Category Education

On the World Bank’s Wrong Advice to Uganda to Scrap the PLE


by

Mukwanason A. Hyuha
Professor of Economics
Centre for Critical Thinking and Alternative Analysis
hyuhama@gmail.com
June 12, 2019.

Introduction

According to the 13th Uganda Economic Update, released on June 7, 2019, the World Bank has advised Uganda, inter alia, to:

1.Scrap Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) and rely heavily on continuous assessment.

2.Eliminate class repetition so as to reduce on wastes and encourage the learners to complete.

3.Stop constructing teachers’ houses, libraries and laboratories in secondary schools.

4.Expand pre-primary education so as to improve the reading and numeracy of its citizens.

5.Privatise poorly performing schools.

Recommendation 2 (automatic promotion) is effectively being implemented in the primary section of Uganda’s education system. In my opinion, there are more cons than pros on this policy; hence, one hopes that it will not be extended to post-primary sections.

The World Bank gives two reasons to justify the first recommendation. First, because $82million is lost in ‘unproductive education’ as many children leave in the middle of primary education when they are still illiterate. Second, one “way to improve the issue of low transition to lower secondary could be abolishing examinations in the final grade of primary. The rationale for this policy is that most countries now consider primary and secondary education as part of the same foundational education, which they are making compulsory. …”.

The ‘advice’ to stop building teachers’ houses, libraries and laboratories in secondary schools is justified because this activity is, allegedly, not only costly but also unsustainable. In addition, the last two recommendations are justified because they are supposed to improve the country’s reading and numeracy levels and result in cost reductions and efficiency.

Besigye offered to pay fees for Deogloria Virtue Ejang, best PLE girl in northern Uganda who had failed to join secondary.


In this short paper, I critically evaluate some of these ‘advices’—with great emphasis on the first three. I believe that the ‘advices’ are not only misplaced and inappropriate but also imprudent and likely to result in a further deterioration in academic standards, and, eventually, lead to unintended results. Implementation of the advices is bound to increase ignorance—lowering of academic standards across the board—and yet ‘ignorance is more expensive than education’. Besides, in a corruption-ridden country like Uganda, is a continuous assessment system likely to operate optimally? Given the society-embedded corruption, with the profit motive being the basic guiding light for private schools, are many schools not likely to distort or inflate continuous assessment grades for their students so as to outcompete others?

High Dropout (Attrition) Rates in Uganda

It is true that attrition rates are very high, thereby contributing to the lower transition from primary to lower secondary education sections. As the following table shows, in 2009, pupil enrollment in P.1 was 1,943,552, and in 2013, the enrollment was 1,883,803, while the enrollment in the same years in P.7 were 544,531 and 579,431, respectively. Assuming that these are typical years, this gives attrition (drop-out) rates of 72.0% and 69.2% for the two years, respectively.

What explains the high attrition rates in the primary section? As I stated in an earlier (published) article (see the New Vision, April 3, 2019), since there is automatic promotion of pupils at the primary school level, the attrition cannot be due to examination bottlenecks. Instead, research has shown that factors that lead to this significant attrition include, inter alia, the following:

1. High poverty levels that lead to poor provision to students by parents and guardians of the required tuition fees, reading materials, school meal charges, uniforms, and other scholastic materials. This is more pronounced in rural than urban areas. A parent under abject poverty is in great pain and stress to provide his family with a decent meal; hence, he/she should not be expected to afford scholastic materials or cater for his/her child’s feeding at school.

2. In view of the extreme poverty, there exist several other families that ‘force’ their children to get employed in sugarcane estates, tea plantations or rudimentary mines—even if the families have a high value for education. The fact is that the harsh socio-economic conditions under which they live compel them to put their personal economies ahead of education.

3. Bad parenting, whereby children are left on their own. In such a situation, children may abandon their homes and become ‘street kids’.

4. Excessive alcoholism in a family, a situation that leaves very little income for spending on education and other necessities. This may also result in children becoming ‘street kids’.

5. Violence and/or severe misunderstandings among parents in a home. This situation may also lead to children running away from their homes to become ‘street kids’.

6. Negative societal attitudes towards the girl-child in the face of biting poverty, that often lead to parents and guardians marrying off their daughters early so as to get bride price.

7. Lack of necessities, such as sanitary pads, as far as girls in the upper sections of the primary school level are concerned.

8. A poor teaching and learning environment, mostly in rural schools. This includes poor physical and academic infrastructures, poor teaching and high teacher absenteeism rates, poor motivation for both teachers and students (e.g., poor teacher remuneration and lack of career guidance for pupils), etc. For instance, various studies have shown that pupils’ learning environment and conditions are quite harsh and unconducive; hence, most primary school graduates can neither read nor write, nor do basic mathematics. This has led to the low quality of education, yet the strength of a structure or system depends on its foundation or pillars.

9. Availability of factors that attract pupils away from school—such as local ‘cinema halls’, gambling and other distractions. Besides, many parents in rice-growing areas, like Doho in Butaleja District, often engage their children in tending rice gardens during school time—leading to high pupil absenteeism. In fact, even teachers in such areas pay more attention to their rice gardens than to teaching; some report to school as late as 11.00a.m. daily.

10. Other explanatory factors include the exorbitant fees charged by private and other schools, in addition to poverty and the high cost of living. A parent will often erroneously appear not to prioritise education, yet deep down he/she would have loved to see his/her child in school.

Note that, as evident from the above table, attrition rates at the secondary school levels (Senior 1 to Senior 4) are also high, although far lower than those at the primary school level.

Extremely Low Academic Standards at All Education Levels

I and various other researchers and writers on the education system in Uganda have argued and shown that academic standards in the country are very low, across the board. This is due, among other things, to poor physical infrastructure at all levels, poor academic facilities, a poor teaching and learning environment, poor supervision or oversight, poor staffing, poor or insufficient consumables in institutions (chemicals for laboratories, computers, other laboratory equipment/requirements, etc.), inadequate teaching, poor remuneration of instructors across the board, adverse effects of the corruption scourge, and issues of inappropriate governance.

In fact, the World Bank itself is in agreement with this issue of low standards—yet it makes the above bizarre recommendations. A report of a study, commissioned in 2018 by the World Bank and other partners, showed that children in Sub-Saharan Africa learn very little in education systems with millions of them lacking basic literacy and numeracy skills even after spending many years in school. The report explains that schooling is not the same as learning, and that in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, when Primary 3 pupils were asked during the study to read a sentence such as “The name of the dog is Puppy”, three-quarters did not understand what it said.

Further, according to the report, at least 80% of pupils in Primary 2 in Uganda cannot perform a two-digit subtraction, whereas 61% cannot read a single word of a short sentence. For example, in rural areas, the report says, nearly 75% of pupils in Primary 3 could not solve a two-digit subtraction, such as “46 – 17”, and by Primary 5, half still could not do so.

Analysis and Conclusion

It is obvious that the World Bank bases its recommendations mainly on the need to reduce attrition (dropout) rates, need to boost transition from primary to lower secondary school levels, and need to cut costs. That is why even mind-boggling recommendations like stopping “constructing teachers’ houses, libraries and laboratories in secondary schools as this is costly and not sustainable” and “privatising poorly performing schools” are made—without taking into account their likely impacts on academic standards.

Garbage in, garbage out; in the face of very low academic standards, automatic promotion and abolition of the PLE would lead to forcefully pushing children with extremely low numeracy and literacy levels from Primary 1 to Senior 4; and these are the majority of learners during the 12 formative years of education. Isn’t this more costly than if automatic promotion is abolished and PLE is retained? Should emphasis be placed on avoiding high attrition rates and improving transition to lower secondary, rather than on measures aimed at bettering working conditions for teachers, revamping physical infrastructure at all school levels, improving academic facilities and teaching and learning environment, fighting the corruption scourge, and so on?

The problem with the Uganda education system is not the high attrition rates and the existence of (the PLE, UCE and UACE) examination ‘bottlenecks’ per se, but existence of factors that militate against lowering dropout rates and improving academic standards across the board.

Thus, to improve education across the board, I strongly believe, the factors that lead to high attrition rates and low standards—some of which have been enumerated above—should be tackled head-on. Automatic promotion, abolishing PLE or UCE or UACE, stopping constructing houses for teachers and other measures recommended by the World Bank are, to say the least, misplaced and inappropriate priorities. If one does a comparative analysis of the situation now and the situation that obtained in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, one is bound to draw the same conclusion as I have done. Otherwise, how could a child, like me, from a poor family and a rural school (Busolwe Primary School), along with many others, have joined a good school like Ntare School? What went wrong? This is the question that needs focus, rather than prioritising the ‘advices’.

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Africans living abroad should send their kids back to Africa for primary and secondary school


By Halima Kiberu via UAH facebook group

Kids of Africans born in Europe are unlikely to succeed. It’s rare to find these kids at University or in any respectable social position, except entertainment and sport. Most of them become destitute adults with unrecoverable conditions.

The successful Africans you find in Europe are Africans born in Africa who later migrated to Europe. They are University graduate, doctors, scientists, engineers, artists,…

African kids born among white people are crushed early in life and their spirit killed by pervasive racism and classicism.

At school, their white teachers tell them not to waste time in education (remember Malcom X) because a black man place is to be a maid, a janitor, in prison, or in sport or music.

kids play in Africa


I don’t know if the white teachers use codes, but they are very skilled, and active to discourage and break the African kids. Maybe, they are trained to act that way.

Like the Nigerians in the Diaspora do, all other Africans living abroad should send their kids back to Africa for primary and secondary school at least to build up their self esteem, their African pride, in an environment free from constant harassment and humiliation from non-african people.

If you cannot send your Kids back home, and if her teachers are white, make sure you ask your Kids about any sign of ostracism, discrimination and verbal abuses. Check the songs they sing if they are not racial and white pride songs that would inflict your child mind. Check the coloring books and school manuals for racist contents.

Be active in your child schooling. If you can, do homeschooling. White dominant environment are often very hostile to Africans and kids are more sensitive therefore easily broken.

“I would be a PhD holder now if it wasn’t for the sufferings brought by UPC government.” Mp Bakireke Nambooze


“I would be a PhD holder now if it wasn’t for the sufferings brought by UPC government.” Mp Bakireke Nambooze

“I would be a PhD holder now if it wasn’t for the sufferings brought by UPC government.” Mp Bakireke Nambooze
She’s 48 years now. UPC left power in 1985 when she was 16 years old.

Members,

I am really sorry if our government sabotaged MP Nambooze’s education! Exactly what did UPC do to young Nambooze? At her age, there were thousands of young Ugandans in primary and secondary schools who later proceeded to various higher institutions of learning with strong academic background attained during the time.

It is not enough to blame a regime for all problems unless there were particular issues affecting the individual or community. Can Nambooze explain how she missed her Ph.D or what has prevented her from pursuing her dreams over this 31 year period (1985-2017) the infamous UPC lost power? I see many Ugandans taking advantage of their backgrounds and the mushrooming institutions and online/distance education to graduate with higher qualifications these days, why hasn’t the legislator follow suit?

I hope it not the case of scapegoating around UPC when there are hidden problems elsewhere, or instance upstairs!

Peter Simon

MAMDANI-NYAZI SAGA:A former staff member weighs in


By Christine Lubwa Oryema Lalobo

Its people like Barya who caused this problem by not adhering to procedures and system. You cannot tell and encourage a Supervisor to variate a staff JD using the clause ‘Any other duty assigned by the supervisor as that clause is for emerging, unpredictable and temporary tasks. What The Baryas did was to create a new hybrid cadre at MISR. Once they did that it was incumbent upon them to proceed and complete the paperwork and issue to staff new Terms and Conditions of service and most likely new Titles too. At Makerere University there are Academic staff that comprise those who lecture and conduct research and publish, those who conduct research only and publish, those who work in the Library. All these categories have basic qualifications for entry into the University service, Job rankings and career path clearly defined. There is still no hybrid Researchers/Lecturers and it needed to be created and all staff affected officially given time to consider accepting the change of a phase out plan worked out.
Prof Mamdani should have known better. In his quest to be the Big Man he forgot the systems and procedures. Grievance Handling, conflict resolution and disciplinary measures are all clearly outlined in the University Staff Manual and if my memory serves me right evicting staff from office is not one of them. In fact the final act at separation includes handing over University equipment and keys and involves the Estate Department before the Exit Form is signed off. Makerere University continues to have Researchers at The Economic Policy Research Centre, The Child Health and Development Centre, Buyana Stock Farm, The Biological Field Station Kibale and many other such ‘Departments’.

On the other hand Stella too went overboard. Granted she might have ran temporarily mad but who wants a lunatic as their staff? God forbid because Professor Mamdani was forcing her to teach and there is strong possibility that she could have broken down in front of the eminent Mamdani Ph.D students. They would have been permanently damaged and suffered Trauma for the rest of their lives.

This should be a good lesson however currently most people are so taken up by the money talk it’s sickening!

Our mothers who pay 19% tax VAT on everything they purchase are making sacrifices too. They in effect fund most of us! Hyuha actually gets it…many others don’t!

Stella overreacted but the Institutional framework was abandoned and people are working using their feelings rather than procedures. That is a very dangerous trend.

For those who say if MM leaves the Ph.D program will collapse I say if the PhD program depends on only one person then the earlier it collapses the better!

Stella has a contract that she signed designating her as a Researcher a bona fide position at The University. After her employment and working in the position she was appointed a Ph.D International hybrid program was launched at MISR. MISR was founded in 1948 as an East African Social Science Research (not teaching) Institute. Teaching always happened at the Faculty now School of Humanities and Social Science. There are Ph.D students enrolled there too…so this is a parallel program. It appears MM asked and was allowed to ‘make’ all researchers at the Institute who had Ph.Ds to begin lecturing without amending their contracts or JDs or Job Titles. Stella says she cannot lecture because her contract is for a researcher not a lecturer. MM says if Stella cannot lecture she must leave the office and work from the Library…the rest you know.

Basically the entire issue has been mismanaged with MM ignoring Institutional Procedures and systems and offices and taking charge even where he does not have the power to and Stella over reacting and we end up with uncalled for friction!

Stella comes from a rich family.So, she will be OK!


Maybe it is because I know something about Mamdani that makes me sympathise with Dr Stella.

As a UPC vocal member, Mamdani was always ‘on the ‘take’. I am told that that is why he fell out with Obote.

Mamdani worked with M7 in UPC, and I am sure used this connection to infiltrate Makerere and create a personal business out of the MISR in his retirement.

Renting MISR space to his wife to create a studio is a sympton of what the man is about.

Why someone who refused to work on a Harry Potter film ends up renting studios at Makerere is a mystery.

I would not be surprised if Mamdani starts a PhD in film production at MISR.

Stella Nyanzi is not mad. She is incredibly brave. In a country where the majority have been cowed and bullied for ages, people like Stella are very few.
For someone under 40 years she is amazing.

Now knowing who her relatives are,she comes from a fairly wealthy and educated family, and she has options.

That she has opted to take on the bullying demigod at MISR, is to be encouraged. She has nothing to lose at this point.

FRANK MUJABI VIA THE UAH FORUM
LONDON

Sorry I misjudged you,Stella…..Keep going!


Allow me to contradict myself but I am beginning to see much sense in this woman’s recent behavior. And I should be excused for thinking that she has won both the war and the battle head high!

Forget all the moral hypocrisy most of us have exhibited here and elsewhere. We all have a sex and obscene animal in us which we exhibit from time to time, mostly behind the closed doors of our bedrooms and/or bathrooms.

Dr Stella has gone one better over us by exploiting this animal and unleashing it vs her tormentors. With it she has struck two birds with one stone. She has not only turned a would-be internal matter into a national and probably an international one but has also let loose her hitherto deep-seated agony of sexual, social and probably physical abuse.

Let the moralists cry foul as loud as they wish but the woman has caught everybody’s attention and has not only exposed the oppressor, who’s now on the defensive, but has just opened a new chapter of peaceful defiance and resistance. We have not seen the last nudity protest and only God knows which oppressor will be tamed next.

Has this woman broken any law? Her lawyer thinks otherwise and it’s noteworthy that up to now Kaihura has desisted the temptation to pounced on her. The University Disciplinary Authority will have to comb the University disciplinary rules to make a water tight case against this woman. I hear they are riding against the storm!

There’s just one thing that worries me, Edward. It’s this thing of death striking in the family in the August of each of the past two years. Is it a coincidence? Do you see a trend? Who’s next in the queue?

By the way, does anyone know if Aunt Susan and Uncle Andrew have been kind enough to answer the woman’s questions?

RAJAB ALI, LONDON, VIA THE UAH FORUM

—————–
I celebrate my use of nudity, obscenity and profanity to protest against six years of the brutal rape and sodomization of my employment contract. My family members that matter all accept the necessity of my protest. Against intense pressures from many distant relations suddenly interested in my wellbeing, my close family clearly distinguish the protest as a work-related struggle that must be solved between myself and the public institution that employs me. That is the position of my family members that matter.

Now, wiseacre relatives who are clueless and distant to me are going into the limelight of the cameras to ‘apologise to the public on behalf of the family’. Blithering ignorant bumbling fools! I am neither apologetic nor regretful about my nude profane and obscene protest. Do not puncture my sails. You speak for neither me nor my sisters! You only want to enjoy the camera lights.

My father died in August 2014. My mother died in August 2015. None of these family members ever came to check on me, my siblings and my children. But now they had the audacity to apologise to the public for my nudity, obsenity and profanity. Fucking impostors.

Auntie Susan Bidandi Ssali, what were you doing in Bukedde apologising to the public for my nudity? Who sent you? Were you doing damage control or what? Why? Was it because you love us so much that you were helping to cleanse us from your perceived sense of the shame and disgrace facing us? Why didn’t you come and ask me if that is what I wanted? Did you ever apologise to the foreign public for the time you were found abroad when insane and stark naked because of schizophrenia? Why did you feel the need to undo what I am doing? Auntie Susan Bidandi Ssali, nvako. Tomanyira. Nja kukwanika mu lwattu bwewakumpanya Mummy essente ze ezettaka okutuusa lw’eyagenda emagombe. Nzungira ko mpola.

Uncle Andrew Lwenswa, what do you know about me, my life or my wishes? What were you doing on Bukedde apologising to the public about my nudity? Did you ever apologize to anyone for trying to forcefully have incestuous sex with one of my father’s daughters? Do you remember that night when we found your naked buttocks sneaking into her bed? Will you apologize for this attempted incest as well? And you desecrated my parents’ memory by lying about my upbringing in your apology. Wabadde weegula biki? Ssebo nvako, nvirako ddala. Kitange teyakundekera nga awandika ekilamo kye. Nzijjako obutaala n’akamanyiro. Tonjogerera nze!

As for Jaja Maria, I am at a loss for words. You are responsible for years of immense pain and suffering among my sisters due to your scorn at my mother for bearing your son no sons. Lwaki watukyawa ffe bawala ba Nyanzi abakulu? Obukyayi bwebwakututte ku Bukedde nga welokompojja? Jajja Maria nvako! Weefula afaayo enyo. Nze ndi Nnalongo owennenne. Buli lwempemula nga abalongo bakula. Abalya mmere wabula muwalampa. Nzijjako gasiya!

DR.STELLA NYANZI
VIA FACEBOOK

The two Professors should have been suspended too!


Dear all,

There is no justice and name to protect when some people are oppressed. From the look of things, all the three are on wrongs. I mean the VC Prof. Dumba, Dr. Nyanzi and Prof. Mamdan. Prof. Mamdan did not have authority to lock Dr. Nyanzi ‘ s office. Other university authorities should have done it or he should have used legal means to get her out. On the other hand Prof. Dumba should be investigated for incompetency because it appears he did not act when he was requested by Prof. Mamdan. Like wise Prof. Mamdan seems the have failed to follow the procedures, he should have reported the case to the principal of the college. In other words he seemed to have been a god of some kind and never respected those he ought to have reported to.

Finally, it appears to me that Prof. Mamdan failed to incorporate the views of Dr. Nyanzi at the time he was developing the PhD program. And in protest Dr. Nyanzi refused to be part of his program. We should also note that Prof. Mamdan program may have been influenced by American system. While Dr. Nyanzi may have acted based on British system. In Britain, you are taught to understand methodology and then do own research. Such basics are only taught at bachelor and master level. In America, I mean USA, they believe in training a student to understand the theory behind things.

Also, I may not have examples but it seems to me that most senior academic staff do not actually teach. It seems a norm to do consultancies while there. Dr Nyanzi may have been unfortunate working under a strict boss.

Now, all the three needs to be investigated. By Mamdan and Dumba being in office they will influence the process.All the three should go home and investigations go on.

As I pen off, we all appreciate that hero’s come and go. Prof. Mamdan is by no means a powerful academic figure but that does not mean that he should use that influence to silence other people’s theories.

Clet Wandui Masiga via the UAH forum

Mamdani’s threats to leave Makerere are pure air!


Prof Mamdani supporters should declare their bias socialist lanky. Listen and listen very carefully: I do not speak out of ignorance about MISR. I know some of the professors who wrote a letter in support of MISR not Prof Mamdani, which Monitor presented as support for Prof Mamdani. So be careful.

And let me ask, Prof Mamdani’s threatens that he will leave Makerere for where? Do no be fooled that he has a sport waiting for him at Columbia. He does not. Check it.

His threats are similar to those of football players who claim they are so good Manchester United, Chelsea, Barcelona, Real Madrid, Manchester city , Arsenal or Liverpool want them yet they continue to toil in Serie B or even C or the Scottish league . Which raises the question; if those big teams want them what are they doing in Serie B or C? Please answer on his behalf.

I concur with those that say that Dr Nyanzi is actually a whistle blower. But Makerere being what it is, is in a hurry. Why not let the Prof Bakibinga commission take time and do a thorough job?

So it is true that his wife rents part of MISR after all ? Was it an arms length deal or they decided at their breakfast table that dear I need that space and I will pay you this much? Now thinks about the optics: The professor of political science who teachers against dictatorship and yet sees nothing wrong with that? He is exhibit A : teaching what they do not practice.

Professor Mandani inherited MISR with several millions dollars from American foundations. That is true. so his claims that he is the saviour of MISR is total nonsense. Let the bakibinga Commission look into the accounts of MISR and how the millions of dollars were spent. I challenge you or Prof Mamdani to come here in UAH and deny this statement. come on.

Do you know how MISR came to be the home for PhD students at Makerere and not their respective departments?

I suspect they are ganging up on Dr Nyanzi because he may be researching issues of sexuality they do not agree with. I suspect from MISR to all those academics, they are actually HOMOPHOBIC so they treat Dr Nyanzi’s research on sexuality as taboo. What kind of University has Makerere become if it cannot tolerate what some may consider offensive ideas? And they have the guts to claim that they are disciplining dr Nynazi because she is ruining Makerere’s image? Hahaha. Which image?

Btw and for the benefit of UAH readers, many foreign Professors were going to Makerere/MISR to offer short courses especially in methodology which is a real concern with Makerere University. MISR was selected to be their temporary home while they teach those courses. My understanding is that many have since stopped. Why? Hostile leadership.

WBK via the UAH forum

Stella isn’t mentally Ill. You are!


Dr. Nyanzi’s act of undressing in public has provoked so much hullabaloo; many politicians have risen up to viciously say that she should be sucked with immediate effect, some of them even blaming it on poor upbringing by her parents(which i think is not a fair judgement, and may be emotional). Some have even claimed that the Doctor has a mental challenge (which i also disagree with). Fellow Academicians at Makerere have voiced the same message in a similar tone.

Interestingly, i have seen in this very country cases of people slaughtering humans; a village wakes up one morning to find a whole family lying in a pool of blood, all slaughtered by their own father…etc; I remember a case of a man who lost his wallet where he was charting with his friends. When he asked the people around,everybody was just laughing at him. This man walked home, picked his gun and returned. On arrival there, he did not even utter a word; he just opened fire and cleared everybody in the room; was this a result of poor upbringing by his parents? What makes this an act emanating from anger and the one of Dr. Nyanzi an act of madness? Who has done harm to Uganda, the one who undressed or the one who has killed? Why should the politicians ,and others be so angry at the act of the Doctor and not at the act of killers? Isn’t this double standards?

If our politicians could show such anger at the real bad things being done in this country such as corruption in top officers, crimes and people who slaughter fellow humans like cows, i think this country would be far. Ugandans have seen macabre deaths of fellow Ugandans inflicted on them by other Ugandans.. What attracts my attention is that i have never seen the politicians, academicians and the general public get so angry and calling the perpetuates of these gruesome,cruel murders as mentality challenged, poorly brought up etc and demanding that immediate and severe punishments be inflicted on them.

In my opinion, There was anger and frustration on the part of Dr. Nyanzi, just like many of those cases of people who have killed others. Unlike the others who have expressed their anger by killing, she chose to express hers in this style which i find normal.
Finally, i think there is a hypocritical phobia for sexual parts/ or sex related issues among Africans; whenever something has to do with these matters, it is a worse crime than the crime of a person who ends the life of another or who pours acid in the face of another, or who embezzles billions of shillings meant for treating dying Ugandans in the hospitals etc. Aren’t Ugandans focussing on Minors and leaving the Major issues to escape unattended? Everybody will then behave as if sexual parts are taboo to them because they are very holy. The likes of Tanga Odoi will then talk as if this is something that has done any harm to Uganda compared to the thefts of public funds.

‘Makanda Paul’ via Ugandans at Heart (UAH) Community

Kampala

What if Hon.Kadaga undressed to protest sleeping in parliament?


Yes, morality is subjective but Is it only Dr. Nyanzi to observe moral standards? Look at all those ganging against her, what morals do they uphold? Do you want to say all those people in Amazon or some other parts of the world are immoral because they are nude? I think supporting bullies, dictators and corrupt guys is equally morally wrong, don’t you think so?

And by extension some of you seem to suggest that since many Ugandans are corrupt by international standards, that is acceptable in our society, therefore a moral act. Many of those now tormenting Dr. Nyanzi I guess uphold high morals in our society.

And please, let us avoid labeling or dismissing people’s approaches simply because they divert from approaches used by some others. There is no single mathematical formula or method to use with regard to social issues like feminism. Whereas you can somehow state that 2+2 = 4 which can also be challenged by some few savvy with figures and say for example that 2+2=10 base 4, not 4, why not. So, even scientifically you have to be careful when disagreeing.

Which points to one thing, let us follow the arguments or methods used to arrive at the conclusion. We are quick to judge, how I wish we got interested to ask Dr. Nyanzi herself why she chose that method; even without asking her, we could accept that her method has created much public awareness of what is going on at MISR, had she continued with her silence which is your best method of choice, may be problems would continue simmering and eating the institution at the foundation and the public would be shocked when it collapses beyond repair.

I can say to me, Dr. Nyanzi’s choice was very effective to arousing awareness at the institute, forget about your morals obsession, please. Can you imagine what would happen in parliament if Hon. Speaker undressed to protest sleeping in parliament, don’t you think all those sleeping MPs would wake and never sleep again?

SIMON OKURUT PETER VIA THE UAH FORUM

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