Bahima particularly Maama Nyakazaana, have given Buganda Kabakas and Chiefs. The prominent Nyakazaana is of the Bahinda clan of the Royal family of Nkore (“Ankole”).
Nyakazaana was the wife of Zachary Kiwanuka Sensalire, and together, they were the parents of Ham Mukasa Rwamujonjoza (1871-1956), one of the greatest sons of Buganda. Ham Mukasa as you know was the Sekibobo of Buganda (i.e., the Chief of Kyaggwe), the longest serving chief in the history of Buganda. Zakariya Kiwanuka Sensalire was himself a descendant of a long line of Sensalires, i.e. heads of the balalo clan of Njovu who are known to have gained prominence right from the days of Kabaka Kintu as the official balaalo. Up to now, it remains the duty of the Njovu clan to educate every new Kabaka on the art of bulaalo (herding). Like other balaalo, Sensalire married from among his fellow Bahima, hence the Nyakazaana that you are now vilifying.
Nyakazaana, a Muhima, was the mother of Ham Mukasa as we have seen. Ham Mukasa, with his first wife Anna Mawemuko, then went ahead to father Victoria Sarah Nalwanga (b. 1910). Nalwanga was the mother of the two Kisosonkoles, Sarah and Damali, the wives of Kabaka Edward Mutesa II.
Sarah Kisosonkole, (the great grand daughter of Nyakazana), was Kabaka Mutebi’s mother. The Kiganda version of the Hima name, Nakazana has stuck around up to now. Kabaka Mutebi’s first Namasole was known as Edith Nakazana. She passed away recently in London, I think on 02 Sep 2008, and you may have even attended her funeral service!
Tracing the ancestry of Nyakazaana was not an end in itself but a means of shedding light on the basic facts that we disregard when we are stoking antipathy against certain groups. Key here is the extent to which groups have intermingled over time, and in case of Buganda, the extent to which it is indeed a bundle of bundles, one of which bundles are Bahima. One could almost argue that Buganda is a bundle of Bahima and balaalo.
Look at this: the mother of Kabaka Mutebi I, Wanyana, was the daughter of Mugalula Buyonga, the founder of the Nseenene (conjugated from Nswa enene) clan. Mugalula, originally called Mugarra, a Muhima from Busongora and a mulaalo, moved with others from Busongora, with their herds of cattle and settled in Bweera via Buddu, then eventually moving to Nakanoni village in Gomba and on to Kisozi.
One of Mugalula’s brothers, Kalyebala (whose Kiganda’s corruption is “Kalibbala) became the chief mulaalo of Chwa I, Kabaka Kintu’s successor, was to be promoted to the chieftainship of Kayima or Kaima (in Runyakitara, part of which Rusongora is, Kahuma or Kahima, the cattle keeper or mulaalo). The Kayima or Kaima is still the title of the Chief of the Ssaza of Mawokoto (just like we have the Mugema of Busiro, the Kasujju of Busujju, the Katambala of Butambala; the Pokino of Buddu, the Sekibobo of Kyaggwe etc). All those were Bahima. I am sure you know that, those of Nsenene clan that lost their herds of cattle to rinderpest in the 1880s and resorted to crop rearing are now called Baima abatasunda, that is, the “Bahima that no longer churn milk”.
Mutesa I’s mother, Ndwaddewazziba, was a Muhima; Prince Badru Kakungulu’s mother was a Muhima, Prince John Kintu Wassajja’s mother was a Muhima, Princess Teyeggala’s mother was a Muhima, and as we have shown you here at UAH, Prince Jjunju Suna Kiwewa’s mother is a Mututsi, the Muhima equivalent of Rwanda-Burundi. The whole process of the arrival on the scene of your likely next Kabaka has been a process of concentrating Hima/Tutsi blood at Mmengo. You do not have to hate or love the fact. That is how it is.
If you can, look up the history of the Nsenene clan of Buganda, and ask them why the title of the Ssaza Chief of Mawokota (one of the three core counties of Buganda) is “Kaima” up to now. Ask them about the first Kaima that was to be aloocated a large estate in North Mawokota, the only known grazing grounds in the Mawokota-Kyaddondo-Busiro heartland of the nascent Buganda. Kaima means Kahima or Kahuma, “the Hamite”.
As you try to “dig dip” the history of Bahima and balaalo in Buganda, I will refer you to some readings that might give you some basic facts. These might also be of some use for others that champion Buganda exclusionism and the anti-Hima and anti-Tutsi invective that abounds on this forum:
1.Reid, Richard J (2002), Political Power in Precolonial Buganda (Kampala: Fountain)…also available from James Currey and Ohio University Press.
2.Kaggwa, Apollo Sir (1934), The customs of Buganda (New York: New York)
3.Ashe, RP (1889), Two Kings of Buganda (London).
4.Roscoe, J (1911), The Baganda: An Account of their Naive Customs and Beliefs (London).
And on some people’s conviction that Baganda are pygymoid, I refer you to:
Mukasa, Ham (1904), Uganda ‘s Katikiro in England ; being the official account of his visit to the coronation of His Majesty King Edward VII ( London : Hutchinson ).
In Sir HH Johnston’s introduction to that book on page xvii, we read that, Apolo Kaggwa is “…a very tall and muscular man about 6ft 3in and of absolutely unmixed Negro race.”
And on the view that my reference to Bahima being part and parcel of Buganda history is contraband, on that same page of that book I quote above we read that Ham Mukasa is
“…somewhat lighter in colour and has about him a slight element of the aristocratic caste in Uganda (read Buganda) known as the Bayima or Bahima”
That corroborates the information you discounted as “smuggling” Bahima and Balaalo into Buganda history. And of course, you did not justify your use of the term “smuggling”: the best way to justify it would have been with counterevidence on the ethnicity and origins of Ham Mukasa’s mother, the Muhima lady Nyakazaana.
Note that Ham Mukasa was baptised the name “Ham”…that looks obvious. Do you wan to know why? Please let me if you want to know why.
If you want a copy of that last book I have quote, go to this link: http://www.archive.org/details/ugandaskatikiroi00mukaiala. It is a good 328 pages.
Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick