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Month May 2014

EAC Monetary Union: the Obnubilate Move.Was EA ready to sign the protocol?

By Salongo Matovu Joseph


The EAMU protocol was officially signed on November 31st 2013 and according to the plan, it is expected to fully be realized by 2015. However, Policy makers representing member countries are becoming frustrated due to the obscure process that shows little signs of progress.

Let’s take a glance at the background of this policy:
To ensure proper negotiations and implementation of the policy, different committees were established and assigned different tasks. These committees, as discussed by Dr. Enos. S. Bukuku, the Deputy Secretary General Dr., include:
The Monetary Affairs Committee (MAC), which harmonizes monetary policies as well as exchange rate issues; the Committee for Fiscal Affairs (CFA) dealing with fiscal policies; the Committee on Statistics working on statistics issues; and the Capital, Markets, Insurances, and Pensions Committee (CMIPC) harmonizing the financial sector. To some extent, the above committees have so far attained some achievements.

MAC has attained substantial achievement in among others creating frameworks for harmonization of:
– Monetary and exchange rate policies
– Payment and settlement systems (EAPS)
– Banking supervision
– Banking and currency (bank notes and coins)
– Accounting and finance

The committee on Fiscal Affairs has made the following progress:
– Excise Tax harmonization
– Value added Tax harmonization
– Conclusion on double taxation agreement.
– Coordinating pre-budget and post-budget consultative meetings of Finance Ministries on issues to do with the budget process. This has resulted into regional coordination of economic policies.

The committee on statistics has so far attained some progressive collaboration with different institutions such as central banks of partner states and through such approach the committee has initiated programs in harmonization of economic statistics emphasizing:
– Monetary and financial statistics
– Financial soundness indicators
– Harmonized consumer Price Index
– Government finance statistics
– Balance of payments statistics
– National accounts
(Enos’s presentation)

CMIPC has made some remarkable progress on integrating financial market through regionalizing the capital markets, insurance, and pensions sector. The committee has also worked on the creation of a single financial market, which is being implemented through the Financial Sector on Development and Regionalization Project (FSDRP) to ensure market integration. This single financial market is to be achieved through; financial inclusion and strengthening of market participants, harmonizing financial laws and regulations, mutual recognition of supervisory agencies, integration of financial market infrastructure, as well as the creation of the Regional Bond Market. This list is not exhaustive.

The current situation

Following a series of negotiations with the assistance of European Union experts, the protocol of the EAMU was successfully signed by the Heads of State during the 15th summit in November, 2013. Prior to the signing, a progressive report on the negotiations of the draft protocol was submitted to the Summit. During the 11th Extraordinary Meeting held in Arusha in April 2013, the Summit of the East African Heads of States directed the Council of Ministers to expedite the negotiations and conclusion of the draft protocol. The protocol provides the regulatory framework for the operation of the EAMU. Some notable issues under negotiation include:
– Objectives and scope of East African Economic and Monetary Union.
– Macroeconomic framework including monetary, exchange rates, fiscal matters, and the macroeconomic convergence criteria.
– Payment and settlement system
– Financial system framework
– Statistics framework
– Institutional arrangements
– Transition arrangements
– Financing

To deal with salient issues, Dr. Enos asserted that the EAMU policy makers are using experiences of existing monetary unions; especially the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the current challenges of EMU are providing lessons to the establishment of EAMU. These lessons include the following:
– Need for sounding framework to create fiscal discipline.
– Need for strong surveillance and enforcement mechanism of the macroeconomic convergence criteria.
– Need for reliable timely and robust statistics
– Need for strong regional institutions
– Creation of resilience of economies such as building reserves during the normal times that will support the hard times.
– Closer coordination of fiscal policies and the need to centralize some aspects of the fiscal policy.
– Monitoring the economic and social developments so as to address macroeconomic imbalances.
– Plans for reduction of existing national debts to sustainable levels.​
– Need for a stabilization facility to manage external shocks.
– Full implementation of the customs union and a common market.
Dr. Enos concludes that in order for the policy makers to achieve the above, “a lot has to be done and strong institutions need to emerge, political commitments ensured, and close coordination of fiscal policies is paramount.”

The idea of Monetary Union

Monetary Union can be simply defined as two or more countries forming a single currency or having different currencies with a fixed mutual exchange rate being monitored and controlled by one or several central banks with a closely coordinated monetary policy. The idea of Monetary Union traces its routes from the 19th century when the nations that are now part of modern Europe began to trial with the first attempt to have a single common currency. For example, the Latin Monetary Union (LMU) in 1865 was a transient alliance among France, Belgium, Italy and Switzerland. Later was joined by Spain, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Venezuela, Serbia and San Marino. Members under the above union agreed to change their national currencies to standards of 4.5 grams of Silver or 0.290322 grams of gold and make them freely interchangeable. This union registered failures, and was dissolved in 1878. Another example can be the Scandinavian Monetary Union (SMU) formed by Sweden and Denmark in 1873 and later joined by Norway, and was officially dissolved in 1924.

There are typically two types of Currency unions; one where a client country adopts the money of an anchor country as its own currency and another where a group of countries create a new currency and a new joint central bank. The former is applicable to the use for example the US dollar in the Bahamas, Bermuda, Panama, Puerto Rico and recently Ecuador and El Salvador, the use of the Belgium franc by Luxembourg, the Swiss franc by Liechtenstein and the Italian lira by San Marino. Examples of the latter include the famous European Monetary Union (EMU), Eastern Caribbean Currency Area (ECCA), and the African French Franc zones (CFA) in West Africa. EAC is adopting this kind of currency union with a planned central bank to monitor its monetary policies.

Some merits and challenges of monetary consolidation
1. A joint currency increases the degree of intra-region trade and investment as well as the degree of symmetry of economic shocks, which call for a corrective concern among currency partner states. These symmetric economic concerns help to eliminate the problem of troubled currencies because there is assurance of each nation protecting the joint currency in case of any crisis. This reduces currency risks among member nations. A very recent example was the particularly influential role played by Germany in saving the Euro during the crisis that left the PIGS with big economic frustrations; Germany’s superior economy enabled it to support these financially unstable economies.

2. A joint currency can enhance political proximity among member states because it not only increases mutual economic dependency, but also shapes political performance. Due to the call for cooperation and peaceful resolution of conflicts among member states, all nations involved agree to limit the use of military force in interstate relations. This partly explains why European countries that are attached to the Euro have experienced long-term peace with no recent tensions or conflict.

3. Monetary union ends the transaction costs, which allow free and easy flowage of money since it eliminates all the costs and fees that are buried with transactions. The money saved can then be used to invest in other ventures such as public service.

4. Currency union can act as a guarantee to countries in debt. In this global world, it is very easy for countries to borrow from one another. However, the volatility in exchange rates scares away many creditors to give out loans because they are concerned with the possibility of depreciation in the value of their loans in case of any crisis. This fluctuation benefits the debtor nations but essentially the creditors will be losing money. Therefore, this joint currency eases the fears and might even encourage more lending between nations.

On the other hand, a monetary union has also got its costs, an example of this:

1. Having a single currency means having one monetary policy. The biggest challenge here is that at any given time, economies will be at different points in natural business cycles. For example, some economies may have faster economic growth than others and this economic-overheat may be followed by the desire to tighten the country’s interest rates. A shared currency makes this more difficult.

2. Additionally, some countries often utilize the exchange rate system as a “Shock Absorber” during economic troubles as explicitly demonstrated by Mundell’s OCA theory. On the other hand, poorly performing nations could be from suffering heavy recessions that might need a reduction in interest rates to stimulate their economies. It is likely to make decision-making for the central authority difficult as there is always a need to compromise to reach a symmetric economic decision.

Consequently, a country has no any ability of using the exchange rate as a “Shock Absorber” once it joins a monetary union.

3. Joining a currency union involves the loss of an independent monetary policy. This clearly shakes the governance on the national level because this new system is linked to the joint central bank that deals with monetary issues. Individual countries lose direct control of their monetary policy.

Additionally, any failure of symmetric representation in central authority is likely to affect weak nations. This can be clearly observed in East African fragile economies where nations like Burundi can easily be affected.

4. This joint currency union stimulates reluctance in some partner nations since it increases dependence. Some member countries can become reluctant and careless to respond to critical economic challenges. This could negatively impact the financial situation of the region. In the case of the EMU, Greece demonstrates a very clear example of an irresponsible member whose mistakes were very costly to correct.

5. Lastly, national currencies are in most cases drivers of nationalism. Pictures of heroes and leaders are illustrated on current monies causing people to believe that their currencies represent their sovereignty. In fact, losing this individual identity was one of the key reasons why United Kingdom did not adopt the Euro.

The speed is high

The Monetary Union is a productive approach towards economic development among East African economies. Its benefits with no doubt contribute to economic growth as already discussed. Nevertheless, issues to do with a joint fiscal policy can be challenging and economically costly especially in East African fragile economies. The process of monetary unification has always been a complicated one in every region that has tried it. Initially, when the Euro was suggested, many economists were skeptical about its prospects. When it gets down to weak economies, it is contentious due to interrelated economic and social challenges.

It is evident that it was not the right time for the region to assure its commitment for the joint currency union. The speed is high and politics takes up a large share in the whole process, which has left some partner states like Tanzania and Burundi suspicious. In policy making, implementation stage is the most complicated because it is when ideas on papers are expected to be implemented practically and it is uncertain if this one year will be enough to set the institutions needed for the consolidation of EA joint currency. This high speed does not only scare away some members hence reducing their commitment to cooperate but also affect the decisions made. Therefore, the move taken by some countries like Tanzania and Burundi to slow down the process is valid because they needed more time to carefully study the policy so as to minimize unintended consequences that might hit their individual economies. Besides, the prevailing Customs Union and the Common market have not worked according to expectations. The experts in the field have also demonstrated concern towards this obscure policy. For example, after the signing of the protocol on EA Monetary Union by Heads of States, Rashid Kibowa the Commissioner Economic Affairs Ministry of East African Community Affairs demonstrated his worry on the already poor market as well as minimal liberalization. He further conceded that “The border operations are still problematic. We need to improve this before we can go ahead to implement the single currency” Similarly, Dr. Jacklyn Makaaru an economics expert also challenged that there cannot be a monetary union without increased production. She contended that “Most of the goods on the EAC market are imported from outside. Let us first invest in production so that we know that Uganda produces Bananas while Kenya produces milk that is sold in the region. Before this is done, we cannot think of a single currency for trading in EAC,” Therefore, as many experts concede, moving on to the next step without working on the failures of the existing policies will negatively affect the region in the long-run.
It is crucial to set priorities and the target should be effective policy implementation in order to ensure sustainable economic growth rather than rushing this complicated policy.

by Salongo Matovu Joseph

A Proposal for a financial park on some sections of the Lubiri

A Proposal for a financial park on some sections of the Lubiri:Regarding the proposal to upgrade our beloved Lubiri, I propose, in addition to other plans proposed, a finance park.This can have plots distributed among Masaza or Bika, and it is upon these to ensure that construction is done according to the plan given as seen in the photo attached. The structures can rented out to only corporate organizations ( NGOs and other Firms)

What a source of income that can come to the treasury!!!

Njalwe Desire.image



Greetings from Acholi! Its exactly one month since a letter from Acholi to Buganda was posted. I pray this second letter, finds the Kabaka in good health and that all is well in his Kingdom. In Acholi, rainfall is abundant and the soil fertile. It’s planting season and so, we are grounded knee deep in the shamba!.

In the aftermath of the Kabaka receiving Buganda’s stolen goods from Museveni and in the wake of Bunyoro demanding for what is theirs while the rest of the country look on, it appears that special status is being accorded to some while others are accorded gasia status. It’s well known secret in Uganda that Museveni’s bread is buttered in Buganda. In fact, this is true since, the days of Luwero triangle to this day. It seem to have Buganda with the old adage that, in politics while you embrace one politician and political party, one should leave room for others. But Buganda seem to have put all its faith in Museveni and the NRM. The danger here is that, while Buganda is accepting with two hands, and taking with two hands from Museveni, what they believe is theirs, which was grabbed by Obote, after the the overthrow of the Kabaka, then what on earth will prevent the so called byaffe from being taken back by Omoding or Mohamed, in years to come? Nothing will prevent that. This because of, lack of due process. In this case, we did not, for instance, hear of parliamentary involvement in both cases of confiscation and return of goods. For this reason i fear that the omission of the parliamentary involvement and due process means that these goods will yet change hands in the future.

There seem to be something more sinister at work.

Museveni is one who likes to use people, and in Buganda, he has found very generous people indeed. They did not only sacrifice their lives for him, but with the patience of a crested crane, have ensured and dedicated their vote for his stay in power for the last quarter century at the sacrifice of democracy in Uganda for this very moment of ebyaffe. In a nutshell, Museveni is made in Buganda for Buganda. Times, however, do change and we are seeing Buganda’s mussle grow while Museveni’s wane. The danger here is that Museveni is becoming aware of this reverse process and for his continued enjoyment and munching of bread buttered by Buganda, he is likely to appease Buganda with the ultimate prize, federalism. Unfortunately for Buganda and Uganda, and because Museveni is so used to dictating without consulting the parliament, Buganda may be handed a federal status without due process. Again Buganda will grab with two hands without due process or Federalism by the back door. This surrender by Museveni and temptation to receive gifts without due process by Buganda, must be resisted. Buganda should see beyond Museveni or any individual for that matter. It should seek the parliamentary, home to Ugandan’s representatives, in search for a legal, lasting federal status. They should not accept one from Museveni, the one man band. Because in the future, it will also take a one man band to grab it back from Buganda and this time around, it may take even longer to get it back. I therefore humbly ask the Kabaka to resist handling stolen goods without due process.

We in Acholi, like the rest of Ugandans, have suffered enormously under dysfunctional governments, more so under the NRM. Despite all the human and national resources, good climate and abundant land in the north, we have seen stagnation and waste of resources. We however, want to see due process that will bring long lasting peace to the rest of Uganda. Like Buganda, Acholi cannot wait for transfer of some powers to the regions. We are ready for devolved power in order to reconstruct and build for our people facilities, fit for the twenty first century because Acholi is worth it and has the resource to achieve it!. We want to manage our political process and we want our leaders accountable to the people of Acholi. Like Buganda, we are demanding for federalism. The only difference being that, while the Kabaka is ready to accept one from Mu7, the people in Acholi demand due process and will not accept a “hand me down” federalism from Museveni or anybody else. But from the people and the parliament of Uganda. Accepting any goods including federalism from Museveni, without due process, is like handling and accepting stolen goods from a thieve. Buganda and the Kabaka should resist the temptation and for once, not follow Kikuubo pathway but due process which will involve the participation of all Ugandans. This will result in a lasting peace!

May the Empologoma of Buganda relax with this, as he slumbers on his rwot onino or tata akoye to consider the advice from Acholi!

Akim Odong.



A birth certificate shows you were born.
A death certificate shows you have died.
A photo album shows you have lived.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

Be kinder than necessary because
everyone you meet is fighting some kind of a battle.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

A sharp tongue can cut your own throat.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
If you want your dreams to come true, you mustn’t oversleep.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

Of all the things you wear, your expression is the most important.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

The best vitamin for making friends….. . B1.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

The happiness of your life depends on the quality of your thoughts.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

the heaviest thing you can carry is a grudge..

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

One thing you can give and still keep…is your word.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

You lie the loudest when you lie to yourself.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

If you lack the courage to start, you have already finished.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

One thing you can’t recycle is wasted time.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

Ideas won’t work unless ‘ You’ do.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

Your mind is like a parachute… it functions only when open.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

It is never too late to become what you might have been.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

Life is too short to wake up with regrets.
So love the people who treat you right.
Forget about the ones who don’t.
Believe everything happens for a reason.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

If you get a second chance, grab it with both hands.
If it changes your life, let it.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

Nobody said life would be easy, they just promised it would be worth it.

———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

Friends are like balloons;once you let them go, you might not get them back. Sometimes we get so busy with our own lives and problems that we may not even notice that we’ve let them fly away.
Sometimes we are so caught up in who’s right and who’s wrong that we forget what’s right and wrong. Sometimes we just don’t realize what real friendship means until it is too late.I don’t want to let that happen so I’m going to tie you to my heart so I never lose you.


We have spent so many days and hours going after the killers and rapists we have built in our country. We have some very good men and I am here today to raise a glass for a good man in Uganda. And the name I am raising a glass for today is a one of Lawrence Katabaazi. Lawrence Katabaazi joined Uganda Prison Services in about Obote one government, he continues as well under Iddi Amin government where he ended up getting a rank of an Assistant Commissioner of Prisons in Western Uganda. Katabaazi was in charge of Fort Portal prisons and he was as well an in charge of Mubuku Prisons farm. To those that do not know where Mubuku farm is we are talking near The Hima Cement industry so we are way deep in Western Uganda. As NRA was fighting the elected government, they had a habit of recruiting local officials in the taken areas to run a some sort of governance, and Lawrence Katabaazi became a powerful man in the area because he was senior among those in area.

Lawrence picked my interest because when NRA came to power it invited all those that have been serving and promoted them abruptly. Lawrence Katabaazi was requested to come to Kampala and work as deputy Commissioner of prisons and he turned down the offer. To me that is the Ugandan I look for. And his argument was very simple, thank you for the promotion but there are Ugandans that have served in prisons way longer than myself and they poses a much higher education with experience that fit the promotion, I simply don’t fit it. To me that was a very high calling to see it coming out of a Ugandan and I stand with a glass to recognize that. Because Katabaazi had worked with NRM for a very long time during the war, they agreed that he forgets the promotion, but they asked him to be transferred to Kampala prison headquarters, a request he lastly accepted. He was handed an office and he started to work in Kampala but in charge of some section of Luzira.

At this point of my writing, I am introducing a name of a man called Jim Muhwezi Katugugu, this Jim becomes interesting because he was at a time an in charge of ISO. As an in charge of ISO Muhweezi had all sorts of access to public funds to run the organization, but Muhwezi as well used that position to take money out of the organization and siphon it to outside banks. Because the funds were in Uganda shillings, he had to change it to United States Dollars to be accepted into foreign banks, and to do that he needed a steady supply of dollars to exchange it with. At this point we will throw in another name, a one Dr. Sudhir Ruparelia, this Sudhir is a major business conglomerate in Uganda, who owns as well a forex bureau services in the country. He became the perfect carrier of cash of Muhwezi. So this was very simply put this way, Muhwezi gets a load of Uganda shillings hand it to Sudhir, and Sudhir ships it out of the country to a foreign bank account of Muhwezi.

Since there is always a bad day, that day arrived Sudhir became arrested into Entebbe trying to fly out with a load of United States dollars. Police arrested him and handed him to a Uganda court which sent him to Luzira. Phone calls started to go off the hook for Sudhir simply cannot be arrested. But here he was in Luzira. As Lawrence Katabaazi was in his office, a phone call came in instructing him to go to Luzira and direct the release of Sudhir. Katabaazi says, I am a prisons officer to keep convicts and suspects in prison not to release them so I cannot do that. Sudhir was sent to Luzira by a judge, it is the judge to release him, if you walk into my office with a judge’s order to release him I will gladly do so. Better yet go to Uganda Police which is alleging the crimes, if they with draw them I will hand Sudhir to you even faster. Sudhir was not released. The next day the phone of Katabaazi rang again and it directed him to again go to Luzira and release Sudhir. This time the tone on the phone was plugged with a sentence of “The instructions of releasing Sudhir are from the top” There was no name of whom at top that directs the release but the sentence was used.

Lawrence Katabaazi responded very simply, I have heard you let me work on it. He actually picked up a car and drove to his house, packed all belongings to the prisons department, and took them to his office. He came back to his house and packed all his belongings and went back to Rukungiri where he is still sitting to today. Katabaazi actually fired himself for he refused to obey the order from above. To when I heard from those that talk to him, Katabaazi does not talk politics and he does not talk about NRM or the government of Uganda, but when he was pushed by a friend one day to explain why he refused to release only one-man from Luzira, he simply said “I do not do that shit in my life”

Ladies and gentlemen let us all raise a glass for a Lawrence Katabaazi .To a good man !!!!!!!!!!!!!

Edward Mulindwa.

Recognition of our “poor” boxers continues on UAH with Ayub Kalule and Wasajja Mustapha in the ring

Museveni’s Vision 2040 is Illusion 2040

Subject: Vision 2040 is Illusion 2040

When Museveni with great fan fare brought out his Vision 2040 many people were taken for a ride. Without independent ability (I am using Musevni’s words) to analyse, many people by merely seeing the beautiful pictures in the publication as well viewing Museveni with awe, thought that by 2040 Uganda would have gotten rid of peasants as Museveni claimed. This is an illusion.

The problem is that Museveni’s proposal to get rid of peasants is based on a wrong perception of the peasantry. We need to ask: Who are peasants? And where do they come from? Or better still what economic forces bring about peasants. Without first answering these questions it is impossible to bring about a meaningful policy on the peasantry.

Peasants have been defined as those who labor on the land and posses their means of production i.e. tools and the land itself.

The foremost student of peasants and politics was Lenin. He taught that the peasantry is transitional class. It is a vestige of the feudal mode of production which was/is disintegrating and giving way to the capitalist mode of production.

In places like England, in the initial period of capitalism there were peasants. The source of the peasantry in England was very different from that in a peripheral capitalist country like Uganda. There the peasantry was a remnant of the feudal mode of production which was disintegrating and giving way to capitalism.

Despite the common talk about feudalism in some parts of Uganda, feudalism has never really existed in Uganda. Strictly speaking feudalism was the mode of production which existed in Europe.

In terms of modes of production we have had the tributary mode of production in Buganda, Bunyoro and Toroo. In other parts of Uganda we had the lineage mode of production.

With the imposition of capitalism through colonisation, just as it happened with the case of replacement of feudalism by capitalism in England, which process generated a peasantry, the replacement of the pre-capitalist modes of production by capitalism in Uganda has also given rise to the class of people we call peasants.

Lenin went on to further teach that there were two ways by which the peasant would be wiped out by the advance of capitalism. The first, which he called the ‘Junker’ road, is characterized by the large landholders themselves initiating and guiding the process of transition.

In this case the large pre-capitalist estates are transformed slowly into capitalist enterprises, leaving intact not only the extensive landholdings, but also many of the systems of control over the labourers.

Lenin suggested that when development follows this model, capitalism matures exceedingly slowly, and aspects of the pre-capitalist relations of production continue to exist for a considerable period.

He contrasted this with the ‘farmer’ road which is characterized by a revolution led by the peasantry which destroys the large landed estates arid” abolishes the relations of servitude. Out of this emerges a large peasantry, or class of farmers, with small plots of land.

The process of differentiation of the peasantry proceeds rapidly and the development of capitalism is unfettered by the remnants of the pre-capitalist mode of production, which permits the rapid development of the forces of production.

The later of the two methods is the one closest to the Uganda situation. We don’t have the large scale estates. however, we already have individualised peasants who own their small plots of land and work on them. Further to that we are already seeing capitalist farmers who are farming in large enterprises.

In either method Lenin is talking about, it is the capitalist mode of production replacing the pre-capitalist modes of production.This is totally different from Museveni who thinks by merely pouring money he will get rid of the peasantry.

Besides Museveni does not seem to realise that the peasantry has existed in other countries other than Uganda. And if they have existed in other countries other than Uganda, why shouldn’t Museveni ask himself: how come those countries haven’t got rid of their peasantry the way he is proposing to do in Uganda?

The answer to this question may not be too difficult to find. It is not the first time Museveni has projected himself as a genius who can do what others can’t do. We should all be aware that when he had just come to power he used to talk about grandiose plans which never came to anything.

In the same way this Vision 2040 is a grandiose plan which will come to naught. To sum it up: Vision 2040 is nothing but Illusion 2040.


Yoga Adhola is a leading ideologue of UPC

Uganda hospitals are a grave yard but somebody is asking for a 7th term!

Uganda hospitals are a grave yard:The irony is that the majority of so-called better Kenyan doctors are in fact Ugandans. My nephew just returned from completing his research theses from home, Uganda, and told me that nevertheless, a journey into a Uganda hospital is, matter of fact, a trip to the grave. He suffered a bowel problem and headed to a private clinic where he saw how the survey report must have correctly represented Ugandan doctors being equivalent to Kenya nurses and a hard thing to dispute. What he said was corroborated by another visiting Muganda buddy.

Toilet at Kayunga hospital

Toilet at Kayunga hospital

He said on reaching the clinic where he noticed the doctor’s availability hours, he was surprised to see the attendant placing a call to the doctor about a patient who had arrived with stomach problems, meaning the doctor was not there when he supposed to be. He personally overheard the doctor prescribe a pain killer whose name I forget and the attendant surprisingly scribble the same to him. Not knowing my nephew was completing his master’s in public health, my nephew angrily told her and the doctor off about their practice and the pain-killer for a running bowel.

Shortly after, the visitor said of Uganda doctors that it is precisely how they operate. He said many of them never appear inside their clinics at all. Why? bcos they would be somewhere in Owino or places doing undoctorly business (magendo) where they make a bit more than the prestigious clinic they own or run. He said it is not uncommon to find an ordinary nurse (not even a RN) manning the clinic remote on phone with the doctor the whole day as patients come and the same attendant writing prescriptions told her by the far away doctor.

Gwokto La’kitgum Peter


This is sad, very sad! It looks like the healthcare system in Uganda has totally gone to the dogs. Yes, the private hospitals are helping out a little bit,but there are mainly located in the central and the doctors there are as corrupt as a bacteria on an onion. I can give you an example; My son fell sick while in Uganda a couple of weeks ago and was taken to a presumably an expensive private hospital somewhere on Entebbe road. They asked us if we wanna see either a specialist or physician. To see a specialist, you are charged shs.30,000 as consultancy fee, but this so called specialist only speaks to you without examining the patient. Then again,you pay examination fee separately.

And as the specialist was explaining to us what the problem might be, he suggested that we do an X-ray, a normal malaria test and an RDT. We wondered what was the purpose of doing both a normal malaria test and an RDT at the same time? In any case, the RDT is more detailed and explains what’s missed out in the normal malaria test? So, we suggested that an RDT would be enough for us, and he was smilingly ok with it.

Basically, private clinics charge astronomical costs to people by asking them to do tests they sometimes don’t need, and there seem to be nobody to regulate them.

Some doctors are just incompetent. I think some people weren’t meant to be doctors in the first place. No wonder Museveni skies to Germany every now and then, but we turn around and blame him. A friend of mine developed toothache while in Uganda last year. He went to the clinic and he was prescribed seven types of antibiotics. He took them all till when they got finished but the pain couldn’t go away. So, he went back to the doctors for an explanation. They then told him that his tooth had to be forked out if the antibiotics weren’t working. He humbly declined because he was remaining with only two days to get back to UK. As soon he arrived here, he made an appointment with the dentist who prescribed him only one type of antibiotics with paracetamol, and the pain disappeared like a flush! With him, his trust with Ugandan doctors ended last year, and I guess he wouldn’t behave any differently from Museveni if he were to become the next president.

The truth is that a lot of things have gone wrong in our country but healthcare shouldn’t have been neglected to that extent. I was gobsmacked after watching the video of Bugiri hospital in Busoga with bats singing in it, and the state of Kayunga hospital is just appalling. I just can’t believe that we have reached this level of irresponsibility, insanity, carelessness,…………’s beyond anybody’s understanding why Museveni has intentionally decided to fall with Uganda’s healthcare. I just can’t understand it, can you ? Surprisingly, he is asking for another term, and the most painful bit of it is that he is gonna get it! Yes, he is gonna “win” as many elections as he wishes till when he joins his creator.

Kiibi nyo ddala banange!


Kasubi Tomb Reconstruction should reflect the changing times!

The greatest lure of tourists to Egypt are the famous pyramids. Built millenia ago, by Africans with neither mortar nor cement, they remain a symbol of ingenuity and a classic work of engineering. In Mali, there are similar works, including structures that housed universities, built using the same technique as the pyramids. Back home, Kisingiri House in the larger Bulange area is another marvel: built with ensambya, enkoma, reeds and mud, and it has stood for over a century.
As Buganda rejoices over the ‘restoration’ of the Kasubi Tombs( amasiro), what exactly is Buganda about it? What indicates age-old architecture, ingenuity, creativity? The whole structure is another ‘modern’ day steel and concrete thing.

Well, times change. Else, we would have expected the restored masiro to be made of ensambya, enkoma, emuli, well-thatched, ceiling lined with embugo, with periodic maintenance according to each clan’s role. You only need to visit Rwanda’s national museum in Huye, to appreciate their architecture. Within the bowls of the museum is a replica of a typical king’s palace, built the the Kinyarwanda way.

Sandra Birungi

John Ogole and Dr.Batta handed the people in Nakaseke to rebel Museveni Yoweri

John Ogole and Dr.Batta handed the people in Nakaseke to rebel Museveni Yoweri:

The mind set of killing Ugandans is the exact mindset that John Ogole depicted in Luwero. Let us close on a single hospital Nakaseke hospital. This is a hospital that was built by UPC in a UPC region. Many people in Nakaseke were actually UPC members, Musa Ssebirumbi was never in Nakaseke by accident he was a UPC member. When you look at the structure of that town at that time, it was built largely by UPC to service its membership. They had a 135KV power line, they had several coffee ginneries, they had several cotton ginneries, so by Uganda standards at a time Nakaseke had a good job creation because it was by far and large a UPC area. UPC decided to throw in a hospital among the 22 It built. Don’t think that UPC did not consider its influence and its population in the area to throw it in a middle of nowhere as Nakaseke.

Now Dr Bata who was heading the hospital decided out of sheer greed to pack the entire medical supply and run with it to NRA. It does not matter what his political belief was Bata was a medical doctor and his ethics demanded that protects the patients he had before his political interests. He abandoned his ethics. But I am raising Nakaseke to view the reaction of The UPC government under the guidance of ogole and what it did next to that action.

Ogole came in with his goons and they locked up Nakaseke town. If that medication was stolen when you had gone home to bring food to your patient you would not access the hospital again for UNLA had surrounded it. The patients that actually were in the hospital at that time died due to luck of medication. Instead of Ogole organizing for medical emergency supply he out of his good heart decided to shut off the town and no one went in let alone out. He had so many options, he would have transferred all patients out, he would have taken in ambulances and military vehicles to evacuate it yet he simply refused. Dr Bata did not have to steal that t medication for Nakaseke hospital would have been closed already the place was infested by Rwandese blowing up cars and Police Stations, don’t you start by evacuating the weak among society? Ogole decided not close the hospital demanded all medical staff to show up every day.

John Ogole was a God hand prize delivered to Museveni because 65% of Ugandans that joined NRA did so because Ogole forced them to. When the army refuses you from running from the battle and you remain in your home when the UNLA and NRA goons are raping and killing your children, you rather join NRA and die with a fight. That is how people joined for they had to remain in their homes till UNLA finds them and define them as NRA supporters then kill them or you walked to NRA and asked for a gun and die fighting. There was no good man in Luwero, neither was Museveni nor Ogole both used and sold out Ugandans and if Museveni stands in Hague Ogole had to be next in line and for a very simple reason, John Ogole was the worst side of UPC or call him UPC the ugly. Had that man gone into Luwero and closed up institutions like Nakaseke hostile allow schools to leave and allow all those that want to leave to go, The Rwandese he had were very simple to beat up and we would not be where we are today. And those praising him today that he beat off Museveni, well can I praise Museveni for beating off Konny just make sure I never mention those that were raped and camped?

No I did not think so either.

Edward Mulindwa.

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