Father of the Nation is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of his country, state, or nation.In postcolonial Africa, “father of the nation” was a title used by many leaders both to refer to their role in the independence movement as a source of legitimacy, and to use paternalist symbolism as a source of continued popularity. On Joseph Stalin’s seventieth birthday in 1949, he was bestowed with the title “Father of Nations” for his establishment of “people’s democracies” in countries occupied by the USSR after World War II.
Most UPCs bestow this tittle on Obote but the right person in this aspect is Sir Edward Mutesa II because of his contribution to our independence. Obote contributed very little to our independence. His UPC faction was a result of separating away from ANC and he wouldnt have been popular if he hadnt allied with the Kabaka Yekka. He wouldnt even have become PM if he hadnt got the support of Sir Edward Mutesa II. Uganda would have become independent with or without Obote’s input.

King Freddie, on the other hand, made a difference. He is a man of values who stood up to everything he believed in, every moral, every righteousness that he preached, he made an effort to live that. He was the main key behind the establishment of our nation.Virtually every Ugandan knows that he was the first President of Uganda.By many accounts, merely seeing Mutesa was enough to convince most men and women that he was the leader of the nation. Isn’t that sufficient for us?

Mayimuna Nabagereka


Buganda’s Magna Carta!

Almighty close to the same time the Magna Carta was being written, a Group of about 14 strong or so under the Chairman of Kintu met at Nnono in Busujju and set out to write Buganda’s Unwritten Constitution. Like the British Counter Part, the Constitution Promulgated the Creation of an Executive, A Judiciary, and a Legislature and a Defense Force.

The Executive.

This was headed by the King ( Kabaka) King Mother ( Namasole) Prime Minister ( Katikkiro) Parliament ( Lukiiko), a Hieracacy of Appointed Chiefs ( Abakungu) from Ssaza, through Gombolola, Miruka down to Batongole. And there was a House of Lords ( Abataka) though, unlike the British, these are Hereditary and are appointed independently by the Clans. These are the ones who kept the Kingdom going when the Appointed Govt. Was destroyed at the Massacre at Mengo.

Every Clan was given a specific role to play so that everyone through his clan, feels part of the system.

The Judiciary.

Jusice was cadministered through Ebitawuluzi ( Local Courts) with provision to appeal through the Katikkiro right up to the Kabaka. And if still not satisfied, one could appeal to Amaduuda ( Supreme Court of Appeal). Over time, other Courts such as that of Kasujju Lubinga of the Lugave clan (to try Members of the Royal Family), Kisekwa, ( to resolve Clan disputes) and Omutaka Kibaale of the Mpeewo Clan who tries the Kabaka (and acts as Regent when the Kabaka goes to the warpath).

Yes. Even the Kabaka of Buganda can be tried. In Traditional Buganda, the Kabaka used to send his children to stay with Commoners so that they get the feel. Daudi Chwa, father of Muteesa, sent the young prince to stay with a chief called Mugwanya. The young boy thought he had bern disowned by getting sent out of the Palace. He reported his father to Kibaale who summoned and tried the Kabaka. The Kabaka lost the case and was ordered to pay the aggrieved prince a cow.


Although there was no standing Army, there was Omujaasi ( Army Commander) and an Admiral of the Navy ( Gabunga of the Mamba Clan).


And then, there were the Education and Leadership Training Centres (Ebisaakaate ) which existed at every Chiefs Residence, and in the Kabaka’s Palace where Abagalala n’Abasebeyi ( pages) learnt the ropes. The most famous of those who rose through this was Katikkiro Gulemye Kaggwa who was a Page at Ssekabaka Mwanga Basammula’s Court. So were the Uganda Martyrs. The, Naabagereka has re established the Kisaakaate.


Taxes were collected by the Chiefs in the form of Envujjo n’Obusuulu and taken to Enkuluze ( Treasury). Infact, what the Katikkiro is doing in the form of Ettoffaali is nothing new. The only difference is that he comes to collect it instead of the Chiefs taking it to him.

All this came to an end ( a temporary end) at about down on tuesday the 24th of May 1966.

From: Lumudjk

Taming the political beast in all of us, Katikiro Mayiga walks a tight line of demonstrable success

Fellow Ugandans,

If success is measured by the turn out at a well-organized event in Marlboro Massachusetts – the organizers of this Katikiro Gala deserve a round of applause. The ambiance was perfect for a bugle call to bring back the sharpness that was once associated with Buganda of old.

Our honorable guests walked a well-rehearsed tight rope of being apolitical in a climate that had icons who were so used to asking bold and poignant questions to Ugandan leaders who visited Boston. The late Honorable Kategaya was once been asked by Bostonians to recite the NRM’s ten point program and to give account as to how far they’d come to fulfill its promise and when he answered arrogantly, he was booed.

Folks in Boston always felt duty bound to raise issues that seemed blatantly neglected by government and they were among the few who never shied away from holding members of the ruling class accountable and obsessed about the lack of fulfilling campaign promises made to the country, above all they never failed to elicit from authorities a sense of direction their beloved nation was being steered!

In attendance were our elders who’d given Ugandan Bostonians that tough no nonsense reputation and voice of authority–this time as if time had tempered their stance on political matters –they were kinder and gentler, more merciful to the gentleman from the “Totem of Hearts” and his inescapable charm honorable Katikiro Mayiga! He did not did not put Healthcare or Education first on his agenda nor did he talk about new ideas of industrialization or employment for the youth in his simple message.

As for the promise of being the Countries overseers of Democracy and the entire struggle to rescue Uganda from the 30 years despotic hold, this fight was not on his agenda nor was it front and center of this new Buganda tofali (Brick and Mortar) initiative at this successful gathering in Marlboro with a theme of “okuzza obumu” to bring oneness back to all our folks. “We want federo but we also want to move on – on other fronts that have lagged behind since the return of Buganda Kingdom” a statement that highlights his modest approach and style of non-confrontational leadership-that has brought him friends to contribute to his efforts from all over the country.

How does one manage to disarm a Samurai and convince them that it is in their best interest to give up their nation building sword and settle for a mere bouquet of flowers in a rather hostile environment–that is exactly the unenviable psychological and strategic tight rope that honorable Mayiga has been tasked to walk-unlike any of his predecessors!

To that end he has made no enemies in the country and some measurable success –there was no Question and Answer session during the entire period –so no one could fire off some burning political questions to stir the still waters. Many were appointed to positions of responsibility and leadership–as special appointees from the Palace, who would gather concerns of their fellow Ugandans in the Diaspora and table them to Buganda ministers of the Katikiro’s office.

What was clearly lacking in this exercise designed to organize some of the most able and smartest folks Uganda has, was a simple motivational speech from Mengo -which would have been directed towards those with interest beyond the simple collection of a bricks(Tofali) and the restoration of a Lake–folks who were prepared to bring new transformational ideas of change to a listening Buganda ear.

A down to earth address would have brought the house down and given hope to Buganda experts in the Diaspora, that there is room for their experience and expertise to bare in the affairs of rebuilding Buganda, we had seasoned technologists, CIO’s and other ordinary professional folks, ready to move at a lightning speed to bring investment companies and expertise capable of changing the employment fortunes of not only Buganda but the entire nation –they sat like everybody else in the audience and bit their tongues to a more simplistic idea of togetherness.

Whether you look at this as a missed opportunity or not, it all depends on what your expectations were, one thing for sure-we were not all so convinced that such baby steps being proposed were sufficient to make a huge dent in the enormous problems of unemployment, poverty, and lack of basic services, quality education and health services in Buganda.

By the end of the Kitikiro’s speech it was clear that he was moving at a different drummer’s tempo, in fact too slow to keep folks who have waited for a lifetime to see fast progressive, tangible change happen in Buganda.

Amidst undercurrent of fear, hopelessness from an over whelming compendium of chronic problems that continue to plague the largest tribe with a multitude of service woes and a whole bunch of folks steeped in abject poverty , are those completely disenchanted with the President’s desire to force yet an additional term of dictatorship.

For now the Buganda folks in Boston, in their ever polite style and manner of hospitality, had to put their best foot forward and were not about to shun the Kings representative, with their song and dance spirit they welcomed him in a majestic style, only reserved for welcoming one of their own and they contributed heavily towards his Tofali “Brick and Mortar” initiatives.

However, cries of floating a Buganda bond were echoed among attendees with the simple hope that a pound spent on Buganda bonds today had the potential of keeping children born to Ugandan parents in the diaspora ever interested in the management and Return on Investment of Buganda bonds bought for them which would come to maturity in 10, 15 or 30 years’ time.

Tendo Kaluma

Ugandan In Boston

Owek Katikiro Mayiga is acting as a prudent man on behalf of his subjects!


The rule of thumb is when you see individuals win some position attacked by extreme right and left wingers means the individual is actually performing great. Right or left winger only praise individuals who do nothing.

The fact that the current prime Minister Owek Peter Mayiga is being attacked by neo-conservatives and left wingers is an indication of the great things he has accomplished under his watch within the constraints of the circumstances. Owek Katikkiro Peter Mayiga is not deluded by some utopian thinking to sit around and wait for the ideal environment before he can do something for his subjects.

He took the bull by the horn and the results are there for all with the balance to see and appreciate.The “Ettoffaali” has been great success. And so is the completion of “Masengere,” . BTW, those making most noise and dismissing his success are the “mukono gamu” who have not given even a penny. Go yes the cheap. Go figure.

Owek Katikiro was given lemons and he has made very good lemonade out of it. Now his critics keep on shifting gear mbu he should be given powers. Who should give him the powers? Funny those talking like that are died hard NRM.

Everything Owek Katikiro has done such as his successful ‘Ettoffaali ” is in line with Buganda ‘s values of “bulungi bwansi”. But Ugandans prefer to praise bure types who are talking shops. Look at KCCA and collapsing bridges in the city. What has the city with more money done for the people of Kampala? Floods everywhere and very soon cholera will kill hundreds if not thousands. Have you seen Mrs. Musisi or the MPs elected in Kampala tour Busabala and other flooded areas?

But very soon she will be celebrating street bash where all kinds of immorality take place. You know why some can’t wait for her street bash. I do not have to tell you the level of immorality. And for doing very little she is paid several times what the Chief Justice of Uganda and even the suffering IGP makes. Go figure.

Owek Kakitiro should now move on issues such as health and preach common sense to save lives. We keep saying the health care suffers from poor funding. Yes. But many of the diseases killing Ugandans call for common sense to prevent. Trouble is no one is talking about preventive measures. Take cholera. Why should people of all places Kampala city died from cholera?

Politics is about compromise. In the USA with divided government, a president and congress from different parties must compromise to advance their programs. Sure no side gets everything, but if they compromise they get something done.

In my training the most important concept is the margin. We are trained to focus on marginal not total changes. So from my angle Owek Katikiro Mayiga has done very well. If you look at the changes at the margin, his achievements are huge.

Of course, I know his critics lacking appreciation of the value of the margin look at total changes. Wrong. I bet The Conservatives won the UK elections because they changed some people’s lives at the margin. It was those marginal changes-not total changes-that convinced them to vote for the incumbent PM. Likewise the position win if they reassure voters that their policies will impact their marginal lives.

All the promises politicians make have the margin in the mind: how much will individuals save or lose from proposed tax changes for example? No one promised to abolish NHS so it came down to marginal changes to the services offered by NHS. Again based on the results, the Conservatives seem to have made their case much better in England and SNP in Scotland.

Owek Katikiro Mayiga is a trained lawyer and is acting as a prudent man on behalf of his subjects. The key word here is prudent. Prudent actors do not sit there waiting for Godot. No. They weigh the impact of their choices or decisions on the margins. Of course not all people are happy but those who value the margin are happy. in Buganda the margin is expressed in the saying that take the little even as you keep arguing. Because of that insight Owek Katikiro has delivered through “Ettoffaali” where Ugandans from all walks have contributed what they can afford.

Well there is another insightful saying which goes that “kamu kamu gwe muganda/one by one makes a bundle. That is what his marginal approach to issues and problems has been able to do.

Now on land, I have concerns about the role of the Buganda Land Board in the destruction of Nabagereka Primary School Kisenyi. But other than, the Katikiro cannot tell his subjects what to do with their land. He may and should educate them about the value of land. For example that instead of selling they should lease.

I am a victim of the Land act. I have hundreds of acres of land through inheritance and I have the land title with me here but chunks of that land is settled on by bibanja holders and so called tenants many of whom cannot buy me out. I have offered them to buy me out in return for land title. They refused so no land title for them.The Land Act made the situation worse. Actually there are no winners except senior UPDF officers who are bale to evict tenants by force. I hope you are aware that most land grabbing and evictions in Buganda and Bunyoro are by serving senior UPDF officers. Remember on paper YKM says no landlord should evict sitting tenants. That only applies to civilians lacking NRM connections. The reality is that every day senior UPDF officers are evicting people and guess what, they are protected by police officers!.

The people who enacted the land act were stupid. Very stupid actually because they created the myth that you can have two or even three parties each claiming 100 percent ownership of the same land. You have a situation where land title holders claim 100% ownership of the land, the same land is claimed by bibanja holders and tenants each claiming to own 100%. That is why there are no winners but losers save for UPDF officers. Policies are supposed to improve not worsen the situation but the land act did just that> make the land regime in Uganda worse.

the land Act illustrates failure to appreciate the concept of the margin. Many bibanja holders and so called tenants wanted security of tenure. This could have been achieve through reforms targeting the margins. Yes it is possible to enact win-win laws. As of now the land Act ushered in chaos. As a result, the land Act especially in Buganda is responsible for food insecurity in the region. Why? Too much uncertainty.

I spend months crafting measures that could be considered to address and reverse the chaos. I sent them to the land Reform commission and received acknowledgment but so far no changes have been implemented.

WBK via the UAH forum


Mr. Moses Gayi Mayanja

Mr. Moses Gayi Mayanja


Ssaabasajja Kabaka appointed one of the UAH veteran members, Mr. Moses Gayi Mayanja to be his Representative in the States of Washington, Idaho and Oregon. Moses lives in Seattle,WA, for those who wish to contact him about anything. His email address is: He welcomes any suggestions or donations that could help move Buganda to the next level. In turn,he should keep us updated on the good and bad in Mengo,and also give members a direct line to the Kabaka of Buganda,God willing. We wish him nothing but the best for him in this new appointment!

Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba

Stalk my blog at:

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This introduction makes some of us become way old that we no longer fit into The Abbey Semuwemba generation, you see as we grew up as Ugandans but mostly Baganda, we resented begging. A Muganda never caught a begging cup to sit on a road asking from any one. So how did we survive? We raise up use what we have and maintain our lives and we lived very well, within our means, thank you. When you look at the country as we were growing up, all until the fall of probably Tito Okello, I never for one moment saw an advertisement of an organization begging money for Uganda. Yes Somalia yes Sudan yes those very dry countries, but an organization begging money for Uganda was a shameful act that we never saw. After the Luwero war, we gathered as Luwerorians in Brussels and we raised an issue of creating a fund to rebuild Luwero, and I remember this old man that stood up and vehemently opposed it. His argument was very simple, show me a life standard that has changed through a begging cup. What country has developed for it is begging? Luwerorians have suffered a great deal many have died, but the moment you start to beg for them, you’re going to create a societal shift, from a people that work for their lives to a people that wait for an Oxfam truck. We closed the chapter of raising money for Luwero, what we need money for and what we are going to raise is to run a commission of inquiry in Luwero to understand the damage Acholi Langi and NRA did to our people, create a forum where they can start to speak than using George Okello as their only spokesperson. That is the only fund we will be starting very shortly. Luwerorians must always learn to work for themselves as the rest of people on earth actually do.

Ugandans becoming beggars started from Northern Uganda, after the war and people have been camped, Langis and Acholi stared to ask for funds to run their region. And here is the danger, when you start to beg you never stop, my God to today there are people that are still registering organizations to beg money for Northern Uganda. Reverend Charles Okello is about to start being on 100 Huntley street television appealing for money to buy tractors for Northern Uganda, he does this every summer, and one reaches a point to wonder just how many tractors are in Acholi land today. The money that has been piled up for Northern Uganda has never reached there but it has created some of the very rich Acholi Langi for they use it for personal gains, and right so. But that begging has created a societal shift with in Acholi Langi population that we feared to create in Luwero, many of their people have become the most lazy bums in the country and scattered all over the country. Acholi have actually replaced The Rwandese that were farming in our land, for now they are the new system of cheap labor in Uganda. And who created that category? The Acholi and Langi that believe that everyone has a responsibility to maintain their lives. So we wake up and work as hard as we work, we pile up the money for some Acholi or Langi in Dokolo has a right to live in a set up life style.

In the Kingdom I grew in, I never saw Mengo having representatives out of Buganda, never. But again in this life style of The Semuwemba, everyone must have a representative and now The NRA kingdom has representatives. Then you wonder why we needed them? Till when you realize the undertone of the introduction, Buganda needs fund raising. So to whom is it is done? Who takes the money? Who is accountable to that money? How does it help my mother that is a true Muganda? Abaganda tebakola bwamasiikini. And that is what makes us different. Donation systems in these countries where created to help those in disasters, I have just got a phone call from London and we need to start an immediate fund raising for Nepal, they have been hit with a massive earthquake and hundreds are dead, the initial photographs I have just received are mind boggling. Yes a fund raising is valuable. What disaster has Ssabassajja seen in Buganda? War? Famine? Terrorism? A Pandemic? What has befallen our people to qualify becoming beggars today? There are professional beggars in our society and one of them has just wondered how he can become the Buganda beggar in United Kingdom. But the rest of us as Baganda work hard for what we have, we earn it and we enjoy it little as it may be. The Abbey Semuwemba generation, the NRA kingdom life style, has shifted us a great deal from what we believed in, and what we grew up educated as. May be we all need to sit on our hands and simply wait for donations to flow in and we drink our livers firkin dry !!!!!!!!!

That culture of our lives is owed to other people is going to come back and hit that society so hard that you will think it is a ton of mud. Awo genda ku wangatto.

Edward Mulindwa


Greetings from Acholi!

As we wallow in the heat of the driest period in the north, words on the ground has learnt that, Kabaka; The Mpolongoma of Buganda is said to have re/appointed individuals abroad to represent his Kingdom’s interest. This is a good move; one that should be emulated by all chiefs in the country. The problem i have with the Kabaka’s appointments or appointees is that they are all Baganda. I feel this is wrong; because, it does not foster unity and does not bode well with well-wishers such as myself and those who feel Ugandan, whilst abroad. I would like to see the Kabaka and the rest of the chiefs as champion of unity and should do so by example. By appointing only Baganda to further the interest of the Kingdom abroad, does not reflect the right image of a modern monarch, which i regard the Kabaka to be.

Considering that a man of George Okello’s standing and influence, happens to be the only Ugandan in the Philippines, and the Kabaka needed some one on the ground, the Kabaka and the Kingdom’s interest not served in the area, simply bcos G.Okello is a non Muganda and therefore cannot be appointed as a rep. This is a step backward.

With having representatives around the world, one could argue that the Kabaka is laying foundation for Buganda’s development, even perhaps, a step towards federalism. But one of the ultimate goals of federalism, beside improved services and bringing power and rights closer to the people, it is to foster unity in diversity. The appointments therefore, does not cater for that key pillar of federalism.Such appointment would simply alienate “others” from, rather than make them feel part of a great Kingdom. Currently in Uganda there are people from other tribes who know the Buganda culture more than their own.

Take R. Mao for instance. No one will suggest anywhere that he is not Muganda enough, for he grew up in Buganda and within the culture. He epitomises the new generation who have embraced fully other cultures beside their own. These are the sort of people who will feel the alienation more if left out from such appointments.

My call is to those close to Kabaka to try and represent the Kingdom and monarch as modern, and one that thrives by embracing, rather than pushing others away. I suggest the Mpologoma’s advisers go back to the drawing board and work out how best the Kingdom’s interest, image and perception can be improved ahead of federalism taking root. One of them certainly, is inclusion.

Akim Odong via the UAH forum

Roots of ethnic conflict and Museveni’s intentional poverty

A case study of Buganda kingdom
By Lubega N (Economic Anthropology Analyst)

Dear Mr. President
The roots of ethnic differentiation therefore are potentially, of ethnic conflict. These conflicts can be economic, religious, linguistic, cultural, or racial. Why do ethnic differences often lead to conflict and violence? The causes include a sense of injustice because of resource distribution, economic and /or political competition, and reaction to discrimination, prejudice, and other expressions of threatened or devalued identity (Ryan 1990, p XXVII).

Today most of my references will dwell so much on Buganda as my case study because am Ignorant about other stake holders of Uganda like Acholi extra, but am not ignorant about what is happening inside my kingdom. This is because; Buganda kingdom is the only kingdom on earth which has kept a non written constitution for over 600 years. That’s why scholars who study human beings like me we usually logically say “Values are more much important than laws in creation of harmony in the society” Discrimination .

This refers to policies and practices that harm a group and its members. Discrimination may be de facto (practiced, but not legally sanctioned).Example of this is the harsher treatment that the baganda tend to get from the public service commission entitled for government human resource recruitment, police and the judicial systems. When Hon. Kyanjo requested the Army to regional balance the top UPDF officers because of the 95% dominance of army officers from your region, you just poisoned him. You constitute an investigation committee on the lord mayor where by, the minister who has ordered the investigation to take place is Tumwebaze, the Judge himself is from the same region, and all the lawyers are from your region where you come from. Remember, ‘’that is the only valued position for this group from the whole political governance”.

Besides that, you are promoting discrimination to disintegrate Buganda by overpowering a few counties to treat themselves as an independent sect from Buganda Kingdom. Recently you called Kamuswaga of Kooki and even issued over 7 billion Ug shillings arguing that it’s for their regional development program. However, you should know that

More than 100 years ago, Kooki signed an agreement a special relationship that dates as far back as 1704 existed between Kooki and Buganda. During that year (1704), two princes from Bunyoro conquered part of Kiziba chiefdom. The elder prince Bwohe sent his young brother to inform the Omukama of Bunyoro about the achievement, but the messenger was killed by an incensed Omukama. Bwohe, who had now established his influence over the area, changed allegiance from Bunyoro to Buganda for protection without any forced assimilation.

Mr. President you are now behaving like the colonialists who came with an agenda of dividing the communities and creating hatred. Your ultimate goal is to weaken [Buganda] kingdom,

You should also know that now 28 years in power, (Buganda kingdom inclusive of Kooki county) have been on your neck to pay the over 20 billion ugs which is an accumulation of office rent by your government in Buganda’s buildings but you have kept a deaf ear…….we are just cached by surprises when your donations target specific sects and persons (inside Buganda) instead of Buganda as an Institution.

Mr. President, in our discipline we say, Institutional discrimination means programs, policies, and institutional arrangements that deny equal rights and opportunities to, or differentially harm members of a particular group. This form of discrimination is less personal and intentional than attitudinal discrimination is. Eg new land laws targeted to harm Buganda, you destroyed our cash crops and food crops i.e. Matooke and Coffee by introducing pests and diseases, also we will remember you always from blocking our king to visit his people of Kayunga Kyagwe County. You said Sabanyala the cultural leader of ABanyala had warned you that, our king shouldn’t visit his territory because had no permission. Here you denied our king the equal rights vested in the constitution .However, we are always cached by surprises to see that even sabanyala doesn’t request permission, when it comes to his travels to the “little land of Buganda you have demarcated for us.”
Forced assimilation. Mr. President, I would like a gain to inform you that there is a great difference between forced assimilation and assimilation. Buganda kingdom all along has been using the assimilation policy. Forced assimilation aims at destroying the cultures of a certain group forcefully. Some dictators have penalized or banned the language and customs of an ethnic group which has created political unrest .

An example is you who want to ban the Luganda language in schools and replace it with Swahili. The second example is the anti-Basque campaign that the dictator Francisco (1939-1975) waged in Spain. He banned Basque language books, news papers, and imposed fines for using Basque language in schools. His policies led to the formation of a terrorist group in the Basque region. I bet Mr. President if you maintain the speed of your yellow bus to kill Buganda, more terrorist groups will be formed.

Genocide: The most extreme form of anti-ethnic (attitudinal) discrimination is genocide, the deliberate elimination of a group through mass murder. The United Nations defines genocide “as acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group as such” .(Ryan 1990,says prejudicial attitudes(hate)and resulting genocide have been directed against people viewed as “Standing in the way of progress”. Mr. President, we wouldn’t like to witness a generation of genocide. You have been always standing in our way of progress. All the above roots of ethnic conflict especially on us may result into a genocide but fueled by you Mr. President .I know your top officers didn’t tell you about what happened on ground during the Kayunga Saga in 2009.What happened is that many people from your region were beaten by angry youth who had made road blocks, many people from your region residing from Buganda closed shops, restuarnts and other businesses in fear of what had happened to their colleagues. All these unrest were fueled by you Mr. President because you have an experience and an upper hand of the Rwanda genocide.

Conclusively therefore, this is my final trumpet to you, to save the innocent Ugandans who have lived in peace and Harmony for a number of decades irrespective of their ethnic differences. STOP YOUR POLICY OF DIVIDE AND RULE AND ECONOMIC, POLITICAL INJUSTICES (BWONYIGIRIZA ENNYINDO, OGILEETA OMUSAAYI).

Museveni is the biggest tribalist and confuser in Uganda

People being slaughtered and hacked like Animals, innocent children got and put in a house, a blaze of fire is set in it and burnt into ash in Rwenzururu kingdom

People being slaughtered and hacked like Animals, innocent children got and put in a house, a blaze of fire is set in it and burnt into ash in Rwenzururu kingdom

The person installing tribal leaders in the Rwenzori region is the biggest tribalist and confuser in Uganda. He is confusing every fool in the region. The other day it was the ”small boy” on hunger strike, now it is mass killing. I think tribal societies are very very primitive and a lot worse than racism. You see them even among the highly educated in Kampala manifesting a sophisticated form of tribalism called ‘nepotistic kakistocracy’ (check your dictionary if u like) – not only through fighting primitive wars but using other syndicates to patronize and propel unqualified people. Some are so openly tribal that the things they do make them look like imbeciles to everyone, yet they do not see it.

In the dark ages in Europe, these idiots often fought each other until one group of ‘barbarians’ totally annihilated the other group of ‘savages’ and so forth it went until a more ‘civilized’ group conquered all of them and urinated sense into their obnoxious grey matter. But modern societies cannot tolerate such nonsense. Everyone should strive to let go of tribes, however tribal a society is.We see this deplorable behavior in our everyday society.

People being slaughtered and hacked like Animals, innocent children got and put in a house, a blaze of fire is set in it and burnt into ash in Rwenzururu kingdom

People being slaughtered and hacked like Animals, innocent children got and put in a house, a blaze of fire is set in it and burnt into ash in Rwenzururu kingdom

One common thing to mankind is that we never make a choice which mother brings us into the world thus which ethnicity we arr born. We are taught these stereotypes and some take them too far. Unfortunately you see it even in our academic institutions like who becomes the Chancellor, the Dean and comes down to HOD level. So as long us the educated cream is not working hard to uproot such primitive tendencies what about the uneducated led by an educated imbecile with those tendencies. What beats my understanding is that both literates & non illiterates are in the same boat. Where did their humanity go?

In this time and age, tribalism is akin to lunacy. Just need to travel a bit and take in the advancement and development of societies that transcended this vice, to get a better appreciation. Our little tribes as a unit of organization, just do not cut it in this era of modernization, globalization and digitization.We need to deliberately start working on that because we stand to loose the benefits and reason of why we went to school in the first place.


The beautiful 15 year old girl in the picture above was the first black person in an all white school in the South of the US. She was called Dorothy Counts. She shows a face of courage amid hundreds of cowardly faces around her. They bullied and spat on her, supported by their teachers. Such is the confusing history of mankind. I think Barack Obama represents a very strong change in the logic of humanness.Yet we are still highly divided and hateful – in Uganda, its not even about race – it is about tribe

However, some people argue that desegregation was the worst thing to happen to the black community. In the video on the link below, one is persuaded not to view the civil rights era with sentimentality, and admiration. Unwittingly, blacks dug their own grave.

I have also watched the video, and the guy is very correct: the ‘negroes’ as he calls them lost their identity and franchising spirit when they integrated correct – except on one thing: I think the problem was not the integration and desegregation; rather, the problem is the general attitude of black people to work – Lazy, lazy, lazy, all hidden in self-pity about their condition. He gives a very good example of how the Asians took over the business in the French Quarters – this was not an off-shot of dis-segregation.

I think what Africans and black people NEED TO DO is to wake up, lose the self-pity and sloth and be industrious. The other issue is that black communities need to maintain their identity – I for one have no problem with being called a ‘Nigger’ because depending on how u view it, it can be a source of identity, pride and resilience – but black people need to get out of their slumber and should not wait for ‘no competition situations to compete’. Otherwise, thanks for that insightful video

Prince Semei Kakungulu from Obwakamuswaga bwa Kooki is both a colonial collaborator and a nationalist

Prince Semei Lwkairenzi Kakungulu from Obwakamuswaga bwa Kooki is both a colonial collaborator and a nationalist.He was a colonial collaborator because he, Apollo Kaggwa and Andreya Luwandagga captured Kabaka Mwanga ll and Omukama Kabaleega in Lango, on orders of the British.However the trio and others had realized that the British were determined to colonize Buganda, as a result of 1886 and 1890 Anfglo0Gemran Agreement and Berlin Conference of 1884-86. So why do you fight a war you would now win. They managed to ensure that the Buganda nation survived colonialism, 1,000 indigenous people acquired land when else where like Kenya, Zimbabwe and South Africa, land was given to White settlers, etc…

They contributed to the modernization of this country and Kakungulu is remembered for having exported Buganda’s local administration to Eastern Uganda. In the eyes of Muca Encweru, where Kakungulu stopped is where civilization stopped, and had he stepped in Karamoja, the karamajong would not have remained walking naked and rustling cattle.

Ahmed Kateregga Musaazi.

Tooro is likely to suffer more when M7 abolishes the kingdoms!

'Troops search a car outside kabaka's palace in Kampala afer Milton Obote, Uganda's Prime Minister, had ousted the Kabaka as President and sent the Army to arrest hom. But the Kabaka's guard fought stubbornly, enabling their monarch to flee the country.'

‘Troops search a car outside kabaka’s palace in Kampala afer Milton Obote, Uganda’s Prime Minister, had ousted the Kabaka as President and sent the Army to arrest hom. But the Kabaka’s guard fought stubbornly, enabling their monarch to flee the country.’

Towards independence the major political parties were DP and UPC. However, in July 1961 Kabali Masembe moblised some Baganda to welcome their Kabaka on return from attending the independence conference London. These mammoth enthusiastic crowds lined up along the Kampala – Entebbe road chanting Kabaka Yeka (king Only). Shortly after, the slogan ans its fans evolved into a pro-Buganda Kingdom political party named Kabaka Yeka (KY). It is this KY that allied with UPC to defeat the DP in the April 1962 general elections. Five months later on October 1962 Uganda gained independence with UPC’s Milton Obote as the Executive Prime Minister. In late 1963 the Kabaka was Buganda Sir Edward Muteesa was elected by the General Assembly as a ceremonial President of Uganda at the same time he remained the king of Buganda.

The UPC/KY alliance had been a marriage of convenience. By 1964 the alliance had started showing signs of rapture. The central government starved the Buganda kingdom of funds to run its affairs. The matter of funds even went to court but Buganda lost the case. Amidst those squables, the central government organised a refrendum over the three lost counties of Buyaga, Bugangaizi and Buwekula. Buganda kingdom opposed it by moblising 300 armed Baganda ex-service men to go and occupy those areas but Bunyoro retaliated by moblising 2000 men ready for a fight. The refrendum was conducted and the counties of Buyaga and Bugangaizi (Kibaale) opted to revert to Bunyoro while Buwekula (Mubende) opted to stay in Buganda. The {resident refused to sign the results of the refrendum but the Prime Minister went ahead and signed it. There was some level of hightened tension in most parts of Buganda kingdom as a result of the outcome of the refrendum. The central government took precautionary security deployments involving the Police. At one time the Buganda Kingdom issued an altimatum for the central government to its police stations from Buganda soil. Among the few signs of bad blood between the couples was an incident where the central government refused the army brass band to play during the President/Kabaka ‘s birthday party.

'Exile portrait of Kabaka, photographed in London. Behind the king's softness, these was a character of steel. It was suggested that he died from drinking. But was he poisoned?'

‘Exile portrait of Kabaka, photographed in London. Behind the king’s softness, these was a character of steel. It was suggested that he died from drinking. But was he poisoned?’

Around the same time the UPC was gaining strength from the members of DP and KY who were crossing the floor to join it. However, the UPC was to suffer some set back arising from the outcome of the Dec1965 delegates conference to elect the party Secretary General. With Obote’s backing Grace Ibingira defeated the incumbent John Kakonge. As Secretarty General and being an Ankole royal, Ibingira sought to ally with the Buganda kingdom and rejuvenate the party in Buganda. He even reached out to prominent DP and KY leaders both in Buganda and other parts of the country who flocked into the UPC. Now that Ibingira had the numbers, he openly showed interest in wrestling the party leadership from Obote at the next delegates conference. Ibingira left for the USA to solicit for support while Obote took along trip to the eastern block (communist) countries.

In the meantime, the security situation in Buganda remained fragile. There had been killing of innocent civillians by the Police in Nakulabye after mistakaning them for Baganda rioters. The President and Kabaka of Buganda had made attempt to import arms using a private international company. The deal raised suspicion when it was evident that the arms consignment was to be paid for by Buganda. Around 1965 when the national assembly was debating the security situation in Buganda, Daud Ocheng unsuccessfully tried to move a motion seeking a vote of no confidence in the Prime Minister over allegations of Congo gold and ivory smuggling. The motions was defeated. Uganda at the time was supporting pro-communist armed rebels fighting the Mubutu government. Col Iddi Amin the then Deputy Army Commander and the Defence Minister Felix Onama were among the few government officials coordinating the support for congolese. A consignment of arms meant for these rebels had earlier been seized by the Kenya government while on transit from China.

Tension between the central government and Buganda had escalated. UPC Secretary General Grace Ibingira had strengthened alliance with Buganda Kingdom while at the same time his differences with the party chairman Obote had deepened. Grace Ibingira had initiated plans to overthrow the Obote led government by using the security forces. The plotters had enlisted the support of the Army Commander Brig Shaban Opolot and Ibingira’s own BROTHER Major Katabarwa among others to carry out the plan. Brig. Opolot had earlier provided a unit of the army for the Kabaka’s security. This force was part of the wider movement of troops between Jinja and Kampala in what has been described as uncoordinated troop movement. The Prime Minister who has upper hand intelligence had been following these developments unforlding. He had enlisted the support of Col. Iddi Amin to counter any moves by the coup plotters to use Brig Shaban Opolot.

Soon the the plotters schemes was busted amidist widespread rumours that arms were being amassed in the kiing’s PALACE in Lubiri. In a last minute desperate move on 4th February1966 when the General Assembly was debating the Penal Ammendment Bill seeking to curb KY activities in Buganda, Daudi Ocheng resurrected the earlier defeated Congo Gold and Ivory motion. He contended that huge consignments of Gold and Ivory had been looted from the Congo for the benefit of Prime Minister Obote, Defence Minister Felix Onama and the Deputy Army Commander Col Iddi Amin. He sought the suspension of the Deputy Army Commander Col Iddi Amin and a vote of no confidence in the Prime Minister Obote. The motion unanimously was passed. Obote who had been away since 1st Feb touring the northern region returned to Kampala on 12th Feb and issued a press release on 13th Feb denying the allegations.

On 22nd Feb the Prime Minister chaired a cabinet meeting in which he declared that he was taking over the powers of the government and five cabinet Ministers were arrested (including Grace Ibingira) over treasonous allegations. They were held without trial under the Preventive Detention Act that Ibingira himself had helped to formulate when he was the Justice Minister. They remained in detention until Iddi Amin overthrew Obote years later. The following day on 23rs Feb the Prime minister relieved the Army Commander Brig Shaban Opolot of his duties and appointed his as a military advisor to cabinet instead he elevated Col. Iddi Amin to the position of Army Commander. Brig Shaban Opolot had got more closer to Buganda having married from the Katikiro Kavuma family. On 24th Feb during a cabinet meeting the Prime Minister suspended the constitution alleging that a military coup was being planned. On 25th February the Prime Ministerset up a commission of inquiry into the allegations of gold and ivory smuggling from the Congo. On the same day the Buganda Kingdom Lukiko (parliament) convened to examine the the actions of the Prime Minister. On 3rs March the Prime Minister issued press release to radio and TV accusing the President and King of Buganda EdwardMutesa of having sought foreign military aid. On 4th Feb the President and King retaliated by publishing the letters he had written to the Prime Minister over the constitutional developments of the recent past. Unfortunately, in one of the letters he had acknowledged that the said foreign military aid was a precautionary measure to secure the country. He had remainded the Prime Minister of how he too had thought foreign military aid without informing the President during the 1964 army mutiny.

On 5th March the Lukiko convened and expressed solidarity with Kind Mutesa’s stand over the current events. It reaffirmed its recognition of Mutesa as the the President of Uganda. On 11th March the Prime Minster issued a press release in the Uganda Argus clarifying that the suspension of the constitution on 24th Feb had accordingly abolished the offices of the President and Vice President. On 12th March the Lukiko convened and resolved to regard the actions of the Prime Minister as unconstitutional and that it was therefore disassociating itself. On 15th March the Lukiko reconvened again and called upon the Prime Minister to restore constitutional order. On 15th March before the National Assembly and amidist hightened security at the parliamentary building a new constitution was introduced. This is what has come to be known as the “pigeon Hall” constitution. Among the highlights of the new constitution was the abolition of federal status for kingdoms. On 16th March the Lukiko reconvened are reaffirmed its earlier stand over those developments. On 18th the Lukiko reconvened again and issued a strong statement against aborogation of the constitution.

On 19th April the Lukiko convened and passed a resolution ordering the central government to vacate Buganda soil by 30th May 1966. This aultimatum fueled further tension as rumours of the Buganda kingdom moblising troops and arms in the palace grew. In the countryside defiant Baganda were digging trenches across the roads, attacking Police stations and trucks carrying military personnel. The government declared a state of imergency over the entire Buganda Kingdom. The government sent members of the Police Special Force to the palace to investigate the said arms but they were severely attacked. This development prompted the central government to dispatch a contingent of the army under the command of Iddi Amin to attack the king’s palace. After a fierce encounter with the King’s guards, the king was overpowered and he escaped and fled into exile. That very day the Prime Minister addressed parliament where he alleged that the Kabaka had declared rebellion by April 12th. The confrontation left immense death and destruction of property. The Kabaka died in exile in London a few years later.

On June 1st 1966, the mover of the controversial Congo Gold motion, Daudi Ocheng died while undergoing treatment at Mulago hospital in Kampala. This was before he could testify before the Congp Gold Commission of inquiry. He had been such a close friend of King Edward Mutesa. In September 1967 the new Republican constitution was promulgated. It made Uganda a republic with Militon Obote as the Executive President. Consequently, kingdoms were abolished in Uganda.

That is the summary of events that sowed the seed of hatred for Obote by the good section of Baganda ethinic group that has been exploited by self seeking Museveni. In the same regard the Baganda overwhelmingly welcomed the Iddi Amin take over from Obote. Throughout his reign, Iddi Amin almost had no trouble with the Baganda as an entity. Even during the war against Iddi Amin, the invading Tanzanian Army had to take caution when dealing with the post Iddi Amin Buganda. Because of Buganda’s historical superiority, it enjoyed special status during colonian and post indeoendence Uganda. Buganda had opposed the colonial design of an east African federation leading to their king being exiled in Britain. It enjoyed full federal status while other kingdoms enjoyed a semi-federal status. While the Kabak of Buganda and the Baganda bore the brunt of the struggle for independence, the rest of the kingdoms were seemingly unbothered. It is Buganda’s clashes with the central government during the 60s that led to the abolition of kingdoms. The rest of the kingdoms were mere victims of circumstance.

Its this historical Buganda strength and hatred for Obote that prompted the architect of the Amin overthrow, Julius Nyerere to send an advance party of scouts in the form of ceremonial presidents Yusul Lule and Binaisa to prepare the ground for Obote’s resumption of the Presidency in 1980. Its the same situation that Museveni exploited in executing his guerrilla campaign. When the going got tougher, he had to give concession to restoration of the Buganda in return for support. He went ahead to arrange for the then Prince Mutebi to visit the liberated zone in the west and reassure the Baganda fighters in the NRA who were reportedly being segregated. Unknown to the Prince, Museveni wanted to use the visit to draw to his side the support of Buganda in view of the fact that the pro-Buganda DP and UFM fighters at the time had joined hands with the Okello military junta in Kampala. Its not that he loves kingdoms but he needed them at different times of his journey to the life presidency. That is why he has never acknowledged that there had ever been such an understanding between him and the Buganda monarch. However, the fact that its the army council sitting in Gulu that endorsed the resolution to restore the Buganda monarch is circumstancial evidence of an earlier understanding between the two entities.

After restoring the Buganda Kingdom, the rest of the traditional kingdoms jumped into the bandwagon to demand for the same. When Buganda demanded for the return of its properties, the rest of the kingdoms also followed suit. Its only the demand for federal status by Buganda that the other kingdoms have not copied. Soon after several chiefdoms have been mushrooming with Musevenis approval. THE TRUTH IS THAT MUSEVENI’S RECOGNITION OF TRADITIONAL RULERS WAS A BITTER PILL FORCED ON HIS THROAT BY BUGANDA KINGDOM. The status of kingdoms that he claims to have restored is not what had been abolished in 1967. This is what Buganda called Byoya Byanswa (empty). When kingdoms were abolished in 1967, their properties were taken over by the central government. Under the first and second UPC governments they were used for less than ten years. The Iddi Amin government used them for for less than less ten years. Museveni who masquerades as the champion of traditional institutions has held these very properties close to 30 years now!!!!

Since its restoration, Museveni has been undermining the strength of Buganda kingdom by instigating the creation of small chefdoms in Bugerere, Buruli and Koki. At the same time he has been making attempts to weaken the Lukiko and isolate it from the Kabaka. reas like Luwero and Kiboga will be depopulated of Baganda thus may opt to withdraw their allegiance to the Kabaka of Buganda. Once he is through with his funded land grabbing project in Buganda, aNow that he is succeeding in taming Buganda, he has expanded his operation to Tooro and Busoga. In Busoga, he is about to accomplish its destruction. In Tooro, he has succeeded in creating the Rwenzururu kingdom but as the Bakonjo were still celebrating, he created the kingdom of Bwamba. He will finish off Tooro by creating the kingdoms of Ntoroko for the Batuku, Busongora for the Basongora, Kitagwenda for the Batagwenda in Kamwenge and the Kingdom of Kyaka for the Banyakyaka. The only Batooro Museveni values as his ethinic allies are the pastrol ethinic communities of Batuku and Basongora. He will strengthen them by degazating part of Semulki Wildlife Reserve and Queen Elizabeth National Park respectively to provide them with extra territory.

However, going by the recent events, the mainstream Batooro whom he takes for granted because of their submissiveness have woken up. At one time he insulted them pint blank about “their stupidity (Kujagaarra)”. The current Tooro Kingdom Prime Minister Mr. Stephen Kaliba will be framed and removed because of his strong UPC background. To isolate the royal family he will pardon and release the former Tooro Kingdom Prime Minister John Katuramu. Of recent Museveni has taken to repeatedly overstating the past injustices that were meted on the Bamba and Bakonjo while they were under the ancient Tooro kingdom. The three communities offered him victory when they overwhelmingly supported his NRA in the Rwenzori Mountains in 1984/85. His strategic security interest of securing the congo border is the motive behind his moves to divide the Batooro/Bamba/Bakonjo. If he can reduce territories of traditional kingdoms by identifying and creating new kingdom and territories, why cant he let the Banyankole who want the Obugabe to have it by curving out a territory out of the former Ankole Kingdom!!!!!

His desiparate divide and rule policies are coming to more light with his recent association with religious cult of Bisaka and electioneering with born again christian churches to the annoyance of the mainstream christian churches. When cultural institutions get to understand his machinations and defiantly speak with one voice or his actions explode into bloody ethnic clashes, the stage will be set for Museveni to abolish kingdoms.



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