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Month February 2019

DETAILS ABOUT THE BATUTSI & BANYARWANDA IN GENERALAND REFLECT THE CURRENT SITUATION IN UGANDA:


By Dennis Nyondo

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF TUTSI & THE HUTU PEOPLE IN RWANDA:

The Banyarwanda is a general name termed for the people who live in a country called Rwanda, one of the smallest landlocked and most mountainous and most densely populated country in Africa located in the Central Eastern side of Africa. It’s neighbored by Uganda from the North, Tanzania from the East, Burundi from the South and the Democratic republic of Congo from the West.

The size of Rwanda is 10,000 Square miles (25,900 sq.km) which is the size of Maryland or Massachusetts both States in USA with 10,000,000 people prior to the war.
Rwanda has a population of about ten million people with only three ethnic groups, which are:
Batwa- the earliest inhabitant in the country which makes up the smallest group of 1% (1,000,000) of the nation’s population. Physically, they are short (pygmies) and small who live by hunting and gathering wild fruits.
Bahutu- is the largest ethnic group which makes up 85% (7,000,000 million) of the population prior to the war. It was the second to arrive in the present day of Rwanda. They are farmers and belong to the Bantu group of African people. The Hutu tended to have darker complexions and be stockier.
Tutsi-were the last group to settle in that region as they were looking for fertile grazing land for their cattle. They make up 14% (about 2,000,000) of the total population. Tusti warriors led the migration and protected the cattle against raiders. Generally, the Tutsi tended to have lighter complexions and be tall and slender.

Over time, a sort of aristocracy of powerful minority people arose, and eventually became to be known as Tutsi, a word that originally used to refer to someone who owns a lot of cattle. Everyone who was not a Tutsi became a Hutu.
The Hutu and Tutsi live mainly in Rwanda and Burundi with a smaller number of them found in the neighboring countries of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, Europe and America, with the total world population of 14 million people.
The three ethnic groups all lived together in the region for nearly 1000 years ago. They all share the same common social and cultural values including the national language (Kinyarwanda) a Bantu language. Although the Hutu and Tutsi live side by side throughout Rwanda and Burundi, and there has been a great deal of intermarriage between the two groups. The Tutsi play a more prominent role in business and public affairs in the entire region though they are small in number. In addition, both groups practice the Catholic and Protestant versions of the Christian faith. Throughout Rwanda’s history, however, the ethnic labels have been synonymous with social division, and in the 20th Century this division led to discrimination, violence, and political upheavals.

The Hutu and Tutsi who live in countries other than Rwanda and Burundi are mostly refugees who fled due to ethnic persecution. Hutu and Tutsi has been a problem in Rwanda since 1959, and the most recent of 1994 whose roots of the tragic can be found in the history and culture of the Tutsi and Hutu.

In early Rwanda, court historians handed down stories selected by the Tutsi royalty. In some cases, the stories were biased or based on myths that had been created by the Tutsis support their dominance Therefore, many stories that were considered “official” Rwandan history asserted the notion that the Tutsis were supreme and they had been chosen by the gods to rule.

One ancient Rwandan myth tells the story of Gihanga, the first Rwandan, who fell from heaven with three sons- Gahutu, Gatwa and Gatutsi. According to the story, Gihanga was to choose which son would succeed him. To find out who was the most worthy, he tested them. Each son was given a pot of milk to watch over during the night. When the morning came, Gihanga found that Gatwa had drunk his milk, while Gahutu had fallen asleep and knocked over his pot. Gatutsi, however, had watched over his pot the whole night. For Gihanga this means that Gatutsi was the most responsible and thus was meant to succeed Gihanga, As a result, Gahutu was ordered to serve Gatutsi.

THE TUTSI DOMINANCE:
Although the Tutsi were greatly out numbered by the Hutus, they used their physical strength and mobility to gain control of what would become Rwanda without much fighting. The beginning of the Tutsi dominance started with a single Tutsi clan, the Nyiginya which owned a large number of cattle and wanted to expand the cattle-grazing territory. This clan also achieved political dominance in Central Rwanda and overtime expanded by incorporating other clans and taking land from the Hutus. By 1500s’, the Nyiginya had established a small monarchy- the kingdom of Rwanda, based on a small area of modern day Rwanda, under their king called the “ Mwami”. The first king of the centralized monarchy was Mwami Mibambwe 1 Mutabazi. He was considered a divine being, owned all the land within the kingdom and was in charge land distribution.

Typically he awarded land to members of his Nyiginya lineage and to the more powerful Tutsi elite. In this centralized monarchy, most Tutsi were cattle herders, soldiers and administrators, whereas most Hutus were farmers. The Tutsi elite upper class enjoyed many privileges, and created a number of myths and legends to pacify the king’s status and Tutsi’s superiority. The foundation of this monarchy was a feudal system called Ubuhake in the Southern and central regions of the kingdom and Ubukonde in the North- that offered incentives to both to the Hutus farmers and landholdings the Tutsis. The Ubuhake was an oral agreement between a client (peasant) and a patron (lord) through which the client provided crops and provided services for the lord. In return, the lord gave the client cattle, offered protection from the threatening force, and allowed the client to use his land. Most of the lords were Tutsi, and most of the clients were Hutus. A person of lower status (usually a Hutu) worked for a higher status (usually a Tutsi) in return of protection and some rewards, including cattle. The two major key roles in the Rwandan feudal system were Shebuja (lord) and Garagu (Servant) or vassal. In genera, to be a rich lord meant that one was a Tutsi, and being poor meant being a Hutu. This feudal structure gave military power and land to the Tutsi and to the very few Hutu who managed to acquire wealth and cattle. A few became Tutsi. This process of becoming a Tutsi was called Guhutura, meaning to shed Hutu status. Likewise, a Tutsi who lost land and cattle lost his rank and became a Hutu. Status in the kingdom of Rwanda was fluid and flexible. A person who was born Hutu could work to become a Tutsi. A Twa, however, remained a marginal group who were largely ignored by others. Under colonial rule the class differences between the Tutsi and Hutu came to be viewed more and more as ethnic differences. Where a person’s status had once been flexible, it was now seen as fixed at birth by the person’s ethnic background. Later, ethnic differences led to terrible violence between the two groups in Rwanda, Burundi and the neighboring countries.

Status in the kingdom of Rwanda was based on the ownership of cattle. In order of a Hutu to acquire cattle, it was necessary for him to work for a Tutsi family for several years. At the same time, the Tutsi required the Hutu to provide products. These factors placed the majority ethnic group of the Hutu in Rwanda at a great economical disadvantage and pushed them into a lower class of society.

RACIAL STERIOTYPES:
The Europeans formed a stereotype or simplified mental pictures about the Hutu and Tutsi people. According to their description, the Tutsi were elite, tall, thin light skinned well educated rulers and were said to be quit, reserved and relaxed. Yet some Europeans described the same qualities negatively saying that the Tutsi were secretive, arrogant, and lazy, also sometimes interpreted as wealth and power, as a result of shrewd opportunistic, unscrupulous behavior in their part.

Some Europeans even suggesting that the Tutsi, rarely speak their minds and so offer lies especially when dealing with a stranger.
Nevertheless, during the early colonial period, most Europeans believed that the Tutsi were natural born leaders. They saw the Tutsi as superior to the Hutu (majority) in all aspects and believed that the Tutsi were therefore, destined to rule the Hutu. Because the Tutsi were taller and more advanced than the Hutu, the Europeans believed that the Tutsi were descended from Ham, a person mentioned in the Bible and called them Hamites.
In contrast, the Europeans described the Hutu as short, stocky, uneducated peasants who comprised the general population and darker than the Tutsi. According to the Europeans the Hutu were servile, rowdy, gluttonous and undignified.

ETHNIX STRIFE: Ethnic conflicts can be caused by one issue or by a combination of factors. For instance, different religious, social, or political beliefs can divide people. Discrimination against people based on their ethnic identity, social status, ancestry, wealth, education level, or the language they speak can also lead to conflict. In Rwanda the Hutus and the Tutsis share a common language and a set of social values and have the same religious beliefs. The clash between the two groups has resulted from social and political power struggles. The Hutus and the Tutsis have a complex history. By early 1800s’, the Tutsis were politically powerful and held much of the best land in Rwanda. Meanwhile, the Hutus were mainly peasants, farmers, and unskilled labourers who had little political and social power. As a result, the Hutus and Tutsis were divided along class lines. However, the political system was complex, and some Hutus held positions of power. In addition, intermarriage between the Hutus and the Tutsis was common, and identities were common. Hutu families that acquired wealth would come to be regarded as Tutsi. Conflicts, when they occurred, cut across ethnic lines, uniting one faction of Tutsis and Hutus against another. During the colonial government rule during the Germany and s, they favoured the Tutsi and exaggerated the existing class differences. The favouristm allowed the Tutsis to gain greater control over the Rwandan society. Tutsis acquired land and received positions and business in the colonial governments by then. With the help of the colonial powers, the Tutsis were to crash any Hutu resistance to Tutsi dominance. During that time, the Hutus became the second-class citizen with little access to education and few means of improving their lives.
A change in attitude by the Belgian colonial authorities enabled many Hutus to gain access to education in the 1050s. This change not only allowed the Hutus to move upwards in social class but also gave them an increased awareness of their human rights as Rwandan citizens. From then on, fuel for the Huts-Tutsi conflict came partly from the discrimination many Hutus felt they had suffered under centuries of Tutsi rule and European colonization.

An outgrowth of these feelings was the 1959 revolution, which led to social and political advancement for the Hutus. After 1959 ethnic discrimination was reversed and turned against the Tutsis. Hutu leaders insisted that, as the majority, the Hutu people should rule the country. Hutus came to dominate economic and political life- a situation that remained in place until the recent conflict of 1994 which was speared by the Tutsi who were in exile in Uganda from 1959 under the umbrella of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a political and military organization created and organized by Tutsi exiles in Uganda. Fred Rwigyema and Paul Kagame , two Tutsi officers in the Uganda’s national resistance Army established the RPF in the late 1080s’. For your information, Paul Kagame now the President of Rwanda came to Uganda in 1959 when he was two (2) years old, until in 1994 after they invaded Rwanda and were able to return as refugees.

N.B This is part one of the entire story. More will follow in part 11.
After reading the introductory historical phase, what do you learn from it?

The Tutsi who now have become a major problem in the Greater lakes region of Africa, are trying to expand their empire to cover the East and Central African region.
Secondly, all what is happening in Uganda like the land grabbing, making the natives poorer is a master plan for them as they did and succeeded against the majority Hutus in Rwanda and Burundi.

What should we do from the above? Let’s all put out fist together, to unite as patriotic Ugandans to prevent what happened to Rwanda to again occur in Uganda. Prevention is better than cure.

Wait for the next Phase. This information is researched from various sources of books namely:
NRM esize obukyayi eri Banayuganda olw’obusosoze obwenkukunala n’obukyayi nga esinzira ku mawanga, endowooza ze byobufuzi neddiini. Awamu ne mu mbeera yebyenfuuna. Ebyo singa tebilabukilirwa mangu byandiletaawo akabasa mu maaso naddala ebigenda mu maaso mu Buganda, ne ku Baganda kati abalinyililiddwa eddembe lyabwe elyobwebange.
Singa ekyo tekilabukilirwa mangu, abantu bandyekyawa anti bwonyigirizza ennyo ennyindo, ogizaazza emize. Banayuganda bandyegatta nebatandiika okwelwanako okulwanyisa abantu abatono abalabika nga babatudde ku nfete. Ate banayugnanda abasing bakyalemeddwa okuyiga ebyafaayo bya Uganda naddala nga zi Gavumenti zikyusiddwa kukifuba, biki ebiba biddilira.
REFERENCES BOOKS:
1 The Heritage of African Peoples- Hutu & Tutsi. Authored by Dr. Amiable Twagilimana. ISBN #0-8239-1999-4 Copyright 1998.
2 World in Conflict- Rwanda Country torn Apart. Authored by Kari Bodnarchuk. ISBN# 0-8225-3557-2
Copyright 2000.
3 Genocide in Modern Times- Genocide in Rwanda. Authored by Frank Spalding. ISBN # 978-1-4042-1823-9 Copyright 2009.
N.B THE NEXT ARTICLE WILL BE WHO WAS FIGHTING WHO, THE ROOT CAUSES OF THE RWANDA’S GENOCIDE AND IT’S CONSEQUENCIES:

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Mayiga has done well as Buganda’s Premier!


BY W.B.KYIJOMANYI VIA UAH

Folks:

The rule of thumb is when you see individuals win some position attacked by extreme right and left wingers means the individual is actually performing great. Right or left winger only praise individuals who do nothing.

The fact that the current prime Minister Owek Peter Mayiga is being attacked by neo-conservatives and left wingers is an indication of the great things he has accomplished under his watch within the constraints of the circumstances. Owek Katikkiro Peter Mayiga is not deluded by some utopian thinking to sit around and wait for the ideal environment before he can do something for his subjects.

He took the bull by the horn and the results are there for all with the balance to see and appreciate.

The “Ettoffaali” has been great success. And so is the completion of “Masengere,” . BTW, those making most noise and dismissing his success are the “mukono gamu” who have not given even a penny. Go yes the cheap. Go figure.

Owek Katikiro was given lemons and he has made very good lemonade out of it. Now his critics keep on shifting gear mbu he should be given powers. Who should give him the powers? Funny those talking like that are died hard NRM.

Everything Owek Katikiro has done such as his successful ‘Ettoffaali ” is in line with Buganda ‘s values of “bulungi bwansi”. But ugandans prefer to praise bure types who are talking shops. Look at KCCA and collapsing bridges in the city. What has the city with more money done for the people of Kampala?

Owek Katikiro should continue making lemonade from the lemons he has been handed. And why should Owek be the one to fight for democracy in Uganda? What about the bumbling opposition? They are paid is it 30 million shillings a month to talk about democracy so what have they done?

Owek Kakitiro should now move on issues such as health and preach common sense to save lives. We keep saying the health care suffers from poor funding. Yes. But many of the diseases killing Ugandans call for common sense to prevent. Trouble is no one is talking about preventive measures. Take cholera. Why should people of all places Kampala city died from cholera?

politics is about compromise. In the USA with divided government, a president and congress from different parties must compromise to advance their programs. Sure no side gets everything, but if they compromise they get something done.

In my training the most important concept is the margin. We are trained to focus on marginal not total changes. So from my angle Owek Katikiro Mayiga has done very well. If you look at the changes at the margin, his achievements are huge.

Of course, I know his critics lacking appreciation of the value of the margin look at total changes. Wrong. I bet The Conservatives won the UK elections because they changed some people’s lives at the margin. It was those marginal changes-not total changes-that convinced them to vote for the incumbent PM. Likewise the position win if they reassure voters that their policies will impact their marginal lives.

Owek Katikiro Mayiga is a trained lawyer and is acting as a prudent man on behalf of his subjects. The key word here is prudent. Prudent actors do not sit there waiting for Godot. No. They weigh the impact of their choices or decisions on the margins. Of course not all people are happy but those who value the margin are happy. in Buganda the margin is expressed in the saying that take the little even as you keep arguing. Because of that insight Owek Katikiro has delivered through “Ettoffaali” where Ugandans from all walks have contributed what they can afford.

Well there is another insightful saying which goes that “kamu kamu gwe muganda/one by one makes a bundle. That is what his marginal approach to issues and problems has been able to do.

Now on land, I have concerns about the role of the Buganda Land Board in the destruction of Nabagereka Primary School Kisenyi. But other than, the Katikiro cannot tell his subjects what to do with their land. He may and should educate them about the value of land. For example that instead of selling they should lease.

I am a victim of the Land act. I have hundreds of acres of land through inheritance and I have the land title with me here but chunks of that land is settled on by bibanja holders and so called tenants many of whom cannot buy me out. I have offered them to buy me out in return for land title. They refused so no land title for them.The Land Act made the situation worse. Actually there are no winners except senior UPDF officers who are bale to evict tenants by force. I hope you are aware that most land grabbing and evictions in Buganda and Bunyoro are by serving senior UPDF officers. Remember on paper YKM says no landlord should evict sitting tenants. That only applies to civilians lacking NRM connections. The reality is that every day senior UPDF officers are evicting people and guess what, they are protected by police officers!.

The people who enacted the land act were stupid. Very stupid actually because they created the myth that you can have two or even three parties each claiming 100 percent ownership of the same land. You have a situation where land title holders claim 100% ownership of the land, the same land is claimed by bibanja holders and tenants each claiming to own 100%. That is why there are no winners but losers save for UPDF officers. Policies are supposed to improve not worsen the situation but the land act did just that> make the land regime in Uganda worse.

the land Act illustrates failure to appreciate the concept of the margin. Many bibanja holders and so called tenants wanted security of tenure. This could have been achieve through reforms targeting the margins. Yes it is possible to enact win-win laws. As of now the land Act ushered in chaos. As a result, the land Act especially in Buganda is responsible for food insecurity in the region. Why? Too much uncertainty.

I spend months crafting measures that could be considered to address and reverse the chaos. I sent them to the land Reform commission and received acknowledgment but so far no changes have been implemented.

Mayiga will be remembered for kissing M7’s ass!


Buganda Kingdom premier Charles Peter Mayiga during an Interview with Daily Monitor in Kampala in 2015

By Ssekajja via UAH forum

Folks,

Depending on the lenses, each of us employs, to critically look at Charles Peter Mayiga, the Katikiro of Buganda, most of us will come up with either, good, bad, and all the in between.

The only important and most indisputable fact of Mayiga’s tenure will be his capitulation to the bullying tactics of the dictatorship, leaving the people of Buganda and all Ugandans at the mercy of Museveni. He will be remember as “the Katikiro who rolled over” and also “the Etofaali Katikiro”.

The interest of Baganda, and Ugandans, today, is not the restoring the Kasubi Tombs, or the finishing of Masengere, but establishing viable political conditions, that will endure and move the country forward, away from bad and corrupt leaders.

It would not be unfair to suggest Katikiro Mayiga, too, has fallen foul of the anti-bad government challenging stance, the line he towed before becoming Katikiro. He is benefiting himself personally, by softening his hard-line approach against a regime that has been in power for 30 years. He seems to have welcomed a life of luxury, military escorts, and give-way front running light flashing, noise making, police filled vehicles.

The guy who “crossed Lwera”, is laying in a Museveni handmade hammock, snoozing and being sung lullabies. He is now sitting pretty, running and enlarging his business interests. He is not bothered anymore by the decadence caused by the central government, as long as all is well around him.

The “Ensonga Ssemasonga” (the most important issue of all issues) is the return of federal sovereignty to Buganda, and extending it that to all regions of the country. The language should therefore be “return power to the regions as enshrined in the 1962 constitution”.

The only great Katikiro of Buganda will be one who forces the hand of the dictator into a twist, not one who creates buildings. Buildings can be destroyed, good governance will endure for ever!!!

When the Kstikiro uses statements to the effect of – ‘politics should end at gates of Mengo’, one can only draw one conclusion, – he has buckled under the influence of Museveni. What happened to that staunch monarchist who always accused the central government of stabbing Buganda in the back.

Well, If we are to redeem Buganda, and Uganda at large, from the clutches of tyranny, politics should be a daily diet of Mengo’s menu.

Should MPs of a party hindering progress on federalism, be allowed at Mengo? The answer is a ‘NO’!!! The logic here is support for Museveni / NRM, is support against the interest of Buganda.
Mayiga can influence how the Baganda MPs behave in relation to issues that affect Buganda.

We,from Buganda, will have to be steady fast, willing to speak firmly, and need be confrontational, if we are to redeem our natural birth right – freedom.

HOW DR. SSEMOGERERE WAS FORCEFULLY EJECTED OUT OF ACTIVE POLITICS


PAUL KAWANGA SSEMOGERERE

By Hon BETTY Namboze.

In 1996, Dr.Kawanga Ssemogerere who was the First Deputy Prime Minister in Museveni’s Government pulled off a very smart move when he resigned and struck an alliance with Politicians who hail from Northern Uganda. They formed a Political vehicle IPFC that greatly unsettled the regime which henceto had enjoyed unchallenged power.

This move ushered in an astonishing sudden mental and emotional disturbance to the person of Museveni. This was the first adult suffrage election that Museveni ever faced while in Power. Indeed the voting was organised in makeshift shades with black polythene materials and it was greatly rigged through ballot stuffing.

1980 elections


Ugandans came to know about this ballot stuffing when it was made public after the bitter quarrel between Kafumbe Mukama and Francis Babu who had both vied for the Kampala Central Member of Parliament seat. Then one of them let the cat out of the bag and revealed that indeed ballot stuffing was the key business in the makeshift kaveera shade.

After the elections, Museveni was up in task to break the Ssemogerere-Cecilia Ogwal led political alliance. An agitation was instigated in the Northern Uganda to blame their Baganda allies for failure to vote for Ssemogerere 100 percent. In Buganda, another agitation was instigated to blame Ssemogerere for allying with the Obote who “killed Muteesa and that he wanted to come back and ban the Kabakaship”.

These agitations were made to kill the alliance that had joined the Northern part of Uganda and Baganda region.

The fact of the matter was that Cecilia Ogwal wasn’t working for the return of Obote because, from exile Obote had decreed that UPC shouldn’t participate in a Museveni organised election. Cecilia Ogwal and the Northern Uganda politicians had defied Obote. On the other hand, the Baganda especially the youth had voted for Ssemogerere because of their strong DP ties. Museveni under a strategists team that was reportedly led by Bidandi Ssali had rigged elections heavily in Buganda to fit into the narrative that Baganda couldn’t vote Ssemogerere who had allied with the Northerners because they hated them naturally.

Soon after the elections, another agitation cropped up in the now semj-structured opposition, the opposition and majorly the youth were “tired of Ssemogerere and they now wanted a more youthful leader and candidate”. The youth in the opposition declared a war of generations, the old men and women had to retire and give way to the youth. The focus shifted from fighting Museveni to fighting for supremacy in opposition.

In DP Bwengye led a rebellion and appointed his own NEC with the help of the DP secretary general Drametu who was deputised in that faction by Lulume Bayigga. It was around the same time that the Uganda Young Democrats who included Micheal Mabikke among others came up with a Super star and Popular Candidate in the names of Nasser Ssebaggala.

To be continued

Land grabbing in the north may be an experiment for elsewhere in Uganda


By Peter Simon via UAH forum
folks,

For so long we have allowed misplaced hatred to govern us resulting in discrimination, destruction of property and loss of life. While all these things were happening to some parts of the country, the rest were happy and celebrating.

Now time has come for every Ugandan especially all land owners to face the same fate; if it becomes law that government can take any land for “development projects” and pay later then all will cry, maybe that will mark the beginning of unity. It started from the north and northeast with IDPs but once the project is concluded there, there will be a shift elsewhere, there is no mistake about it. This is a social experiment taking place, there will be no turning back; it is just a matter of time.

All Ugandans should not look at this issue as Amuru land or whatever; it is an experiment bound to spread throughout. I like development and land is one of factors (inputs) considered in localization of industry; any investor must factor the cost of one of the inputs (land) without which it will give false reports of profits/success. Let the investors or government negotiate with the land owners, agree on the compensation and pay for the land or give shares to the land owners, then proceed with the project.

Also, as Ugandans we should evaluate the success of investors where they already operate, how have such investments impacted the communities around where they operate. For instance, Ugandans should tour Busoga region to see for themselves how Madhavi Sugar Factory has improved the lives of people there so that we can expect some positive change for our people in Acholiland or any other place where such projects might be taken.

It doesn’t make sense to say it will improve the lives of Acholi people if same projects have not improved the lives of the people where they already operate. What will bring the difference?

How MUK can protect its students from Insecurity in Kampala!


BY W.B.KYIJOMANYI VIA UAH FORUM

Please take the ideas to the university administration and guild. They can at least do something on campus which is a city of its own. Improve lighting, install emergency phone numbers in bright-yellow -colour, sensitize university students about their locations, ensure the emergency phones work by simply puling the button and university and Wandegeya police would know the exact location. First year students should be given proposer orientation that all that glitters in the city is not necessarily good. Especially first year students coming to Kampala for the first time and get caught up in the excitement.

Also urge the university to have safe travel services made of a female and make student with walk talkies and the capacity to alert police in Wandegeya directly. . The university could buy carts for such safe services for students walking within 2 kilometers of campus. For example, students from the library could be escorted to Wandegeya, halls of residence and some of the nearby hostels and even Mulago. That is what safety is about. And universities can and should take it seriously to minimize opportunities for criminal elements to exploit.

Challenge the guild to do something practical beyond mere protests. Such service could be available from 7 pm to 12 pm or when the main library closes. The university should vet and then hire 20 students, 10 female , 10 male. Any student with a criminal record is not eligible for safe travel services, which would be paid duty. Pick up locations could be main hall, halls of residences, library even the main gate. Then students can feel secure.

Kampala could become the kidnap capital of Africa!


Folks:

Mr. Onyango-Obbo said something very interesting in his column , which the IGP should think about. That many of the kidnappings in Uganda especially around Kampala may have been carried out by rival state security agencies to discredit and undermine general Kale Kayihura’s leadership, an old boy of St Leo Kyegobe for his O’levels before joining SMACK. That is certainly credible. There are rogue elements within the multitude of security agencies created by YKM. Factor in the rivalry and Ugandans could be in for real trouble. as Mr Onango-Obbo opined with great trepidation, if the situation is not reversed Kampala could become the kidnap capital of Africa!. Very scary.

Bottom line: the IGP may plead with Ugandans for help but he must be on guard for similar rogue state agents. He may be lucky in that General Tumwine seems to be pre occupied with his Nommo gallery wars than upstaging him. if the blue eyed boys could dare undermine General KK, they certainly can do even more to discredit IGP Okoth Ochola.

While still at it, what is the state of lighting on Kampala streets for example? If there is proper lighting Ugandans should be able to move freely all night from the city centre to Wandegeya and Makerere. So what is the state of lighting on Bombo Rd between city centre and wandegeya? Wandegeya and Makerere Main gate etc.? What is the state of lighting om Makerere campus itself?

Proper lighting would certainly improve security and minimize opportunities for criminal elements to pounce.

Ditto between Wandegeya-Mulago-Kamwokya. With proper lighting why can’t Ugandans walk freely and safely to and from any time?

Also how many emergency phones connected to police have ben installed on university campuses and een identified streets and in working condition all the time. How many are there in Makerere? Do university students know they exist and their locations? One would have assumed the university mapped potential security risks due to perhaps bad lighting, location etc. and installed emergency phones painted in Yellow-sorry that is the colour here.

Furthermore what has the police, politicians , administrators parents, LC, FM radio stations done to sensitize Ugandans about their safety? How many programs on the numerous FM stations talk about safety on a regular basis? But I bet you many have programs preparing Ugandans for ‘feasting and being feasted on”.

How many Ugandans who are eager for free things-yes cheap-continue to get in cars or boda bodas with strangers? What is being done to warn Ugandans to forego such ‘free’ rides for the sake of their safety?

How about schools? Cellphones are the norm even in Uganda. Have schools asked parents to submit the names of individuals who are authorized to pick their children from school including their home numbers? It may still be the case that anyone can show up at any school and say I am here to pick so and so and off they go. Why is that still allowed when kidnappings and sacrifices of children is rampant?

Folks, blame the former IGP if you will but surely he can’t take responsibility for such stupidity in Uganda. A country of , well [fill in].

It goes without saying that safety begins with individuals. But if some Ugandans continue to trust strangers to enter their cars, board their boda boda and even their homes, there is nothing the police can do. As the saying goes “mujinga anawumia (sp). And many Ugandans fit that description at least when it comes to personal safety. Dumb as hell.

WBK

The IGP should consider these suggestions to fight crime in Uganda!


BY W.B.KYIJOMANYO VIA UAH FORUM

The IGP must show leadership and not play to the media. Some of the suggestions the IGP and his team should consider include the following:

1) If there is no police database yet for all criminal offenders-rapists and anyone convicted of a gun related crime-the IGP should act with speed and set up one to include all their details from finger prints , photos , locations etc.

2) All convicted rapists and anyone convicted of a gun related crime or robbery with violence MUST be required to report to the nearest police station if they change location. For example, if they move from Kireka to Mutundwe, they must report to the nearest police station in Mutundwe. The police must then notify residents without releasing the individuals name that a convicted rapist or hard core criminals now lives within their vicinity. That warning is to alert residents as the police and LC since YKM destroyed chiefs must then keep an eye on the criminals. Whenever and wherever they move to, the convicted criminals in the categories mention MUST report to the nearest police station. If they live normal lives without reoffending fine. However, should they be caught reoffending after doing their time, they should be designated serial offenders in the national criminal database.

3). All boda boda drivers must be vetted afresh, their finger prints taken and entered in a national database. I suppose boda boda are licenced. So before they get those licensing, there should be a 3 day waiting period for police and other licensing agencies to verify. To eliminate bribery to get away with crimes, the locations where boda boda report for finger printing should not be the place where the final decision is mad. They can return to the initial point for results but the final decision is made elsewhere by a multi task team of police/URA/national ID authority or whoever issues IDs/ Licensing authority etc. Members of the multi task agencies must have access to the finger print results simultaneously. Before prospective boda boda drivers are cleared, all such officers must approve and sign . Any prospective driver with a criminal record of ANY sort must be barred from boda boda activities. Same procedure should apply to taxi drivers and conductors.

Actually not just boda boda but those with criminal records must be barred from working with children, the elderly and other vulnerable populations. This means that all nursery school teachers and even lower primary school teachers must produce a police report. Failure to do so they are disqualified from such activities. To go further even domestic helpers should be required to produce those report reports generated from the said database. Why? Crime happens because of opportunity. These measures are intended to minimize such opportunities.

If I may ask,are boda boda bikes licensed? Do they have number plates etc.? If not they should. Do some boda boda drivers hire out their bikes? Drivers who are vetted, licensed and hire out their boda boda bikes to unlicensed and unvetted boda boda drivers should forfeit their licenses . However they are free to hire out their bikes to licensed and vetted boda boda drivers. Are boda boda drivers licensed to ply particular roads or they are free to go anywhere? that ought to change. Boda boda drivers should be licensed to drive in specific zones, for example Kampala North aka Kawempe division, South Division, East Division, Central division etc. Of course police should be flexible in case a boda boda picks up a students from Makerere who wants to go to Kyambogo and vice versa.

4). The police should investigate through and not rush to take suspects to Court aka Kenya style where they arrest and then investigate. That is why all high profile corruption cases in Kenya have failed. Why? Police play to the media , rush to arrest suspects and then investigate . IGP Ochola should be wary of press conferences or even acting on pressure from media and the public. Let the police take time to investigate cases and only when ready go to court. Obviously the situation in Uganda is tricky, the police and DPP need to be on the same page.

If I may ask again,does the IGP or the police in Uganda know where convicted hard core criminals who were released from prison are/ How many are still in Kampala? How many moved to Kampala from upcountry etc. If they have no clue how do they hope to fight crimes? Folks, studies show that younger offenders in particular are very likely to reoffend within less than one year.

The IGP and Ugandans must realize that police is a necessary evil.

Not everybody in Uganda Police is Bad!


By Peter Simon in Canada

Most of our police men and women are actually good and descent people, only a few criminals have spoiled the police institution. I have good friends, relatives and other people I came to know through my other engagements who are so professionals but when you give thugs police uniforms and guns or you rapidly promote juniors to high ranks without attaining right experience and training for the position, then disaster befalls the institution and the nation but that doesn’t mean that all are bad.

What we need is to reorganize the force, carry out head count and let individuals identify where they trained, who were their squad mates, where did they study and when did their complete their programs etc, which can be verified in many ways and that would help weed out thugs posing as policemen and women police.

I think I have narrated here how those police you abuse made a stellar recovery of my bag containing very sensitive materials in Kampala; I was shocked to see policemen coming to look for a gentleman who had reported theft of his bag, when I reached the station, indeed it was my back, yes they did it so it is wrong to blame the entire force. And not long ago, I visited Uganda and some conman sweet talked me into surrendering Sh.300, 000 and disappeared; I reported the matter to police and after describing the conman’s appearance, the police went into work and I went my way but 3 days later when I returned home, they informed me that they had arrested the guys and true to their word, the conman and his mastermind were behind bars, they apologized but I told them that all I wanted was my money which they paid and I left them with the police.

Yes, some members in police uniforms are unprofessional but it is hard to know whether they are the Uganda Police Force UPF) or Kale Kayihura Police Force (KKPF) personnel because Kale Kayihura could pick thugs and promote them to any rank as he liked ( eg Abudalla Kitatta, Dixon etc.)

Police should’ve kept Nalufenya to deal with Kondoism and criminals


By WBK in USA

The police chief needs to change strategy. He does not have to speak to the media about his tactics. If I were in his shoes, I would have police officers ride boda boda. I would have women police officers walk the streets at night in pairs and within walking distance of each other to lure those goons. I would flood the city with plain cloth police officers. I would also put up CCTV cameras with the capacity to see activities 20 miles outside of Kampala’s roads. I would flood criminally prone areas with police crushers for deterrence and plain cloth for intelligence gathering and penetration of criminal gangs. I would keep an eye on some bikomera/fenced areas and garages 24/7.

And those CCTV cameras would be manned 24/7 by police officers. I would not also destroy for the sake of it what general Kayihura put in place. For example, I would keep Nalufenya, yes to deal with Kondoism and criminals.

The IGP cannot try to appease criminals. No. Fagiya by any means necessary. He should instruct police officers to try and take criminals alive so instead of shooting to kill, shoot to immobilize be it cars and legs. But if the thugs shot back,, deal with them kabisa. He must give armed police offices bullet proof vests. And Ugandans must see those criminals mowed down by unsuspecting police officers.

The IGP cannot act easy. Kondoism is back so the police must be prepared for the long haul. They need a tough talking, fair and professional IGP not some nice pleasing police chief. The last thing Ugandans needs to se is any hint of sympathy for criminals. Police must pray physiological war on criminals, suspected criminals and their allies. Tell them that police knows what is going on and if they continue they will be dealt with kabisa.

Incidentally, it is the poor who at victimized most by crime. really? yes/ How? They live in criminal prone neighbourhoods or estates.

The Ugandan police ought to do what credible police units to do. Not need to rush to cut off criminals. Let me explain. The police/intelligence may reveal that so and so of place B are involved in crime. They observe without striking. for example, if police has information that X is the leaders of certain criminals activities, police may observes those criminal activities and let X develop the mentality that he is untouchable. This is a proven police tactic. Yes some victims may get injured or sadly hurt. That is the price of successful policing especially with certain criminal acts.

Police in Uganda should adopt the tactics deployed by fishermen. They never rush to go after the first fish to appear at night. They satyr back and wait. Usually their patience gets rewarded with better harvests. In street parlance, police must embrace the “bugu bugu ssi muliro” /maxmium heat is not necessarily the best way.

In plain English, police may see X committing a crime and look the other way . Why? They need to see more of X in action. They need to see his allies and so on. Police would know X’s exact location but nit strike right away. Once it has collected enough information through surveillance and other tactics, it would have a lot more information about X’s activities, his allies. hide outs etc. Then it would strike with a lot of success.

It is terrible police to act prematurely and drive other criminal elements into hiding.

Finally, remember any crime is possible because of opportunity. Ugandans must do a lot more to minimize those opportunities for criminals. In plain English, take precautions as much as possible.

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