Category Conflicts

Buganda Land Board’s Legal Status explained!



1. BLB is a legal entity that acts as an administrative arm of the Buganda kingdom, which I believe, is a legal entity recognised by the Ugandan Constitution. It is the equivalent of a department or section in a private Company.
2. BLB is agent of Buganda Kingdom and its powers and privileges are limited to the extent that the rights and privileges of the Buganda Kingdom are described in the Uganda Constitution.
3. BLB has no jurisdiction over land in Uganda or any other matter over land outside of those lands designated as property of the Buganda Kingdom.
4. BLB has no locus standing over national land issues, except only to the extent to which it is permitted to do so either by delegated legislation or where it is in conformity with its duties and responsibilities as the agent of the Buganda Kingdom.
5. BLB can sue or be sued in its capacity as agent of the Buganda Kingdom.
6. BLB is mandated to obey national laws regarding ownership, transfer and regulation of land. It must not breach any rights, obligations or privileges granted to it by Stautory land Laws.
7. BLB is subject to both the civil and criminal jurisdiction of the laws of Uganda.


1. The BLB is likely to get into dispute with several lease-holders in the years to come. This partcularly applies to people who obtained leases in the period 1967-1995 when Museveni’s Land Act was passed, the effect of which was to reverse President Obote’s nationalisation of properties previously belonging to Kingdoms and Colonial Chiefs under Colonial arrangements contained in the Buganda Kingdom of 1900, and the Uganda Independence Settlement of 1962.
2. The BLB is likely to get into legal disputes to people who acquired leases, rights or entitlements to Buganda Lands which were sequestrated under Mr Idi Amin’s Land reform Decree of 1975.
5. Of specific interest or concern will be the compensation to be awarded to people who acquired lease, licenses and entitlements in good faith in the period 1967-1999 and who have subsequently made developments on the land worth several millions of dollars in today’s money.


1. In case you, or your loved one is questioned, arrested or detained by the Police, do not fight, argue or engage in heated verbal exchanges. Act as reasonably polite as possible, proceed to find out the reason for the arrest and then proceed to cooperate as asked. This might go a long way in resolving the issue.

2. During the arrest or confrontation, do not resist, this will simply heat up the situation and might lead to additional charges being given to you, which powers are given to the Police by law. It might also give the Police an excuse to use excessive force.

3. Before you are put in the cell, ask to communicate to a relative or loved one by phone or SMS, and in that communication, give them your location, and how you can be contacted.

4. When at the Police Post/ Station, then ask to speak to the Officer in Charge (O.C) of that Police station and request for Police Bond if the matter is for further investigation.

5. In case you then feel the arrest was unlawful, or your rights were abused during the arrest, there are a number of legal means you can take to seek compensation or redress e.g by suing those who arrested you.


Advice from

Gen David Sejusa warns about Museveni plans already in the offing to abrogate the Ugandan constitution

Fellow Ugandans

I greet you all. I wish to report that the peoples’ struggle is on course and gaining momentum. Am pleased to also note that the majority of our people are now fully aware that the gimmicks of an election organised and supervsed by Mr Museveni will not work. Further, it is gratifying to know that our people have started to take seriously the question of Means and Time scale. All these are important. It is because of this momentum that we see the implosion within the NRM. I must say many of us are not surprised at all. This is what we had predicted a long time ago.


Free Uganda is happy to note the progressive shift in the ideologcal parameters on the issue of unity and cooperation of all in this struggle. Many people are beginning to recognise that working together is not only a necessity but the only viable option for the liberation forces to attain victory. We must all realise that because of the nature of the betrayal by Mr Museveni, most of the current leaders have been associated in one way or the other to Mr Museveni’s misrule. This is the irony of history. Most belonged to NRM and had thought that the ideals of NRM would always work for the people. Alas, it was never to be. Therefore, it’s incumbent upon all those who worked and helped shape this dictatorship, consciously or unconsciously, to join hands and to right this historic wrong.


It is in this aspect that we in FREE UGANDA wish to comment on the issues related to Mr Amama Mbabazi. We want to assure all Ugandans that it’s never too late to do the right thing. It is a duty for each of us to come together and stop the monster we created. It is in this regard that I wish to tell Mr Mbabazi that he too has a duty to join the struggle to end this dictatorship. How he does it is a matter of detail. All I can say is that it should fit wthin the wider scheme of things. After all, fighting a dictatorship is as much a science as is an art. So the methods may vary but must be joined by that common purpose. Therefore, Mr Mbabazi, like any other Ugandan has a right and duty to join the anti-dictatorship forces and allow Ugandans to achieve the critical mass desired to bring about the desired change.

We realise that along the way, there are many people Mr Mbabazi must have wronged and definately mistakes were made. However, this is not the time to make that accountability. People in a burning house have no time to sit and account. They need to get out first and help in extinguishing the fire and save whatever is possible. Once the fire is out, discussions as to who should or should not have done what, can commence. To try and do it now is to assist the dictatorship.

I am sure Mr Mbabazi fully understands the odds against him and surely, he, as someone who has been at the helm of that system, should know how it plays out. He knows that he cannot win in that ring of fire if he does not stand resolutely to the end. One lesson I have learnt is to never cut deals with a monster. It doesn’t work. So Mr Mbabazi must fight to the finish, no matter what. Lest he be devoured like all those before him. For Museveni, past contributions of people are of no consequence. It has never been. It’s about himself. It’s sheer GREED. In one dialect, you just characterize him as “ENDIIRA KUKINDUKA”.


Fellow Ugandans, I need to alert you that right now, Mr Museveni is involved in setting up an infrastructure to manage a flawed and rigged election. I hope the opposition is following what’s happening inside NRM and in other institutions of state. He is trying to set up parallel structures in all government departments to undercut the formal state institutions and structures. This is right from the security forces, police, to civil service, diplomatic corp, financial sector (especially banking), judiciary etc.

That’s the reason he is training that multitude of innocent young people to infiltrate into these departments, and later arm them and actualise a quiet coup against the formal state which he has found cumbersome in his quest to abrogate the Constitution. Many of you, I am sure, still remember that struggle we waged in late 2012 and early 2013 when he had planned to carry out a coup against his own parliament. This was at the time Parliament was threatening to impeach him due to his perceived hand in the murder of Hon Cerinah Nebanda. He did not abandon the plan. Instead, due to public dissent, he decided to do it slowly in a covert way.

That’s why you see the under the table manoeuvres of deploying the military in all spheres of public life. This is not a haphazard exercise. It’s planned with a time frame. I will discuss this fully in the near future. The point to note here though, is that the opposition need to start organising to counter these unconstitutional actions of Mr Museveni. Wars are won by those willing to fight them and time is as important as the space itself.

General David Sejusa Tinyefunza

Don’t be used by selfish politicians such as Gen.Sejusa!

Fellow Ugandans At Heart,

There is no doubt that ‘not all is rosy’ in Uganda and that there is much to be desired. With this in mind, I have also to think very carefully about whatever step I take, or whom I have to follow for the good of our country, Uganda.

The lady who caused a bit of commotion at Gen. Tinyefuza’s speech is said to be from Northern Uganda. The people who calmed the lady down are also believed to be from Northern Uganda and Gen. Tinyefuza is delighted and calls that, “a fundamental shift.” To him, that was an attack by a Northerner from which he was protected by other Northerners!

Gen. Tinyefuza talked about what the people are asking. “So, what is the way forward? Therefore, are you going into elections, or are you going to fight?”

There was no direct answer to the question. However, all the words used to circumnavigate the question indicate that he, Gen. Tinyefuza pointed at the elections.

I watched the video posted here at the UAH and read through the text here below. All this only reminds me of yesteryears when I was led to believe that the situation in Uganda was terrible. The people who told me what was supposedly happening in Uganda were politicians who claimed even to have a large following inside Uganda. I respected them and listened to them like a student listens to a teacher.

By 1989 I had developed a good relation with the UG. authorities through the Ugandan Embassy in Copenhagen, Denmark. My mission was to see Ugandans learning from our past experiences in order to create a harmonious country in which we would have equal opportunities and the ‘Democracy’ that had been denied by lack of national integration and the politicians who only enhanced their personal agendas.

The Uganda Human Rights Activists in Scandinavia, I think it was in conjunction with the Organisation of Ugandans in Sweden, organised a Seminar on Uganda. That was in June, 1989 and the Seminar’s venue was in Stockholm, Sweden. The Uganda government was to be represented by the UG. Ambassador to Scandinavia. At the time, I had travelled to several countries around Europe, meeting some officials of organisations. The purpose of my travels was to find ideas about how a Ugandan organisation could be formed, to unite the people without any link to political parties. Simply, a Ugandan family.

I think that the Ugandan authorities had already known about my mission which had no political agenda whatsoever, but to bring the Ugandan people together as a family. By so doing, I hoped that we could be able to discuss the issues of our country as one people and that together we could always find ways to errect projects that could economically benefit our people and country at large.

I first heard about the Seminar from some Ugandans who had come to Copenhagen for a Weekend. They did not say much about it and I did not inquire much about it because to me, it sounded like a political meeting that I surely did not want to attend.

One day the Ugandan Ambassador to Scandinavia, H.E. Edith G. Sempala telephoned me and also told me about the Seminar to be held in Stockholm, Sweden. She asked if I had been invited. I told her that I had heard about it from some Ugandans, but did not even ask much what the Seminar was about.

Several days later, I received some Ugandan politicians at my residence in Copenhagen. They claimed to have just passed by, but had a lot to say. They talked a lot about the “killings” going on in Uganda and the plans President Museveni had in place to make himself, “Ssabagabe” (King of Kings) of Uganda. By the time they left, I had a different feeling about the situation in Uganda.

Several days later I received another telephone call from the UG. Ambassador. She again asked me whether I was going to the Seminar in Stockholm. I told her that I was not. She requested me to attend the Seminar as a representative of the UG. government. I told her frankly that it was her duty as the UG. Ambassador. I also told her that I had a ‘Refugee’ status and representing the UG. government would contradict my status. I told her to let me think about it.

The next day I received a telephone call from Mr. Lance Sera Muwanga, then Chairman of the Uganda Human Rights Activists in Scandinavia. He warned me against representing the UG. government at the Seminar. I received threat calls and by the time H. E. Ambassador Edith G. Sempala called, I had through fear made up my mind not to represent the UG. government at the Seminar. In stead I was invited personally by Mr. Lance Sera Muwanga, who was also to Chair the Seminar.

At the Seminar Mr. Omwony Ojwok, an official of the UNLF-AD told the Seminar the history of Uganda and wanted the audience to know the genesis of Uganda’s problems.

My shock and disbelief was when I again received some guests at my residence, only to inform me that the UNLF-AD had dissolved and that they had accepted to work with the NRM government to find a solution for Uganda’s problems. Mr. Omwony Ojwok had been appointed Minister of State, Office of the President. Mr. Dani Wadada Nabudere told me that he had decided to retire from politics and that he would be teaching at a certain College in Mbale. Prof. Edward Rugumayo and Mr. Yash Tandon had also decided to quit politics. My shock was because these are some of the people who had warned me against representing the UG. government at the Seminar, but had not only decided to return home, but also to be part of the government.

Mr. Nabudere returned to Denmark for some of his belongings which had remained behind, but also came to visit me. He came with another Ugandan professor, Baalam Kweri. They advised me to form a political party in order to remain “relevant” to the Ugandan political scene. I only noded and had no comment to the suggestion.

The purpose of this revelation is to warn fellow Ugandans not to be used as “stepping stones” for the people who want to climb Uganda’s political ladder. We must not accept any more wars in our country. We should do all we possibly can to encourage dialogue in search for peace and harmony, for that is the foundation for any achievements we need for our country, Uganda. We must not be overwhelmed by our emmotions so as to make unwise decisions.

We must learn from the past the mistakes we should avoid, if we truly need our country to heal. I wish only the best for our country, the Republic of Uganda.

Byaruhanga John Rubin.

A trivia question comes to mind as Besigye starts playing the ICC politics

ttA trivia question comes to mind as Besigye starts playing the ICC politics. What did Saddam use for Kurdish Genocide? Chanel #5 or WMD? The answer is, let me give you a hint…..Saddam Hussein carried out mass killings on the scale of Holocaust which took the lives of more than 2,150,000 mostly women, children, and elders as most of these areas were only inhabited by civilians. He destroyed 4,000 villages. Halabja and the surrounding cities were bombarded with chemical agents such as: mustard gas; nerve agents sarin, tabun, and VX as well as blood agent hydrogen cyanide; or more commonly known as Weapons of Mass Destruction. But what did the west do then when he was still their friend as Museveni is?tt2

We are not stupid? We know Saddam used “a” Chemical weapon against Kurds supplied by the WEST – Bush and Blair his lapdog – Gave out lies about massive hoards of WMD that would threaten WEST and their allies Saudis. Evidence was manufactured including Plagiarizing thesis of an Iraqi – Phd – Lies and lies – Because they wanted to take over control of Oil fields – BUSH, BLAIR and Saddam Hussain Should have been hauled over to ICC. But it did not happen and the west found a way to kill Saddam before he presents any evidence of anything to the international courts.tt3

If you are going to have Bush face charges, please also include the entire US Congress and United Nation for the unanimous(almost) vote as an accomplice. Saddam Hussein repeatedly violated sixteen United Nations Security Council Resolutions (UNSCRs) designed to ensure that Iraq did not pose a threat to international peace and security. In addition to these repeated violations, he had tried to circumvent UN economic sanctions against Iraq. These are reflected in a number of other resolutions. As noted in the resolutions, Saddam Hussein was required to fulfill numerous obligations beyond the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait.tt5

Specifically, Saddam Hussein was required to, among other things: allow international weapons inspectors to oversee the destruction of his weapons of mass destruction; not develop new weapons of mass destruction; destroy all of his ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 kilometers; stop support for terrorism and prevent terrorist organizations from operating within Iraq; help account for missing Kuwaitis and other individuals; return stolen Kuwaiti property and bear financial liability for damage from the Gulf War; and he was required to end his repression of the Iraqi people. Does this remind you of someone named Assad.
Assad has repeatedly violated each of the following resolutions. ….UNSCR 6686, 687, 688, 707, 715, 949, 1051, 1060, 1115, 1137, 1154, 1194, 1205, and 1284.tt6

The other trivia question is, if you own a gun, does it give you a right to shoot and kill innocent people? Does it not matter who the supplier is……………..? Do you only charge the shooter and leave out the supplier? Why can’t Ugandans sue Russia, China and other countries that supply these deadly weapons to M7 to use them to kill others?

ICC is funded by European Governments – Its primary aim is to serve the interest of its founders and funder’s – Western Countries. It has failed to haul Bush, Blair, Saddam Hussain, Idi Amin, Pol Pot, Assad ( so far 60,000 dead). In case of Saddam – politically it would not have been expedient as dirty deals of Western countries with him would have been laid bare. Check out the article below:

ICC will cause considerable damage in Kenya – Uhuru has the Kikuyu vote and now purportedly Klengin vote via Ruto. Both have to appear before ICC – If he wins and refuses to attend( so he should) then these western nations will impose sanctions and hurt the common man.tt7


As the Telegraph article shows, Britain is meddling in the politics of Kenya through the witness protection program of the ICC and what’s more they are supporting the wrong man – Raila Odinga instead of Uhuru who is very popular in Kenya and will act as conciliatory figure in a country where conciliation is much needed. The irony of all this is that Raila had recommended Uhuru to succeed him during the days of the Orange alliance and Kanu politics. ICC will cause immense damage in Kenya. ICC is a political court. Uhuru is immensely popular in Kenya. He has the majority vote in Kenya.


Land Grabbing is turning Ugandans into ‘slaves’ in their own country

The primary – if not the only – responsibility of leaders – be it at the household, community or national level – is to promote and protect the interests and welfare of the people under their supervision. Any leader who breaches this social contract with the people – intentionally or not – should be removed from that role.

The British colonial administration should be credited with a wise decision to leave Uganda land in the hands of indigenous people and restricting by law foreign encroachment on this vital factor of production and source of livelihood. Whatever one does anywhere in the world will ultimately involve land. Therefore land has a unique role and value in our lives and we should protect it to continue to play that role for present and future generations. Countries have gone or threatened to go to war over land, however small or apparently useless. Governments and dynasties have been removed in part because of land issues.

In Uganda many of us still don’t take land seriously for various unfortunate reasons. First, there is this mistaken notion that working the land represents backwardness. Progress therefore means you abandon land and seek work in offices located in towns. The word village represents backwardness that should be avoided. Parents feel disappointed when their children fail to get office jobs and return home to earn a living through farming.

Second, during our school days, punishment for wrong doing – arriving late, failing to do homework, fighting other students etc – was to do work in the school garden. Thus, we associated agriculture with punishment and farming lost value. Even today students and graduates refuse work in agriculture because it is considered below their dignity. I have personally tried to hire students and high school graduates or dropouts to work on my farms in Rukungiri district without success. They don’t want to dirty their hands: agriculture is demeaning. Going to school means you de-link yourself from farming.

Third, NRM government has been encouraging Ugandans to go to towns. President Museveni is among the champions in this regard. In his speech titled “Evolution and Modernization” delivered on 2002-02-09, Museveni stated that “One characteristic of backwardness is to have more people staying in the villages than in towns. When you come to town, you hear leaders saying, ‘You go back to the village. Go back to the village to do what? There is nothing!” And many Ugandans have listened and heard the message and acted accordingly – drifted to Uganda towns especially Kampala. That is why the rate of urban growth is faster than for the nation as a whole. Museveni encouraged Ugandans to come to towns. The question to ask like he did regarding villages: You come to town to do what? There is nothing!

Rural-urban migration is reinforced by the concept of willing seller and willing buyer. Consequently, many indigenous Ugandans who own land are selling en masse and ending up landless and drifting to towns where they are unemployed. If there are no development prospects in the villages as Museveni stated, why are the wealthy in Uganda buying land like never before? Why don’t they invest their money in towns that Museveni favors instead of in economically useless villages?

In the ten point program, Museveni expressed concern about landlessness, noting that “Our immediate concern is the tens of thousands of people – or possible hundreds of thousands – that have been displaced by ill-thought out development projects or sheer illegal land-grabbing by businessmen or state officials using corruption. An outstanding example [is] the 15,000 people with tens of thousands of cattle that have been thrown out of Nsharara by the UPC regime in order to make the area a game reserve. Such people must be resettled on alternative land by the government” (Yoweri Museveni 1986). Note that Museveni didn’t suggest they be accommodated in towns.

To understand this you need to know that Museveni’s immediate concern when he became president was to find land for his Batutsi cattle-herding people scattered and squeezed in the Great Lakes region. That is why he specifically pointed out the 15,000 people with their cattle that were displaced by UPC government to create a game reserve. He needs land for them and since there is no unoccupied land, he has to get it from someone.

Rwanda, Burundi and Eastern DRC where Tutsi live have high population densities and serious landlessness. To create land for them, Museveni came up with the idea that indigenous Ugandans who own land should abandon it and move to towns. This idea is reinforced by the notion of willing seller and willing buyer including of land.

Uganda indigenous owners of land are being encouraged (or tricked by mortgaging land for loans which they fail to repay and lose their land) to sell and move to towns and the cattle people who are well connected and have access to credit to buy it. That is why there is this paradox of indigenous Ugandans abandoning land because of limited development prospects and a rush to buy it by immigrants sometimes under cover of darkness. Another method of grabbing land is the provision in the 1995 constitution that allows free mobility, settlement and land ownership anywhere in the country. The third method is extension of municipality boundaries deep into rural areas disguised as creating a parliamentary constituency to increase people’s representation. Once land is incorporated into the municipality, it is owned by the council which can compensate the previous owner with ‘peanuts’ and sell land to the highest bidder, mostly a rich or well connected immigrant.

Through these three methods indigenous owners are losing land very fast to immigrant buyers. Batutsi are travelling all the way from South Kivu in DRC to Uganda where they end up getting in one form or another land by replacing indigenous owners or wild animals in game reserves. Some of land complaints in western region are arising from this influx of Tutsi from Burundi, Rwanda and DRC. Ntungamo and Toro districts are among those experiencing tremendous land conflicts. Authorities in such areas need to protect the land interests of their people or face the wrath of their subjects in a democratic way.

The leaders of indigenous people in parliament, district councils and lower levels must understand this paradox of encouraging indigenous owners of land to sell and settle in towns and the rich or well connected largely immigrants to buy it in large chunks. Any leader of indigenous people found encouraging his/her subjects to sell land should have his/her motives assessed. I wrote a long chapter on land in Uganda in my book titled “Uganda’s Development Agenda in the 21st Century and Related Regional Issues”. I identified the problems and made recommendations to solve them.

As I have written before, Museveni didn’t pick up the gun to save and develop Uganda. He picked up the gun to solve Tutsi problems in the Great Lakes region as an integral part of realizing the Tutsi dream by military or political means like through the East African political federation which Museveni and Kagame are putting ahead of economic integration, reversing the traditional order of regional cooperation. One of the methods of achieving their goals of land acquisition and Tutsi Empire is to impoverish and marginalize non-Batutsi people by making them landless or reduce them to subsistence farmers. That is what Kagame has done with Bahutu in Rwanda: “Hutus have been mostly forced back into subsistence agriculture” (Michael Mann The Dark Side of Democracy 2005 Page 431). As Museveni reported in his latest State of the Nation address 68 percent of Ugandans who are subsistence farmers were neglected, forcing them to sell land and drift aimlessly into towns.

UDU was created, inter alia, to disseminate information about Uganda’s political economy. In short how politics or policy decisions affect economic change and vice versa. Through our civic program in the media (radio, internet and newspapers some of our work is translated and published in Luganda language in Kamunye newspaper), we have shared a wide range of information to enable Ugandans take informed decisions. In this article we are trying to help readers understand why there is land grab and who is grabbing it. Indigenous owners are losing it mostly to connected and protected Batutsi buyers.

Land in Uganda has become by far the single most contentious topic. The Foundation for Human Rights Initiative (FHRI) issued a report covering July-December 2006. It observed that in northern and northeastern Uganda land ownership had become the most controversial issue. In central and western regions land has also become the single most controversial issue. Land has therefore become the number one issue at the national level that should engage the attention of all Ugandans especially people’s representatives in parliament, district councils and lower levels.

Land conflicts contributed to revolutions including in France, Russia, Mexico and Ethiopia. As Ugandans begin to understand the value of land, it must be treated with uttermost care lest it triggers rebellion or revolution. Uganda is sitting on a time bomb. We should diffuse it by pragmatic action than dismiss it as non-existent and continue business as usual. Uganda has changed and doing business as usual at gun point won’t work. Ugandans have understood their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights and freedoms. They won’t rest until they have restored them. NRM should recognize this development and act accordingly.

Eric Kashambuzi

Secretary General & Chief Administrator, UDU

I told Oyite Ojok to Kill Bazilio Okello but he messed about. Now NRM are in power- Says UAH’s Okello George

Oyite Ojok

Oyite Ojok

Dear Ugandans at heart,
I personally advised the late General David Oyite Ojok to arrest Bazilio Okello and if necessary kill him. This was in a 5 hour meeting I had with him and students of the UPC youth league in Lira Hotel in 1981. I also discussed with him a number of different issues, he was very engaging, a truly nice person and at the end of our meeting, he asked me to write a letter that he would pass on to President Obote since he could not himself make such a decision. President Obote never responded to my letter, I think because at the time I was involved in a student protest at the Law Development Centre of which I was the President of the Student’s Union. But this cancer of Bazilio was allowed to go on with totally disastrous consequences. This is my one major criticism of President Obote. In my letter to President Obote, I told him he needed to do three things:

Professionalize the army and that meant retiring people like Tito Okello and arresting Bazilio or killing him. And I said the army needed more educated people in its ranks, at the time the foot soldiers were mainly Acholi 90% of whom lacked even basic education and were largely illiterate.

End human rights abuses in the Buganda area. I told him very bluntly to remove all Acholi soldiers from Luwero and to replace them with soldiers from other regions of Uganda, particularly from Buganda itself, from Lango and from Teso and to recruit others from western Uganda. My reasoning was that the Acholi soldiers had totally destroyed the image and reputation of the UNLA in Buganda by their acts of vandalism, rape of civilians and plain terrorism. And I also advised for President Obote to arrest a notorious criminal likle Agetta who was responsible for the killing of so many innocent Baganda civilians including a couple at the Wandegeya roundabout after just a simple traffic accident. He shot them dead.

I advised President Obote to change his government in order to give it a cleaner image; for eg I said he needed to get rid of Masette Kuya who was always drunk in public.This is just a summary of what I wrote then.

President Obote implemented some of my suggestions, like for e.g, putting Colonel Ogole in charge of the Luwero brigade and recruitment of a completely new Special Forces unit formed mainly of soldiers from Teso and Eastern Uganda. But it was too late because Bazilio had already begun his rebellion.
After General Oyite died in a helicopter crash and colonel Ogole had defeated the bandit NRA forces in Luwero, Museveni had fled back to Sweden, but President Obote, instead of ordering the arrest or killing of Bazilio Okello did nothing.

I met President Obote at the crisis in 1985 and I told him, it was necessary to crush the Bazilio led rebellion in the north. Otherwise everything that Colonel Ogole had acheived in Luwero in defeating the NRA would be worthless. His argument all along was that he would never allow the Langi and Acholi to fight each, that he would rather leave power rather than see them fight each other. And he was very firm in that belief. Later on when Bazilio and his renegade soldiers stormed Kampala, it was people like Rwakasisi who actually saved President Obote because Bazilio would have killed him. And Rwakasisi payed a very heavy price. A Very heavy price.

I don’t have a copy of this letter because at the time I wrote it by hand and then took it to my sister to type, my sister who was so scared of typing such a document and never kept a copy but posted my letter to David Oyite Ojok. Maybe UPC headquarters will one day unearth it.

First UPC was not intent on murdering Ugandan people. It wanted to save the Ugandan people by improving their social and economic situation but its good intentions were interrupted by NRA bandits led by Museveni who embarked on a terrorist campaign composed of mainly murder. The main reason why the NRA was formed was to murder Ugandans and to loot its resources.

So faced with such a situation where there were several armed terrorists on the loose, creating all manner of havoc and chaos, robbing banks, blowing up electricity pillons, raping women and children, what did you expect the UPC government to do, but except to confront the terrorism? Any responsible government would take the measures that the UPC government did.

In the fight against terrorism, some crimes were committed by UNLA soldiers. And my advice to the government at the time was to improve discipline in the army, to better their living conditions and to professionalise the entire army itself by retiring octogenarian military commanders like Tito Okello and getting rid of Bazilio Okello altogether.

Around 200,000 people were murdered in Luwero, but this figure could have even been higher if Colonel Ogole had not managed to push Museveni and his NRA bandit forces out of Luwero. You have heard several times Otaffirre boasting that they would kill innocent civilians in the night-time and then blame it on the UNLA. Without firm action by Colonel Ogole maybe another 100,000 lives or more would have been lost, courtesy of the NRA brutal campaign of murder and terror.

My struggles within the UPC and against NRA bandit policy of murder and terror certainly saved hundreds of lives. And since then, I have played a very influential role internationally in combating the NRA terrorism, when they finally occupied Uganda when Bazilio and Otunnu handed over power to them. They wasted no time and immediately embarked on a war of extermination in eastern and northern Uganda and put virtually entire peasant communities in internment in gestapo concentration camps. They extended this terrorism to Rwanda, where 1 million people lost their lives and later on to DR Congo where more than 3 million people have lost their lives. This NRA bandit army set out on a course to wipe out entire communities and I did my best to alert the entire world about the program that was being inflicted on totally innocent Ugandan civilians and to help to stop it. I was tireless in these efforts.

As for Dr Mamdani, he was my friend, and I tried to help him out as a lawyer and not as a politician. I have not been in contact with Professor Mamdani for a long time, but I did work with him in the 1980’s when we co-edited FORWARD magazine, on and off quarterly marxist magazine. We had no money to publish the magazine on a regular basis and so a lot of the articles were written either by myself, Mamdani and a few other people in western Uganda and in Kampala, as well as students from Makerere University.
He did some research work on peasants in Lango for may be one month during which time he stayed in my home in Dokolo. Later on, he got into trouble with the UPC government and I remember him bringing some of his documents and stuff to me for safe-keeping on the night he fled again into exile.

I tried to find out from my UPC contacts why Professor Mamdani was considered a dangerous man. And I told them Dr Mamdani is a critic and there was no need to neither restrict nor sanction him. I took some legal measures to defend him when he was in exile. Professor Mamdani recommended me to be Africa Director of Human Rights Watch, when Rakiyya Ommar and others resigned over the dispute on American intervention in Somalia, a job I did not eventually get, I think it was a muganda man based in Washington who was appointed to the post.

Later on Professor Mamdani recommended me to several conferences and it was in one of these conferences in Nairobi, after my presentation on the human rights situation in Uganda, that the late Dr Okii-Ooko Ombaka, then the Director of the newly established Public Law Institute, approached me and told me there was a position for a Human Rights Lawyer in the Philippines if I was willing to take it. I said I would take it, because at that point, I had nowhere to go, I had just completed my Master’s degree in the UK and had no intention of going back to Uganda. Dr Ombaka took me to the late Professor Atieno Odhiambo, who was on the governing board of this international human rights organisation and he agreed to recommend my appointment to his board. They were very impressed with my conference presentation. So I ended up in the Philippines.

Much as I collaborated with Dr Mamdani, I don’t consider myself as his cadre. I have openly criticised Professor Mamdani before, but that has not stopped me from cooperating with him. I don’t think Dr Mamdani himself aspires for political power. But the truth is that he has influenced hundreds of students over the many years that he has been a teacher, and definitely a lot of these students will become leaders, whether in the UPC or other political parties. So UPC has nothing to be frightened of, we should debate him instead. Afterall, as I have narrated above, the man has interacted with me over many years at an intellectual, political and personal level.

Many thanks,
George O Pacu-Otto

NRM Imaginary Rebel Groups Exposes M7 Dictatorship Naked-UPC

Uganda People’s Congress
National Secretariat

Office of the National Youth Leader
Plot 8-10 Kampala Road, Uganda House,
P. O. Box 9206, Kampala


Press Release

12TH March 2012


1.   The Uganda People’s Congress would like to express its outrage at the behavior of the government of Uganda and state security agencies for harassing, intimidating and framing members of the opposition political parties especially UPC members for allegedly engaging in rebel activities.


2.   After the UPC defeated the Yoweri Museveni’s UPM in the 1980 general elections, the defeated candidate did not opt to use civilized and lawful means to change the well deserved victory of UPC. Instead he opted for rebellion and violence to kill the UPC and particularly multipartism in Uganda. The districts that comprise the Luwero triangle are still littered with the skulls of UPM’s / NRA’s military mis advneture.


3.   For nearly two decades UPC led the struggle to dismantle the UPM (now called NRM) one party-cum- military dictatorship. The UPC used open methods to challenge the NRA/NRM’s stronghold on our motherland. We used the civic means, diplomatic channels, open but peaceful protests, media campaigns and defiance and the courts of law to expose the NRM fraudulent dictatorship and ensure a return to multiparty dispensation


4.   The NRM Mafias prior, during and after the 2011 general elections has been trying to link UPC to several rebellions in the Country particularly LRA. They failed to substantiate their claims and now have adopted mafia strategies of persecuting some UPC members whom they alleging are involved in rebel activities. The several arrest effected by NRM militarist is a big discount to democracy and economic prosperity of the Youth of these Country.


5.   These arrests are not accidental but are a well calculated move by the NRM government operatives to implicate the opposition members in imaginary rebel groups created by the government to destroy the credibility of political organizations. The NRM government operatives are professional manufacturers of rebel groups and mafia gangsters as evidenced by the creation of the Force Obote Back Again (FOBA), the National Democratic Alliance, Holy Spirit Movement 11 led by Sarah Nabukonde in Mbale, Peoples Redemption Army (PRA),Uganda Freedom Front and now Uganda National Front Army (UNFA) and Uganda People’s Federal Alliance led by Diaspora-based Lawrence Kiwanuka


6.   The timing of the arrest and creation of these imaginary rebel groups, the Uganda National Front Army (UNFA) and Uganda People’s Federal Alliance led by Diaspora-based Lawrence Kiwanuka exposes the NRM hidden agenda to crackdown on the opposition at the time when the Commonwealth team has finished its verification of Uganda’s capacity to host the Commonwealth Heads of Government Conference. This dubious and notorious agenda are:

                                    i.        To have ineffective and weak opposition parties who only exist on paper in our law books and during election years, without capacity to organize and mobilize the people.

                                   ii.        To generate fear in the population by arresting citizens indiscriminately on grounds that they are members of this imaginary rebel group called Uganda National Front Army (UNFA) and Uganda People’s Federal Alliance led by Diaspora-based Lawrence Kiwanuka

                                  iii.        To cripple the entire democratization process so that we revert to single party rule. President Museveni was forced to open up political space in his own words by donors and investors. He does not believe in genuine functional multiparty democracy where there is true competition on a level playing field, that’s why his government has refused to operationalize article 72 of the constitution to regulate and finance parties.

                                vii.        The NRM government should be the last to implicate UPC members in rebel activities owing to our historical track record in this country.

                              viii.        UPC brought independence through negotiations without shedding innocent blood of Ugandans.

            o     We fought for the restoration of multiparty democracy in Uganda politically and through courts of laws.

            o     UPC consistently has advocated for the resolution of the Northern Conflict using peaceful means.

            o     We have demanded for a national dialogue, the setting up of an Independent Truth and National Reconciliation Commission (ITNRC) which eventually would culminate in a National Conference to chart a way forward for our country.

            o     UPC is currently participating in Inter Party Committee dialogue, a forum to build confidence and national trust to open a way to solve our country’s problems. The Museveni Government is undermining this process.

            o     On the other hand, NRM shot its way to power spilling innocent blood in Luwero and it has maintained itself in power for the last 20years through more violence, intimidation, wars(internal and external) and more bloodshed.


7.   This subversive campaign will not deter UPC from contesting the forthcoming local council elections now that the courts of law has provided a different framework as opposed to that under the so called Movement System.UPC calls upon the Youth leaders, Women leaders, District Chairmen, the Constituency Chairmen and the Branch Chairmen to actively mobilize and capture all the local council positions. UPC urges the Electoral Commission to provide guidelines early enough to political parties for these LC elections and intensify civic education for the voters. The Electoral Commission should not hurriedly and haphazardly rush these elections


8.   I must also inform members that as the National Youth Leader of UPC my advocacy on food security and youth adopting agriculture have yielded big as opposed to luring youth in rebellion being propagated by NRM dictatorship. In Northern and Western Uganda Youth Regional dialogues that took place on 10-12 and 16-18 Feb/2012 respectively in Arua and Mbarara for Youth leaders from seven Political Parties with each Party sending seven delegates on Job Creation, Political Participation and agenda setting, I moved a resolution for youth to adopt Agriculture as a major source of employment and promote food security, that was thunderously adopted and passed to promote economic empowerment, nothing like advocating for rebellion using force of arms.


9.   During the inter-party youth dialogue that took place from 23-24 at Garuga Beach Entebbe, the Youth leaders Nationally adopted to engage non-state actors particularly those in food security and agriculture since they now look at agriculture as a major source of employment and poverty eradication, therefore it would be misleading for NRM to implicate opposition youth in rebellion

10.  Finally on 29th February, I proposed alternative policies to government in agriculture in relation to youth employment that later the MPS from the ruling Party adopted and have received appreciation/compliments from those in government during the Inter Party Dialogue.


Conclusively, the UPC Youth are highly committed to democratic values based on our historical strategies of using peaceful means to change governments. Our UPC members who are in detention are being persecuted on the basis of their political affiliations since they are UPC’S in the eyes of the dictatorship they have committed treasonable crimes,the same persecution that I personally suffered in many forms in the hands of YOWERI MUSEVENI MAFIA DICTATORSHIP





6th Floor Uganda House
Plot 8-10 Kampala Road
P.O Box 37047 Kampala

UPC’s Uganda House is not being sold by anybody- Joseph Bossa

Uganda People’s Congress
National Secretariat
Plot 8-10 Kampala Road, Uganda House,
P. O. Box 9206, Kampala



In their latest exercise to plant and cause discord, discontent, hatred and confusion within UPC, the Pulkol Group is spreading disinformation that UPC leadership is conniving with MOF to sell off Uganda House.

They claim that by lifting the caveat on MOF property at Plot 37/39 Fifth Street, Industrial; Area, Kampala the Party President has paved the way to the sale of Uganda House.

We need to put the record clear. It is a public knowledge that there was a civil case filled in 2007 between Milton Obote Foundation (MOF) and Uganda Peoples Congress (UPC), which case was settled amicably out court in May 2009.

Among the terms of that settlement was that “UPC shall withdraw the caveat lodged on MOF properties, except Plot 37/39, Fifth Street, Industrial Area, Kampala”.

Indeed the caveats on the rest of MOF properties were withdrawn including that on Uganda House. Mama Miria Obote, as President of the Party, and Mr. Chris Opoka-Okumu as Secretary General signed the instrument withdrawing that caveat on 28th May, 2009

In June 2011 MOF called a meeting between Board of Governors of MOF and UPC leadership to be held on 17 June, 2011. The proposed agenda included an item on the lifting of the caveat on Plot 37/39 Fifth Street. In preparation for that meeting the Party President convened a Party Cabinet meeting and specifically invited Mr. Chris Opoka-Okumu and Hon. Okello to attend that meeting so that they would share with the Cabinet their institution memory and knowledge on matters concerning MOF. Mr. Olara Otunnu chaired that meeting to the very end. No advice not to lift the caveat was given at that meeting. A subsequent meeting chaired by the Vice President only discussed the size and composition of the UPC team which was to meet with MOF.

On 17 June, 2011, the Board of Governors of MOF and UPC leadership met under the chairmanship of Mr. B.N. Barungi. The UPC team consisted of:

  1.   Mr. Olara Otunnu                        –           Party President
  2. Mr. Joseph Bossa               –           Party Vice President
  3. Major Edward Rurangaranga     –           National Chairman
  4. Hon. John Odit                    –           Secretary General
  5. Mrs. Ruth Masika               –           National Woman Leader
  6. Mr. Chris Opoka Okumu  –           Special Envoy
  7. Mr. Sospater Akwenyu    –           Special Envoy, Official of Party President
  8. Mr. Francis Kiyonga                      –           Chief of Staff

On the subject under contention, MOF explained that the request to lift the caveat on Plot 37/39 Fifth Street was to enable MOF raise funds in order to implement its priority projects under its six-year Strategic Plan. Among those who spoke on the part of UPC team was Mr. Chris Opoka Okumu. UPC team having expressed the view that it had no objection in principle, the meeting agreed to lifting the caveat with no pre-conditions.

However, some days after the meeting with MOF Mr. Chris Opoka-Okumu informed the Secretary General (SG) that after the court settlement, MOF had been requested by the Party to avail the Party of the report on the internal investigation MOF had conducted into the lease on Plot 37/39 Fifth Street and that that report had not been submitted. That information was drawn to the attention of the Party President. Mr. Chris Opoka –Okumu was asked to give that information to the Party President in writing. He did so by his memo dated 7th September, 2011 where he stated in paragraph 5, “The Board of Governors did not send a copy of that report to the Party even though the Party in principle had no objection to the lifting of the caveat”.

On the basis of information in that memo, senior party leadership, i.e. Party President, Vice President, National Chairman and Secretary General asked SG to write to MOF requesting for the report Mr. Opoka-Okumu had alluded to.

In a letter to the Group General Manager, MOF dated 8th September, 2011 SG requested for that report for the first time. He wrote, “You recall that at the last joint meeting of MOF Governors and UPC, it was agreed that the caveat on the said property be lifted. The Party President reiterated the Party position that in principle, it had no objection to having the caveat lifted”. It is not true, as Mr. Chris Opoka-Okumu writes, that SG requested for that report even before the 17th June meeting between MOF and UPC leaderships.

In his reply dated 30th September, 2011 the Group General Manager, MOF informed SG in part:-

“Nevertheless, I hereby summaries(sic) the observations and conclusions of the meetings between MOF’s Sub-committee chaired by Mr. Peter Walubiri who is also the Chairman of the Board of Trustee as follows:

  1. The sub-committee studied the Deed of Sub Lease, noted the anomalies in the Deed of Sub-Lease and held several meetings over their findings with the Sub Leaser, M/s Bharwani Group Ltd. There were long delays in the meetings because the proprietor Mr. Bharwani lives in Canada.
  2. The Bharwani Group were not prepared to revisit the Deed of Sub-Lease were prepared for any legal proceedings MOF wish to undertake.
  3. BGL however agreed to consider paying of higher rental fee as compensation for perceived faulty Deed of Sub-Lease Agreement gave them the first option to rent development in the premises.

The Sub-Committee after taking in consideration BGL’s position and possible prolonged legal battle delays if MOF went to court for legal redress, finally agreed with BGL as follows:

a)      That the Deed of Sub-Lease signed in 2004 between MOF and Bharwani Group Ltd be retained as it is.

b)    MOF charges higher rent for proposed warehouse or any other new developments in the premises to compensate for perceived short comings in the Sub-Lease Agreement.

c)     BGL had indicated interest in the construction of the warehouse and a higher prevailing rent for the new warehouse was negotiated by the sub-committee. The amount was negotiated after obtaining a professional valuation report.”

Mr. Chris Opoka-Okumu writes to Mr. Patrick Aroma and boldly states “UPC Cabinet never took the decision to lift the caveat. Otunnu did.” The truth is that on 8th November, 2011 the UPC Cabinet met to consider the reply by MOF regarding the lifting of the caveat. That Cabinet meeting was attended by;

  1.  Mr. Olara Otunnu                         –           Party President
  2. Mr.  Joseph Bossa                          –           Vice President
  3. Major Edward Rurangaranga                 –           National Chairman
  4. Hon. Rev. Fr. Jacinto Ogwal                    –           Vice National Chairman
  5. Hon. John Odit                                –           secretary General
  6. Mr. David Baliraine                                    –           Secretary for Workers
  7. Ms. Winifred Adio                          –           Assistant National Treasurer
  8. Mr. Emmanuel Rukundo              –           Assistant National Youth Leader

The unanimous decision of the Cabinet as recorded in Min 05    of that meeting reads as follows:

Min.05. Lifting of caveat on MOF property in Industrial area

The Party President gave the background to the issue including the July formal meeting between the Party and MOF during which the Party agreed to lift the caveat; subsequently, however, a strong objection was raised by former Secretary General Chris Opoka Okumu. This led to a communication to MOF, seeking further information. The response from MOF was noted.

After due deliberations, the following decisions were made:

I.            Although the Party would have wished to receive more complete information from MOF on the arrangements concerning the property in question and MOF’s internal findings, it was nevertheless decided that, in order to facilitate the projects MOF has in the pipeline, the Party will abide by its earlier decision to lift the caveat placed on the MOF property in industrial area. PP will inform chairman of MOF accordingly.

II.            The Party should concentrate its attention on building a new relationship with MOF, based on constructive spirit, mutual transparency, and mutual accountability.

It is clear from the events laid out above that the UPC Party President did not sign in haste the lifting of the caveat instrument. He took care to listen to and consider all information on the matter. In the end it was the Cabinet that decided that the caveat be lifted.

Before I let this matter rest I wish to say a word on the broad issue of decision making and leadership in a political context.

Some decisions are taken through consensus, some unanimously and others by majority.  In yet others the leader takes a judgment call after listening to all opinions and views. My observation overtime is that Mr. Chris Opoka Okumu and his ilk will accept and respect only those decisions where their view prevailed. They go further. They would want the UPC Party President to be a ceremonial or symbolic president. They would want different individuals to have their Chiefdoms within the Party. Short of that, to them Olara Otunnu becomes a dictator and micro-manager. They won’t let the President be president.

In summary:

  1. The current Party President has never signed any instrument lifting a caveat on Uganda House.
  2. The caveat on Plot 37/39 Fifth Street was lifted following a collective Party Cabinet decision to do so which was consistent with the long standing Party position.
  3. Neither UPC Party President nor the Party Cabinet has any knowledge that Uganda House is in danger of imminent sale or at all.

Issued at Kampala this 05th day of March, 2012

Signed by

Joseph Bossa

Vice  President.

Colonel Samson Mande Reveals almost everything that happened before and After Luwero Bush war

Dear Ugandans,
This is a colonel Samson Mande special picked from his exchanges on Facebook with other Ugandans. He answers almost all questions Ugandans have always wanted to ask him. Samson Mande is a member of UAH forum and a former UPDF officer.


We got into the black book of the detractors of the revolution. We do not need permission to write books and a few ex-NRA have written. I am finalising the chapter 11 of mine “NO MORE TEARS OF JUSTICE” and you will soon read it. He laughs best who? In Alex Mukulu´s 40 yrs of banana he was asked why all x- Ugandan but M7 had no ears on their portrait. Remember what he said.

My book will be marketed worldwide for international readers; Ugandans may find it in other countries but since iam not writing it just for commercial purposes I may get people read it on internet. Plus, I believe that democracy, freedom of speech, expression are a temporally problem. We will gain our freedom soon. Who knows, I will launch the book in Uganda soon.

His rank in the army and about the course in Nigeria

If people knew me well they should have remembered that I hold a symbol PSC which I got from Nigeria´s senior division of the command and staff college, records available are that my grade was A+. We are still a handful who holds that symbol in the history of Armed forces in Uganda. I am reliably informed that not only one of all that followed me got an A rating like me. Most of those young officers u see are still struggling to get that symbol and some who have got it are my products.

If some of you had to be objective and broad, u should have seen how around all the modern armies and see how old are their commanders, even those that normally command complicated operations like in Iraq, Afghanistan etc. Do you think those countries have a shortage of young officers? I should just let people know that am not here to win people because am not in any contest.

Every Ugandan should have become a colonel if it was as easy as some of you think, as for professionalism, go to the Army records and look at certificates- I hold the highest, you will also learn from there that iam the one that wrote the Establishment of the Army, I from NRA to UPDF and that the little semblance of an army you see takes shape from there and continues to improve, on age limit which you are obsessed to. Several generals that run the Army today are older than me but nobody has thrown them out yet as some of you are suggesting. In any case, where does that leave General Yoweri-the oldest?

I had never been on’’ Katebe’’, I always held good appointments and offices. The only awkward situation was when I was on in detention for charges whose trial was never delivered to conclusion (justice delayed is justice denied).

Life abroad

I live on what I sweat or freeze for and not on any pay list for donors, I’m a donor instead. People should know that am not in hiding and if iam involved in criminal acts there is Interpol I should be delivered to justice.

Let me educate some of you that half of my family is Bahima and my best half for the last 23 years is a Muhima. And in fact my best man and best friend is a serving Muhima General, even M7 knows him, a few business associates I still have in Uganda are Bahima officers in UPDF.

I for one trained and promoted many Bahima officers such that some of you are at a loss if you say I hate Bahima officers because they were promoted. If you had enough information about the military discipline you would have known that it is an inspiration to train a soldier and you see him gaining a higher rank than yours. I think it’s the same with teachers- they are always very happy to say this engineer, this president this doctor was my pupil or student.

President Museveni

The man (Museveni) whose portrait some of you wear ate the revolution from its embryo, he is now doing the finishing touches of eating the revolution. If you knew the name he was baptised by NRA combatants in the Bush, you wouldn’t dare put that photo of his on your face for it stinks. Some of you want us to believe that you don’t know that NRA never died, it just changed name and state to UPDF?
Museveni was at one time in TZ for 8 years in the first liberation against Amin, he was in the same country iam during the second liberation, and did it stop him from tackling internal problems?

General Tinyefunza

You don’t have to believe what I wrote about Tinyefunza, records are available, people in Gulu and the entire North can tell the story about Tinyefuza better than me,. I gave my testimony it’s your duty to go to the population and investigate.

These “allegations” as some of you have chosen to call them were not made recently and have been in public. Why has Afande Tinyefuza never refuted them or any other known authority.

We did not go to fight Idi Amini and Dr Obote in order to get ranks we fought that the country could overcome mayhem, corruption ,other forms of mismanagement, tyranny so that “all” Ugandans can have peace and prosper. At least that’s what we were told and that is what many of our comrades in the NRA died for. I see all the vices we fought against which we had literally stamped out of most parts of Uganda except in the North and East where it took so long and they are left a generation behind-cause being the partly what I highlighted in that small article. Could history be repeating itself because you have wiped out all officers who maintained the NRA revolution values and retained ‘’indisciplinados’’ like afande Tinyefuza , Patrick Amama Mbabazi or job seekers and looters?

The brutal methods afande Tinyefuza introduced in the North did not help Uganda to finish the on-going Northern conflict; he and several others that followed him got defeated by more over an altar boy Joseph Kony. Now I really need to finish this book quickly because it details answers to some of your simple questions. For instance it was civilians that used to appeal to me to save their people, their property whenever they were being molested, just because they had seen the difference between us and the new comers in the field.

Once again if some of you are just looking for the truth, why do you detest talking to the victims? For instance a gentleman like Hon Omara Atubo can show you torture marks inflicted on him by soldiers on afande Tinyefuza´s orders.

True no one should claim to be an angel, we should look into conduct of all armies; UA, UNLA, NRA, UPDF and all militias; LRA, ADF, FUNA, URF, UPA, UPDA, HOLLY SPIRIT etc all that used military power to solve political and diplomatic problems caused death, we all pulled triggers, exchanged fire and in the process shot and killed each other. That is common in a war situation and there is international law that governs and guides us on conduct during war situations. Those that did not follow the law should be delivered to justice or let justice be delivered to them. Like Operation North a scotched earth policy was full of crimes against humanity. Healing cannot be done if we put humility and truth aside.
Let me remind u that am not in a struggle for power, iam like millions of Ugandans who don’t see the freedom and justice that we fought for and the better future of our country, for that I don’t need guns, I know how painful it is to fight, people can only go fighting if you push them to the wall.

Truth Justice and Reconciliation commission(TRC)

Shouldn’t it be better for the country to set up a Truth Justice and Reconciliation commission like South Africa did after the Apartheid regime fell? Because u might end up being fed on accusations and counter accusations, my word against theirs and you´ll get more confused. Attempts for Northern Uganda people were made to have the ICC investigate both sides-LRA and UPDF in vain, only LRA is being investigated and that’s not fair but selective justice.


As far agriculture is concerned that’s my hobby am doing very well and helped several communities to modernise their own. In Rukungiri where I and my family have two farms: one in Kebisoni and the other in Kambuga, we have been supplying grade 1 heifers to many developing farmers in the districts around. In Buganda I initiated the Busunju growers’ society and paid my savings to kick-start the horticulture scheme around Mpigi, Mubende, and now horticulture is one of the best income earners in local and foreign exchange.

In Ngoma, I and my family have some of the best beef cattle and if u go to Ngoma and ask them about a road called Mande road they will show it to you. This is a road I built from my savings and it connected Ngoma trading centre to Biduku.

In Mbarara my farm is located on 14-15 miles on Kikagati road at a place called Kyeirumba where I have 10 acres of a banana plantation and very good cattle.

Death of Colonel Muzoora

On Muzoora´s case, we are waiting for the outcome of the investigations going on, it’s too early for anybody to say he embarrassed himself after all we don’t know exactly how he died. Suppose it turns out in future that he died for a credible cause? One’s terrorist can be another ones hero. Today’s hero can turn out to be tomorrow’s villain. Today’s terrorist can turn out to be tomorrow’s statesman- remember the Mandela case. Wasn’t he a convict yesterday what is he today. Let’s not be judgemental and let’s give ourselves time. Time will tell.


I have never stepped in Luzira prison not even to visit a prisoner. Some of you have called us robbers, rapists, terrorists, traitors, tribalists, whatever you wish but that not what we are. I have a humble track record, I have made history and Ugandans know me well, you have failed to push me into the garbage heap of history and perhaps that’s why you look at us as a threat and hate some of us because we have remained the opposite of what you represent.
I have never said am an angel because to error is human, a messiah and an authority on how to tackle Uganda´s problems. If you forget your past, you may not know where you are and where you are heading. History is very valuable in our development.

Some of you are being judgemental when you say my hands are not clean because that’s prejudice at work. In my small ways as an individual iam doing the best I can to participate in political, social and economic problems in Uganda and I have contributed allot to needy people, who would not have rather got education, some are very highly educated living and working in Uganda and several other countries abroad (mind you many of these are not my relatives). They even read these posts and wonder what wrong with you and more so some are Bahima.


I got information about the mishandling of 35th batalion which was mainly UFM. The official message was that they had refused instruction from the Brigade commander. They were surrounded and disarmed in a skirmish way that resulted into deaths. I am not well informed about what happened later, whether they were refused to perform funeral rites of those that died in the scamish. By then I had been removed from the North and posted to the school of infantry in Jinja.

President Kagame

Some of you said Kagame cannot let any colonel run away but he has several who run away and are making allot of noise against him. Kayumba is charged of treasonable acts, that he was throwing grenades in Kigali, Furuma who is in the US and General Habyarimana in Switzerland on similar charges. People can always escape from any prison.

Northerners in NRA

Yes we had northerners in the NRA throughout to mention a few; Dr Bata, Maj. Ondoga, Lt Col Dradiga, Lt.Col Toyem, Brigadier Nasur Izaruku-he actually brought in with him about 200 fighters from West Nile. Definitely I participated in many operations against legitimate targets and will be willing to appear before the TRC if someone thinks I committed crimes. Remember even F W de Clark appeared be4 the RSA TRC he is now free and a Nobel Prize winner.

Luwero Bush war & Kabale Bank operations

As for Kabale bank operation during the struggle, yes I led the raid, I signed for all the money I commandeered and delivered it all the NRA high command. Of the hundreds of banks that the NRA took money from its only me that documented what I took and this enabled paying back of the money back to Kabale bank after the war. That should show you the difference between officers’ discipline and way of handling operations. Some committed crimes some didn’t.

I commanded the operation that commandeered money from the currency centre, I know how much there was in the bank and how much we took. Records are there in the bank and my signature on. I took with me Hon Bright Rwamirama(now minister) to help me in the internal procedures, he is the one who filled the ledger. Some people in the bank had advised I shouldn’t sign so that they too can take some money and even take some to my parents. Listen to what I told them “NRA are not a bunch of thieves i am taking this money and when we capture government we shall bring it back”. I remember the BBC caught up with M7 and asked him whether the NRM was not a gang of thieves since we are “robbing banks”?

He comfortably replied to them “how can a robber go to a bank and sign for the loot he has taken. He told them “these were public resources under our control since we had taken effective control of the area from the Junta”. If Major Kabareebe went and took money from another bank iam not aware and he should tell. I know that many operations like that took place. None of those commanders signed for the money they took from banks.

If the money in question is that I secured from the Kabale B.O.U Currency centre, I did my job as an operation commander, signed for the money and delivered it to the NRA high command intact for onward administration. I am reliably informed that that money was duly returned to the centre after the war and you can verify this. I want all Ugandans to know that we were by then the government in charge of the National Assets in the Western Uganda since we had taken over control of the area from the JUNTA led by the late Gen. Tito Okello Lutwa. Do some of you want to tell me that the JUNTA did not use the B.O.U assets in the regions they control?

You should perhaps have started by asking me if it was necessary for me to go to the bush, if it was a legitimate cause and if the operations I led were legitimate. I will answer your question directly; I led legitimate operations and they were necessary, I have a history of rejecting wrong orders and I never appeared anywhere near unit tribunal or court martial for breaking the code NRA of conduct during both the struggle against Idi Amini and Obote (R.I.P)

There were incidents where individual NRA commanders committed mistakes and killed innocent civilians. While we punished some of them harshly the victims have not been compensated. There are also several that went away with it, while isolated incidents of massacres due to poor judgement of commanders manifested. When you put the TRC in place don’t be surprised to see residents of Luwero coming up to accuse the NRA of such crimes and demanding justice. However, the huge massacres were really conducted by UNLA. When it comes to the innocent people that died in cross fire between NRA and UNLA they are very many, don’t u think they deserve justice too? And let’s not confine ourselves on one area, one conflicts, do justice to all Ugandans then you have a nation, do selective justices then u scatter Uganda into pieces.

There was no policy to kill civilians but what would one call a method of work employed in all units, not written on paper as a policy, not mentioned as a crime in the code of conduct but that method could have been used to kill hundreds of people without taking them to any court of law? KIPINGAMIZI KIFE . My conscience tells me that many people died in cold blood, they left behind children and relative who don’t understand why their dear ones died and UNLA, NRA, UFM are responsible. DONT FORGET THOSE THAT DIED IN NAKULABYE MASSACRE 1964, IN LUBIRI 1966, Idi Amini rule, the ITENDERO MASSACRE OF MOSLEMS 1979, MUKURA MASSACRE, OMBACI MASSACRE, ACHOLI PII, just to mention a few. These are not only the ghosts that haunt our national unity but a timing bomb if the truth continues to be hidden. We have to start diffusing the bomb otherwise we are leaving our children in a worse future than some of us have lived in.

It was a cocktail of ideas, Liberators, power hungry politicians, communists, capitalists, federalists, refugees, revengists etc. The end justifies the means: At the beginning of an action I might not be able to determine whether that action is morally right or wrong, but when the morally right goal is successfully achieved, then the steps which led to it must be morally right too.” Machiavellian principle may answer the question. Unfortunately, it seems each grouping in the cocktail has its own end.


Both the NRA and UNLA used land mines. All NRA units had experts in laying mines, Luwero triangle was large and many operations of that nature were conducted and hundreds of mines laid. it’s hard for me to know who laid a land mine where, a thorough investigation can be conducted to know perhaps which unit operated where when, even if some particles of the mine that was used were kept for forensic investigations it’s going to be difficult to know whether the mine that hit your relative was UNLA or NRA since we shared the same stores of arms any way.

I also know that an entire bus “Ssebyala´s bus hit a land mine in 1982” and am not sure victims were compensated. These are accumulated bills for the TRC to handle.

NRA had people to protect from UPC also, had politicians fighting for power and had other people revenging what UPC did to them in Nakulabye and Lubiri in 1964 and 1966.

We did not choose to go to the bush. It was not a picnic it was a matter of life and death. We were forced and painfully pushed into the bush. Where was the nation when we were being molested and pushed to the bush? The nation didn’t protect us from that pain, we found ourselves there and we had to survive by all means necessary. In such a situation allot of things happen

UNLA murders

It’s not only in Luwero that people got killed and it’s not after the NRA went to the bush that people started getting killed . This happened well before NRA went to the bush and More over the first bullet against Obote 2 regime were fired in Luzira by UFM. Maj. Obama who was killed in Kampala during the election time, DP lost a parliamentary candidate in Kasese, in the Army a number of soldiers were rounded up and killed in Makindye and Bugolobi, Haji Mbiringi, late Rwancwende, Sam Karuhanga were killed in cold blood in Mbarara. There was pandemonium all over the country targeting political opponents of the Obote 2 regime. In Kasunganyanja Tooro, there is a mass grave of DP and UPM supporter that were killed under the orders of Captain Opeto (later nicknamed Pilato)

Many people went to the bush for fear of their dear lives; the issue was not whether UPC was elected democratically or not, the mayhem, pandagari, and daylight robbery made many seek refuge in the bush. Definitely some opportunists took advantage of that to recruit people to fight for other motives. If the regime had not mishandled people it would have been difficult for anyone to wage war successfully.
What did we achieve when we went to the bush that can inspire me to do the same? I am in exile, it’s a little better. I went to the bush to protect myself from being killed in cold blood. It was painful and costly to me and many Ugandans. Today iam protecting myself in a cheaper way.

In a war situation all sorts of people take advantage. The ones that stole more were the UNLA , they even unroofed iron sheets and took them.

My primary objective during the war was survival. Thanks to the bush. I didn’t go in order to amass wealth plus, the time I spent working in government I earned well, was able to do my personal business and get established, i am satisfied. I know how to make billions whether am in government or not. My major problem is exile and seeing suffering masses because of the high levels of corruption. This leaves me wondering what our brothers and sisters died for. Those that died trying to put an end to the suffering of the masses.

I think the best way out of the puzzle is to stop the blame game because everyone has good reason to blame the other. Let us go for National dialogue and form a consensus on how to the country should proceed on political issues. The TRC will help to put the blame game to a conclusion, let bygones be bygones and unite to build our country.

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