banyankole and Bakiga and Bafumbira we should always draw a distinction between Nilotic Batutsi and Bantu/Bahutu and Bairu people. With due respect, Ugandans should understand that many people who pose as Banyankole, Bakiga and Bafumbira are actually Tutsi mostly of refugee origin since 1959 who are holding key positions in Uganda government, security forces and private sector.

We need in the opposition leadership Ugandans particularly from southwest Uganda who know how Tutsi have positioned themselves to govern Uganda indefinitely using local Uganda names and languages in all parts of Uganda. Museveni has hired some of the best historians and other relevant professions to identify Tutsi in Uganda and outside to be hired in key positions of Uganda society and thereby marginalize Bantu people who don’t get tutsified to serve the interests of Tutsi people.

Foreign workers in Uganda

From the 1920s, Uganda became a center of economic growth and attracted workers from neighboring countries especially from Burundi and Rwanda. Hutu worked on cotton and coffee farms mostly in Buganda and Tutsi worked in all cattle herding parts of Uganda. Tutsi are therefore more widely distributed in Uganda than Hutu. Many of these workers chose to stay permanently.

Refugees in Uganda

The independence political instability in Congo, Burundi and Rwanda as well as Sudan witnessed massive flow of refugees into Uganda. The Tutsi from Burundi and Rwanda concentrated in Ankole and Kigezi and later moved to other parts of Uganda where they joined those that arrived earlier as cattle herders. Therefore Tutsi are more scattered in Uganda than any other ethnic group. So when we talk about Banyankole, Bakiga, Baganda, Bateso, Bacholi and Batoro etc we must remember that there are many Tutsi in these areas. NRM under Tutsi leadership has identified all Tutsi in all parts of Uganda and appointed them to key and strategic position in all areas. Therefore when considering ethnic groups in public institutions and private sector we should draw the distinction between Tutsi and non-Tutsi Ugandans. For example, some people who speak Luganda and carry Luganda names may be Tutsi people promoting Tutsi interests versus Buganda interests. Or, people who pose as Acholi may be Tutsi, as Langi may be Tutsi, as Bakiga may be Tutsi and as Banyankole may be Tutsi. And since Museveni and his core group are focusing on promoting Tutsi interests to dominate Uganda indefinitely we need to know who is who in our midst. If you add on tutsified Ugandans you can see why Tutsi are dominating all aspects of Uganda society at the expense of majority Bantu people. Tutsi have so much money acquired through corruption that they are able to buy any political office. We need to be aware of this otherwise the minority is going to rule the majority forever. This is not sectarianism or conspiracy theory as some would argue, it is a fact.

Negotiations for independence

Negotiations for independence resulted in the 1962 constitution that gave Buganda a federal status, the kingdoms of Ankole, Bunyoro, Busoga and Toro a semi-federal status and the rest a unitary status. For this reason, Uganda was neither a monarchy nor republic. The Queen remained the head of state until 1963. Uganda was simply known as “The Sovereign State of Uganda”, sowing the seed for potential conflict, leading to the 1966/67 constitutional and political crisis.

Nilotic domination of Uganda politics

Contrary to popular belief, Bantu have played a minor role in Uganda politics. Ignatius Musazi the founder of Uganda National Congress (UNC) from Bantu group was eased out when a breakaway group led by Nilotic Obote joined with Uganda People Union (UPU) to form UPC in 1960. Ben Kiwanuka leader of DP from Bantu group was eased out when UPC and KY formed a coalition that formed the first post-independence government with Nilotic Obote as executive prime minister.

Internal politics within UPC were led by Nilotic Ibingira from Ankole (Ibingira group) against Nilotic Obote from Lango (Obote group). At the Gulu UPC conference in 1964 Nilotic Obote and Nilotic Ibingira worked together and ousted Kakonge from Bantu group as secretary general of UPC.

The 1966/67 political and constitutional crisis was triggered largely by the feud between Nilotic Ibingira as secretary general of UPC and Nilotic Obote as president of UPC.

Nilotic Obote was overthrown by Nubian Amin also close to Nilotic group whose ancestors came from South Sudan. With Amin out of the way, the fight was between Nilotic Museveni and Nilotic Obote. Nilotic Museveni worked with Nilotic Bazilio Okello to overthrow Nilotic Obote from power. Nilotic Bazilio and Nilotic Tito Okello overthrew Nilotic Obote from Power in July 1985 and they too were overthrown by Nilotic Museveni in 1986. Since 1986 Nilotic Museveni has been battling Nilotic Kony in northern Uganda and Congo forests.

Intensification of Tutsi rule

Since before he became president, Museveni has worked hard to recruit and promote Tutsi in all branches of Uganda society. Because of numerical inferiority of Tutsi people, they have decided to use their Tutsi women into political marriage with influential Bantu people and tutsify them so they promote Tutsi interests. The Tutsi interests include finding land in Uganda to settle Tutsi from densely settled Great Lakes region. That is why Museveni has regularly preached liberal immigration policy and that Uganda has plenty of unutilized arable land to convince Ugandans that more people won’t be a problem although Ugandans at the same time are being advised to practice birth control because there is no more land for population expansion. Uganda is now firmly under the control of minority Tutsi. This has been done in part by keeping Bantu in the diaspora and marginalizing or retrenching Bantu from the public service.

The role of the military in Uganda politics

In Uganda the military was invited into politics by civilians as a result of the conflict between Nilotic Ibingira and Nilotic Obote groups. Ibingira group invited army commander and Nilotic Opolot to join them leaving Nilotic Obote with no choice but to invite Nubian Amin the deputy army commander.

After the Moshi conference in 1979, the failure of the executive to agree with the legislature resulted in the ouster of two civilian Lule and Binaisa presidents and replaced by a military commission led by Muwanga with Museveni as deputy.

The military commission helped Obote return home and win the 1980 elections. The military sent ten representatives to parliament setting the stage for Museveni to repeat it since 1986.

The emboldened military officers have now decided to replace civilian politicians as head of political parties and president. Military officers are retiring from the military service and entering politics and easing out civilian politicians at the ballot box. Now the two major political parties are dominated by military commanders and officers. NRM is led by General Museveni who is grooming his son Brigadier Muhoozi. FDC is led by former commander General Muntu. While we appreciate their service as military professionals whose main duty is to protect the nation against external aggression, the general consensus is that they are not qualified to run governments. Amin and Museveni records have demonstrated that they are not qualified. Obote a civilian head of state has performed by far the best and the record he set in 1970 in general living standards still stands. Uganda in 2012 under Museveni leadership since 1986 is sliding backwards although Uganda has received unprecedented amount of foreign aid and remittances from Ugandans in the diaspora. This poor performance confirms that soldiers with much due respect don’t appear to run governments well. Soldiers in Latin America also performed poorly and voluntarily handed over to civilians.

Conclusion

Uganda has had a difficult history dominated by Protestants until 1986. Since independence in 1962, Nilotic people of Batutsi from Ankole and Kigezi and other parts of Uganda as well as Nilotic people from northern region have dominated politics and security forces. Since 1986 Tutsi and tutsified Ugandans have dominated the political theatre with Bantu languishing in the backyard. Uganda main political parties are under Nilotic leaders with Olara Otunnu president of UPC and Nobert Mao president-general of DP, Museveni chairman of NRM and Muntu president of FDC. These are facts.

Recommendations

Uganda is at a crossroads. Politically, economically, socially and ecologically, Uganda is in bad shape. The country is now described as a failed state and in economic crisis, corrupt, sectarian and divided under military dictatorship. The four political parties are run by Nilotic people two from Ntungamo (Muntu and Museveni) and two from Acholi (Mao and Otunnu).

NRM has suggested that to revamp the economy, peasants should be dispossessed of their land and hand it over to rich farmers to increase production. But large scale farmers are less productive and less efficient than small holder farmers when properly facilitated. We recommend that small holder farmers who are endorsed by the international community including the Group of 8 (G8) industrialized countries and the United Nations should continue to be the backbone of Uganda’s agriculture with increased funding, extension services and modern methods of farming.

What is needed in Uganda is leadership in the opposition that understands how Tutsi govern, expose their tricks and force formation of a government of transition government of national unity to prepare for free and fair multi-party elections. The next elections should hinge on an independent electoral commission and standardized campaign finance. A vetting committee should also be established to screen candidates at presidential and parliamentary levels. The role of the military in politics and government needs to be reviewed based on Uganda’s experience with military governments and the general conclusion from Latin America that military governments lack comparative advantage in civilian administration. Above all we need to compromise and reach balance that is acceptable to all stakeholders. Military force and Tutsi domination won’t last forever regardless of outside support.

Eric Kashambuzi

Secretary General & Chief Administrator, UDU

DOES SHE LOOK A DRUG ADDICT TO U?


nebandaVINCENT NUWAGABA:WHAT MORE EVIDENCE DO WE NEED TO PROVE THAT NEBANDA WAS KILLED BY THE GOVERNMENT?

As I write this piece, the Hon Cerinah Nebanda is being laid to rest in her ancestral home in Butaleja District. Meanwhile, I am devasted further by the abhorrent and galling remarks that the Museveni crude allies continue to spew. I have not read the late Hon Cerinah Nebanda’s autopsy and toxicological report which I have learnt on the NTV News that it has been released. The report was allegedly done in the United Kingdom and that some other samples were sent to Israel. Disgustingly, the report allegedly states that the late Hon Nebanda died of a plethora of drugs including heroin and cocaine. After the festive season I will look for the report and juxtapose it with the report by Parliament Doctors, Hon Dr Medard Bitekyerezo, Hon Dr Chris Baryomunsi and Hon Dr Sam Lyomoki. Thereafter, I will make a very conclusive opinion which I will share publicly. However, I have the following remarks to make:

My dictionary states that “heroin is a powerful drug which is taken illegally for pleasure or is sometimes used as a medicine to reduce extreme pain. It also defines cocaine as a drug used in medicine to prevent pain and taken illegally for pleasure, often as a powder breathed through the nose”.

I highlight and write in bold the word taken illegally as a precursor and antecedent to my argument which I strongly believe without any shadow of doubt is true. Whoever disagrees with me in a civilized society must come out and give a counter argument. I have watched on TV ministers Frank Tumwebaze and Hillary Onek making outrageous statements which are only meant to intimidate the MPs who stated clearly that the government killed Nebanda and by extension intimidate all of us who have made public statements confirming that indeed it is the NRM government – an specifically president Museveni through his hired assassins who have killed the late Hon Nebanda.

I haven’t attended the burial in Butaleja but I sincerely convey condolences to the people of Butaleja who have been deprived of a goose that lays the golden egg, I send condolences to the Democratic Party for losing a political figure who embraced and cherished and fought fervently to promote the ideals of truth and justice – ideals on which our party was founded. Remember, I stated that like Hon Norbert Mao has always remarked DP is a spirit. It doesn’t matter whether one puts on yellow to camouflage for political expediency or for any other reasons, once a democrat, always a democrat. I send condolences to the entire institution of parliament which has lost a luminous member who fought tirelessly for values that parliament stands for; I send my condolences to all the youths of Uganda who lost a pillar that would always inspire them to strive for what they want to achieve. After all if Hon Nebanda at the age of 22 could oust a strong minister and de facto number three in the ruling NRM party, what could forestall other youths from attaining their dreams? I say Dorothy Hyuha was de facto number three because inevitably the chairman Yoweri Museveni is number one, Secretary General Amama Mbabazi is number two and the deputy Secretary General Dorothy Hyuha is number three. I don’t mention the vice chairman because practically that position is just a figure head position.

Let me drive to the gist of my article. I am ready to be arraigned before a competent court of law and I will plead guilty to believing without any shadow of a doubt that Museveni through his crude allies killed the Hon Nebanda. Museveni (and when I talk of Museveni, I mean him and his entire apparatchiks) has guns, poison and Presidential Guard Brigade trained to kill in a professional manner without raising any suspicion. We talk with many of them, some of them are our genuine friends, we have studied in class school with some of them and they don’t hide anything from us. When I say us, I mean myself and some other Ugandans. At least I have mentioned everywhere including at the police stations that I know of two key suspects in the atrocious and treacherous death of Hon Nebanda. At Central Police Station, I stated that one suspect is Museveni and another one is IGP, Lt Gen Kale Kayihura. The initial revelation that Hon Nebanda died of drugs and alcohol overdose, the fact that President Museveni kept online to monitor all the words uttered by the mourners at the late Nebanda’s home – what I mean, is the fact that Museveni called Hon Dr Chris Baryomunsi and asked him since when he had been the police to conduct investigations takes away all the doubts in my mind.

I know the government will stupidly try to prosecute me not with the intent of securing a conviction but with the intent of having full control over me where they can kill me using drugs or any other crude means. They have done that before. I was subjected to psychiatric drugs, injections and was thrown in Ward 10, a ward for the mad while I was in Murchison Bay prison on trumped up charges of assault and threatening violence when in actual sense the charge should have been opposing the deprivation and denial of the right to education to the sons and daughters of the poor. In 2008, I stopped on the verge of the grave as a result of drugs they subjected to me with intent to kill me after failing to kill me from police cells from which I was brutally tortured physically and mentally for many days. I have witnesses to this starting with Prof John-Jean Barya, a celebrated professor of law who was sadly blocked from accessing me when my OB policeman called him at told him I was being tortured from CPS Kampala. Makerere University Convocation Chairman and his publicity secretary Kabaasa Bruce Balaba and Thomas Tayebwa are my witnesses for they rescued me several times from the diabolical claws of the police. Prof Yasin Olum and Mr Bwire Lumumba of the Makerere University political science department can tell you the state in which they found me in Wandegeya police cells on 19th August 2009, two days after my brutal arrest, torture and deprivation of my Sh 1,400,000 (one million four hundred shillings) that I wanted to use to pay fees for an LLB programme after getting my admission letter which I was flatly denied after openly writing to the president opposing the 126 percent increment of tuition fees in public Universities.

I refuse to agree that the increment of tuition in 2009 was 40 per cent as was reported by all media houses because I was admitted for a programme whose tuition was 600,000 (six hundred thousand shillings) and the heartless increment put it at One million two hundred and sixty thousand shillings (1,260,000). Of course that figure excluded functional fees of shillings five hundred thousand and forty (540,000). I got out of bail after the trial magistrate Grade II Magistrate James Wambaya had been facilitated with Shillings 350,000 (three hundred and fifty thousand shillings). Don’t ask me for receipts for no receipt is given for bribes and besides, this was done without my knowledge and consent. I would rather choose to die in jail than bribe anybody to secure my release. While those who facilitated GII Magistrate Wambaya did it out of love for me, the money they used was mine. Mine because, my friend who owed me money brought 250,0000 and the other 100,000 was brought by a person from my employers.

The purchased freedom I got at a price of 350,000 was to remain temporary. It is clear that anything obtained irregularly cannot last and even if it lasts the one who has irregularly obtained it cannot enjoy it. Definitely Kazinda, Oloka, Obey and many others don’t enjoy the multibillions they deprived of the suffering Ugandans. Museveni, Kayihura, Mbabazi, Otafiire and many others in the NRM government are definitely not enjoying the loot they have perfected, orchestrated, perpetrated and perpetuated in this country. They have perfected the art of looting by depriving, dispossessing, exploiting and extorting the poor of the little they have. Like kites, while they are eating, other Ugandans are saying damn and shouting at them. In Runyankore-Rukiga we have a phrase which goes “Norya ebyorwari nkomuca”. While the kite feeds on chicken daily, it never gains weight. Why? It doesn’t eat the chicken peacefully. Museveni and group would only be deluding themselves that with our curses they can ever be happy. I am far happier than them although I always go without meals. I will always be happier than them. They took me to Luzira when I owned a nice looking, comfortable German-made vehicle, Volkswagen Golf Registration UAJ 156K. I was sleeping very well in Kiwatule, I was working with the leading human rights organisation Foundation for Human Rights Initiative (FHRI), I was pursuing a Bachelors degree in Law; I was doing so many things and I definitely was making progress. Since 2008 when this government started persecuting me, I would have married and would have a PhD because I was in academia then.

Those who think I am going personal should tell me how they would like to live as individuals because as a human rights expert I stress the supreme importance of both individual and social rights. Many of the rights to which many human rights organisations place emphasis are individual rights largely enshrined in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). I am one of the few human rights defenders in Uganda who have strongly argued consistently that if we were to prioritise human rights, we would rather focus on economic, social and cultural rights because they are survival-based rights. They are the rights concerned with bread and butter. That is not to say civil and political rights are less important. In fact both civil and political rights must be promoted and protected simultaneously. Please read UN Fact Sheet 16 titled “The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and Fact Sheet 33 (Frequently Asked Questions on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights).

At a time when the Ekimmezza programme was still broad cast – i.e before the ban of public broadcasts of open air mobile debates on radio, my friend (name withheld), a military officer who happened to have studied with me at the university and happens to be my close friend to date used to frequent Radio One Kimezza at Club Obligato. He told me, “Vincent, if I am assigned to kill you, I will kill you. If someone is assigned to kill you, I will alert you”. The reason he gave for killing me if he was assigned to kill me is that if he doesn’t do that, they kill him. This is a person in the know and if I was assured that if I reveal his identity he will not be killed, on pressure I will reveal him.

Another friend of mine (name withheld) – an ISO operative who belongs to the Dirty Tricks Unit deployed in the Uganda Revenue Authority revealed to me of the Dirty Tricks Unit (DTU) which comprises some military men, police and high level spies. He told me what they have done to prominent politicians. He told me of a prominent opposition politician who was followed on a trip to one of the first world states. When he put his briefcase on a table to do some clearance, the DTU members who were around and he couldn’t discern them removed the opposition politician’s brief case and placed there theirs. The unsuspicious politician was awestruck to find all his documents had been taken. You may wonder how newspapers get security briefs when ordinarily they are classified.

I have put my life not in danger but I have thrown myself in a den of lions. Like it happened with Daniel, if my suspicions hold water, my God whom I serve will protect me against the lions. I have also thrown myself in a furnace. If my reasons to believe that the government killed Hon Nebanda are factually right, I will rejoice like Meshach, Shedrack and Abidenego did when they were thrown in a furnace by King Nabuchadenezer, those who throw me in the furnace, will be consumed by the blazing fire and I will come out alive.

The foregoing is not to say that I want to die. I, just like all others want to live and die of old age. I want to at one time to be the oldest person not only in Uganda but in Africa and the entire world. This exactly is the reason as to why I am blowing the trumpet. I am drawing the trumpet to call upon the entire world to not only come to my defense but to come to the defense of all patriotic, peace-loving, visionary and big-hearted Ugandans who are now facing the imminent danger of extinction.

In 2010, I spent nine months in Murchison Bay Prison Luzira. My crime was opposing the increment of fees in public universities up to 126%. Never mind that Uganda’s constitution upholds the right to education in Article 30. Never mind that the Universities and Tertiary Institutions Act is clear in section 2 that public universities are maintained out of state funds. I argued logically that public universities are state institutions and must necessarily be funded by the state just like it funds the police, the military, the electoral commission and the courts among others. I have carefully mentioned institutions that Museveni uses to maintain his grip on power.

Not long ago, MPs John Ken Lukyamuzi, Samuel Odonga Otto and Ibrahim Ssemujju Nganda championed a move to impeach the president. All NRM MPs chided them and some reached the point of saying that they had lost their heads. To me it wasn’t surprising that the NRM MPs treated the opposition MP’s move. I was however utterly disappointed by FDC’s MP Abdul Katuntu who rubbished the whole move basing on legalese. I would be finishing my law degree had I not been crudely persecuted by the state. I am not a lawyer but a paralegal. However, I have read widely the laws of Uganda and international law. I have read constitutional law but also I know all the basics in law. I don’t have to labour explaining that there are two kinds of laws – unjust and just laws.

All of us are legally and morally duty-bound to respect, uphold and promote just laws. But all of us have a moral and social responsibility to fight unjust laws strenuously, vehemently, vigorously, tirelessly, energetically, persistently, actively, radically, and intensely. I have already stated that I am not a lawyer but I would like to beg that Hon Katuntu revisits his notes on natural law. Let him also revisit the maxims of equity.

I have abandoned my law programme notably because of two things: 1. The government of President Museveni will consistently and has consistently persecuted me with the aim of stopping me from proceeding with the programme simply because they want to cut me out of the Makererean community lest I use it as a launch pad to oust the regime. Museveni knows how dangerous university students are to dictators. 2. The other reason for my withdrawal from the programme is that I have found out without any shadow of doubt that lawyers, certainly not all of them are the leading crooks. Sadly, in crookedness, they are followed by journalists. I knew that if I enrolled as an advocate I would concentrate my energies fighting crooked members of the otherwise noble profession and have no time to fight Museveni who is a worse evil. Ultimately, opening so many battle fronts would tear me apart for the crooked lawyers would want me dead and the satanic regime would equally want me dead.

While I have stated that journalists are crooked, they are not to the level of lawyers. Definitely all professions and trades are almost full of crooked people because the system is itself crooked so it is the crooks that survive and thrive in a crooked system. You must have read about a lecturer who hires mercenaries for his students in exchange for money and also writes theses for his students. I talk about lawyers and journalists because they are the most powerful people in society. Edward Bulwer-Lyton states that “The pen is mightier than the sword” while Richard Wright rightly observes that “words are bullets”. Journalists have all platforms and fora to use their tongues and to use their pens to transform society, fight social ills and realise a just society. Sadly what many of them have chosen to do is to become public relations “experts” and spin doctors for dictators. I know what public relations officers do. Ninety nine if not 100 percent of them are propagandists. I hope we all know that propaganda means lies. I know for a fact that many journalists in Uganda are paid to run or throw some stories in the dustbins. I have seen several times in workshops organised by civil society organisations journalists being paid money when the other participants receive no transport refund yet the journalists attend those functions as an assignments from their media houses. For every rule, though, there is an exception. Thus, it is not true that all journalists and all lawyers are depraved.

There are many wonderful journalists and many wonderful lawyers. I know of many lawyers who purely offer pro-bono services and have concentrated on public interest litigation as opposed to say commercial law which is a cash cow. I also want to state that it is not only these two professions that have betrayed us but they are the ones that have greatly betrayed us. Definitely I know depraved NGO including but not limited to human rights NGO workers. I know of Civil Society Groups that make too much noise, win too much donor funds but are not interested in social change but Fuel Guzzlers, huge mansions and constant trips where they stay in the best hotels in the world. This explains why critical Vincent Nuwagaba can hardly be accommodated in such organisations. I must salute Foundation for Human Rights Initiative and Centre for Basic Research for accommodating me and paving way for my very critical views to flourish. We need to note however, that lawyers and journalists being the leading hypocrites, dishonest, diabolical, crooked and treacherous is not something new. Even during the days of Jesus scribes and lawyers and law makers were the most hypocritical lot. My Runyankore Bible addresses lawyers and law makers as Abahangu Beiteka and lawyers in Runyankore are called Abanyamateka.

As I write this, the executive arm of government says that MPs including but not limited to three medical doctors, Hon Dr Medard Bitekyerezo, Hon Dr Chris Baryomunsi and Hon Dr Sam Lyomoki are suspects and must report to police for saying what they said, doing what they did to come up with an expert report and standing for the truth. On the day preceding the final session as Hon Nebanda lay in state, the three doctors slept in parliament. Dr Bitekyerezo and Dr Lyomoki showed me several textbooks which they read to arrive at their conclusion. Thus, theirs was an expert report.

As I come to the conclusion, the government arrested Dr Sylvester Onzivua and impounded the samples that he was taking to South Africa for an independent toxicological examination, why should we accept that the alleged report of tests allegedly done in the United Kingdom is true? How can the suspects man the investigation process and come up with a report accepted by right thinking members of society?

Is it a coincidence that what the police said had killed Nebanda – I mean drug abuse is what the report says yet the Inspector General of Police is not a pathologist nor a toxicologist? Assuming IGP Kale Kayihura was a pathologist or a toxicologist (forgive me if I make any mistake for I am no doctor), would he draw conclusions without carrying out the report? Museveni threatened to arrest whoever speculates that Nebanda was killed by the government, why then didn’t he arrest Gen Kayihura who prejudiced the investigation process by stating that Nebanda was killed by drugs? Nobody of the family members of the late Nebanda was there as the autopsy and toxicological investigation was done yet the process was manned by suspects, should the family accept the report as true?

Owing to the police remarks that the Honourable Nebanda died of drugs, it means the Police and I mean General Kayihura had prior knowledge that the Hon Nebanda was a drug abuser and he didn’t arrest her as a criminal. That in itself makes Gen Kayihura a criminal who should have no place in a free society but maximum security prison Luzira.

Finally if the process of the investigation was suspicious, why shouldn’t we be suspicious about the outcome? I never used to pass mathematics and physics because whenever I applied wrong formulae I would automatically get wrong answers. Thus, suspicious processes beget suspicious outcomes, wrong formulae beget wrong answers, incompetent leaders deliver incompetence, and those who capture government by way of murder maintain themselves in government by the same means that brought them.

None is safe and secure

Let me repeat the poetic words of Pastor Martin Niemoller, “At first they came for Jews, I didn’t speak out because I was not a Jew. Then they came for communists I didn’t speak out because I was not a communist. Then they came out for trade unionists I didn’t speak out because I was not a trade unionist. Then they came for Catholics I didn’t speak out because I was a protestant. When they came for me and there was nobody left to speak out for me”.

These words put the primary responsibility on NRM Members of Parliament to speak out against injustice, against brutality, against torture and against extrajudicial killing even if the victims are members of the opposition. First of all the NRM MPs are our brothers, our former schoolmates and classmates, our neighbours, we pray from the same churches, buy goods from the same supermarkets, drive on the same roads and do many other things in common. While studying the unification process of Germany and Italy in A Level, there was a common phrase, “Germany and Italy were faced with similar problems so they had similar means to solve them”. Right now, opposition and NRM are faced with the same problem – Museveni and they must adopt similar means to eject him.

Further call for action against the murderous regime
Hon Nebanda belonged to so many families. She belonged to her biological family which includes her father, mother, siblings and all relatives. She belonged to the family of her entire clan. She belonged to the family of her ethnic group; she belonged to the family of her tribe. She belonged to the family of Butaleja, eastern Uganda, and all the schools she went through. She belonged to the family of the mighty Makerere University. As a former leader in the Makerere University Faculty of Social Sciences, I am deeply enraged that I have lost one of the leaders that followed into my footsteps and climbed the steepest mountains with ease. She belonged to the family of Ugandan Youth for which she was a luminous pillar. She belonged to the family of the Parliament of Uganda but most importantly she belonged to the family of humanity. I implore, urge and call upon all people affected directly or indirectly by the atrocious and treacherous extermination of Hon Nebanda to take action. We shall update you on facebook what we need to do and we don’t hide anything. In fact, we call upon the police and the military to join us because a threat to one is a threat to all. The Banyankore again say, “Enkoni eteire mukabaro, wagireba nogishereka hare”. This literary means that a stick that has been used to beat your co-wife, if you come across it you hide it very far away. Who is sure he or she is not next. I hope I speak to people who have ears to listen.

Stern warning to the government
It is a culture in all Africans that nobody talks ill about the dead. Sadly we have a government whose police head says the deceased MP was an immoral person, a criminal who was a drug abuser to the extent of being negligent with her life. Rev Fr Dr Deusidedit Nkurunziza said that the police remarks that Hon Nebanda had died of drugs subjected her to double death. She had already lost her life and those who know what killed her went further to kill her legacy. All Ugandans must demand an apology and resignation from the IGP Kale Kayihura from any public office. If others are not ready to make that demand, I make it alone for I am a citizen in this country not anybody’s subject.

Uganda is presided over by a man from Ankole sadly where I also come from. The Banyankole say “Enyonyi kuri ziba zariire obuuro bwawe zitabushekyeremu”. This means, it is bad enough for birds to eat your millet but it is worse if they start laughing from the millet garden.

There is also another saying in Runyankore , “Okutoza nababwibire”. This means if someone entered your granary and stole your millet, when you call on him to help you trace for the possible thieves he/she will destroy faster all the traces that could lead to where your millet is. I want to salute the family of the late Hon Nebanda for refusing to trace for their stolen millet with the thieves that stole it. Here I am using figurative and metaphorical terms not equating the immortal Hon Nebanda with millet. Hon Nebanda has been immortalized and as a Catholic, she may with time be consecrated a saint if all her deeds come to the public domain. I had reported before that she had built two schools, I have now learnt that they were three.

Let me end with what Hon Barnabas Tinkasimire told me was his public remark about Nebanda’s death on Friday 21, December 2012 as I was with him from the morning mass at St Augustine Catholic Church Makerere. He said, and I quote “Museveni claims he went to the bush to fight extrajudicial killings. Nebanda was not subjected to the due process which found her guilty of a capital offence whose sentence is murder”. Surely if MPs are suspects in the death of Cerinah Nebanda like the executive arm of government wants us to believe, Nebanda’s family members are also suspects and I Vincent Nuwagaba am a suspect because I have made my views very clear. I am taking off a break for Christmas, God willing if I am alive next year, I will continue the debate until all Ugandans who cherish the sanctity of life can come up peacefully and chase away the murderous dictator. Since 2008 they have been brutalizing and infusing deadly drugs in me. The police have stolen millions of money from me and four phones so far. They have destroyed my ten suits and have stolen very many pairs of shoes from me. I used to have fifteen pairs of high quality Bata shoes. They stole Seiko Five watch from me in 2008. Right now, I have only two pairs one of which I bought in 2008 and another one in 2009.

The police have extorted millions of money from me and many possessions. In 2008, they broke into my rented house in Ntinda and took so many things. Of course they cannot deny for they are the ones who stayed with my keys for five days as I was in their dungeon from April 11 to 15, 2008. I will have time to narrate my ordeal some other time. The point to note is “if NRM can attempt to kill Vincent Nuwagaba” who only talks and stops at that, why can’t it kill Nebanda who could talk and had the financial and political wherewithal to mobilize including funding activist groups ready to oust Museveni? That’s food for thought.God bless all of you. God bless Uganda, Merry Christmas and Happy 2013.

For God and my country!

Mr. Vincent Nuwagaba is a human rights expert, human rights defender, political scientist and lover of humanity.

+256702843552/+256772843552

vnuwagaba@gmail.com

EASTERN DRC AND SOUTH SUDAN: OPPPOSITE BUT SIMILARLY JUSTIFIABL​E SITUATIONS


In her retort to mine regarding the DRC Crisis, Virginie Kandolo rightly argues that Eastern DRC and the Congo Crisis in general is different from the case of South Sudan, The East African Dec 22-28, 2012. True. South Sudan was a case of oppressive, dictatorial government, thus the struggle for self-determination. Granted. The DRC case, is the extreme opposite: lack of government, or at best, an absentee government, thus the anarchy. Both situations are not tenable. Kinshasa has proved it is incapable of effectively governing Kivu.

This makes the Kivu people, who vehemently stick to being Congolese despite their language, vulnerable to foreign vultures, thanks to their resources. These people need to live a dignified life, as citizens. The 1998 chaos in Lubumbashi and Kinshasa against perceived ‘Banyarwanda’ has great lessons for Ms Kandolo, which she ignores. I have met victims of this, who still insist they are Congolese: twebwe tur’Abakongomani, ntagbo tur’ Abanyarwanda… ( we are Congolese, not Rwandese), spiced with their favorite jargons of being Lushois ( from Lubumbashi) or Kinois( from Kinshasa).

One strange fact about the DRC Crisis is that virtually all Congolese in the Diaspora( western capitals or working with international bodies), have narrowed the whole thing to Rwanda, nay, Batutsi. Listen to any of them, or read their writings as is the case with Ms Kandolo in this article, or those I have watched on Shaka Ssali’s Straight Talk Africa, on Voice of America. No one wants to face the bitter realities of the country’s colonial history, and intricate foreign interests that have refused to go away. No one talks of why UN SG Dag Hammarskjold had to die the way he did. No one talks of Lumumba’s fate, that parallels well with that of Rwagasore in Burundi across the Rusizi; the rise of resistance in form of the Maji Maji or Kimbangu and his religion, Kimbanguism.

From whichever East African country Ms Kandolo is writing, she needs to reflect on these realities and their link to the present DRC Crisis. Playing the ostrich will not take the truth away. As stakeholders in the region, we need to face the reality, forget the wild ‘reports’ of armchair ‘experts’, who are essentially paid by the wealth looters to escalate the crisis and divert attention from the truth in the Kivus. The people of eastern DRC are no bigger sinners than the rest of humanity, to lead a wretched life. Just as South Sudan suffered because it was pegged to a different polity to create Sudan by the British and their Egyptian agents, the various nationalities in DRC were patched together by a greedy Belgian monarch, and their plight was not eased even after the territory ceased to be his private property. Independence and its aftermath were even a worse farce!!

Whereas I appreciate Ms Kandolo’s sentiments, she loses it all when she falls into the standard Western trap of diverting all matters DRC to Batutsi in Rwanda and Burundi. This is very petty and wont solve anything. Being Congolese, she must be privy to the truth. Unless she is blinded by the trappings of the ‘diaspora’ that leads to such narrow analysis and repetition of ‘expert’ reports on the Great Lakes

Sandra Birungi
Kampala

GOVERNMENT STATEMENT ON THE CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THE DEATH OF HON. CERINAH NEBANDA AND ACTIONS TAKEN SO FAR


By Hon Hillary Onek, Minister of Internal Affairs

1. When someone dies in suspicious circumstances like Hon Nebanda Cerinah did, the correct thing to do by the authorized investigators of the State is to suspect all persons that had contact with the deceased. These could include friends, associates and any known or perceived enemies. That is why by both common sense and by force of law- it’s deemed wise to use the Professional Government body to own and take up the investigations. And this is the police and nothing else as provided for in article 212 for this mandate.

Other Agencies or parties may be involved to help the police but not to replace its functions. The police has a well laid down procedure to follow in carrying out these investigations and its professional mandate is well provided for in article 211of the constitution

Therefore, any other interested party be it close or distant associates wanting to participate in the investigations in one way or another, must work with the police in a manner that does not Jeopardize the investigations.

2. Chloronology of actions taken since the death of Hon. Cerina Nebanda
Police should be commended for moving swiftly to commence investigations in this matter. Within the first night, Police had secured the scene of crime.

• On the 14th December 2012 at around 19.30 hours, Police was informed of the sudden death of Hon. Nebanda .
• Immediately the Inspector General of Police and other officers rushed to the scene at Mukwaya General Hospital in Nsambya.
• There were a number of people including Members of Parliament, relatives and friends at the scene.
• The scene was taken over by the Police Scene of Crime Officers
• A Police pathologist Dr. Moses Byaruhanga was called to take charge of the body while at the scene at Mukwaya Clinic in preparation for post mortem the following day. The body was packed in a body bag and taken to Mulago School and kept in the Department of Anatomy and stayed there overnight.
• Police deployed at the Hospital to maintain security
• Police requested for Post mortem from Mulago hospital using Police form 48 and was carried out on Saturday 15th December 2012.

• The post mortem team was headed by Professor Henry Wabinga the head of pathology at Medical School. It included DR Byaruhanga Police pathologist, Dr Kalungi and Dr Onziwuwa all of them staff of Mulago pathology department.

• Meanwhile, many members of parliament had gathered outside the mortuary demanding to access the examination and post mortem room and threatening to reject the body and results if post mortem was done in their absence. Though this was irregular and unknown to police practice on strict handling of exhibits, the Police Pathologist out of Political Pressure succumbed to the MPs demands and allowed three of them to the examination room as observers and not pathologists. These were, Hon Dr Baryomunsi, Hon Dr Bitekyerezo and Hon Dr Sam Lyomoki.

• During the post mortem samples were taken, sealed and escorted to Government Analytical Laboratory (GAL) and handed over in accordance with laid down procedure. The three observer MPs voluntarily escorted the samples up to the Government Analytical Laboratory (GAL).

• To the surprise of the Police,on Sunday, 16th December 2012 Hon. Dr. Baryomunsi made a press statement that they were sending samples to South Africa and the results would be out in three days. This captured the attention of the Police.

• On the 17th of December, both the Inspector General of Police and CID Director, contacted Hon. Baryomunsi on phone asking him about the said sample that he was intending to take to south Africa, how he had accessed it and whether it had been got from the Government Analytical Laboratory (GAL). He confirmed that they had another set of sample but declined to explain how he had accessed it. Police expressed its concern and strongly cautioned him against interfering in Police work. In response he threatened the IGP that he would expose him in the Press and reject the whole process. This behavior alone raised a lot of suspicion to the Police. Since the matter could not be concluded on phone, Baryomunsi suggested to the IGP for a meeting later in the evening to discuss further together with other colleague MPs of his. IGP accepted to have the meeting but warned Hon Chris against bringing MPs who only come to threaten and not discuss soberly.

• In the mean time, Police asked the Executive Director of Mulago whether he knew that another set of samples other than the ones taken to Government Analytical Laboratory (GAL) had been drawn and taken out. He denied any knowledge.

• In a related matter Police got information from the Police pathologist Dr Byaruhanga, that he had been informed by the Mortuary attendant, a one Detective Sergent Aluma that he saw Dr silvester Onzivua, (who had been part of the Pathology post mortem team and specifically assigned to cut sample specimens and distribute them into the various containers before sealing), taking some samples out of the Mortuary. That when Sergent Aluma asked Dr Onzivua about where he was taking the other samples he replied that he was taking them to their pathology department for internal study and use. This was a strange revelation to the Police and raised more suspicion. The behavior of Dr Onzivuwa in that regard became highly suspicious.

• Later on Monday 17th December 2012, a meeting was held in the office of the Director of Mulago Hospital between the Dr. Byaruhanga, Professor Wabinga and two other Doctors who attended the post mortem, Dr. Onzivua, the director CIID and the Deputy Director Investigations were Present. The team asked Dr onzivua how he had accessed another set of samples without their knowledge and where it was being kept.

• Dr. Onzivua informed the meeting that indeed he had the samples and he had removed them during post mortem on the instructions of Hon. Dr. Baryomunsi and Hon. Dr. Lyomoki for taking to South Africa for independent analysis. He refused to hand over and declare to the meeting the whereabouts of the samples and the conditions of their custody which was among many other concerns a serious issue to Police in as far as management of the chain of evidence is concerned. Dr Onzivua instead told the meeting to contact the MPs if they wanted anything about the samples in question. This was yet another strange revelation of how a pathologist consultant who had been put on the post mortem team by virtue of his work at the hospital, could now claim to have worked covertly under the instructions not of his senior- the team leader Prof Wabinga and the head of pathology but that of third parties who were mere observers. Why that sinister and clandestine behavior? Inevitably, this made Dr Ozivua and his alleged instructors serious suspects. Their whole motive remains unclear to the Police and government. Is this the transparency the MPs were clamoring for?

• After the meeting and given the exhibited suspicious behavior of Dr Onzivua Police CID director handed him over to the Deputy Director of CID for a statement. He stubbornly refused to record the statement, he instead wrote a letter seeking advice from the director CID on the request by members of Parliament to take samples to South Africa.

• In the evening of the same Monday, a meeting which Hon DR Baryomunsi had requested with the IGP was convened. The IGP was unable to attend it because of other engagements. But he delegated the Director CID to represent him. It was attended by five members of Parliament (as the majority) namely Dr. Baryomunsi, Hon. Bitekyerezo Medard, Dr. Hon. Lyomoki, Hon. Katuntu, Hon. Bahati, Ag. Commissioner GAL, Police CIID Director, Executive Director Mulago Hospital. Dr. Onzivua who had also been invited was suspiciously absent.

• Hon Dr Baryomunsi designated himself Chairman of the meeting, dominated the meeting, narrated all he had discussed with IGP on phone and strongly stated their condition of taking samples to South Africa. CID director and Government chemist objected to the manner in which a separate sample had been obtained secretly without the knowledge of the Police, and management of Mulago hospital as well as using the staff of the hospital in a manner contrary to laid down administrative procedure. CID director also objected to any samples going out or being handled in a manner not supervised by the Police.

• The CID director and Government chemist further told the meeting that since some other samples were in their custody they needed to handover to the Government analytical laboratory and fill police form 17a, which is the standard form used to detail the type of exhibits and specific analysis required. Another suggestion by the Government Chemist was that even if Dr Onzivua was to be permitted to go to south africa, he should go escorted by the Police and an analyst from the the Government analytical laboratory. The MPs rejected this idea. The police wondered what their intention was? The MPs later booed the CID director and the meeting ended in disagreement. Yet again, this behavior worried the police and wondered why the MPs were maneuvering in a non transparent manner yet they were claiming to be pushing for transparency.

• The Director CID expressed also in the meeting the concern of the Police about some MPs purporting to represent the institution of Parliament, yet no communication had ever been received from the management of parliament, be it from the RT Hon Speaker or the Clerk to Parliament requesting for the involvement of Parliament or its members in the investigations, which would also be unprecedented. In the same meeting the MPs said that Parliament was not interested in Prosecution but to only do an independent investigation for their own consumption. Hon Katuntu, repeated the same on the floor of parliament and it’s on hansard. This again was very strange to the Police and government as to why Parliament, the third arm of government would not be interested in the prosecution of the alleged killers of the late Hon Nebanda, if any. How then would they want justice to be done? If they are not seeking Justice what else as they seeking? So one wonders whether, the views of the MPs were their own or that of Parliament as an institution?

• Finally, Police discovered that Dr. Onzivua had ignored all Police warnings and went ahead to smuggle out the samples en route to South Africa. He was eventually arrested at the airport. Police had all the causes and justification to arrest him.

• The actions of Dr. Onzivua of insisting to take the samples were irregular since:-
i. He had not received any reply from the Director CIID over his request;
ii. There is no written communication from the Speaker of Parliament to request him to take these samples. He is not a Speaker of Parliament to write on behalf.
iii. The Prime Minister who authorizes all government workers to travel abroad had not allowed him and his office was not aware.
iv. The alleged Permission from the Director general of health was just an internal clearance from the ministry of health where Onzivuwa works and was to be the basis for seeking permission from the Rt Hon Prime minster. Besides, Dr Aceng of the ministry of health had not been party to all the above processes and was not aware of the controversy and irregular behavior surrounding Dr Onzivua.

Why politicize the matter?
Government is extremely concerned and indeed much more suspicious at the way some political leaders are quickly turning the matter into a Political Contest, interfering with Professional Process of investigation and using the press to peddle a malicious campaign. Could this be some deliberate cover up? Could some of them be having some clues that they are trying to hide through diversionary Political attacks on government? This is a matter government cannot let go. All suspicious behavior will be investigated irrespective of whether one is an MP, high ranking or low.

4. WAY FORWARD
Government is committed to complete the investigations into the circumstances surrounding the death of Hon. Nebanda with a view to establish the truth. The Government reiterates its condolences to the family, relatives and the people of Butaleja upon the demise of Hon. Nebanda. Indeed Government has extended its contribution in meeting the burial expenses.

As far as the burial of the late Hon. Nebanda is concerned, Government will respect the decision of the family on the date and procedure of the burial arrangement.

Hon Hillary Onek, Minister of Internal Affairs

BETI KAMYA’S SPEECH ON LAUNCH OF NATIONAL REFERENDUM TO FEDERALISM


LAUNCH OF NATIONAL REFERENDUM TO CHANGE THE GOVERNANCE SYSTEM OF UGANDA FROM UNITARY TO FEDERALISM

ON MONDAY 17 DECEMBER, 2012, PACIFIC GRAND HOTEL, LIRA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL

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Our Chief Guest, Hon Norbert Mao, President of the Democratic Party

Hon MPs,

The Chairman and Councilors, Lira District Council,

Your Worship the Mayor and Councilors, Lira Municipality Council,

The RDC and all Central Government Officials,

Leaders of various Political Parties & Religious denominations,

Civil Societies represented here today,

All of you our honoured guests

On behalf of Uganda Federal Alliance, I thank you for honouring our invitation to this event with your presence. There are people who have traveled from all over the country to be here, at their own expense, and the people of Lira have foregone what else they could be doing for the good of their families, to be here. Indeed we are honoured.

Chief Guest, I am aware of your enormous responsibilities as party leader and very busy schedule, so your presence here is highly appreciated.

Today is a significant landmark in the history of Uganda, because for the first time, ordinary Ugandans are going to launch a peaceful, non-confrontational, constitutional process that will set Uganda on the correct path to democratic governance.

There have been two political struggles of fundamental significance in Uganda.

The first struggle was by our ancestors who resisted colonialism more than one hundred and thirty years ago, led by Omukama Kabalega of Bunyoro, who was later joined by Kabaka Mwanga of Buganda. Due to the colonialists’ superior weapons , our kings were defeated and they fled to Lango via river Kioga. The Won Nyaci and all the Chiefs of Lango decided to hide and feed them. Today, landmark caves where the Kings were hidden exist in Lango, as a symbol of colonial resistance and solidarity with fellow Africans.

The British came after the Kings to Lango, wanting to capture them, but the people of Lango put up very stiff resistance, killing many of the colonial troops. The people of Lango, too, died, defending Kabalega and Mwanga, because they knew that their destinies were linked, and that what was bad for Bunyoro and Buganda would be bad for Lango – and it has come to pass – because, since then, Uganda has lived under the yoke of colonialism and neo colonialism. I hail the ancestors of Lango for their foresight, bravery and solidarity.

The second struggle came about sixty years later, when the Sons and Daughters of what had become Uganda launched the struggled for political independence, to throw out the colonialists, once again, led Sir Edward Mutesa, Kabaka of Buganda, Dr Apollo Milton Obote, Son of Lango and Ben Kiwanuka, the greatest democrat of all time. This was attained on 9 October 1962. It is unfortunate that this solidarity did not stand the test of time. Since then, there has been turmoil, trial and error, as Ugandans seek to redeem their power, lost to colonialists, but which has never been recovered inspite of political independence.

Today, we are launching the third and hopefully final struggle for real independence, where independence means being in charge of one’s resources and priorities, not just election of leaders to eat on our behalf!

When a child is born in Moroto, Kalangala, Kitgum, Arua, Mbale, Kisoro, Mbarara, Apac, Tororo or anywhere in Uganda, the pregnant mother carries to hospital a razor blade to cut the child’s umbilical cord. The razor blade is taxed – the first tax that introduces the child to this world, dead or alive. Thereafter, tax is paid on every item used by the baby, through childhood, adolescence, adulthood – even in death, because a dead body will not leave the mortuary until a tax is paid, taxes are paid on all funeral expenses, until Dear Departed is left in the grave!

The total taxation arising out of the above activities during the Financial Year 2010 / 11 was Ugshs 7.5T

In addition, Govt of Uganda borrowed Ushs 3 T from the International Community as budget support, making the total National Budget for 2010 / 2011 – Ushs 10.5 T

The above taxes and loans have one destination – the Consolidated Fund (National Cake), managed by the President of Uganda, in consultation with Cabinet and Parliament. They sent back to the people through Local Govt Grants, only Ushs 1,785 B, moreover, of which 75% (Ushs 1.39 T) was conditional grants, to cater for administrative cost!

Hence, only 4% (Ushs 447B) of the entire National Cake was allocated for provision of public services – while politicians, technocrats and the lucky few, numbering not more than 10,000 people, live like Oil Barons – and it is all done legally and constitutionally!!

There are no public services, jobs and development in Uganda, because all the taxes are siphoned from each corner of Uganda, sent to the Central Govt, which sends back to the regions, just 4% of the budget! Where there is no money in circulation, there will be no jobs, no development and poverty!

This is what we are here to change today.

We are here to launch a struggle against a system, which takes away everything we earn with our sweat, from the newly born to the dead, and gives it to very few people at the Center of Govt, to eat on our behalf. We are here to choose a system which leaves our resources in our regions, where we can make our own decisions on how to use them, instead of sending them to Kampala, and then beg for crumbs from Kampala, and moreover be told how to vote, if we want a share of our own God given endowments!

This activity (the referendum) is provided for under Article 255(1) of the Constitution of Uganda, which says that ordinary citizens can demand a referendum in order to make direct decisions on ANY ISSUE. All we need to do to have a referendum is to get 10% signatures of registered voters from 1/3 of districts in Uganda to support a petition from any registered voter.

Today is the day we launch the collection of signatures to change from the system which robs us of everything, and gives to only a few.

I am asking all the registered voters in Uganda to sign the petition. Let us begin the historic journey here, at Pacific Grand Hotel, Lira – and history will be made, and you being here today, will not just be an observer as history is made, but the maker of history.

Dear Chief Guest, I invite you to be the first Ugandan, in this third struggle, to say “NO” to robbery and squandering of public funds, dishonesty and injustice, like your Great Ancestor Ben Kiwanuka, and the Great Party, you lead, the DP.

Fellow Countrymen and women, after this launch, we shall go out to every voter in Uganda who is fed up and disgusted with the shameless abuse of offices, that has seen politicians and technocrats rob us of billions of shillings, even compassion money donated for the sick, poor, the needy and the dead, and ask them to say “NO” to this dishonesty and injustice, by signing the “pink book”.

Our mobilizers will come to you with a Pink Book like this. It will have the petition signed by myself, the rest is for you to sign.

This is an opportunity for ordinary Ugandans to directly make a decision on how they want their resources managed, without going through Parliament, Cabinet or Court. Ugandans need not be observers, cursers and mourners at this grand robbery anymore because the Constitution provides for us to make decisions that have the force of law, through a National Referendum.

Most people think that the ordinary voter only votes the President, MP and Councilor, then becomes a miserable observer as these people do what they want with our money and our lives. But under Article 255 of the Constitution, we can recall our power ANY TIME AND MAKE DIRECT DECISIONS ON ANY MATTER, AND THE DECISIONS SO MADE WILL HAVE THE FORCE OF LAW.

So, people of Lira, are you prepared to rise to the challenge and lead Ugandans in making the decision to say “NO” to robbery, dishonesty, selfishness and injustice? I am not asking you to pour blood and sleep in the bush with snakes, hungry and at risk of being killed anytime, am only asking you to register your displeasure with the status quo, in this book.

Opok Obanga, Opok Rwot. Apoyo tutwal.

Now I have the great pleasure and honour to introduce to you, a man I admired even before I knew him, he is much younger than I am, but I still admired him from his student days, when he campaigned to be and won the Guild Presidency of MUK, through his carrier as an MP, District Chairperson, a strugglist, a brave person who first blew the whistle on the atrocities in Northern Uganda during the insurgency, one who dared to go to the bush to meet Joseph Kony when Salim Saleh feared.

Ladies and Gentlemen, it is my hounour to introduce to you, the Hon Norbert Mao, President of the Democratic Party and Chief Guest on this occasion.

Apoyo tutwal.

Beti Olive Kamya-Turwomwe

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