The Concise Oxford dictionary tells us that, ‘a tribe is a group of barbarous clans under recognised chiefs’. In Roman history, we are told, a tribe is each of the three (hence ‘tri’) political divisions; individually representing up to 35 clans of the Romans. “….barbarous clans…”!
You have Acholi in Uganda, the space occupied by the Acholi people. In Eastern Equatoria in Southern Sudan, you have Acholi people, separated by their kith and kin in Uganda by the border. The largest clan of the Acholi, the Palotaka is in Sudan. Why can’t those Acholi (of Kit, Parajok, Aru etc) sit in the parliament of Sudan?
All the 19 or so communities in Uganda’s frontier zone straddle the common border with our respective neighbours. For ever one Alur in Uganda, there are three in DRC (the Lendu); Samias, Itesot, Madi, Bamba, Bakonjo, Batooro etc are indigenous to Uganda and to a neighbouring country. Why can’t a Mutoro in Boga, DRC not be an MP in Kinshasa just because there is a Toro Kingdom in neighbouring Uganda? Why should a Muhyarwanda of Kisoro be confused with a Munyarwanda of Rwanda or a Rwandese? Do we really know the Uganda that we like to talk about?
Several of the tongues are dialects of certain languages, but not languages in their own right. Acholi, Alur, Adhola, Lango for example…add on Labwor…all are part of the Luo language, enjoying 98%+ mutual intelligibility across their tongues. The Language is Luo, the names given to tongues deriving from subethnic clusters are dialects. Luo is spoken by as many as 18% of Ugandans just like Luganda.
The democratisation of Mmengo that was a result of the 1953 crisis, let alone the 1900 agreement has since been reversed. Remember the 1955 agreement that resulted in more than 65% of the Lukiiko being elected. After 1993, all that was lost, back to the situation of the Pre-Harry Johnston days. That is where Mmengo is now,…pre 1900
Please read the CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION (WILD) REPORT 1959:report of the commission that was set up to look into how the country was going to be steered towards independence. The link is: http://www.scribd.com/doc/35782371/Wild-Report
As many of you know, one of the dramatic outcomes of the implementation of the recommendations of the Wild Report was Buganda’s declaration of independence (at this link: http://www.scribd.com/doc/22058682/Buganda-Declaration-of-Independence-1960)
Available there also is the 1962 Constitution (http://www.scribd.com/doc/20262240/Uganda-Constitution-1962)
POSTED BY: OTTO PATRICK