Category Conflicts

UK- Ugandan Diaspora’s reaction to recent arrests and detention of political opposition leaders and activists


Besigye in a scuffle with the police

UK- Ugandan Diaspora’s reaction to recent arrests and detention of political opposition leaders and activists . 

2012 brings a lot of uncertainty in Uganda as the year is already mirrored by violent, unjustified brutal arrests of opposition leaders and Activists for Change(A4C) who have taken action to draw attention to the unbearable rising cost of living, aggravated by rampant corruption, high inflation rates and bad governance by the NRM Government and its leadership.

This year so far the country has been hit by a massive traders strike which cost the country an estimated Ushs40b ($16m), immediately followed by a vigorous re-launch of the peaceful walk to work protests led by opposition leaders and political activists where many Ugandans were unlawfully arrested, manhandled and detained without charge.

These recent events are simply part of the systematic and continuous process of legal restraints on civil liberties, clampdown on political protests and dissent which the movement government has been using to gain unfair political advantage to consolidate power following multiple sham elections.

Given that the Ugandan constitution provides for the rights to: freedom of assembly, freedom of expression, freedom to demonstrate peacefully under article (Article 29. 1d), recent events and actions by the NRM government suggest a contradiction given the brutal police arrests, teargassing of opposition leaders/ activists, oppression of peaceful rallies by the NRM government which amounts to political persecution contradicting article 43(2a).

We therefore demand the following

  • An immediate release of detained opposition activists
  • A set up of an independent commission of enquiry to investigate the root causes of public grievances that have resulted in demonstrations.
  • The withdrawal of the “shoot to kill” statement made by Mr Museveni reported by(The New Vision 2012)
  • An immediate stop to the illegal, unnecessary deployment of armed personnel, the interruptions of peaceful public rallies in and around Kampala and the rest of the country.
  • Immediate government investigation and prosecution of the accused corrupt officials like the Prime Minister Amama Mbabazi inter alia.
  •  Denouncement of  the  suppressive Public Order Management Bill and demand its withdrawal given that it is  an illegal instrument being used to suffocate the rights of Ugandans (Muwanga Kivumbi vs Attorney general).

The demands here forthwith are necessary for the entrenchment of democratic values to exercise their freedom and human rights.  Failure to address these genuine concerns raised will amount to further grievances which could push Ugandans to seek alternative ways of expressing themselves.

As such, we demand that the Government observes its obligation to respect and protect the right of peaceful assembly ICCPR enshrined in (Article 21).

 

Signed by:

Belinda Atim (Human Rights Activist)

Charles Mugagga (Secretary)

Richard Semitego (Pro-Democracy Activist)

 

 

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RESOLUTIONS OF UPC DISTRICT LEADERS,ELDERS COUNCIL AND PARTY CABINET 9/JANUARY/2012


Today UPC District Chairpersons from all over Uganda, Elders Council and Party Cabinet held a very successful meeting to review the state of affairs obtaining in the Party currently at Christ the King Hall-Kampala and passed several resolutions attached.

Yours in Service

Aroma Patrick

UPC National Youth Leader

A coup detat has taken place at UPC headquarters but Otunu spokesperson on UAH says its not over


Otunu Olara Vs Akena James

Compatriots,

What has happened at Uganda house today are some of the ugly classic Uganda weapon of conspiracy, intrigue and slander. It is quite clear that the UPC party under the good leadership of Olara Otunnu has become a big threat to the powers that be, it is also apparent that Olara Otunnu the man has become the true leader of opposition and as such, he has become a big threat to some leaders of opposite political parties to the dictatorship as well.

If any of our people think that Olara Otunnu is not prepared to see it through to the end then they better think again. Olara Otunnu is aware of the fact that politic in Uganda is not what it is suppose to be, but that activity which people participate in, in order to line up their pockets. Of course, in Uganda most of the youths are jobless, and any chance of a quick money, these neglected youths would jump at it, and this one such moment, but nothing too great to be handled. If the police and so called ”law enforcement” is reluctant to handle the alleged situation, then the people will have no option but take the law into their own hands, and deal with the unruly youths swiftly.

Since Olara Otunnu took over the leadership of the party, the UPC party has been going from to strength to strength which has caused serious concern among the thieves and the killers of our people. It is a known fact that Museveni and his henchmen will not rest until they see the demise of the most successful political party in the history of Uganda. There are many actors at play here, but most of these actors are not people worth wasting times on. These are characters who sat in Uganda for years waiting for someone like Olara Otunnu to come and revive the party of the people, now that such revival has taken place they want to creep in and take credit for the good job Olara Otunnu has done so far! These so called UPC youths are being misled by greedy leaders who sees the AMO as their bank account instead of a source strength to the party of the people. Instead of these greedy leaders showing the youths the right path, they are busy misleading these neglected youths into a territory of political suicide.

These poverty stricken youths must know that temporary gratification is not what the UPC party is all about, the UPC party long and sustainable gratification for all. We know that due to abject poverty, squalor, misery and incurable diseases in Uganda most of our people, especially the youths do not envisage a long future ahead, but mindless action such as locking yourselves in party offices is not going to solve the problem.

If it is true that these hooligans have occupied the HQ by force then, such force must be met with greater force. True UPC supporters must be mobilized and matched to the HQ to face the like of ”Oluk”.

Comrades, this is yet another evil work by the well oiled propaganda machine of the dictatorship. We have seen it before, and we shall continue to see such, but with a strong conviction, motivation and commitment these devils will be cast away like our heroes did back then.

Under no circumstances should the party of the people be allowed to fall under the control of the dictatorship.

Christopher Derek Nyero.

US Millitary Deployment in Uganda was overdue according to Top US defense Officials


Folks;

About 10 days ago, at the height of emotional discussions about the recent deployment of 100 US Special Forces soldiers to Uganda, I pledged to seek some detailed explanation from top defense officials this weekend. I’m pleased to report to you that I met with those folks today.

From their official and personal positions, the deployment was overdue. The Special Forces were sent there following emerging terrorist threats within eastern Africa, anchored by Al-Shabaab and its outfits that now operate in 4 countries. Included in this mission is the specific task of tracking and capturing / killing Joseph Kony and his LRA top commanders.

I shared with these officials the wide scepticism with which most commentators here have received the 100 soldiers, considering that LRA and Kony have been inactive in Uganda over a decade. To allay those concerns, I was reminded that US military presence in Uganda has remained constant for about seven years now, and so the new addition is no cause for concern.

So, folks, I want to believe that these soldiers are there for these purposes, and not to help Museveni either galvanize his stronghold on Ugandans or individualized our oil.

Afganistan

Secondly, the firing of this senior commander will not go down well in the US, especially coming at the time of low support for Afganistan. First, his comment mirrors the position of most Americans who see Afghans in the manner of “asante ya pumba ni mateke” mindset. Secondly, it’s a distraction from what the White House wants to accomplish in this year. So, expect him to be re-deployed in a comparable command position or even get a promotion and then quickly retire. He did not lie. He might have been politically incorrect, but his comment resonates with most Americans’. Now, for his own safety, he should be re-assigned out of Afghanistan. Personally, I support him.


Greece Debt Deal and Democracy

There is a fascinating irony in the current tug-of-war between Greece PM, George Papandreou and his European benefactors. The EU cobbled together an austerity package to rescue the Greece economy, which Papa now wants to present to his fellow citizens before implementation. Considering the long-term debt impact this austerity measure will create in Greece, it’s understandable why Papa wants to handle this economic bailout in the most democratic way possible, so that it does not come across as being forced on the future generations.

Unlucky for Papandreou, New York, London, Paris and Bonn are bleeding financially. Now in a comedic tantrum, the same so-called democracies (US, UK, Frnace and Germany) are lecturing Greece that this is not the time for democracy! To compound this irony, it’s the same Greece that gave birth to what we know as democracy. Money really talks and bull— works for sure!

Edward Pojim
UAH forumist in New York

…………………………………………………………………………………………

The eyes and ears of Special Forces participants will be lending superior skills. Allow them to complete their missions no matter how known or unknown each may be. Access to the equipment alone allows an excellent source to hunt and track terrorists of all decades. Museveni’s criminal empire runs The Republic of Uganda and keeps all the cash it wants; these Americans are in Uganda to help for specific purposes; me thinks Ugandans should lend a little trust toward the American’s, you know, For God and Country. Peace on Earth, too.

David Mitchell
A USA citizen and a member of UAH

Ugandans Abroad react with mixed emotions to Gaddafi’s death


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The death of Muamah Gaddafi has been received with mixed reactions from Ugandans abroad. Some are happy while others want this to be a lesson to everybody including the remaining dictators in Africa. One Ugandan, Dr.Owor Kipenji, who is based in Australia said: ‘Much as some are moaning, others are rejoicing the death of Moamar Gaddafi, I think the world is letting go of opportunities that can help future generations from suffering the wraths of the likes of Gaddafi and his brood. Looking at how all these fascist despots came to power, on the belief that they were the “saviours” of their oppressed peoples, it would help us to know what it is that is peculiar to these brood that turns them to become despots.’’

‘’People like Saddam Hussein,Osama Bin Laden,Moamar Gaddafi and those soon to join them like Museveni should have their brains studied so that Medical science can figure out what aberration exist in them and see whether that can be used to predict the fascist tendencies that these fellows end up with. If that can be pointed out, definitely the international community would act to stop such people from gaining power. The megalomania that characterizes these despots should not be left unstudied to save the world from their fantasies.

‘’You now hear Mr Museveni bragging of being ‘’Ssabalwanyi’’. I wonder whether he thinks he is unbeatable. I hope he has not during the years built an underground tunnel to Gisenyi from Rwakitura, otherwise the day Ugandans will agree to beat him up, all those fake titles he brags about will fall off the roadside. Gaddafi’s demise should make Mr Museveni rethink his strategy otherwise he will go worse than Gaddafi has had his life ended, just like a rat thief in a water sewer!’’

Anotheer Ugandan at Heart based in NewYork, Edward Pojim, responded to Dr.Kipenji with his own analysis of the mental disorder that is disturbing dictators:’’The cause of this mental disorder is called hubris: an exaggerated confidence and belief in indispensability. Once he wills himself into believing his own insurmountable might, the dictator will start creating ascending orders of titles to match his ever expanding ego and delusion.

‘’But, as we saw today, no title will save a brutal dictator like Gadaffi when the people finally undress the king and mete out a revenge. History is littered with supposedly untouchable dictators who died similar undignified deaths.’’

‘’The Poet, John Donne said ” No man is an island unto himself and therefore every man’s death dimishes me, for I a part of the mankind.” May be so, but today, will with Victor Hugo’s time-tested warning, “No might of an army can stop an idea whose time has come.” The writing is on the wall.’’

OCAYA Mike pOcure, based in USA, also added:’’ First, none can do some clear researches and, or studies on such persons because, the world is being ruled by paranoia whereby there exists the justice of an eye for an eye which is being peddled by America – the World’s Only Super Power with her allies in Europe!’’

‘’Take the example of how Saddam Hussein was killed because they fear if Saddam were to be brought to the open world Court he would say many things which would entice the American regimes. Again, they have to kill OSAMA, and now they have to kill this brute Gaddafi meanwhile they are leaving Mubarak for their own individual analysis. People in Egypt do know that Mubarak was kept that long in power because of unwritten agreement with the American State and Defence Departments!’’

‘’Second, their justice system is just a mirror of racism as we are seeing on the former Yugoslavia in the ICC but not George Bush Jr and Tony Blair! So brothers, and sisters do not trust this type of study to take place in the near and, or a longer future!’’

While one Charles Kamukama sent a message to UAH: ‘the real question is “when will some people in Europe be ready to accept that Africa is part of the global human family,and not an
irrelevant appendage whose marginalization is un acceptable outcome “The arena through which Gaddafi has been ousted out by NATO under the disguise of the Libyan rebels is true manifestation of vicious neo-colonialism.

‘’Borrowing a proverb from Runyankole that “eziguruka zitamanyiine ziterana amapaapa” which literally means that’ birds which fly without mutual concession hit wings amongst themselves’, this should open eyes to all African heads of states to mutually come together and fight this imperialism that is cropping up in the name of bringing peace and protection of human rights.

‘It is true that peace doesn’t mean stationing soldiers at every locus that seem to burst against the dysfunction of the state but freedom of people to live together and respect each other within the established constitution. Peace is in the hearts of Africans and isn’t based on the guns, but on the sense of humanity. Therefore, our dear leaders; peace is no less than war but rather; idealism and self-sacrifice and a righteous and dynamic faith willingly to accept changes according to the asocial demands. Leaders build this internally and foster it to all African states this will seal off lines of weaknesses and inevitably dismantle this neo- colonialism.’’

Impact of ideological conflicts on Uganda’s stunted development


Discussions of Uganda’s slow development have centered on challenges like rapid population growth, hostile ecological environment and poor governance. While these have had an impact, attention needs also to be directed at ideological conflicts as well. These ideological conflicts have diverted development resources – time, financial and human – to non-developmental activities or led to failure to utilize fully Uganda’s human talent.

Conflicts between Catholics and Protestants denied Catholics to form an independence government in 1962 because Protestants in the UK and those in Uganda were not prepared to relinquish power the chiefs and their relatives had enjoyed since 1894. Qualified Catholics were either sidelined or under-utilized with all implications in loss of morale or reduced incentive to produce to the optimum level. The situation changed with the NRM government since 1986, putting Catholics ahead of some Protestants and repeating the same ideological problem. Many good Protestants are languishing in the ‘dark’. Anti- sectarian law has ensured that little is said about this problem.

Within the Uganda People’s Congress (UPC) and Kabaka Yekka ( KY) alliance conservative and radical differences surfaced soon after independence. At the same time, within UPC the conservatives or capitalists led by the late Grace Ibingira conflicted with socialists led by the late John Kakonge. On the other hand, the KY royalists could not stand UPC commoners led by the late Milton Obote. These ideological conflicts wasted time and resources that could have been devoted to economic and social development. At the 1964 UPC delegates’ conference in Gulu, the differences came out in the open during the election of the party’s Secretary-General. The socialists lost and were hunted. The showdown was particularly serious among youth wingers. The socialist were marginalized and under-utilized, forcing many to leave and fight the party.

At the same time capitalists in the government worked closely with royalists in and out of government led by Ibingira and waged a fierce political battle against socialists led by Obote after Kakonge who was feared by both men had been removed. The military leadership was also split with the commander on the side of capitalists/royalists and the deputy commander with the socialists. In circumstances like these, development efforts are severely undermined.

The defeat of capitalists/royalists in 1966 and the new constitution of 1967 which abolished kingdoms and increased powers of the executive president emboldened the reinvigorated UPC to go socialist with the launch of the Common Man’s Charter in 1969. It triggered capitalist forces inside and outside Uganda. A new ideological war between Amin with capitalist guidance and Obote, the socialist leader led to a military coup of 1971 that sent the country into ‘darkness’ for eight years.

From 1981 the ideological conflict between capitalist and socialist groups was expressed in structural adjustment. Socialism had to go. For two years, intellectual war raged in government between those who did not want structural adjustment which minimized the role of the state in the economy and those who wanted it guided by market forces and laissez faire capitalism. Ultimately the pro-structural adjustment group with external backing won decisively and even implemented shock therapy version and some of those against it lost their jobs or were marginalized at best. Subsequent advice against excesses of structural adjustment was regarded as sabotage and those who gave it were penalized in one way or another.

The anti-terrorist act with a very broad definition is now being used to curtail civil, political, economic, social and cultural freedom of those in the opposition to the NRM government. However trained and experienced they may be they have been kept outside of the mainstream. Much time, financial and human effort is being diverted from development to trace dissidents at home and abroad and silence them.

Consequently, Uganda has retrogressed in all areas of human endeavor, witness re-emergence of preventable diseases that include meningitis, cholera, dysentery, plague, human sleeping sickness and jiggers. Against this backdrop, Uganda has been appropriately described as a failed state under a military dictatorship disguised as democratic.

Thus, ideological conflicts should also become an integral part of the development discourse to be able to have a holistic understanding of the situation and recommend appropriate solutions.

Eric Kashambuzi
Secretary-General, UDU

Kayihura has got a 2:2 in Law but he did not learn Law


Degrees are not a sign of being learned. Learning means change. If you go to school, pass your exams about health science and then you go home and shit in the bush, it means that you attended school, passed the exams but did not learn.

Schooling and learning do not mean the same. There is no definition of learning which states that it is about examinations and getting your paper degree. Therefore, the evidence of learning is change in your behaviour simple

Secondly, education is a system which can create opportunities for learning and not a process of learning as you claim.

Gregory Adams Kimble’s definition of learning

Kimble (1961) defined learning as a “relatively permanent change in a behavioural potentiality that occurs as a result of reinforced practice”.

When we talk about education, we intend to mean the syllabus, schools, curriculum, school arrangements, research, reference books etc. Education means the system and not the process of learning.

Gregory Kimble’s definition is interpreted in a lay man’s language as acquisition, retainance and application of knowledge.

It can therefore be argued that the application of knowledge is the best evidence of learning. If one cannot apply knowledge in his everyday life, it means that his/her behaviour has not changed. The argument here is that when you learn (skills, methods, techniques, etc), you are supposed to employ that knowledge in your everyday life, thus behaving differently.

For example,Kayihura has a second class degree in law. But goes on the streets, kills and tortures people. The implication here is that Kayura did not learn law. Reason being that he cannot apply his knowledge of law i.e the Bill of Rights, principles of natural justice and the Kentian principles in his everyday life. He is not different from Joseph Kony or Adolf Hitler.

Cardinal Ratzinger AKA Pope Benedict studied philosophy and theology at the University of Munich and at the higher school in Freising. In 1953, he obtained a doctorate in theology with a thesis entitled: “The People and House of God in St. Augustine’s doctrine of the Church”. Four years later, he qualified as a university teacher. He then taught dogma and fundamental theology at the higher school of philosophy and theology of Freising. He is a professor of dogmatic theology and of the history of dogma at the University of Regensburg and Vice President of the same university.

But he covered up child abuse by homosexual Bishops. He bribed members of the justice systems across the world to cover up child abuse. Thousands of vulnerable boys who had sought solace and support from the church had their anuses or assholes ruptured by the Catholic Bishops and Cardina Ratziger covered up the whole mess.

The implication here is that although he attended university as sat in the lecture rooms and even passed the exams, Cardinal Ratnger did not learn theology and education. The reason for this is that in theology, one will be taught “the regime of human rights” which focuses on the overriding principle of individuality, enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Respecting human dignity is a cardinal principle in theology but Cardinal Ratzinger failed to show empathy and sympathy or even care towards the abused children at a time when he was under common law duty of care to protect these vulnerable children. Despite the fact that Cardinal Ratzinger has papers which show that he studied theology and teacher education, there is no evidence to suggest that he learned these principles because his behaviour is akin to that of those who never studied what his degrees claim.

RICHARD MUKASA
LONDON

ICC is not ‘Racist’ and they are doing a great job


I really don’t buy this idea of racism in ICC. May be another term can describe it; look, much as some people in Uganda would have loved the ICC prosecutor to serve President Museveni with arrest warrants, he has not done so, so I don’t know if Museveni is a European, and moreover, Ocampo is from Latin America. Do you really believe that ICC is racist?

Does issuing arrest warrant to Bashir, Gaddafi, Taylor, Kony, former leaders of Serbia make ICC racist? Bashir and Gaddafi are of Arab origin; Taylor is Afro-American, Kony is an African (3:1:1) the former leaders of Serbia are Europeans, so which racism are we talking about? Alternatively, if 6 out of 10 leaders wanted are from Africa and 5 of them are dictators, does arresting 5 dictators make the arresting officers biased? Another example: if in each platoon ( at least 40 soldiers, Uganda) there are 30 soldiers from one tribe and if 20 are killed in war, that tribe will suffer loss and would that be bias against that tribe as it loses many of its sons?

I think we witness a lot of summons issued because our continent is lucky to have many strong men wielding power which unfortunately doesn’t go well with civilized people including many African people though they choose to keep quiet just to safeguard their poor souls.

As for China’s happiness, what China considers democracy is based on the Confucian ideology which many Chinese have resented as it does not give them a feel of democracy but paternalism from their leaders, so they (Chinese leaders) can join their African colleagues is ganging against the West simply because China’s record on human rights is wanting. I would assume that anything human should cut across all races; I suppose what is good for a Briton should be good for a Ugandan or Chinese, if I am wrong, please correct my view.

That is the tragedy we find ourselves in but funny enough try to blame it on innocent ‘others!” That is why I hesitate to complain bitterly against unequal representation. Can you imagine who will cry most if suddenly URA was restructured to have equal representation? Those removed to pave way for the implementation of equal representation plan would blame it on “witch-hunting,” when actually they were/are over-represented, good leaders ensure that there is fair representation.

If our leaders have become a prime target of ICC, it is simply because they are over-represented in what ICC is mandated to address. As a graduate of international relations, I find the work of ICC very good, it is high time our leaders became accountable to their people in order to enjoy their leadership or meet the arrest / isolation, no regrets.

If the AU has found the ICC to be irrelevant and has asked countries to disregard it, doesn’t it make sense to let Joseph Kony of LRA go free since ICC is incompetent to handle African affairs? Joseph Kony, Charles Taylor, Jean Bemba, Bashir and Kenya Six should then be let free. There shouldn’t be selective justice; let our African people decide what is right for themselves and the Americans should stop funding AMISON-Somalia; Western countries should also stop giving us aid, grants or loans, after all we can do without them. Our great leaders should also withdraw the billions they stacked in Europe, let them keep that money in Africa, why not?

Peter Simon Okurut
USA

Documentary on Colonel Muammar Gaddafi


This insightful essay-style documentary by Frenchman Antoine Vitkine puts current events into perspective by examining the motivations behind the actions of Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, a man whose peculiar appearance belies savvy negotiation skills.

Born in a tent in the Libyan desert, this Arab nationalist gained notoriety at 27 after toppling King Idris I. He went on to survive revolts, military strikes and embargoes while showing a knack for playing to Western interests, namely geopolitical security and oil reserves. It’s no surprise many of the interviews about hidden dealings are tainted by realpolitik. These personal accounts from key players are a fascinating foray into the diplomatic world of riddles, theatrics and hidden agendas.

Released 8th May, 2011. Director: Antoine Vitkine. Documentary film.

 

Also watch the BBC Panorama documentary on Gaddafi:

UPC Might have lied about Obote Assasination at Lugogo


I think the story of the attempted assassination of Dr. Obote at Lugoggo long ago is more confusing than even before.Obviously, if Dr. Obote was shot on the head, the chances of survival would have been more of a miracle. However, I talked to an officer in the then Special Branch of the Uganda Police and he told me that actually Dr. Obote was not shot at all.

He told me that if the truth was to be told, not only would it embarrass the President of Uganda, but could also have caused the question from the international community, about what kind of leadership Uganda fell into. He said that, ”Uganda’s situation was not yet clear, only several years after the confrontation with former President and the most popular of the Kings, Sir Edward Mutesa of Buganda”. I asked him what happened exactly. He said that Dr. Obote drank a lot of alcohol in the bar room at Lugogo in-door stadium and that when he was escorted out towards his official car; he stumbled and fell down on the tarmac. That as some of the body guards tried to help him onto his feet; others opened fire, so that the whole area was deserted as the people ran for cover. ”The President was bleeding from his mouth as the teeth had been damaged by the fall on the tarmac. He was rushed to Mulago Hospital where he was treated”. The officer told me that what the people know is the official statement of what is supposed to have happened. He then asked me if I thought that a gun bullet would have hit the teeth and left the jaw intact. I kept quiet, but he answered himself, ”Never”.

So, whether UPC says that Dr. Obote was shot on the head, contradicting the ”official statement”, in my mind, I still have doubts about what actually happened.Talking with the police officer, he made me believe what he had told me. But again, what if someone aimed to shoot the President and missed, the act that might have prompted the bodyguards to shoot at random? It is still not easy for me to believe that a gun bullet damaged the teeth and left the rest of his face intact. It is easy to believe for someone who does not know the power and effect of the gun bullet but, as much as I respected the late President, I can only conclude that the official report served its purpose.

It surely seems as though we shall end up with ”a conspiracy theory as in the death of JFK”. The reason is that due to the high respect reserved for the former President, very few if any, are willing to discuss frankly about this very unfortunate situation. But a gun bullet damaging the tongue, teeth and the lower jaw of the President and leaving the rest of the face intact?

Now, if someone else fell down as a result of alcohol consumption and lost some teeth, damaged his tongue, would the lower jaw escape the impact? Anyway, let us simply leave this theory alone. It may only hurt some people and may also cause friction here at the UAH. The truth of this matter serves no purpose at all. As I stated, the words were not mine, but as I know the power and effect of the gun bullet, I was convinced.

Fear during Obote

During the presidency of Dr. Obote, since the abolition of the Kingdoms until he was overthrown in January, 1971, nobody could even whisper anything that was considered anti Obote or State. There was a saying that, ”Even the walls have ears”. The people lived under a quiet terror in which people disappeared and others tortured, imprisoned without charge and indefinitely. Now, under such conditions, how could you expect to hear any contradiction of the news or report issued by the Uganda  government?

Have we all forgotten the jubilation that welcomed the overthrow of  President Dr. Apolo Milton Obote? Have some people also forgotten that one of the strategies to defeat President Idi Amin, was to exclude Dr. Obote from all the meetings pertaining to the ”Liberation”of Uganda and to exclude him from the government that would replace Idi Amin’s?

My point here is to remind you that, even when the people felt that life was becoming hard under President Idi Amin, they preferred to be under Amin than to return Obote to power.

When the Uganda National Liberation Front announced that Prof. Yosuf Kironde Lule would take over as President of Uganda, if or when Amin was defeated, even the Uganda Armed Forces split, as many wanted Amin out. Before the announcement of Prof. Lule as the would be new President, the people of Uganda rallied behind the government of Idi Amin, for they believed that President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania wanted to reinstate Dr. Obote as the President of Uganda.

The incident in question(assassination) has no national importance whatsoever. Why should the people talk about it anyway? Saying that some people were arrested in that regard proves nothing. If in fact they would have confessed under Obote that they ”shot the bullet” that hurt the president, they would have been sentenced to death immediately. If anyone confessed to Idi Amin that he wanted to kill Obote, it is clear that such a person would be rewarded. Do you remember Army Pte. Kayongo who beat up a Cabinet Minister whom he suspected of seducing his wife? That was during the Obote’s presidency. When Amin took over power from Obote, he promoted Private Kayongo to the rank of Captain, ”For beating up the Obote Minister”.

The purpose of this mail is to remind you that nobody could risk contradicting any information by the State, under President Obote. It is also a long time ago, so that being without any national importance, even those who remember what actually happened, may only talk about it as I have made my memory known to you. The police officer was in the police service during the incident in question.

As I stated, the explanation given to me by the police officer convinced me that the President was not shot. The officer told me that when the President stumbled and fell down, the bodyguards opened fire. So, if some other people were shot, as some UPC supporters stated, that could have been by the bodyguards who were shooting at random.

Byarahunga Jonny Rubin

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