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Day May 28, 2013

Why have insurgents that have graced Uganda ever since 1986 failed where NRA/NRM succeeded?


Guerrilla warfare is not an end in itself. It is a means to capturing state power.If you are an insurgents, your life insurance as individual agents and as organisations is to ensure harmonious relations with the population that shelters you, replenishes you with recruits, feeds you, gives you vital intelligence: bottomline, the population you claim to be fighting for. That is as basic a fact as common expressions such as not “biting the hand that feeds you”, “killing the goose that lays the egg”, “cutting the tree branch you are sitting on”, “knowing which side of the bread that is buttered”, etc.

Let us look at the insurgents that have graced Uganda ever since 1986.Why have they failed where NRA/NRM succeeded?

Uganda People’s Democratic Army (UPDM/A)
Uganda People’s Army (UPA)
Ruwenzururu Kingdom Freedom Movement
Uganda Freedom Movement (UFM)
Uganda Mujahdeen Movement (UMM)
Ninth October Movement/Army (NOM/A)
Allied Democratic Front/Force (ADF)
Force Obote Back Army (FOBA),
Federal Democratic Movement (Fedemo)
West Nile Bank Front (WNBF) I &II
Uganda National Democratic Alliance (UNDA)
National Army for the Liberation of Uganda (NALU)
Uganda National Rescue Front (UNRF) I &II
Holy Spirit Movement/Holy Spirit Mobile Forces (HSM) I & II
Citizen Army for Multiparty Politics (CAMP),
Action Restore Justice (ARJ)
Former Uganda National Army (FUNA),
Anti-Referendum Army (ARA),
Peoples’ Redemption Army (PRA)
Uganda Salvation Force/Army (USF/A)
Lord’s Army
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA),

Would the existence or non-existence of a guerrilla group in the jungles of Luwero have made a difference to the fact that the generation of bayaye, Kazindas, kusamula, looting etc would at one time take charge of the country?

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Kazini:The day he died was not the first time he was carrying out a dawn raid on the home of a woman friend


kazini-james_thumbMurder is a relational phenomenon. There is a murderer and a murderee none of whom should receive disproportionate attention.Many of you have been at it here on the forum indulging in drunken speculation over what may have caused JB Kazini’s death. The day he died was not the first time he was carrying out a dawn raid on the home of a woman friend, neither was it the first time he assaulted innocent persons. The fact is that, each time we involve ourselves in violent altercations, we expose ourselves to being harmed. This is what we are dealing with in the case in question: serial violence, serial risks.

On each of those occasions, he did expose himself to the potential wrath of those individuals he assaulted. On the 2nd March 2008, he could very easily have been harmed by any of those individuals he assaulted: Dr.Robert Kagoda, Winnie(Kazini’s 2nd wife} or Byaruhanga, the b/boda cyclist. On the fatal day, there was no Byaruhanga: there was Draru a name that also means Byarufu.

Quite certainly, even on that occasion if any of those individuals that JB Kazini assaulted had acted in self-defense and injured the General, some people on UAH would have drifted off into the trade mark thoughtless, drunken and asinine conjecture like we are continuing to witness.

Have you heard of any former Army Commander in Africa being taken to prison for stealing a few shillings? Kazini, Major General, S.3 dropout. Otamuweka wapi? Tanzanian retired generals are diplomats, regional governors,etc. Could you trust Kazini with your herd of goats? How did such an individual like Kazini become the embodiment of the values of a very important national instituion? I am told he still had some cases to answer for petty thieving. You know, when he was in Nigeria for senior command training, those officers there always wondered how he became a general. When they went out to look for ladies, Kazini would go in for those that befitted Nigerian Corporals! When he went to Ghana for a staff course, he nad a runin with an instructor. He was thrown off the course, escorted back to Uganda by the Ghanaian Military Police paka Entebbe , then they heard he was Chief of Staff, then Army Commander! Did they laugh or cry?

And with Kazini, when you talk to the average UPDF soldier, he will tell that if all he had left in his rifle were only two rounds of ammunition, and he found Kazini, Kony and Odhiambo in a dark corner, he would shoot Kazini twice in the head………

General Kazini….two words that are a heart-rending oxymoron!

Anyway as I said, ever since 1979, Uganda has tended to lean towards Tanzania in the manner of organising the military…for obvious reasons. Even subsequently when you did away with NRA, you opted for UPDF…mirroring TPDF. To appreciate the Uganda military arrangements, look at TPDF.

And by the way, the Tanzanians (and anybody else) would tell you that the Kenyan system is the one that is confused. Kenya lacks the conceptual grasp between ‘Command’ matters, i.e., everything to do with the general directing of operational matters (the teeth) and ‘Staff’ matters i.e., everything to do with directing support matters (the tail). The Joint Chief of staff in Tanzania is actually called the Chief of General Staff…he is in charge of Staff Officers that support the commanders. Kenyans call their biggest commander a ‘chief of staffs’ which is really funny….like referring to a headmaster as a head prefect. With the Tanzanians, the Chief of Staff is of a higher rank than the respective service commanders, making him the third most senior. The Tanzanians are also silent about the chiefs of staff of the respective services.

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick

Reference:
Newvision: http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/12/614758

ATIAK IDP DEATHS:a 2005 letter from the LC3 chairman of Atiak the county in Gulu that had some of the most dangerous IDP camps


Acholi camps

Acholi camps

I have with me a 2005 letter from the LC3 chairman of Atiak the county in Gulu that had some of the most dangerous IDP camps (…remember Barlonyo?). In the letter (attached for ease of reference), that chairman, Odong William George reported the deaths in the 14 Atiak IDP camps for the period 1-15 September 2005, i.e., 2 weeks, at 54 persons. In other words, the weekly mortality rate was 27 persons.

14 Atiak IDP camps are documented. Here are their names: Elegu, Gunya, Abalokodi, Pacilo, Muruli, Bajere, Laraba, Gordon, Okidi, Lagwe Ringo, Lulayi, Pawiro, Ajukumanyige and K

letter on the link below;

ATIAK IDP DEATHS

As you may know, Gulu, Kitgum and Pader had 114 IDP camps. If 27 persons died per week in 14 camps with the most adverse living and physical safety conditions, one can infer that on average about 220 persons died in all the 114 in Acholi region per week. So, where did some people get their figure of 1,000 per week from (and of course, earlier on, 1,000 per day)? For about 10 yearS?

1,000 x 365 x 10 years…..3,650,000 souls!

What we see in the fore ground is an IDP (Internally Displaced Persons) camp.There was no such thing as refugee camps for Ugandans before Museveni came to power

What we see in the fore ground is an IDP (Internally Displaced Persons) camp.There was no such thing as refugee camps for Ugandans before Museveni came to power

This is Swari Camp-Soroti:No idea why they called swaria kamp

This is Swari Camp-Soroti:No idea why they called swaria kamp

These camps are mostly found in Northern Uganda only as far as Gulu,Kitgum etc…and this camps are the direct result of the following:

The Karamojong incursions and the LRA insurgencies have had longstanding impacts on the Teso people in the north which shattered dozens of communities and the lives of thousands.

This has resulted in:

The creation of large camps for security
The desertion of the countryside with the abandonment of the long established villages
The destruction of key infrastructure such as schools, water points and churches business premises
The killing of many – notably the men – resulting in many families with one or no parents
The destruction of agriculture and live stock.The long term memory of the nightmare of incursions by vicious armed men in the local people.In 2006, in Katakwi there were an estimated 133,000, 45% of the 2002 Census population.

In the affected areas of insurgency south of Katakwi, better security means that the people feel able to return from the Internally Displaced People (IDP) camps to where they used to live. BUT…

The land has been desolate for 3+ years and is overgrown with weeds and scrub.Family members have been lost from being killed or through disease Infrastructure has been damaged by the insurgents eg schools, Churches, health centres .Water points have collapsed through lack of maintenance.The families have no seed, tools, animals or equipment to start farming again.Their homes have been damaged or destroyed. The money Kazinda, Bigirimana, Mbabazi, Janet M7 and others helped to themselves in the OPM were meant to help these people get better lives, but the selfish ‘Twalwanalism’ took over.

Internally displace Persons came about after LRA warloards raveged through the northern Uganda.These camps are found in Northern Uganda from Soroti to Gulu. The money that was meant to help Northerners get a better life ended up on the accounts of the Kazindas but the Ottos/Musokes/Muzigus don’t want us to expose these things.

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick and Hannah Ogwapit

ABAHADI VS OBUDDU:marginalisation of Muslims has always been an issue leaders want to sweep under the carpet!


I think the manner in which we have handled the question of the position of Muslims in Uganda has tended to trivialise the broader question of group marginalisation in the country, let alone diminishing the real magnitude of the plight of Muslims themselves.

I see the whole issue being reduced to going through any of the NAKIBUGA schools (Nakibuga meaning both urban – in Luganda- and also an acronym for Namagunga, Kisubi, Buddo, Gayaza)….and all that to do with whether certain big men like UPC’s George Okello and Yusuf Lule went to Buddo etc. I think the question of marginalisation of Muslims looms much larger than that.

There is still that level of basic dehumanisation of Muslims that obtains in some rural areas: A peasant kid will remark: “nsanze abantu babiri n’omusiramu”: I met two people plus one Muslim. In the village, if you had two neighbours, one a catholic called Zaveriyo, and another one a Muslim called Aramanzani, you would be sent to ask for matchsticks from Zaveriyo’s but for salt from “Owomusiramu”: the Muslim’s home. Never from Aramanzani’s.

Even in basic learning, there were always subliminal messages aimed at denigrating Muslims…there was that English language text book with a character called Mr Mutabingwa, and another character called Abdul the shopkeeper who was always portrayed as the crafty thief selling ash as sugar etc)…kids (adults of tomorrow) went to secondary school indelibly instilled with those prejudices against Muslims…

Uganda has politely emerged with strucutural obstacles to the social mobility of anyone that by accident, ended up being a Muslim. From the start, education in Uganda was the business of missionaries. Muslims had none to build schools for them. This matter even came up in the Legco in 1941 when during the 21st session one member, Mr Margarch passionately urged government to set up non-denominational schools to cater for Muslim pupils.

When government decided to establish a school for Muslims, it was erected somewhere in Masindi, where as the majority of the Muslims were in Buganda. In that very year, 1941, the grant for education was £6,631. Muslim education got a platry £252 and shs 18 of that, i.e., 3.8%. As you know, Muslims were over time condemned to the inglorious vocations of being little butchers and taxi-drivers. The roots of the ADF problem partly lie right there. So, one or two Muslims at Buddo is not good ‘ddagala’ for such deep-seated inequities.

Within Buganda itself, when you look back at the settlements of the religious wars and the beginnings of religion-based political alignments, the Muslims emerged at the bottom of the pile, even in the acquisition of living space. The Portal-IBEACo treaty with Kabaka Mwanga gave the Catholics the vast Buddu county, Sesse was shared out between the Protestans and Catholics, Protestants took the rest of Buganda with the exception of the miniscule Busujju, Gomba and Butambala that were grudgingly offered to the Muslims. Recall that the 1893 agitations by Muslims for Busiro to be added to them resulted into chaos as the Nubians under Selim Bey took sides with the Baganda Muslims. When the dust settled, the Nubians had been removed from Kampala to Kitubulu where they still are, and Baganda Muslims had lost Gomba and Busujju, only to be left with the insignificant Butambala….paka leo!

Many times a christian peasant father would always tell his daughter, “ggwe, ggwe bwoliwasa omusiramu sikuraba kulumbe lwange”: if you ever dare to marry a Muslim, I should not see you at my funeral!

For any body who is interested in more details on that matter, can read Prof. Samwiri Karugire’s ‘A Political History of Uganda’ and Badru and A. Kasozi’s ‘Abaasiga Obusiraamu mu Uganda’.

The point being, to reduce the odds stacked against Muslims merely to the level of which school one goes to aggravate his/her intellectual kwashiorkor is to diagnose a long-standing pneumonia as a transient senyiga/nanyiga.

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick
NRM supporter and UAH member

HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS: KABAKA MUTESA 1 TO COLONEL GORDON


From: Patrick Otto

Subject: HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS: KABAKA MUTESA TO COLONEL GORDON

6 Februay, 1876.

To Sir Canell Gorlden

My Dear Freind Gorden hear this my word be not angry with Kaber­ega Sultan of Unyoro. I been head that you been brought two manwar ships but I pray you fight not with these Wanyoro for they know not what is good and what is bad. I am, Mutesa king of Uganda for if you fight with governour if you fight with governour you fight with the king.

I will ask you one thing but let it may please you all ye Europeion for I say if I want to go to Bommbey if the Governour and if the Goyernour of Bommbey refuse me to past will l not find the orther road therefore I pray you my friends hear this my letter stop for a moment if you want to fight put ships in the river nile take west and north and I will take east and south and let us put wanyoro in to the middle and fight against them but first send me answer from this letter. Because I want to be a freind of the English. I am Mutesa son of Suna king of U ganda let God be with your Majesty even you all Amen.

Mutesa King of Uganda

Februay 6, 1876.

”May her sons and daughters be my brothers and sisters, It is I, Mutesa, King of Uganda”


April 3, 1876

Nabulagala

From King Mutesa, the greatest King of the interior of Africa , 3 April 1876.

This letter is from M’tesa, the greatest King in Africa . It is I Mutesa, King of Uganda , Usoga and Karagwe. Listen then to my word which I tell you. Oh! thou European I have become your true brother, I am a Christian, only I have not yet been baptised.

I believe in God the Holy Father, Almighty, Creater of heaven and earth, and in the Lord Jesus Christ, the only true Son of God, begotten of the Father before the creation of the earth, He is God of God.

May your Queen be a mother to me, and may I become her son. May her sons and daughters be my brothers and sisters, It is I, Mutesa, King of Uganda . Formerly the Mahommedans tempted me saying that Mahom­med was the first and last of good people, but we find this is not the truth but a lie. May we both be united.

Oh! Colonel Gordon, listen to this letter which says Oh! God, let there be peace between England and Uganda . Oh! may England be joyful always. Oh! Colonel Gordon, come quickly to me, and, if you do not come, at least send one of your white men, who you have with you, I want the reply to this letter to be printed.

May God be with the Queen, May God be with your Majesty and I beg you to send me paper, ink and pens, because all my paper is finished.

Mutesa King of Uganda

April 3, 1876.

KABAKA MUTESA 1 TO COLONEL GORDON: NJAGALA FEEZA, ZAABU, MUNDU NE’DDIINI


Here is a man after the heart of GOD, he starts with GOD and ends with GOD, how noble! He was also quite industrious and aware of lurking danger, because he asked for metals to forge spears and hoes to till the land, and then cannons and Guns wow!. I often wondered what Kabarega was like? Because he is depicted in history as the King who asked for one of the explorer”s wife!
————————————————————–

24 March 1876.

Kabaka Mutesa 1 and Dallington to Gordon,

To Sir Colonel Gordon, My dear, Friend, I wish you good day. It is I Mutesa, King of Uganda who sends you this letter. I wish to be the friend of the white men, Therefore, hear my words which I say.

I. I want a priest who will show me,the way of God.

2. I want gold, silver, iron and bronze.

3.1 want clothing for my people and myself to wear.

4. I want excellent guns and good cannons.

5. I want to cause to be built good houses for my country.

6. I want my people to know God.

Mutesa King of Uganda

24 March 1876.

When I saw the pictures of Gen.Kayihura happy and matching, my mind went back to 1979 when wakombozi from TZ finally entered Kampala


Kayihua wave has got power in it, guys

Kayihua wave has got power in it, guys

Folks:

Why did General Kale Kayihura inspect a police and not military guard of honour? I mean the rank of general is a military and not a police rank? Some of you may sometimes wonder why I always try to give a brief about people’s past. When I saw the pictures of General Kale Kayihura happy and matching, my mind went back to 1979, precisely April 1979 when wakombozi from TZ finally entered Kampala and the late Professor Lule (RIP) was about to be sworn in as President. It was none other than Mr. Kale Kayihura, yes him, who led Makerere University students through the streets of Kampala to parliament buildings. Mark you then Makerere University students were still well respectable and thus respected and actual admired by the peasants. Not anymore of course but that is beside the point.

If anyone could have predicted that Mr. Kayihura would preside over a fascist police force and try to force editors to sign oppressive agreements to not write about certain individuals, they would have called you mad.

BTW, The Monitor carved in to the regime when it appointed Mr. Asiimwe as its boss. That was a purely political appointment to appease the regime. The moment you appease you have to appease more. Ndiyo

The biggest mistake the Monitor made is contained in the following:

“In Monday’s Observer, when Monitor MD Alex was contacted for comment
on the conditions government is reported to have presented to them
before any consideration of re-opening, he reportedly responded: “We
met the minister but i can’t go into the details or discuss them in
the press.”

The Monitor board tried to buy peace by making a son of the soil boss. But the regime wants more. Therein lies the problem of appeasement.

If the Monitor Board caves in and agrees to the conditions being pushed in their way by the regime that will be the end of the Monitor for real. Better to die now under General Kale Kayihura, LLM and General Aronda, also a lawyer I believe -and you folks blamed Amin’s lesser educated colonels, eeh-than later after appeasement.

The Monitor can die a principled death-yes it will hit the shareholders and employees-or die disgraceful death should it cave in. As the Baganda say “mpaawo magombe gazza”/death is death. Who will buy a paper that guarantees not to write about certain people no matter how news worthy they are?

Folks, the actions by an LLM general IGP illuminate my thesis about Uganda, which is that all LEADERS y are all the same, Museveni, Amin, Obote, Okello, same . You show me the difference. For me there is no REAL difference. Sure there are small differences here and there, but overall, Museveni, Obote, the educated are no different from lesser educated souls of Amin and Okello. Erase that. Actually in some cases the latter were far better than the former. I know this will rub defenders of the former the wrong way, but it is the truth.

Let me repeat my thesis: the educated and uneducated Ugandan leaders have behaved the same. If you still have any doubts, look at the actions of General Kale Kayihura under YKM. We have to exclude General Aronda so far from this saga because he was named minister when it was underway. It was Minister Onek who gave orders. Yes in Uganda having morons or educated leaders leads to the same outcome. Phew!

Well if I were leading the Monitor, rather resign than burry the paper. I said in the Kiganda saying “mpaawo magombe gazza”. The odds facing the Monitor are honestly not good. If it caves in to the govt demands it will die a miserable death. I guess if it refuses it will be killed by the Minister of Internal affairs and the IGP, but that will be an honorable and principled death. . I say better to die on their orders than through self-inflicted death. The decision is up to the Board of directors holding brief for shareholders-the residual claimants.

I know the likes of Hon Wafula Ogutu are reading, so it is up to them to determine the fate of the Monitor. I am telling them that if they carve in they will accelerate the death of the Monitor. Yes they are caught between a rock and hard place. That is why I say that all Ugandan leaders, educated or not are the same.

Sad but true.

So you have some of you-I mean media people-salivating at the woes facing the Monitor. Recall the kisoga saying “ekiri kummwino nekirungi okuwaaya/okuseka or the Kiganda one that “eryokanga netoonya ….”

I saw in the pictures Mr. Kale Kayihura of 1979, happy, being mobbed by ordinary wanainchi. The only difference is back then there was no massive security and unfit policemen based on their tumbo.

So I try to give brief so Ugandans can see how power corrupts and changes people. General Kale Kayihura’s transformation is quite something. Another chap who went through the same is Mr David Pulkol, from being SAVEED to heading ESO and certainly killing Ugandans. I have no clue whether Mr Pulkol is still SAVEED but that is also neither here nor there.

Yes power is sweat but it also corrupts. Like i said ‘atakulaaba akunyoma’/those of you who only know General kale Kayihura the General are probably not amused. But no, he had a very descent, admired and respected life.

I have said that the overthrow of Amin was catastrophic for Uganda in many ways. For starters Ugandan has never been at peace since. Think about it. Since 1978 when Amin blundered and went to Kagera and gave TZ and the so called liberators-not sure what they liberated Uganda from when Monitor and Red Pepper are occupied by police led by an LLM holder-the excuse to invade Uganda.

Uganda as a whole has NEVER known peace. Think about it again, a peaceful Uganda, I mean peace and happiness in all of Uganda, ended with Amin. Well that is the change for you.

National schools ended with Amin. National railways ended with Amin. Everything national died with Amin. What replaced it has always been parochial Teue dat.

So as the rest of you congratulate General Kale Kayihura, some of us mourn, his demise.Let Ugandans compare the actions of the Uganda police under Kassim Obura (Amin), Okoth Ogoola (Dr Obote 2) and General Kale Kayihura, LLM (YKM). In terms of education and rank, General Kayihura is way above them, but what about sadistic actions? Start with press freedom. Do you see any difference?

Times like these demand that we tell the truth, bitter as it may be. So UAF folks stop sugar coating shit or trying to appease. This is not the time for imbecilic debate. No

General Ssejusa is responsible for the wider changes in UPDF. The winner is actually General Ssejusa. The biggest losers are General Nyakairima who becomes minister of internal affairs and becomes the lead minister for another loser, UAH’s very own IGP, Lt General Kale Kayihura. Basically General Ssejusa’s letter and the IGP’s moronic reaction cost him the CDF post, which was his to lose.

So General Aronda is now technically speaking General Kale Kayihura’s immediate boss, but given recent developments General Arond will realize what general Sejjusa’s letter was all about. To be blunt, IGP Kale Kayihura ain’t gonna report to General Aronda. Hell no.

The permanent secretaries are interesting. Congratulations to Nnalongo Guwatudde Kintu Christine, who goes to the thieving OPM. Incidentally, she is probably one of the longest serving Permanent secretaries. She became PS at a very young age. That Budo lady (1975-1978), Makerere College School (1979-1981), MUK 1981-1984 is very lucky. Be firm.

Why has YKM refused to promote Mr. Matia Kassaija who has stood with him since their tough days in UPM to full minister?

WBK

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