Bahima were/are part and parcel of Buganda history as they have given Buganda Kabakas and chiefs

Mr & Mrs Ham & Hannah Mukasa. Robert & Dorothy Sebuliba. 1901. At Mengo outside his father's House near the post office in mengo

Mr & Mrs Ham & Hannah Mukasa. Robert & Dorothy Sebuliba. 1901. At Mengo outside his father’s House near the post office in mengo

The Ham Mukasa's and the Mulyanti's family. The photo well could be in de 1930's or even before,co'z u see de kabaka Mutesa en to de left is Mr.Ham Mukasa Sekibobo.This picture was taken in Mengo- Kewerimidde house in the back yard. I am almost sure about that

The Ham Mukasa’s and the Mulyanti’s family. The photo well could be in de 1930’s or even before,co’z u see de kabaka Mutesa en to de left is Mr.Ham Mukasa Sekibobo.This picture was taken in Mengo- Kewerimidde house in the back yard. I am almost sure about that

Bahima particularly Maama Nyakazaana, have given Buganda Kabakas and Chiefs. The prominent Nyakazaana is of the Bahinda clan of the Royal family of Nkore (“Ankole”).

Nyakazaana was the wife of Zachary Kiwanuka Sensalire, and together, they were the parents of Ham Mukasa Rwamujonjoza (1871-1956), one of the greatest sons of Buganda. Ham Mukasa as you know was the Sekibobo of Buganda (i.e., the Chief of Kyaggwe), the longest serving chief in the history of Buganda. Zakariya Kiwanuka Sensalire was himself a descendant of a long line of Sensalires, i.e. heads of the balalo clan of Njovu who are known to have gained prominence right from the days of Kabaka Kintu as the official balaalo. Up to now, it remains the duty of the Njovu clan to educate every new Kabaka on the art of bulaalo (herding). Like other balaalo, Sensalire married from among his fellow Bahima, hence the Nyakazaana that you are now vilifying.

Nyakazaana, a Muhima, was the mother of Ham Mukasa as we have seen. Ham Mukasa, with his first wife Anna Mawemuko, then went ahead to father Victoria Sarah Nalwanga (b. 1910). Nalwanga was the mother of the two Kisosonkoles, Sarah and Damali, the wives of Kabaka Edward Mutesa II.

Sarah Kisosonkole, (the great grand daughter of Nyakazana), was Kabaka Mutebi’s mother. The Kiganda version of the Hima name, Nakazana has stuck around up to now. Kabaka Mutebi’s first Namasole was known as Edith Nakazana. She passed away recently in London, I think on 02 Sep 2008, and you may have even attended her funeral service!

Tracing the ancestry of Nyakazaana was not an end in itself but a means of shedding light on the basic facts that we disregard when we are stoking antipathy against certain groups. Key here is the extent to which groups have intermingled over time, and in case of Buganda, the extent to which it is indeed a bundle of bundles, one of which bundles are Bahima. One could almost argue that Buganda is a bundle of Bahima and balaalo.

Look at this: the mother of Kabaka Mutebi I, Wanyana, was the daughter of Mugalula Buyonga, the founder of the Nseenene (conjugated from Nswa enene) clan. Mugalula, originally called Mugarra, a Muhima from Busongora and a mulaalo, moved with others from Busongora, with their herds of cattle and settled in Bweera via Buddu, then eventually moving to Nakanoni village in Gomba and on to Kisozi.

One of Mugalula’s brothers, Kalyebala (whose Kiganda’s corruption is “Kalibbala) became the chief mulaalo of Chwa I, Kabaka Kintu’s successor, was to be promoted to the chieftainship of Kayima or Kaima (in Runyakitara, part of which Rusongora is, Kahuma or Kahima, the cattle keeper or mulaalo). The Kayima or Kaima is still the title of the Chief of the Ssaza of Mawokoto (just like we have the Mugema of Busiro, the Kasujju of Busujju, the Katambala of Butambala; the Pokino of Buddu, the Sekibobo of Kyaggwe etc). All those were Bahima. I am sure you know that, those of Nsenene clan that lost their herds of cattle to rinderpest in the 1880s and resorted to crop rearing are now called Baima abatasunda, that is, the “Bahima that no longer churn milk”.

Mutesa I’s mother, Ndwaddewazziba, was a Muhima; Prince Badru Kakungulu’s mother was a Muhima, Prince John Kintu Wassajja’s mother was a Muhima, Princess Teyeggala’s mother was a Muhima, and as we have shown you here at UAH, Prince Jjunju Suna Kiwewa’s mother is a Mututsi, the Muhima equivalent of Rwanda-Burundi. The whole process of the arrival on the scene of your likely next Kabaka has been a process of concentrating Hima/Tutsi blood at Mmengo. You do not have to hate or love the fact. That is how it is.

If you can, look up the history of the Nsenene clan of Buganda, and ask them why the title of the Ssaza Chief of Mawokota (one of the three core counties of Buganda) is “Kaima” up to now. Ask them about the first Kaima that was to be aloocated a large estate in North Mawokota, the only known grazing grounds in the Mawokota-Kyaddondo-Busiro heartland of the nascent Buganda. Kaima means Kahima or Kahuma, “the Hamite”.

As you try to “dig dip” the history of Bahima and balaalo in Buganda, I will refer you to some readings that might give you some basic facts. These might also be of some use for others that champion Buganda exclusionism and the anti-Hima and anti-Tutsi invective that abounds on this forum:

1.Reid, Richard J (2002), Political Power in Precolonial Buganda (Kampala: Fountain)…also available from James Currey and Ohio University Press.
2.Kaggwa, Apollo Sir (1934), The customs of Buganda (New York: New York)
3.Ashe, RP (1889), Two Kings of Buganda (London).
4.Roscoe, J (1911), The Baganda: An Account of their Naive Customs and Beliefs (London).

And on some people’s conviction that Baganda are pygymoid, I refer you to:

Mukasa, Ham (1904), Uganda ‘s Katikiro in England ; being the official account of his visit to the coronation of His Majesty King Edward VII ( London : Hutchinson ).

In Sir HH Johnston’s introduction to that book on page xvii, we read that, Apolo Kaggwa is “…a very tall and muscular man about 6ft 3in and of absolutely unmixed Negro race.”

And on the view that my reference to Bahima being part and parcel of Buganda history is contraband, on that same page of that book I quote above we read that Ham Mukasa is

“…somewhat lighter in colour and has about him a slight element of the aristocratic caste in Uganda (read Buganda) known as the Bayima or Bahima”

That corroborates the information you discounted as “smuggling” Bahima and Balaalo into Buganda history. And of course, you did not justify your use of the term “smuggling”: the best way to justify it would have been with counterevidence on the ethnicity and origins of Ham Mukasa’s mother, the Muhima lady Nyakazaana.

Note that Ham Mukasa was baptised the name “Ham”…that looks obvious. Do you wan to know why? Please let me if you want to know why.

If you want a copy of that last book I have quote, go to this link: It is a good 328 pages.

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick


4 Comments so far. Leave a comment below.
  1. Mukasa,

    Otto the way u are search about Bugandas history is not in a good heart.It looks as if Museveni gave u some millions to make our young generation hate and loose morale of their kingdom as Nyerere did here in TZ.The bad thing you are not a muganda and you get confused with Bugandas history.What you should note,Buganda is not a Tribe,Its a nation.Do you get the difference btn the two.If not go back to your Senior one political education. we shall continue to love our kingdom irrespective of the Ottos who are diluting our thickness in blood but remember.Omwoyo Gwabuganda ogutafa.

  2. Livingstone Sempagla,

    It should also be noted that during the 1850s and before, women were exchanged as gifts among the Kings of the great lakes region. Karagwe in present day Tanzania was an important Hima power house and exchanged gifts with Buganda Kings including women, cattle etc. The king used to share his gifts or loot with his principal chiefs and whenever a chief fell out of favour, his estate was looted with the women and properties given to those in favour, this ensured that the Hima genes were spread far and wide in the kingdom. When John Hanning Speak visited Buganda, he was offered a Muhima girl by Mutesa 1’s mother who almost co-reigned with her young son in the early days. Early European travellers found 2 types of Baganda, the broad nosed of average height and the tall hima looking Baganda.
    Kabaka Kimera who came from Bunyoro with his rather large entourage which included the Mugema and his Nkima clan was certainly a Muhima.
    Journals of early missionaries, John Hanning Speak and Henley Morton Stanley amongst others are an invaluable gold mine of information.

  3. Bbosa yahaya,

    very right almost every one in Buganda has a mixed blood of bahima and Tutsi of Rwanda.look for my movie an intruder in my kingdom u will learn a lot.

  4. Ogutateganya Kasule,

    The “peoples” of the entire world are a cocktail of various ethnicities, it’s almost hard to find a pure bloodline. So, Mr Otto’s accounts don’t surprise me at all. For those who still harbor tribal sentiments, just know that regardless of how much importance and regard you attach yourself to, no one is buried in the sky, we all go six feet deep, decompose and our bodies eaten by maggots, we return to earth, all the geographical space we love so dearly is in the end less important, we don’t own land, land owns us. There’s a popular Luganda saying that goes like..”SSEKILIBA KYA TTAKA, MPAAWO ATALIKYAMBALA”…I loosely translate it as….”we all gonna die/land owns us, land feeds on our bodies. Peace to you all.

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